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Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, DHHS.




The inventions listed below are owned by agencies of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results of federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing.


Licensing information and copies of the U.S. patent applications listed below may be obtained by writing to the indicated licensing contact at the Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health, 6011 Executive Boulevard, Suite 325, Rockville, Maryland 20852-3804; telephone: 301/496-7057; fax: 301/402-0220. A signed Confidential Disclosure Agreement will be required to receive copies of the patent applications.

Structure Determination of Materials Using Electron Microscopy

Sriram Subramaniam (NCI)

Licensing Contact: Dale Berkley; 301/496-7735 ext. 223; e-mail:

The invention is a method for automating the acquisition of electron microscopic images from a desktop computer interface to provide for data collection by any user from any location. Automated low-dose image acquisition procedures are used to record high-resolution images on either film or CCD, at desired defocus values, and under conditions that satisfy user-specified limits for drift rates of the specimen stage. In a fully automated procedure of the invention, the determination of regions suitable for imaging are carried out automatically using spiral search algorithms. All steps subsequent to insertion of the specimen in the microscope can be carried out on a remote personal computer connected to the microscope computer via the Internet.

Lever Coil Sensor for Respiratory and Cardiac Motion

Kenneth W. Fishbein (NIA)

Licensing Contact: Dale Berkley; 301/496-7735 ext. 223; e-mail:

The invention is a device that generates a signal for synchronizing an MRI scanner with a subject's respiratory and cardiac motion to prevent blurring of the image during the scan. This device uses a small electromagnetic pickup coil to simultaneously sense Start Printed Page 34696respiratory and cardiac motion and provide a synchronization signal. The invention uses a mechanical linkage to keep the pickup coil far from the center of the scanner's radio frequency and gradient coils, thereby eliminating artifacts in the sensor signal and magnetic resonance images caused by mutual inductance. The signal generated by this device is proportional to chest velocity rather than chest height and is, therefore, free of any offset voltages, permitting peak location with a simple threshold detector, and is large in amplitude even for small animal subjects. The invention operates without the need for any electrical leads inside the magnet and thus eliminates any burn hazards for the patient. This device provides an inexpensive alternative to commercially available bellows sensors and fiber optically coupled units. Unlike competing sensors, this invention can be inserted, removed, or adjusted without removing the subject from the magnet and can operate with the subject in a prone or supine position. This invention has applications in both animal and human imaging studies.

Vessel Surface Reconstruction With a Tubular Deformable Model

Yim et al. (CC)

Licensing Contact: Dale Berkley; 301/496-7735 ext. 223; e-mail:

The invention is a method for modeling a carotid or renal artery to measure stenosis from 3D angiographic data that may otherwise exhibit limited image resolution and contrast. The method reconstructs vessel surfaces from 3D angiographic data using a deformable model that employs a tubular coordinate system. Vertex merging is incorporated into the coordinate system to maintain even vertex spacing and to avoid problems of self-intersection of the surface. This method produces reconstructed surfaces that have a realistic smooth appearance and accurately represent vessel shape. The method allows for an objective evaluation of vessel shape and may improve the precision of shape measurements from 3D angiography.

This abstract revises one published in the Federal Register on Tuesday, May 20, 2001 (66 FR 29154) as DHHS Reference No. E-202-00/1.

Development of Mutations Useful for Attenuating Dengue Viruses and Chimeric Dengue Viruses

Stephen S. Whitehead, Brian R. Murphy, Kathryn A. Hanley, Joseph E. Blaney Jr. (NIAID)

Licensing Contact: Carol Salata; 301/496-7735 ext. 232; e-mail:

Although flaviviruses cause a great deal of human suffering and economic loss, there is a shortage of effective vaccines. This invention relates to dengue virus mutations that may contribute to the development of improved dengue vaccines. Site directed and random mutagenesis techniques were used to introduce mutations into the dengue virus genome and to assemble a collection of useful mutations for incorporation in recombinant live attenuated dengue virus vaccines. The resulting mutant viruses were screened for several valuable phenotypes, including temperature sensitivity in Vero cells or human liver cells, host cell restriction in mosquito cells or human liver cells, host cell adaptation for improved replication in Vero cells, and attenuation in mice or in mosquitoes. The genetic basis for each observed phenotype was determined by direct sequence analysis of the genome of the mutant virus. Mutations identified through these sequencing efforts have been further evaluated by re-introduction of the identified mutations, singly, or in combination, into recombinant dengue virus and characterization of the resulting recombinant virus for phenotypes. In this manner, a menu of attenuating and growth promoting mutations was developed that is useful in fine-tuning the attenuation and growth characteristics of dengue virus vaccine candidates. The mutations promoting growth in Vero cells have usefulness for the production of live or inactivated dengue virus vaccines.

Subgenomic Replicons of the Flavivirus Dengue

Xiaowu Pang (CBER/FDA)

Licensing Contact: Carol Salata; 301/496-7735 ext. 232; e-mail:

Dengue virus, with its four serotypes Den-1 to Den-4, is the most important member of the Flavivirus genus with respect to infection of human producing diseases that range from flu-like symptoms of dengue fever (DF) to severe or fatal illness of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Dengue outbreaks continue to be a major public health problem in densely populated areas of the tropical and subtropical regions, where mosquito vectors are abundant. This invention relates to the construction of all four types of dengue subgenomic replicons (chromosome and plasmid which contain genetic information necessary for their own replication) containing large deletions in the structural region (C-preM-E) of the genome. Immunization using these replicons should be effective in eliciting not only a humoral-mediated immune response but also a cell-mediated immune response. These replicons should be safer than a live attenuated vaccine because they cannot cause disease in the host and they should be better than subunit vaccines because they can replicate in the host.

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Dated: June 22, 2001.

Jack Spiegel,

Director, Division of Technology Development and Transfer, Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health.

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[FR Doc. 01-16366 Filed 6-28-01; 8:45 am]