Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).
Notice of application for an order under section 12(d)(1)(J) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“Act”) exempting applicants from sections 12(d)(1)(A) and (B) of the Act, sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Act exempting applicants from section 17(a) of the Act, and section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act permitting certain joint transactions.
SUMMARY OF APPLICATION:
Applicants request an order to permit certain registered open-end management investment companies to invest uninvested cash and cash collateral in one or more affiliated money market funds.
Master Investment Portfolio (“MIP Portfolios”), Barclays Global Investors Funds, Inc. (“BGI Funds”), Start Printed Page 45710iShares Trust, iShares, Inc. and Barclays Global Fund Advisors (“BGFA”).
The application was filed on January 22, 2001. Applicants have agreed to file an amendment during the notice period, the substance of which is reflected in this notice.
HEARING OR NOTIFICATION OF HEARING:
An order granting the applications will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary and serving applicants with a copy of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on September 17, 2001, and should be accompanied by proof of service on applicants, in the form of an affidavit or, for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons may request notification of a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary.
Secretary, Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Applicants, c/o Marco E. Adelfio, Esq., Jonathan F. Cayne, Esq., Morrison & Foerster, LLP, 2000 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20006.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
John L. Sullivan, Senior Counsel, at (202) 942-0681, or Mary Kay Frech, Branch Chief, at (202) 942-0564 (Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulation).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained for a fee at the Commission's Public Reference Branch, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0102 (tel. 202-942-8090).
1. Each of MIP Portfolios and iShares Trust is organized as a Delaware business trust and is registered under the Act as an open-end management investment company. MIP Portfolios currently has 13 series, and iShares Trust has 46 series. Each of BGI Funds and iShares, Inc. is organized as a Maryland corporation and is registered under the Act as an open-end management investment company. BGI Funds currently has 10 series, and iShares, Inc. has 21 series.
2. BFFA is registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. BGFA serves as the investment adviser to MIP Portfolios, iShares Trust and iShares, Inc. Currently, each series of BGI Funds is a “feeder fund” that seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing all of its net investable assets, in reliance on section 12(d)(1)(E) of the Act, in its corresponding MIP Portfolio, which is a “master fund.” Applicants also request relief for all other registered management investment companies and any series thereof now or hereafter existing that are advised by BGFA or any other person controlling, controlled by or under common control with BGFA (collectively, with MIP Portfolios, BGI Funds, iShares Trust and iShares, Inc. and each of their series now and hereafter existing, the “Funds”).
3. Each Fund has, or may be expected to have, cash that has not been invested in portfolio securities (“Uninvested Cash”). Uninvested Cash may result from a variety of sources, including dividends or interest received from portfolio securities, unsettled securities transactions, reserves held for investment strategy purposes, scheduled maturity of investments, liquidation of investment securities to meet anticipated redemptions or dividend payments, and new monies received from investors. Certain of the Funds also may participate in a securities lending program under which a Fund may lend its portfolio securities to registered broker-dealers or other institutional investors (“Securities Lending Program”). The loans are continuously secured by collateral equal at all times to at least the market value of the securities loaned. Collateral for these loans may include cash (“Cash Collateral,” and together with Uninvested Cash, “Cash Balances”). Currently, BGFA may invest Cash Balances directly in money market instruments or other short-term debt obligations.
4. Applicants request an order to permit (a) each of the Funds to invest their Cash Balances in one or more of the Funds that are money market funds and comply with rule 2a-7 under the Act (“Money Market Funds”) (a Fund that purchases shares of a Money Market Fund is referred to as an “Investing Portfolio”); (b) the Money Market Funds to sell their shares to, and redeem their shares from, the Investing Portfolios; and (c) BGFA to effect such purchases and sales. Applicants submit that investing Cash Balances in shares of the Money Market Funds is in the best interest of the Investing Portfolios and their shareholders because such investment may reduce the risk of counterparty default on repurchase agreements and the market risk associated with direct purchases of short-term obligations, while providing high current money market rates of return, ready liquidity, and increased diversity of holdings.
Applicants' Legal Analysis
1. Section 12(d)(1)(A) of the Act provides, in pertinent part, that no registered investment company may acquire securities of another investment company if such securities represent more than 3% of the acquired company's outstanding voting stock, more than 5% of the acquiring company's total assets, or if such securities, together with the securities of other acquired investment companies, represent more than 10% of the acquiring company's total assets. Section 12(d)(1)(B) of the Act, in pertinent part, provides that no registered open-end investment company may sell its securities to another investment company if the sale will cause the acquiring company to own more than 3% of the acquired company's voting stock, or if the sale will cause more than 10% of the acquired company's voting stock to be owned investment companies.
