Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on July 10, 2001, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. (“CBOE” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the CBOE. The proposed rule changes has been filed by the CBOE as a “non-controversial” rule change under Rule 19b-4(f)(6) under the Act. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The CBOE proposes to: (1) Introduce for trading new series of European-style exercise options on the Standard & Poor's 100 Stock Index (“OEX”); and (2) include the new European-style options in a pilot program (“Pilot Program”) that eliminates position and exercise limits for OEX and other index options.Start Printed Page 38047
The text of the proposed rule change is available at the CBOE and at the Commission.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant parts of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange currently lists for trading American-style options on the OEX. “American-style” exercuse allows investors to exercise their positions on any given business day prior to expiration. This creates what is known as early exercise or assignment risk. Specifically, when an OEX option is exercised prior to expiration, that option is“assigned” to an option writer. Thus, writers of OEX options are subject to the risk each day that same or all of their option may be exiercised. A writer that receives an assignment can have his trading strategy affected in a negative manner.
The Exchange believes that the risk of early exercise and assignment could be driving current users away from the OEX as well as deterring potential new users, both of which could have a negative effect on liquidity. Member firms have indicated to the Exchange the desire to trade OEX option series that do not subject them to early exercise and assignment risk. Accordingly, the Exchange proposes to introduce series of OEX options with European-style exercise.
The same index will underlie both the “new” and existing series of OEX options. Contract specifications for the “new” series will be identical to the existing series with the exception of the exercise style. Thus, the “new” series also will be cash-settled and feature P.M.-settlement. The Exchange presently intends to trade the “new” European-style series of OEX options in the existing OEX pit under a separate symbol, XEO. The Exchange notes that this is identical to the way that options on the SPX traded when the Exchange listed both A.M. and P.M.-settled SPX option series.
As Noted above the American-style OEX series currently are not subject to position limits. The Exchange hereby proposes to include European-style OEX series within the scope of that Pilot Program. Accordingly, both the American- and European-style series of the OEX will not be subject to position limits.
The CBOE believes it is reasonable to allow the European-style OEX series also to trade without position limits because they represent additional series of an existing product that the Commission has approved previously for non-position limit trading. The CBOE believes that waiving position limits for all OEX series, American- and European-style alike, will help to ensure that investors can continue to hedge SPX positions with OEX positions (and vice versa). The CBOE notes that, given the high correlation between the two indexes, many traders hedge positions in one index with positions in the other. The CBOE believes that subjecting European-style OEX series to position limits while allowing SPX to trade without position limits could limit severely the utility of this trading strategy.
The Exchange notes that it currently has the surveillance capabilities to detect any trading aberrations involving large positions in SPX and American-style OEX. The Exchange states that upon introduction of European-style OEX series, these surveillance procedures will be expanded to monitor trading activity in the European-style series. Finally, the Exchanges notes that all of the representations it made in the Approval Order with respect to OEX options will apply to European-style OEX series as well.
The Exchange notes the Pilot Program altered the reporting thresholds applicable to OEX, DJX, and SPX options. Specifically, the Pilot Program increased to 100,000 contracts the reporting threshold for positions in OEX options. The Exchange intends to require European-style OEX series be subject to the same reporting requirement. Moreover, the Exchange proposes that positions in the American- and European-style OEX series be aggregated for purposes of complying with this requirement. Accordingly, any combination of 100,000 contracts involving OEX American-style and OEX European-style series must be reported to the Exchange pursuant to CBOE Rule 24.4.03. The Exchange also notes that CBOE Rule 24.4.04, which authorizes the imposition of additional margin in OEX positions, will apply to all OEX series, whether European- or American-style.
Prior to commencement of trading of the “new” series, the Exchange will distribute to members an informational circular apprising them of the addition of the European-style OEX series. This circular will highlight the difference in exercise methodology between the series, identify the new symbols for the European-style series, and identify the initial expiration months and strike prices available for trading. This circular also will indicate that, for purposes of the reporting requirement of CBOE Rule 24.4.03, positions in both series of OEX will be aggregated. The Exchange's public relations department will issue press releases to the media as a means to inform investors of the Start Printed Page 38048additional investment choices now available with the addition of the European-style OEX series. Finally, the Exchange will publicize on its website the introduction of the new European-style OEX series. The Exchange notes that these procedures, with the exception of the website publication, are similar to the procedures used when the Exchange listed both A.M.- and P.M.-settled SPX Index options in 1992.
2. Statutory Basis
The addition of European-style OEX series will create an investment option that eliminates the risk of early exercise and assignment, which the CBOE believes will appeal to many institutions, professional traders, and investors. The Exchange believes that the introduction of new European-style exercise series will attract order flow back to the index floor. Moreover, the retention, and simultaneous trading, of American-style OEX options will allow investors to determine which product is most appropriate for them, thus enabling them to tailor more precisely their investment strategy. For these reasons, the Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with section 6 of the Act  in general, and furthers the objectives of section 6(b)(5) of the Act  in particular, because it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade as well as to protect investors and the public interest.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
CBOE does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Because the foregoing proposed rule change: (1) Does not significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (2) does not impose any significant burden on competition; and (3) the CBOE provided the Commission with written notice of its intent to file the proposed rule change at least five business days prior to the filing date, the proposed rule change has become effective pursuant to section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act  and Rule 19b-4(f)(6) thereunder.
