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Food Additives Permitted for Direct Addition to Food for Human Consumption; Food Starch-Modified by Amylolytic Enzymes

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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Food and Drug Administration, HHS.


Final rule.


The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the food additive regulations to provide for the safe use of food starch-modified by amylolytic enzymes. This action is in response to a petition filed by the National Starch and Chemical Co.


This rule is effective April 2, 2001. Submit written objections and requests for a hearing by May 2, 2001.


Submit written objections to the Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

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Mary E. LaVecchia, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-215), Food and Drug Administration, 200 C St. SW., Washington, DC 20204, 202-418-3072.

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I. Background

In a notice published in the Federal Register on July 2, 1999 (64 FR 36021), FDA announced that a food additive petition (FAP 9A4674) had been filed by the National Starch and Chemical Co., 10 Finderne Ave., Bridgewater, NJ 08807-0500. The petition proposed to amend the food additive regulations in § 172.892(i) Food starch-modified (21 CFR 172.892(i)) to provide for the safe use of food starch-modified by amylolytic enzymes. These amylolytic enzymes include beta-amylase, glucoamylase, isoamylase, and pullulanase. This petitioner proposes to use these amylolytic enzymes as a method of starch hydrolysis in addition to the use of alpha-amylase which is currently approved under § 172.892(i). The petitioner also requested that the limitation on dextrose equivalent (DE) as a measure of starch hydrolysis not be applied to starches hydrolyzed with beta-amylase, glucoamylase, isoamylase, or pullulanase. The petitioner states that standard practice is to measure starch hydrolysis by viscosity and other physiochemical properties rather than by dextrose equivalence which measures the ratio of reducing sugars to total sugars.

II. Conclusion

FDA has evaluated the data in the petition and other relevant material. Based on this information, the agency concludes that the proposed use of beta-amylase, glucoamylase, isoamylase, and pullulanase enzymes to modify food starch is safe and that the enzymes will achieve their intended technical effect. Additionally, the agency is not Start Printed Page 17509imposing the limitation that food starch hydrolyzed by beta-amylase, glucoamylase, isoamylase, or pullulanase enzymes have a DE of less than 20.

Under current § 172.892(i), food starch can only be modified by treatment with alpha-amylase (E.C. to produce a nonsweet nutritive saccharide polymer with a DE of less than 20. However, the agency has concluded that this limitation is not necessary for food starch-modified by the petitioned enzymes, beta-amylase, glucoamylase, isoamylase, and pullulanase, that the agency is now adding to § 172.892(i). Therefore, the agency concludes that the regulations in § 172.892(i) should be amended as set forth below.

In accordance with § 171.1(h) (21 CFR 171.1(h)), the petition and the documents that FDA considered and relied upon in reaching its decision to approve the petition are available for inspection at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition by appointment with the information contact person listed above. As provided in § 171.1(h), the agency will delete from the documents any materials that are not available for public disclosure before making the documents available for inspection.

III. Environmental Impact

The agency has previously considered the environmental effects of this rule as announced in the notice of filing for FAP 9A4674 (64 FR 36021). No new information or comments have been received that would affect the agency’s previous determination that there is no significant impact on the human environment and that an environmental impact statement is not required.

IV. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

This final rule contains no collection of information. Therefore, clearance by the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 is not required.

V. Objections

Any person who will be adversely affected by this regulation may at any time file with the Dockets Management Branch (address above) written objections by May 2, 2001. Each objection shall be separately numbered, and each numbered objection shall specify with particularity the provisions of the regulation to which objection is made and the grounds for the objection. Each numbered objection on which a hearing is requested shall specifically so state. Failure to request a hearing for any particular objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to a hearing on that objection. Each numbered objection for which a hearing is requested shall include a detailed description and analysis of the specific factual information intended to be presented in support of the objection in the event that a hearing is held. Failure to include such a description and analysis for any particular objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to a hearing on the objection. Three copies of all documents are to be submitted and are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Any objections received in response to the regulation may be seen in the Dockets Management Branch between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

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List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 172

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Food additives, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs and redelegated to the Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 21 CFR part 172 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 172 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321, 341, 342, 348, 371, 379e.

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2. Section 172.892 is amended by revising the introductory text of paragraph (i) and in the table in paragraph (i) by alphabetically adding the following entries to read as follows:

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Food starch-modified.
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(i) Food starch may be modified by treatment with the following enzymes:

*         *         *       *         *         *         *
Beta-amylase (E.C.
Glucoamylase (E.C.
Isoamylase (E.C.
Pullulanase (E.C.
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Dated: March 26, 2001.

Janice F. Oliver,

Deputy Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

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[FR Doc. 01-8060 Filed 3-30-01; 8:45 am]