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Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Pursuant to the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. 552a), notice is hereby given that the Justice Management Division (JMD), Department of Justice (DOJ), proposes to establish a new system of records entitled “Nationwide Joint Automated Booking System (JABS), Justice/DOJ-005.” The JABS Pilot, originally conducted in South Florida, has now transitioned to the Nationwide JABS. The JABS represents a major information sharing project among DOJ's five investigative components: The Bureau of Prisons (BOP), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS). This notice of a new system of records replaces the Privacy Act notice previously published by the USMS. Accordingly, this Department-wide system notice replaces, and the Department hereby removes, on the effective date of this notice, the following notice previously published by the United States Marshals Service: “Joint Automated Booking Stations, Justice/USM-014”, (60 FR 18853, April 13, 1995).

Title 5 U.S.C. 552a(e)(4) and (11) provide that the public be given a 30-day period in which to comment on the new system of records. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which has oversight responsibility under the Act, requires that it be given a 40-day period in which to review the system notice.

Therefore, please submit any comments by June 4, 2001. The public, OMB, and the Congress are invited to send written comments to Mary Cahill, Management and Planning Staff, Justice Management Division, Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530 (Room 1400, National Place Building), (202) 307-1823.

A description of the system of records is provided below. In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552a(r), DOJ has provided a report on the proposed new system to OMB and the Congress.

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The JABS Pilot (February 1996-July 1999) successfully eliminated redundant booking procedures among participating agencies, reduce the time required to book an offender, improved interagency cooperation, and facilitated the sharing of offender information among participating federal criminal justice components. The Pilot proved that a nationwide JABS information sharing system among criminal justice agencies is beneficial and feasible, and therefore, validated both the value of information exchange and work reduction concepts that apply to a national system. Based on these accomplishments and key lessons learned from the JABS Pilot, the Attorney General approved the transition of the JABS Pilot into a permanent program.

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Dated: April 9, 2001.

Janis A. Sposato,

Acting Assistant Attorney General for Administration.

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System Name:

Nationwide Joint Automated Booking System (JABS), Justice/DOJ-005.

System Location:

JABS Program Management Office, Department of Justice, Washington, DC Start Printed Page 2047920530 with data collection sites in multiple DOJ locations.

Categories of Individuals Covered by the System:

Alleged criminal offenders who have been detained, arrested, booked, or incarcerated. The remainder of this notice will refer to all persons covered by the System as “alleged criminal offender” or “arrestee”.

Categories of Records in the System:

Records may include certain generic or “common” data elements which have been collected by an arresting federal agency 1 at its automated booking station (ABS). An agency may book an alleged criminal offender on behalf of another agency which performed the arrest. Such common data (certain data elements) have been identified by law enforcement a those case and biographical data routinely collected by the law enforcement community during the booking process, e.g., name, date and place of birth, citizenship, hair and eye color, height and weight, occupation, social security number, place, date and time of arrest and jail location, charge, disposition, any other pertinent information related to known activities relevant or unique to the subject. Finally, such data may include electronic fingerprints, mugshots, and pictures of applicable scars, marks, and tattoos.

Authority for Maintenance of the System:

8. U.S.C. 1324 and 1357 (f) and (g); 28 U.S.C. 534, 564, 566; 5 U.S.C. 301 and 44 U.S.C. 3101; 18 U.S.C. 3621, 4003, 4042, 4082, 4086; and Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (Pub. L. 91-513), 21 U.S.C. 801 et seq. and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1973.


Nationwide JABS will enable the conduct of automated booking procedures by participating law enforcement organizations and provide an automated capability to transmit fingerprint and image data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), Justice/FBI-009 Fingerprint Identification Records Systems (FIRS). JABS will define and maintain a repository of common offender data elements for identification of arrestees by participating federal law enforcement organizations. JABS will eliminate repetitive booking of offenders for a single arrest and booking, and thereby eliminate the need for duplicate bookings, i.e., the collection of much the same data by multiple agencies in prisoner processing activities involving such agencies from arrest through incarceration. (For example, an individual arrested by the DEA and transported by the USMS to a Federal correctional institution may be processed by the DEA, USMS, and the BOP.) In addition, JABS will standardize booking data elements, enable cross-agency sharing of booking information, enhance cooperation among law enforcement agencies, and reduce the threat to law enforcement officials and the public by facilitating the rapid and positive identification of offenders.

