Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
EPA is finalizing a limited approval and limited disapproval of revisions to the Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (VCAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP) concerning particulate matter (PM-10) emissions and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions from incineration and from fuel burning equipment, respectively. EPA is also finalizing full approval of a revision to the Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) concerning tuning boilers. The proposed rule was in the Federal Register on March 29, 2001. Under authority of the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act), the final rule approves local rules that regulate these emission sources and directs California to correct deficiencies in certain rules.
This rule is effective on September 5, 2001.
You can inspect copies of the administrative record for this action at EPA's Region IX office during normal business hours. You can inspect copies of the submitted rule revisions at the following locations:
Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105.
Environmental Protection Agency, Air Docket (6102), Ariel Rios Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington DC 20460.
California Air Resources Board, Stationary Source Division, Rule Evaluation Section, 2020 “L” Street, Sacramento, CA 95812.
Bay Area Air Quality Management District, 939 Ellis Street, San Francisco, CA 94105.
Ventura County Air Pollution Control District, 669 County Square Drive, Ventura, CA 93003.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Al Petersen, Rulemaking Office (AIR-4), Air Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105; (415) 744-1135.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Throughout this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to EPA.Start Printed Page 40899
I. Proposed Action
On March 29, 2001 (66 FR 17131), EPA proposed actions on the rules in Table 1 that were submitted for incorporation into the California SIP.
|Local agency||Rule #||Rule title||Adopted||Submitted.|
|BAAQMD||Manual of Procedures, volume I, section 5.||Boiler, Steam Generator, and Process Heater Tuning Procedure.||09/16/93||07/23/96|
We proposed a limited approval of VCAPCD Rules 57 and 68, because we determined that the rules improve the SIP and are largely consistent with the relevant CAA requirements. The limited approval implied that these rules were also given a limited disapproval, because some rule provisions conflict with section 110 and part D of the CAA. We also proposed a full approval of the BAAQMD Manual of Procedures, volume I, section 5, because the rule met all the requirements of the CAA. Our proposed action contains more information on the rules and our evaluation.
II. Public Comments and EPA Responses
EPA's proposed action provided a 30-day public comment period. We received comments on the VCAPCD rules after the comment period closed, but we are considering these comments from the following party:
- Ashley Garrigan, Bryn Mawr College; letter postmarked May 1, 2001 and received May 4, 2001.
The comments and our responses are summarized below.
Comment I: Ms. Garrigan requested clarification of the meaning of “These small uncontrolled sources are included in the air quality management plan for the District without any credit taken for controls.”
Response: This refers to the District's PM-10 Maintenance Attainment Plan. Such a Plan is required, when a District is now in attainment with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) but was once in nonattainment, to show what emission reductions through controls are needed to maintain attainment. In this case, the District does not take any credit for PM-10 emission reduction from controls on the exempted sources in order to maintain attainment. Allowing no PM-10 controls on the exempted sources is consistent with section 110(l) of the CAA, which requires that plan revisions would not interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment or any other applicable requirement of the CAA.
The District is in attainment for CO and has made a demonstration that allowing no controls for CO on the exempted sources would be consistent with section 110(l) of the CAA.
Comment II: Ms. Garrigan is concerned that the point of revisions is to strengthen the SIP and not weaken it (such as by allowing exemptions). Ms. Garrigan is also concerned that any amount of PM-10 and CO emissions is considered approved when such emissions harm human health and the environment.
Response: Strengthening the SIP is usually the goal of revisions. Exemptions are allowed only if they comply with section 110(l) of the CAA, thus maintaining attainment. In the case of test jet engines, the District granting exemptions is reasonable, due to the experimental nature of the test jet engines and the difficulty and cost of applying controls.
EPA is required by the CAA to set NAAQS to protect human health and the environment. This implies that, unless the NAAQS are zero, some emission of pollutants is “approved”. We may not approve emissions that exceed the NAAQS.
