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Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation: IQF Red Raspberries From Chile

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Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.


Initiation of countervailing duty investigation.


June 28, 2001.

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Craig W. Matney or Jennifer D. Jones at (202) 482-1778 and (202) 482-4194, respectively, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Room 3099, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230.

Initiation of Investigation

The Applicable Statute and Regulations

Unless otherwise indicated, all citations to the statute are references to the provisions effective January 1, 1995, the effective date of the amendments made to the Tariff Act of 1930 (the Act) by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act. In addition, unless otherwise indicated, all citations to the Department's regulations are references to the provisions codified at 19 CFR part 351 (April 2000).

The Petition

On May 31, 2001, the Department received a petition filed in proper form by the IQF Red Raspberry Fair Trade Committee (hereinafter “the petitioner”). The Department received information supplementing the petition throughout the initiation period.

In accordance with section 702(b)(1) of the Act, the petitioner alleges that manufacturers, producers, or exporters of the subject merchandise from Chile receive countervailable subsidies within the meaning of section 701 of the Act, and that such imports are materially injuring, or threatening material injury to, an industry in the United States.

The Department finds that the petitioner and its members filed this petition on behalf of the domestic industry because they are interested parties as defined in sections 771(9)(C) of the Act and they have demonstrated sufficient industry support. See infra, “Determination of Industry Support for the Petition.”

Scope of Investigation

The products covered by this petition are imports of individually quick frozen (IQF) whole or broken red raspberries from Chile, with or without the addition of sugar or syrup, regardless of variety, grade, size or horticulture method (e.g., organic or not), the size of the container in which packed, or the method of packing. The scope of the petition excludes fresh red raspberries and block frozen red raspberries (i.e., puree, straight pack, juice stock, and juice concentrate).

The merchandise subject to this investigation is classifiable under 0811.20.2020 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS). Although the HTSUS subheading is provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise under investigation is dispositive.

During our review of the petition, we discussed the scope with the petitioner to ensure that it accurately reflects the product for which the domestic industry is seeking relief. Moreover, as discussed in the preamble to the Department's regulations (see Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties; Final Rule, 62 FR 27295, 27323 (May 19, 1997)), we are setting aside a period for parties to raise issues regarding product coverage. The Department encourages all parties to submit such comments within 20 calendar days of publication of this notice. Comments should be addressed to Import Administration's Central Records Unit at Room 1870, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20230. The period of scope consultations is intended to provide the Department with ample opportunity to consider all comments and consult with parties prior to the issuance of the preliminary determination.


On June 13, 2001, the Department held consultations with representatives of the Government of Chile (GOC) pursuant to section 702(b)(4)(ii) of the Act. During these consultations, the GOC submitted copies of public laws relating to certain programs alleged in the petition. The points raised in the consultations are described in the Memorandum to the File, “CVD Consultations with Officials from the Government of Chile,” dated June 13, 2001, and in the subsequent “Letter to Susan H. Kuhbach,” dated June 14, 2001.

Determination of Industry Support for the Petition

Section 702(b)(1) of the Act requires that a petition be filed on behalf of the domestic industry. Section 702(c)(4)(A) of the Act provides that a petition meets this requirement if the domestic producers or workers who support the petition account for: (1) At least 25 percent of the total production of the domestic like product, and (2) more than 50 percent of the production of the domestic like product produced by that portion of the industry expressing support for, or opposition to, the petition.

Section 771(4)(A) of the Act defines the “industry” as the producers of a domestic like product. Thus, to determine whether the petition has the requisite industry support, the statute directs the Department to look to producers and workers who produce the domestic like product. The International Trade Commission (ITC), which is responsible for determining whether “the domestic industry” has been injured, must also determine what constitutes a domestic like product in order to define the industry. While both the Department and the ITC must apply the same statutory definition regarding the domestic like product (section 771(10) of the Act), they do so for different purposes and pursuant to separate and distinct authority. In addition, the Department's determination is subject to limitations of time and information. Although this may result in different definitions of the domestic like product, such differences do not render the decision of either agency contrary to the law.[1]

Section 771(10) of the Act defines the domestic like product as “a product which is like, or in the absence of like, most similar in characteristics and uses with, the article subject to an investigation under this subtitle.” Thus, the reference point from which the domestic like product analysis begins is “the article subject to an investigation,” i.e., the class or kind of merchandise to be investigated, which normally will be the scope as defined in the petition.

The domestic like product referred to in the petition is the single domestic like product defined in the “Scope of Investigation” section above. No party has commented on the petition's definition of the domestic like product, and there is nothing on the record to indicate that this definition is inaccurate. The Department, therefore, has adopted the domestic like product definition set forth in the petition.

Moreover, the Department has determined that the petition contains Start Printed Page 34424adequate evidence of industry support; therefore, polling is unnecessary (see Initiation Checklist, dated June 20, 2001 (Initiation Checklist), at Industry Support). The petitioner indicated that there may be several additional small U.S. producers accounting for less than 10 percent of U.S. production who are not petitioners. We have no knowledge of any other domestic producers. Accordingly, the Department determines that this petition is filed on behalf of the domestic industry within the meaning of section 732(b)(1) of the Act.

Injury Test

Because Chile is a “Subsidies Agreement Country” within the meaning of section 701(b) of the Act, section 701(a)(2) applies to this investigation. Accordingly, the ITC must determine whether imports of the subject merchandise from Chile materially injure, or threaten material injury to, a U.S. industry.