Routine Uses of Records Maintained in the System, Including Categories of Users and the Purposes of Such Uses:

Where necessary and/or appropriate, the DOJ may disclose relevant information from the JABS repository and may allow electronic access as follows:

a. To authorized federal law enforcement agencies to input and retrieve booking and arrests data on criminal offenders. In addition, the JABS repository may be electronically accessed by these agencies for other law enforcement purposes such as to learn about the arrest of a fugitive wanted in several jurisdictions, to verify the identity of an arrestee, or to assist in the criminal investigation activities.

b. To other judicial/law enforcement agencies, i.e., courts, probation, and parole agencies, for direct electronic access to JABS to obtain applicable data which will assist them in performing their official duties.

c. To any authorized federal authorities to the extent necessary to permit them to perform their law enforcement responsibilities; or to any federal and/or international authorities to the extent necessary to permit them to perform their law enforcement responsibilities; or to any other entity or person, to the extent required to solicit information necessary for law enforcement purposes.

d. To a court or adjudicative body before which the appropriate DOJ component is authorized to appear when any of the following is a party to litigation or has an interest in litigation and such records are determined by the appropriate DOJ component to be arguably relevant to the litigation:

(1) The DOJ component, or any subdivision thereof, or

(2) Any employee of the DOJ in his or her official capacity, or

(3) Any employee of the DOJ in his or her individual capacity where the DOJ has agreed to represent the employee or has authorized a private attorney to represent him or her, and

(4) The United States, where the DOJ determines that the litigation is likely to affect it or any of its subdivisions.

e. To complainants and/or victims to the extent necessary to provide such persons with information and explanations concerning the progress and/or results of an investigation or case (e.g., an arrest) arising from the matters of which they complained and/or of which they were a victim.

f. To any persons or entity to the extent necessary to prevent an imminent and potential crime which directly threatens loss of life or serious bodily injury.

g. To contractors, grantees, experts, consultants, students, and others performing or working on a contract, service, grant, cooperative agreement, or other assignment for the federal government, when necessary to accomplish an agency function related to this system of records.

h. To a Member of Congress or staff acting upon the Member's behalf when the Member or staff requests the information on behalf of and at the request of the individual who is the subject of the record.

i. To the news media and the public, pursuant to 28 CFR 50.2, unless it is determined that release of the specific information in the context of a particular case would constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.

j. To the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and the General Services Administration in records management inspections conducted under the authority of 44 U.S.C. 2904 and 2906.

k. Pursuant to subsection (b)(3) of the Privacy Act, the Department of Justice may disclose relevant and necessary information to a former employee of the Department for purposes of: responding to an official inquiry by a federal, state or local government entity or professional licensing authority, in accordance with applicable Department regulations; or facilitating communications with a former employee that may be necessary for personnel-related or other official purposes where the Department requires information and/or consultation assistance from the former employee regarding a matter within that person's former area of responsibility.

Policies and Practices for Storing, Retrieving, Accessing, Retaining, and Disposing of Records in the System: Storage:

Records are stored in computerized media and printed copies. Any paper Start Printed Page 20480records kept by individuals will be appropriately secured.


Data may be retrieved by name, identifying number, or other data elements.


Nationwide JABS will have a combination of technical elements that, together, integrate into a total security infrastructure to ensure access is limited to only pre-authorized users. The key technical design elements of this architecture will include: Encrypted user authentication, redundant firewalls, virtual private networks, nonrepudiation, data encryption, anti-virus content inspection, and intrusion detection capabilities. Access to the systems equipment is limited to pre-authorized personnel through physical access safeguards that are enforced 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Facilities and offices which house computer systems will be protected at all times by appropriate locks, security guards, and/or alarm systems.

Retention and Disposal:

a. Temporary. Delete from the JABS data base 99 years after the date of the first entry. Disposal pending approval at the National Archives.

b. Fingerprints submitted by law enforcement agencies are removed from the system and destroyed upon the request of the submitting agencies. The destruction of fingerprints under this procedure results in the deletion from the system of all arrest information related to those fingerprints.

c. Fingerprints and related arrest data are removed from the JABS upon receipt of court orders for expunction when accompanied by necessary identifying information.

System Manager(s) and Address:

JABS Program Management Office, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530.

Notification Procedure:

Same as “Record Access Procedures.”

Record Access procedure:

Inquiries must be addressed in writing and should be sent to the JABS Program Management Office, at above address. Provide name, assigned computer location, and a description of information being sought, including the time frame during which the record(s) may have been generated. Provide verification of identity as instructed in 28 CFR 16.41(d).

Contesting Records Procedure:

Same as above.

Record Source Categories:

The record subject; federal law enforcement personnel; the courts; and medical personnel.

System Exempted from Certain Provisions of the Act:

Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2) and (k)(2), the Attorney General has exempted records in this system from subsections (c)(3) and (4), (d), (3)(1), (2) and (3), (4)(G) and (H), (e)(5), (e)(8), (f) and (g) of the Privacy Act. Rules have been promulgated in accordance with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553(b), (c), and (e) and are published in today's Federal Register.

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1.  Initially, these records will include only those of the Department of Justice (DOJ) law enforcement components.

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[FR Doc. 01-9910 Filed 4-20-01; 8:45 am]