On January 5, 2001, the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD” or “Association”), through its subsidiary, the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. (“Nasdaq”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”), pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 10b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change, on a six-month pilot basis, to amend NASDd Rule 4710, “Participant Obligations in NNMS,” to eliminate the internal delay between executions against the same market maker at the same price level during the first day of trading of the securities of initial public offerings (“IPOs”) and secondary offerings in the Nasdaq National Market Execution System (“NNMS” or “SuperSOESS”). On January 31, 2001, the NASD filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change. The proposed rule change Amendment No. 1 were published for comment in the Federal Register on February 21, 2001. No comments were received regarding the proposal. This order approves the proposed rule change, as amended.
II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change
The rules governing Nasdaq's Small Order Execution System (“SOES”) currently establish a delay of 17 seconds (15 seconds for quote management and two seconds for system processing) between executions against the same market maker in the same security at the same price level. This delay will be reduced to five seconds (plus two seconds system processing time) for the majority of Nasdaq NMS securities when Nasdaq implements SuperSOES. In response to market participants' concerns that significant order flow could potentially produce queuing within the the system, Nasdaq filed a rule change with the Commission in December 2000 to reduce the interval delay between executions in Nasdaq 100 Index securities to two seconds, commencing on the date that Nasdaq launches SuperSOES.
Nasdaq filed the current proposal to address similar queuing concerns raised by market participants in connection with the rapid flow of orders accompanying IPOs and secondary Start Printed Page 18332offerings. Under the proposal, on the first day of trading of the securities of a SuperSOES-eligible IPO or secondary offering, after SuperSOES has executed an order against a market maker's displayed quote and reserve size (if applicable), the market maker will be required to execute another order at its posted bid or offer in that security as soon as SuperSOES delivers another order to the market maker's quote. Consequently, a market maker will be available for subsequently execution at its posted quote as quickly as the system can transmit instructions between the execution and quote-update engines, an operation that, according to Nasdaq, generally requires from one to one and one half seconds.
After the first day of trading in the IPO or secondary offering, the NNMS interval delay between executions against the same market maker at the same price level will be determined by whether or not the security is part of the Nasdaq 100 Index. Thus, on subsequent trading days, the NNMS interval delay between executions against the same market maker at the same price level for a Nasdaq 100 Index security would be two seconds and the NNMS interval delay between executions against the same market maker at the same price level for a security that is not a part of the Nasdaq 100 Index would be five seconds.
Nasdaq proposes to implement the proposal on a six-month pilot basis beginning when SuperSOES become operational. During operation of the pilot program, Nasdaq represents that it will monitor the performance of the system under the proposed parameters to determine whether the proposed measures adequately address the concerns expressed by market participants.
Nasdaq believes that reducing the interval delay between executions on the first day of trading of NNMS-eligible IPOs and secondary offerings will ensure that customer orders for those securities are processed in the most expeditious manner possible. Nasdaq also believes that such processing will improve market function and aid in the price discovery process.
After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities association. In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is consistent with section 15A(b)(6) of the Act  because it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in processing information with respect to and facilitating transactions in securities, as well as to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
As discussed more fully above, the interval delay in SuperSOES will be two seconds for Nasdaq 100 Index securities and five seconds for all other Nasdaq NMS securities. In its proposal to establish a two-second interval delay for Nasdaq 100 Index securities, Nasdaq noted that market participants had expressed concern that a five-second interval delay could hinder the efficient and orderly operation of SuperSOES by causing a queuing of orders in securities with rapid order flow.
According to Nasdaq, market participants have raised similar queuing concerns in connection with the rapid flow of orders accompanying IPOs and secondary offerings. The Commission believes that the current proposal responds to concerns raised by market participants and should help to minimize the queuing of orders for IPOs and secondary offerings on their first day of trading. The Commission believes that the prompt execution of orders for IPOs and secondary offerings may facilitate the price discovery process, to the benefit of all market participants.
Nasdaq proposes to implement the proposal on a six-month pilot basis, commencing with the launch of SuperSOES. The Commission believes that implementing the proposal on a six-month pilot basis should provide Nasdaq with time to evaluate the operation of the proposed changes and their impact on the market.
Amendment No. 1 requires the lead underwriter of a secondary offering to communicate to the Nasdaq Market Operations Department, no later than the business day prior to the start of the trading in the secondary offering, that it wishes to obtain immediate processing of executions in the secondary offering. If the request is not made in a timely manner, the secondary offering will be processed pursuant to the interval delays applicable to the security. The Commission finds that this requirement will help ensure that Nasdaq is specifically made aware of the need to remove the interval delay on the first day of such an offering.
For the foregoing reasons, the Commission finds that the proposal, as amended, is consistent with the requirements of the Act and rules and regulations thereunder.
It Is Therefore Ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-NASD-01-03) and Amendment No. 1 thereto are approved on a six-month pilot basis, commencing with the launch of SuperSOES.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. On January 14, 2000, the Commission approved the creation of SuperSOES, a new platform for trading Nasdaq National Market (“NNM”) securities. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 42344 (January 14, 2000), 65 FR 3897 (January 25, 2000). SuperSOES will become Nasdaq's primary automatic execution trading platform. To date, Nasdaq has not implemented SuperSOES.Back to Citation
4. See Letter from Thomas P. Moran, Assistant General Counsel, Nasdaq, to Jack Drogin, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, dated January 30, 2001 (“Amendment No. 1”). In Amendment No. 1, the Nasdaq added a footnote to proposed NASD Rule 4710(b)(1)(D)(3) requiring the lead underwriter of a secondary offering to submit a written request to the Nasdaq Market Operations Department no later than the business day prior to the start of trading in the secondary offering to obtain immediate processing of executions in the secondary offering.Back to Citation
6. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43720 (December 13, 2000), 65 FR 79909 (December 20, 2000) (notice of filing and immediate effectiveness of File No. SR-NASD-00-67) (“2000 Notice”). Nasdaq will implement the two-second interval delay on a six-month pilot basis.Back to Citation
7. Nasdaq will continue its current practice of using the same interval delay between multiple round-lot executions against the same market participant for odd-lot executions of that same security. For example, if the interval delay in a security is five seconds, the interval delay after an odd-lot execution would also be five seconds. In addition, Nasdaq represents that it will closely monitor odd-lot order entry activity in NNMS to ensure that such activity dos not adversely impact market quality.Back to Citation
8. In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
10. See 2000 Notice, supra note 6.Back to Citation
11. See Amendment No. 1, supra note 4.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-8470 Filed 4-5-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M