A proposed rule change filed under Rule 19b-4(f)(6) normally does not become operative prior to 30 days after the date of filing. However, Rule 19b-4(f)(6)(iii) permits the Commission to designate a shorter time if such action is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest. The CBOE has requested that the Commission designate such shorter time period and accelerate the operative date of the proposal to July 20, 2001, so that the Exchange may begin trading the new European-style series of OEX options after the July expiration.
The CBOE states that introducing the new series of European-style OEX options on the first day after expiration Friday will allow investors to establish postions on the first day of the monthly cycle. The CBOE also believes that the proposal does not raise new, novel, or complex regulatory issues. In addition, the CBOE notes that the Commission previously approved OEX options for trading and European-style index options for trading, and that the proposal permits the trading of new European-style options series on the OEX.
The Commission, consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest, has determined to make the proposed rule change operative on July 20, 2001, to allow investors to establish positions in the new series of Euroopean-style OEX options on the first day of the monthly cycle. The Commission believes that the new series of European-style OEX options will provide investors with an additional investment choice and may help to increase liquidity in OEX options.
The Commission believes that the proposal to include European-style OEX options in the position and exercise limit Pilot Program will provide consistent treatment of American-style and European-style OEX options for position and exercise limit purposes. In addition, the Commission believes that the aggregation of positions in American-style and European-style OEX options for purposes of the 100,000-contract reporting threshold is consistent with the purpose of the reporting threshold and will help to ensure the continued effectiveness of the reporting threshold.
The Commission notes that prior to the commencement of trading of the new European-style OEX series, the CBOE will distribute to members an information circular advising them of the addition of the new series. The information circular will note the difference in exercise style, identify the new symbols for the European-style OEX series, identify the initial expiration months and strike prices available for trading, and indicate that positions in American-style OEX options will be aggregated for purposes of the 100,000-contract OEX reporting threshold provided in the Pilot Program.
For all of the reasons set forth above, the Commission finds that it is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest for the proposal to become operative on July 20, 2001. At any time within 60 day of the filing of such proposed rule change, the Commission may summarily abrogate such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference room. Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the CBOE. All submissions should refer to File no. SR-CBOE-2001-39 and should be submitted by August 10, 2001.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
4. On January 22, 1999, the Commission approved a two-year Pilot Program that eliminated position and exercise limits for options on the S&P 500 Index (“SPX”), OEX, and Dow Jones Industrial Average (“DJX”) as well as for FLEX options overlying those indexes. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 40969 (January 22, 1999), 64 FR 49111 (Feb. 1, 1999) (approving SR-CBOE-98-23) (“Approval Order”). By order dated January 30, 2001, the Commission extended the Pilot Program until May 22, 2001. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43867 (Jan. 22, 2001), 66 FR 8250 (Jan. 30, 2001) (approving SR-CBOE-01-01). By order dated May 22, 2001, the Commission extended the Pilot Program until September 22, 2001. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 44335 (May 22, 2001), 66 FR 29369 (May 30, 2001) (approving SR-CBOE-2001-26). The Exchange has a requested permanent approval of the Pilot Progrram. See File No. SR-CBOE-2001-22. The Commission has not acted on File No. SR-CBOE-2001-22.Back to Citation
5. The OEX is a broad-based, capitaliztion-weighted index taht is cash-settled.Back to Citation
6. The amount of cash received upon exercise depends on the closing value of the index in comparison to the strike price of the option.Back to Citation
7. European-style option can be exercised only during a specified time period prior to expiration.Back to Citation
8. The existing American-style series will continue to trade under the existing OEX symbols.Back to Citation
9. See Exchange Act Release 30944 (July 21, 1992), 57 FR 33376 (July 28, 1992) (order approving SR-CBOE-92-09) (“1992 Order”).Back to Citation
10. See supra note 4.Back to Citation
11. The Approval Order required the Exchange to submit a report to the Commission on the status of the Pilot Program to allow the Commission to evaluate any consequences of the program and to determine whether to approve the elimination of position and exercise limits for these products on a permanent basis. The CBOE submitted the required report to the Commission on December 21, 2000. The report indicated that during the review period, the CBOE did not discover any instances where an account maintained an unusually large unhedged position. In fact, the data from the report found that only 12 accounts established positions in excess of 10% of the standard limit applicable to each index at the time the Pilot Program was approved. These positions were all in SPX and most were established by firms and market makers. All of the accounts were hedged. The CBOE's analysis did not discover any aberrations caused by large unhedged positions during the life of the Pilot Program.Back to Citation
12. Reporting thresholds are the contract levels at which members are required to report information regarding customer positions to the Exchange.Back to Citation
13. This information circular will clarify that the American-style OEX series will retain the existing OEX symbols while the European-style series will trade under the XEO symbol.Back to Citation
14. See 1992 Order, supra note 9.Back to Citation
19. Id.Back to Citation
20. For the purposes only of accelerating the operative date of this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposal's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-18170 Filed 7-19-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M