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Nationwide Mutual Funds and Villanova Mutual Fund Capital Trust

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Start Preamble July 19, 2001.


Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).


Notice of an application under section 17(b) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”) for an exemption from section 17(a) of the Act.


Applicants request an order to permit a series of Nationwide Mutual Funds (“Nationwide”) to acquire substantially all of the assets, net of liabilities, of another series of Nationwide (the “Reorganization”). Because of certain affiliations, applicants may not rely on rule 17a-8 under the Act.


The application was filed on January 30, 2001. Applicants have agreed to file an amendment to the application during the notice period, the substance of which is reflected in this notice.


An order granting the application will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary and serving applicants with copies of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on August 13, 2001, and should be accompanied by proof of service on applicants, in the form of an affidavit or, for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons may request notification of a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary.


Secretary, Commission 450 5th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Applicants, c/o Elizabeth A. Davin, Esq., Nationwide Mutual Funds, One Nationwide Plaza, 1-35-16, Columbus, Ohio 43215.

Start Further Info


Bruce R. MacNeil, Senior Counsel, at Start Printed Page 38772(202) 942-0634, or Michael W. Mundt, Branch Chief, at (202) 942-0564 (Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulation).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained for a fee at the Commission's Public Reference Branch, 450 5th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0102 (telephone (202) 942-8090).

Applicants' Representations

1. Nationwide, an Ohio business trust, is an open-end management investment company registered under the Act. Nationwide currently offers thirty-nine series, including Nationwide Government Bond Fund (the “Acquiring Fund”) and Nationwide Long-Term U.S. Government Bond Fund (the “Acquired Fund,” together with the Acquiring Fund, the “Funds”).

2. Villanova Mutual Fund Capital Trust (“VMF”) is an investment adviser registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and serves as investment adviser to each Fund. VMF is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Villanova Capital, Inc., which is a subsidiary of Nationwide Financial Services (“NFS”). NFS controls Nationwide Life Insurance Company (“Nationwide Life”). As of June 15, 2001, Nationwide Life owned 5.9% of the Acquired Fund's shares. A separate account that funds the benefits provided under certain variable annuity contracts and/or variable life insurance contracts issued by Nationwide Life (“Separate Account”) owned 34.1% of the Acquiring Fund's shares as of June 15, 2001.

3. On December 15, 2000, the board of trustees of each Fund (each a “Board,” and together the “Boards”), including a majority of the trustees who are not “interested persons,” as defined in section 2(a)(19) of the Act (“Disinterested Trustees”), approved an agreement and plan of reorganization entered into between the Funds (“Plan”). Under the Plan, on the date of the closing of the Reorganization (“Closing Date”), the Acquiring Fund will acquire all of the assets, net of liabilities, of the Acquired Fund in exchange for shares of designated classes of the Acquiring Fund that have a total net asset value equal to the total net asset value of the Acquired Fund's shares, determined as of the business day preceding the Closing Date (“Valuation Date”). The value of the assets of each Fund will be determined according to the respective Fund's then-current prospectus and statement of additional information. Following the Reorganization, the Acquired Fund will be liquidated. Applicants anticipate the Closing Date will be on or around August 15, 2001.

4. Applicants state that the investment objectives of the Acquired Fund are identical to those of the Acquiring Fund, and that their investment policies and strategies are substantially similar. The Funds each offer Class A, Class B and Class D shares. The Acquiring Fund also offers Class C shares, but these shares will not be exchanged in the Reorganization. Class A shares are subject to a front-end sales charge and a rule 12b-1 distribution fee, and in certain circumstances, a contingent deferred sales charge. Class B shares are subject to a contingent deferred sales charge and a rule 12b-1 distribution fee. Class D shares are only subject to a front-end sales charge. For purposes of calculating any deferred sales charge, shareholders of the Acquired Fund will be deemed to have held shares of the Acquiring Fund since the date the shareholders initially purchased shares of the Acquired Fund. No sales charges will be imposed in connection with the Reorganization. The Funds will bear half of the expenses of the Reorganization on a pro rata basis, and VMF will bear half of the Reorganization expenses.

