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Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; New York; Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency is announcing the approval of a State Implementation Plan revision submitted by New York. This revision consists of New York's demonstration of the effectiveness of the enhanced motor vehicle inspection and maintenance (I/M) program decentralized testing network which satisfies the requirements of section 348 of the National Highway Systems Designation Act (NHSDA). In addition, EPA is approving New York's test method, NYTEST, and its effectiveness in relation to the IM240 test method and the regulations implementing the program. The intended effect of this action is to fully approve New York's enhanced I/M program, a requirement of the Clean Air Act.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This rule will be effective June 6, 2001.

ADDRESSES:

Copies of the State submittals are available at the following addresses for inspection during normal business hours: Environmental Protection Agency, Region II Office, Air Programs Branch, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007-1866; New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Air Resources, 50 Wolf Road, Albany, New York 12233; and Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, Air Docket (6102), 401 M Street, SW., Washington, DC 20460.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Judy-Ann Mitchell, Air Programs Branch, Environmental Protection Agency, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10278, (212) 637-4249.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

On October 2, 2000 (65 FR 58698), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking for the State of New York. The notice proposed approval of revisions to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) for New York's enhanced inspection and maintenance (I/M) Start Printed Page 22923program. The formal SIP revision was submitted on May 24, 1999 and additional information was submitted on October 7, 1999 and October 29, 1999. A description of New York's submittals and EPA's rationale for our proposed action were presented in the proposal and will not be restated here.

II. Public Comments/Response to Comments

One comment was submitted to the docket during the comment period for the notice of proposed rulemaking published in the October 2, 2000 Federal Register. Copies of the original comment letter are available at EPA's Region II Office at the address listed in the ADDRESSES section of this document.

The commentor, an emissions inspection and automotive repair station owner, commented on problems he has been experiencing with his NYTEST equipment including the responsiveness of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and the equipment manufacturer. Through discussions with the NYSDEC, EPA has learned that the State has been working with the commentor to address his concerns. These comments to the docket do not address the approvability of New York's I/M program nor do they address the emissions reduction effectiveness of the NYTEST test type. Therefore, these comments will not be addressed in this document.

III. Conclusion

EPA is approving New York's enhanced I/M program SIP revision pursuant to section 348 of the NHSDA and the Clean Air Act. By so doing, EPA is finding that New York has adequately remedied the six de minimus deficiencies previously identified and has demonstrated that its decentralized I/M program network is substantially as effective as a centralized program network in achieving emission reductions according to the following:

  • 88 percent as effective for HC emission reductions.
  • 84 percent as effective for CO emission reductions.
  • 86 percent as effective for NOX emission reductions.

In addition, EPA is affording emissions reduction credit to the NYTEST as follows:

  • 95 percent of IM240 credit for HC.
  • 99 percent of IM240 credit for CO.
  • 99 percent of IM240 credit for NOX.

EPA is approving the latest revisions to the enhanced I/M program regulations. Specifically, these are found at 6NYCRR Part 200, General Provisions, Section 200.9 and Part 217, Motor Vehicle Emissions, Subparts 217-1, 217-2, and 217-4, that became effective on May 22, 1997. These are also found at 15NYCRR Part 79, Motor Vehicle Inspection, Sections 79.1-79.15, 79.17, 79.20, 79.21, 79.24-79.26, that became effective on June 4, 1997.

This approval removes the interim status of EPA's interim approval promulgated on October 24, 1997 (64 FR 32411).

Administrative Requirements

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this final action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. This final action merely approves State law as meeting federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under State law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by State law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4). For the same reason, this final rule also does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of tribal governments, as specified by Executive Order 13084 (63 FR 27655, May 10, 1998). This final rule will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), because it merely approves a State rule implementing a federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This final rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996), in issuing this final rule, EPA has taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct. EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15, 1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in accordance with the “Attorney General's Supplemental Guidelines for the Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings” issued under the executive order. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. This rule is not a “major” rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be effective June 6, 2001.

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by July 6, 2001. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

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Dated: December 15, 2000.

William J. Muszynski,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 2.

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Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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PART 52—[AMENDED]

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart HH—New York

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2. Section 52.1670 is amended by adding new paragraph (c)(99) to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

* * * * *

(99) Revisions to the New York State Implementation Plan (SIP) for the Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program, submitted on March 6, 1996, May 24, 1999, October 7, 1999, October 29, 1999, and May 22, 2000 by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

(i) Incorporation by reference. Revision to 6NYCRR Part 217, Motor Vehicle Emissions, Subparts 217-1, 217-2, and 217-4, that became effective on May 22, 1997 and revisions to 15NYCRR Part 79, Motor Vehicle Inspection, Sections 79.1-79.15, 79.17, 79.20, 79.21, 79.24-79.26, that became effective on June 4, 1997.

(ii) Additional material:

(A) March 6, 1996, submittal of revisions to the enhanced motor vehicle inspection and maintenance program.

(B) May 24, 1999, submittal of the demonstration of the effectiveness of New York's decentralized inspection and maintenance program network.

(C) October 7, 1999, supplemental submittal of the demonstration of the effectiveness of New York's decentralized inspection and maintenance program network.

(D) October 29, 1999, letter clarifying October 7, 1999, supplemental submittal.

(E) May 22, 2000, Instrumentation/Protocol Assessment Pilot Study analysis of the NYTEST.

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3. In § 52.1679, the table is amended by:

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a. Adding a new heading for “Title 6” to the beginning of the table;

b. Revising the entry for part 217;

c. Adding a new heading for “Title 15” and new entries for part 79 to the end of the table.

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The revisions and entries read as follows:

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EPA-approved New York State regulations.
New York State regulationState effective dateLatest EPA approval dateComments
Title 6:
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Part 217, Motor Vehicle Emissions:
Subpart 217-1, Motor Vehicle Enhanced Inspection and Maintenance Program RequirementsMay 22, 1997May 7, 2001, 66 FR 22924
Subpart 217-2, Motor vehicle NY91 Inspection and Maintenance Program RequirementsMay 22, 1997May 7, 2001, 66 FR 22924
Subpart 217-4, Inspection and Maintenance Program AuditsMay 22, 1997May 7, 2001, 66 FR 22924
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Title 15:
Part 79, Motor Vehicle Inspection:
Sections 79.1-79.15, 79.17, 79.20, 79.21, and 79.24-79.26June 4, 1997May 7, 2001, 66 FR 22924
[Amended]
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4. Section 52.1683 is amended by removing and reserving paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e).

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[FR Doc. 01-10429 Filed 5-4-01; 8:45 am]

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