2. Section 12(d)(1)(J) of the Act provides that the Commission may exempt any person, security or transaction from any provision of section 12(d)(1) if, and to the extent that, such exemption is consistent with the public interest and the protection of investors. Applicants request relief under section 12(d)(1)(J) from the limitations of sections 12(d)(1)(A) and (B) to permit each Investing Portfolio to invest Cash Balances in the Money Market Funds, so long as the Investing Portfolio's aggregate investment of Uninvested Cash in shares of the Money Market Funds does not exceed 25% of the Investing Portfolio's total assets at any time.
3. Applicants state that the proposed arrangements would not result in the abuses that sections 12(d)(1)(A) and (B) were intended to prevent. Applicants state that each Money Market Fund will maintain a highly liquid portfolio and will not be susceptible to undue control. Applicants represent that the proposed arrangement will not result in an inappropriate layering of fees because shares of the Money Market Funds purchased by the Investing Portfolios will not be subject to a sales load, redemption fee, distribution fee under a plan adopted in accordance with rule 12b-1 under the Act, or service fee (as defined in rule 2830(b)(9) of the Start Printed Page 45711Conduct Rules of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (“NASD”)), or if such shares are subject to any distribution or service fee, BGFA will waive its advisory fee for each Investing Portfolio in an amount that offsets the amount of such distribution and/or service fee incurred by the Investing Portfolio. Applicants represent that no Money Market Fund will acquire securities of any other investment company in excess of the limitations contained in section 12(d)(1)(A) of the Act, except to the extent the Money Market Fund is a feeder Fund investing in a master Fund that is in the same group of investment companies as the feeder Fund in reliance on section 12(d)(1)(E) of the Act (“Underlying Feeder Fund”). Applicants also represent that if a Money Market Fund offers more than one class of shares, and Investing Portfolio will invest its Cash Balances only in the class with the lowest expense ratio (taking into account the expected impact of the Investing Portfolio's investment) at the time of investment.
4. Section 17(a) of the Act makes it unlawful for any affiliated person of a registered investment company, or an affiliated person of such person, acting as principal, to sell or purchase any security to or from the company. Section 2(a)(3) of the Act defines an “affiliated person” of another person to include, among others: (a) Any person directly or indirectly owning, controlling, or holding with power to vote 5% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the other person; (b) any person 5% or more of whose securities are directly or indirectly owned, controlled, or held with power to vote by the other person; and (c) any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the other person. Applicants state that, because the Investing Portfolios and the Money Market Funds share a common investment adviser and a common board of directors/trustees, each Investing Portfolio may be deemed to be under common control with each of the Money Market Funds. Furthermore, an Investing Portfolio may own more than 5% of the outstanding voting securities of a Money Market Fund, thus making the Investing Portfolio an affiliated person of the Money Market Fund. As a result of these affiliations, section 17(a) would prohibit the sale of the shares of the Money Market Funds to the Investing Portfolios, and the redemption of the shares by the Money Market Funds.
5. Section 17(b) of the Act authorizes the Commission to exempt a transaction from section 17(a) if the terms of the proposed transaction, including the consideration to be paid or received, are reasonable and fair and do not involve overreaching on the part of any person concerned, and the proposed transaction is consistent with the general purposes of the Act. Section 6(c) of the Act permits the Commission to exempt any persons or transactions from any provision of the Act, if the exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act.
6. Applicants submits that their request for relief to permit the purchase and redemption of shares of the Money Market Funds by the Investing Portfolios satisfies the standards in sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Act. Applicants note that shares of the Money Market Funds will be purchased and redeemed at their net asset value, the same consideration paid and received for these shares by any other shareholders. Applicants state that the Investing Portfolios will retain their ability to invest their Cash Balances directly in money market instruments as authorized by their respective investment objectives and policies if they believe they can obtain a higher rate of return, or for any other reason. Applicants also state that each Money Market Fund has the right to discontinue selling shares to any of the Investing Portfolios if the Money Market Fund's board of directors/trustees (“Board”) determines that such sale would adversely affect its portfolio management and operations.