Allegations and Evidence of Material Injury and Causation

The petition alleges that the U.S. industry producing the domestic like product is being materially injured, or is threatened with material injury, by reason of the imports of the subject merchandise. The petitioner contends that the industry's injured condition is evident in the declining trends in net operating income, net sales volume and value, profit to sales ratios, and capacity utilization. The allegations of injury and causation are supported by relevant evidence including U.S. Customs import data, lost sales, and pricing information. We have assessed the allegations and supporting evidence regarding material injury and causation, and have determined that these allegations are properly supported by accurate and adequate evidence, and meet the statutory requirements for initiation (see Initiation Checklist).

Allegations of Subsidies

Section 702(b) of the Act requires the Department to initiate a countervailing duty proceeding whenever an interested party files a petition on behalf of an industry, that (1) alleges the elements necessary for an imposition of a duty under section 701(a), and (2) is accompanied by information reasonably available to the petitioner supporting the allegations.

Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation

The Department has examined the countervailing duty petition on IQF red raspberries from Chile and found that it complies with the requirements of section 702(b) of the Act. Therefore, in accordance with section 702(b) of the Act, we are initiating a countervailing duty investigation to determine whether manufacturers, producers, or exporters of IQF red raspberries from Chile receive countervailable subsidies.

We are including in our investigation the following programs alleged in the petition to have provided countervailable subsidies to producers and exporters of the subject merchandise in Chile:

1. Suppliers Development Program

2. Export Promotion by ProChile

3. Corporacion de Fomento de la Produccion (CORFO) Export Subsidies

4. Law 18,576 Export Credit Limits

5. Law 18,634 Import Duties on Capital Goods

6. Law 18,480 Simplified Duty Drawback

We are not including in our investigation the following programs alleged to benefit producers and exporters of the subject merchandise in Chile:

1. Law 18,645 Loan Guarantees

The petition alleges that Law 18,645 provides to Chilean exporters of non-traditional goods loan guarantees of up to 50 percent of a loan's value, for loans which do not exceed U.S.$150,000. The petition further alleges that these guarantees are specific because they are limited to exporters. According to information provided by the petitioner, only products which qualify for simplified duty drawback under Law 18,480 are within the scope of Law 18,645.

The GOC states that the regulations implementing Law 18,645 (which are reasonably available to the petitioner) set conditions for receipt of these loan guarantees. Either the product must be eligible for simplified duty drawback (see above) or the industry must have exported less than U.S.$16.7 million on average over the past two years. The IQF red raspberry industry does not meet either criterion. Moreover, the same allegation was made in Salmon, and was rejected by the Department because the petitioners failed to identify any preferential treatment or benefit from the program. (See Notice of Initiation of Countervailing Duty Investigation: Fresh Atlantic Salmon From Chile, 62 FR 36772, 36775 (July 9, 1997). Therefore, the Department is not initiating an investigation of Law 18,645.

2. Start-up Assistance of Fundación Chile

The petition alleges that Fundación Chile has participated in the development of the Chilean raspberry industry since 1980 when production, processing and marketing tests of raspberries began. The petition further alleges that in 1985, Fundación Chile created two new producer/exporter berry companies in regions IX and X under its “Development of New Species for Export” program. However, the petition does not allege any potential assistance subsequent to 1985. Under 19 CFR 351.524(b), non-recurring subsidies are allocated over a period corresponding to the average useful life (AUL) of the renewable physical assets used to produce the subject merchandise. 19 CFR 351.524(d)(2) creates a rebuttable presumption that the AUL will be taken from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service's 1977 Class Life Asset Depreciation Range System (the “IRS Tables”). For the asset class which includes IQF red raspberries, “manufacture of other food products,” the IRS Tables prescribe an AUL of 12 years. Therefore, the Department is not initiating an investigation of Fundación Chile start-up assistance because any potential benefit would have been received outside the applicable AUL.

However, we will reexamine the allegation if the petitioner provides sufficient information that either extends the AUL to incorporate the period during which a benefit was received or if additional information is provided indicating that start-up assistance was provided to a producer or exporter during the appropriate period.

Distribution of Copies of the Petition

In accordance with section 702(b)(4)(A)(i) of the Act, a copy of the public version of the petition has been provided to the GOC. We will attempt to provide a copy of the public version of the petition to each exporter named in the petition, as provided for under section 351.203(c)(2) of the Department's regulations.

ITC Notification

We have notified the ITC of our initiation, as required by section 702(d) of the Act.

Preliminary Determination by the ITC

The ITC will determine no later than July 16, 2001, whether there is a reasonable indication that imports of IQF red raspberries from Chile are causing material injury, or threatening to cause material injury to, a U.S. industry. A negative ITC determination Start Printed Page 34425will result in the investigation being terminated; otherwise, the investigation will proceed according to statutory and regulatory time limits.

This notice is issued and published pursuant to section 777(i) of the Act.

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Dated: June 20, 2001.

Faryar Shirzad,

Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.

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1.  See Algoma Steel Corp. Ltd. v. United States, 688 F. Supp. 639, 642-44 (CIT 1988); High Information Content Flat Panel Displays and Display Glass from Japan: Final Determination; Rescission of Investigation and Partial Dismissal of Petition, 56 FR 32376, 32380-81 (July 16, 1991).

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[FR Doc. 01-16297 Filed 6-27-01; 8:45 am]