III. EPA Action
As authorized in sections 110(k)(3) and 301(a) of the Act, EPA is finalizing a limited approval of VCAPCD Rules 57 and 68. This action incorporates the submitted rules into the California SIP, including those provisions identified as deficient. As authorized under section 110(k)(3), EPA is simultaneously finalizing a limited disapproval of these rules. This limited disapproval, although not specifically stated in the proposed rule, is implied by the limited approval. No sanctions under section 179 are associated with this final action, because control of these sources is not required for attainment of the NAAQS. Note that the submitted rules have been adopted by the VCAPCD, and EPA's final limited disapproval does not prevent the local agency from enforcing them.
EPA is also finalizing full approval of BAAQMD Manual of Procedures, volume I, section 5.
IV. Administrative Requirements
A. Executive Order 12866
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted this regulatory action from Executive Order 12866, entitled “Regulatory Planning and Review.”
Executive Order 13045, entitled Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be “economically significant” as defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency.
This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does not involve decisions intended to mitigate environmental health or safety risks.
Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999) revokes and replaces Executive Orders 12612, Federalism and 12875, Enhancing the Intergovernmental Partnership. Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” “Policies that have federalism implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct Start Printed Page 40900effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.” Under Executive Order 13132, EPA may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications, that imposes substantial direct compliance costs, and that is not required by statute, unless the Federal government provides the funds necessary to pay the direct compliance costs incurred by State and local governments, or EPA consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation. EPA also may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications and that preempts State law unless the Agency consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation.
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, because it merely acts on a state rule implementing a federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 6 of the Executive Order do not apply to this rule.
Executive Order 13175, entitled “Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments” (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000), requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.” “Policies that have tribal implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal government and the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes.”
This final rule does not have tribal implications. It will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.
E. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) generally requires an agency to conduct a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small not-for-profit enterprises, and small governmental jurisdictions.
EPA's disapproval of the state request under section 110 and subchapter I, part D of the Clean Air Act does not affect any existing requirements applicable to small entities. Any pre-existing federal requirements remain in place after this disapproval. Federal disapproval of the state submittal does not affect state enforceability. Moreover, EPA's disapproval of the submittal does not impose any new Federal requirements. Therefore, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Moreover, due to the nature of the Federal-State relationship under the Clean Air Act, preparation of flexibility analysis would constitute Federal inquiry into the economic reasonableness of state action. The Clean Air Act forbids EPA to base its actions concerning SIPs on such grounds. Union Electric Co. v. U.S. EPA, 427 U.S. 246, 255-66 (1976); 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2).
F. Unfunded Mandates
Under section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (“Unfunded Mandates Act”), signed into law on March 22, 1995, EPA must prepare a budgetary impact statement to accompany any proposed or final rule that includes a Federal mandate that may result in estimated costs to State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate; or to private sector, of $100 million or more. Under section 205, EPA must select the most cost-effective and least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule and is consistent with statutory requirements. Section 203 requires EPA to establish a plan for informing and advising any small governments that may be significantly or uniquely impacted by the rule.
EPA has determined that the approval action promulgated does not include a Federal mandate that may result in estimated costs of $100 million or more to either State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate, or to the private sector. This Federal action acts on pre-existing requirements under State or local law, and imposes no new requirements. Accordingly, no additional costs to State, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, result from this action.
G. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
Section 12 of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) of 1995 requires Federal agencies to evaluate existing technical standards when developing a new regulation. To comply with NTTAA, EPA must consider and use “voluntary consensus standards” (VCS) if available and applicable when developing programs and policies unless doing so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical.
EPA believes that VCS are inapplicable to today's action because it does not require the public to perform activities conducive to the use of VCS.
H. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This rule is not a “major” rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
I. Petitions for Judicial Review
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by October 5, 2001. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)Start List of Subjects Start Printed Page 40901
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Carbon monoxide
- Incorporation by reference
- Intergovernmental relations
- Nitrogen oxides
- Particulate matter
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: June 20, 2001
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 52—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart F—CaliforniaStart Amendment Part
2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraphs (c)(239)(i)(E)( 7) and (c)(278)(i)(C)(2) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) * * *
(239) * * *
(i) * * *
(E) * * *
(7) Manual of Procedures, volume I, section 5, adopted on September 16, 1993.
(278) * * *
(i) * * *
(C) * * *
(2) Rules 57 and 68, adopted on June 14, 1977.
[FR Doc. 01-19460 Filed 8-3-01; 8:45 am]
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