5. The Boards, including a majority of the Disinterested Trustees, determined that the Reorganization was in the best interests of each Fund and its shareholders, and that the interests of each Fund's existing shareholders would not be diluted as a result of the Reorganization. In reviewing the Plan, the boards considered various factors, including: (a) The compatibility of the investment objectives, policies, restrictions and investments of the Funds; (b) the tax consequences of the Reorganization; (c) the comparative investment performance of the Funds; and (d) the expense ratios (after waivers and reimbursements) of both Funds and the pro forma expenses of the Acquiring Fund following the Reorganization.

6. The Reorganization is subject to a number of conditions, including that: (a) Each Fund's shareholders will have approved the Plan; (b) an N-14 registration statement relating to the Reorganization will have become effective with the Commission; (c) the Funds will have received an opinion of counsel concerning the tax-free nature of the Reorganization; (d) the Acquired Fund will have declared dividends and other distributions that are payable through the close of business on the Valuation Date; and (e) applicants will have received from the Commission the exemptive relief requested by the application.

7. The Plan may be terminated and the Reorganization abandoned at any time prior to the Closing Date by Nationwide, on behalf of either Fund, by resolution of the Fund's Board, if circumstances develop that, in the opinion of the Board, make proceeding with the Reorganization inadvisable. Applicants agree not to make any material changes to the Plan without prior approval of the Commission staff.

8. A registration statement on Form N-14 with respect to the Reorganization, containing a proxy statement/prospectus, was filed with the Commission and was mailed to each Fund's shareholders on or about February 5, 2001. A special meeting of the Funds' shareholders was held on March 9, 2001, and each Fund's shareholders approved the Plan.

Applicants' Legal Analysis

1. Section 17(a) of the Act, in relevant part, prohibits an affiliated person of a registered investment company, or an affiliated person of such a person, acting as principal, from selling any security to, or purchasing any security from, the company. Section 2(a)(3) of the Act defines an “affiliated person” of another person to include: (a) Any person directly or indirectly owning, controlling, or holding with power to vote 5% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the other person; (b) any person 5% or more of whose securities are directly or indirectly owned, controlled, or held with power to vote by the other person; (c) any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the other person; and (d) if the other person is an investment company, any investment adviser of that company.

2. Rule 17a-8 under the Act exempts certain mergers, consolidations, and sales of substantially all of the assets of registered investment companies that are affiliated persons, or affiliated persons of an affiliated person, solely by reason of having a common investment adviser, common directors, and/or common officers, provided that certain conditions are satisfied.

3. Applicants believe that rule 17a-8 may not be available to exempt the Reorganization because the Funds may be deemed to be affiliated by reasons other than having a common investment adviser, common directors, and/or common officers. Applicants state that Nationwide Life owns more than 5% of the total outstanding shares of the Acquired Fund and may be deemed to control the Acquiring Fund because the Separate Account owns more than 25% Start Printed Page 38773of the Acquiring Fund's shares. As a result, each Fund may be deemed to be an affiliated person of an affiliated person of the other Fund.

4. Section 17(b) of the Act provides, in relevant part, that the Commission may exempt a transaction from the provisions of section 17(a) if evidence establishes that the terms of the proposed transaction, including the consideration to be paid or received, are reasonable and fair and do not involve overreaching on the part of any person concerned, and that the proposed transaction is consistent with the policy of each registered investment company concerned and with the general purposes of the Act.

5. Applicants request an order under section 17(b) exempting them from section 17(a) to the extent necessary to complete the Reorganization. Applicants submit that the Reorganization satisfies the standards of section 17(b). Applicants state that the terms of the Reorganization are reasonable and fair and do not involve overreaching. Applicants also state that the investment objectives of the Acquired Fund are identical to those of the Acquiring Fund, and that their investment policies and strategies and similar. Applicants further state that the Boards, including a majority of the Disinterested Trustees, found that the participation of the Funds in the Reorganization is in the best interests of each Fund and its shareholders and that such participation will not dilute the interests of the existing shareholders of each Fund. In addition, applicants state that the Reorganization will be on the basis of the Funds' relative net asset values.

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For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.

Margaret H. McFarland,

Deputy Secretary.

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[FR Doc. 01-18518 Filed 7-24-01; 8:45 am]