Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on May 23, 2001, the American Stock Exchange LLC (“Amex” or the “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons and to grant accelerated approval to the proposed rule change.
I. Self Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange proposes to re-establish a pilot program eliminating position and exercise limits for the Major Market (“XMI”) and Institutional (“XII”) broad-based index options, as well as FLEX Options on these indexes for a period of six months. The Commission previously approved the pilot program on a two-year basis that ended on February 1, 2001. Unfortunately, the pilot program lapsed without the Exchange submitting a required rule filing for an extension of the program. As part of any extension, the Commission in the Pilot Program Release required the Exchange to submit a report detailing the size and different types of strategies employed with respect to positions in those classes not subject to position and exercise limits. The experience at the Amex shows that the reporting threshold of over 100,000 contracts on the same side of the market for members and member organizations was never reached during the pilot program period.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Amex included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Amex has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and the Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange is proposing to re-establish the two-year pilot program eliminating position and exercise limits for XMI and XII index options, as well as FLEX Options on these indexes for six months. The Exchange will continue to apply the requirements required by the Commission in the Pilot Program Release. Specifically, the Exchange will require that each member or member organization that maintains a position on the same side of the market in excess of 100,000 contracts in XMI, XII or FLEX Options on these indexes, for its own account or for the account of a customer, to report certain information. In addition, the Amex will continue to require that member organizations report all index option positions exceeding 200 contracts, pursuant to Exchange Rule 906C.
Although the reporting thresholds in the lapsed pilot program were never met, the Exchange continues to believe that investors and member firms may require such flexibility in the future. In particular, the base limits for XMI and XII options may not be adequate for certain hedging needs for institutions that engage in trading strategies differing from those covered under the existing index hedge exemption policy (e.g., delta hedges; OTC vs. listed hedges). Accordingly, the Amex believes that, with the elimination of position and exercise limits for these products, staff resources could be better utilized elsewhere.
Position and exercise limits were first imposed at the inception of options trading in 1973 in response to regulatory concerns over the potential for manipulation and market instability. The Amex believes that position and exercise limits in broad-based index options no longer serve their stated purpose largely due to increased trading in the underlying market and better surveillance procedures. The Commission has stated that:
Since the inception of standardized options trading, the options exchanges have had rules imposing limits on the aggregate number of options contracts that a member or customer could hold or exercise. These rules are intended to prevent the establishment of options positions that can be used or might create incentives to manipulate or disrupt the underlying market so as to benefit the options position. In particular, position and exercise limits are designed to minimize the potential for mini-manipulations and for corners or squeezes of the underlying market. In addition such limits serve to reduce the possibility for disruption of the options market itself, especially in illiquid options classes.
The Exchange believes that the size and breadth of the market underlying broad-based index options is so large and liquid as to dispel any concerns regarding market manipulation. To date, there has not been a single disciplinary action involving manipulation in any broad-based index product listed on the Exchange. The Exchange believes that its eighteen years of experience conducting surveillance of index options and program trading activity is sufficient to identify improper activity. Routine oversight inspections of Amex's regulatory programs by the Commission have not uncovered any inconsistencies or shortcomings in the manner in which index option surveillance is conducted. These procedures entail a daily monitoring of market movements via automated surveillance techniques to identify unusual activity in both the options and underlying stock basket components. In addition, to date, there have been no adverse effects on markets as a result of the elimination of position and exercise limits for FLEX equity options.
The Exchange continues to believe that financial requirements imposed by Start Printed Page 36349the Exchange and by the Commission adequately address concerns that a membe or its customer may try to maintain an inordinately large unhedged position in XMI and XII. As previously indicated in the Pilot Program Release, current margin, and risk-based haircut methoologies serve to limit the size of positions maintained by any one account by increasing the margin and/or capital that a member must maintain for a large position held by itself or by its customer.
As previously required under the Pilot Program Release, the Exchange will require that each member or member organization that maintains a position on the same side of the market in excess of 100,000 contracts in XMI or XII index options, for its own account or for the account of a customer, report certain information. This data would include, but would not be limited to, the option position, whether such position is hedged and if so, a description of the hedge and if applicable, the collateral used to carry the position. Exchange market makers would continue to be exempt from this reporting requirement as market-maker information can be accessed through the Exchange's market surveillance systems. In addition, the general reporting requirement for customer accounts that maintain a position in excess of 200 contracts will remain at this level for broad-based index options.
The proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b) of the Act  in general and furthers the objectives of Section 6(b)(5) in particular in that it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordiantion with persons engaged in facilitating transactions in securities, and to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
The Commission has reviewed carefully the Amex's proposed rule change and believes, for the reasons set forth below, the proposal is consistent with the requirements of Section 6(b) of the Act  and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. Specifically, the Commission believes the proposal is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act  because it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in facilitating transactions in securities, and to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system.
The Commission believes that an elimination of position and exercise limits for certain broad-based index options on a pilot basis is appropriate for the same reasons noted in the approval of the original pilot. Overall, the Commission believes that the pilot will allow Amex to allocate certain of its surveillance resources differently, focusing on enhanced reporting and surveillance of trading to detect potential manipulation and risky positions that may unduly affect the cash market, rather than focusing on the strict enforcement of position limits. Although this regulatory approach deviates from the structure that has been in place since the beginning of index options trading, the Commission believes that the enhanced reporting and surveillance Amex is providing, as well as the fact that the pilot is limited to two of Amex's most highly capitalized and actively traded index options, provides a sound basis for approving a six-month pilot program eliminating position and exercise limits.
The Amex requests that the proposed rule change be given expedited review and accelerated effectiveness pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act because it is an extension of a lapsed pilot program previously approved y the Commission. The Exchange believes that the arguments set forth by the Exchange, and the basis for the Commission's prior approval, are equally applicable to this filing.
The Commission finds good cause for approving the proposed rule change prior to the thirtieth day after the date of publication of the notice of filing thereof in the Federal Register as the proposal does not significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest, and does not impose any significant burden on competition. There is good cause for the Commission to accelerate effectiveness of this rule filing because the proposal raises no new or novel issues and is an extension of the XMI/XII Position Limit Pilot Program under the same terms and conditions previously approved by the Commission. Accordingly, the Commission believes that it is consistent with Sections 6(b)(5)  and 19(b)(2) of the Act to approve the proposal on an accelerated basis.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether it is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the Start Printed Page 36350proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Section. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Amex. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-AMEX-2001-31 and should be submitted by August 1, 2001.
It Is Therefore Ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change is hereby approved on an accelerated basis on a six-month pilot basis until January 3, 2002.Start Signature
For the Commission by the Division of Market Regulation, Pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 41011 (February 1, 1999), 64 FR 6405 (February 9, 1999) (“Pilot Program Release”).Back to Citation
4. Id.Back to Citation
5. This information includes the options positions, whether such position is hedged and if so a description of the hedge and if applicable the collateral used to carry the position. See Amex Rule 906C(b).Back to Citation
6. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 39489 (December 24, 1997), 63 FR 276 (January 5, 1998).Back to Citation
7. The market capitalization as of May 21, 2001 for the underlying stocks of the XMI and XII are approximately $2.2 trillion and $7.7 trillion, respectively. In the Exchange's view, the large capitalizations and trading volumes of these underlying stocks renders unnecessary the need for position and exercise limits to protect against possible manipulative behavior.Back to Citation
8. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 39032 (September 9, 1997), 62 FR 48683 (September 16, 1997).Back to Citation
9. It should also be noted that the Exchange has the authority under paragraph (d)(2)(K) of Rule 462 to impose a higher margin requirement upon the member or member organization when the Exchange determines a higher requirement is warranted.Back to Citation
10. See Amex Rule 906C(a).Back to Citation
13. 15 U.S.C. 78f(b). In approving this rule change, the Commission notes that it has considered the proposal's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation, consistent with Section 3 of the Act. Id. at 78c(f).Back to Citation
15. See note 3, supra. The Commission incorporates by reference the basis for approving the original pilot as set forth in the Pilot Program Release.Back to Citation
17. See note 3, supra.Back to Citation
20. The Commission requests that the Amex update the Commission on any problems that have developed with the pilot since the last extension, including any compliance issues, and whether there have been any large unhedged positions that have raised concerns for the Amex. In addition, the Commission expects that the Amex will take prompt action, including timely communication with the Commission and other marketplace self-regulatory organizations responsible for oversight of trading in component stocks, should any unanticipated adverse market effects develop.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-17304 Filed 7-10-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M