7. Section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act prohibit an affiliated person of a registered investment company, acting as principal, from participating in or effecting any transaction in connection with any joint enterprise or other joint arrangement or profit sharing plan in which the investment company participates, without and order of the Commission. Applicants state that each Investing Portfolio, by purchasing and redeeming shares of the Money Market Funds, BGFA, by managing the assets of the Investing Portfolios investing in the Money Market Funds, and the Money Market Funds, by selling shares to, and redeeming them from, the Investing Portfolios, could be deemed to be participants in a joint enterprise or arrangement within the meaning of section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act.
8. Rule 17d-1 permits the Commission to approve a proposed joint transaction covered by the terms of section 17(d) of the Act. In determining whether to approve a transaction, the Commission is to consider whether the proposed transaction is consistent with the provisions, policies, and purposes of the Act, and the extent to which the participation is on a basis different from or less advantageous than that of other participants. Applicants submit that the Investing Portfolios will be treated like any other investor in the Money Market Funds. The Investing Portfolios will purchase and sell shares on the same terms and on the same basis as shares are purchased and sold by all other shareholders of the Money Market Funds.
Applicants agree that the order granting the requested relief will be subject to the following conditions:
1. The shares of the Money Market Funds sold to and redeemed from the Investing Portfolios will not be subject to a sales load, redemption fee, distribution fee under a 12b-1 plan, or service fee (as defined in rule 2830(b)(9) of the Conduct Rules of the NASD), or if such shares are subject to any such distribution fee or service fee, BGFA will waive its advisory fee for each Investing Portfolio in an amount that offsets the amount of such distribution and/or service fees incurred by the Investing Portfolio.
2. If BGFA or a person controlling, controlled by or under common control with BGFA receives a fee from any Money Market Fund for acting as its investment adviser with respect to assets invested by an Investing Portfolio, then before the next meeting of the Board of an Investing Portfolio is held for the purpose of voting on the Investing Portfolio's advisory contract pursuant to section 15 of the Act, BGFA will provide the Board with specific information regarding the approximate cost to BGFA for, or portion of the advisory fee under the existing advisory contract attributable to, managing the Uninvested Cash of the Investing Portfolio that can be expected to be invested in the Money Market Funds. Before approving any advisory contract for an Investing Portfolio pursuant to section 15, the Board, including a majority of the directors/trustees who are not “interested persons” within the meaning of section 2(a)(19) of the Act (“Independent Directors/Trustees”), shall consider to what extent, if any, the advisory fees charged to the Investing Portfolio by BGFA should be reduced to account for reduced services provided to the Investing Portfolio by BGFA as a result of Uninvested Cash being invested in the Money Market Funds. The minute books of the Investing Start Printed Page 45712Portfolio will fully record the Board's consideration in approving the advisory contract, including the considerations relating to fees referred to above.
3. Each of the Investing Portfolios will invest Uninvested Cash in, and hold shares of, the Money Market Funds only to the extent that the Investing Portfolio's aggregate investment of Uninvested Cash in the Money Market Funds does not exceed 25% of the Investing Portfolio's total assets. For purposes of this limitation, each Investing Portfolio or series thereof will be treated as a separate investment company.
4. Investment by an Investing Portfolio of Cash Balances in shares of the Money Market Funds will be in accordance with each Investing Portfolio's respective investment restrictions and will be consistent with each Investing Portfolio's policies as set forth in its prospectus and statement of additional information.
5. Each Investing Portfolio, each Money Market Fund, and any future Fund that may rely on the order shall be advised by BGFA, or a person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with BGFA.
6. No Money Market Fund in which an Investing Portfolio invests shall acquire securities of any other investment company in excess of the percentage limits contained in section 12(d)(1)(A) of the Act, except to the extent a Money Market Fund is an Underlying Feeder Fund.
7. Before an Investing Portfolio may participate in the Securities Lending Program, a majority of the Board (including a majority of the Independent Directors/Trustees) of the Investing Portfolio will approve of the Investing Portfolio's participation in the Securities Lending Program. Such directors/trustees also will evaluate the securities lending arrangement and its results no less frequently than annually and determine that any investment of Cash Collateral in the Money Market Funds is in the best interests of the shareholders of the Investing Portfolio.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
1. All investment companies that currently intend to rely on the requested relief have been named as applicants, and any existing or future registered management investment company that relies on the requested relief in the future will do so only in accordance with the terms and conditions of the application.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-21789 Filed 8-28-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-M