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Airworthiness Directives; Rolls-Royce plc Dart 525, 525F, 528, 528D, 529, 529D, 530, 532, 535, 542, and 552 Series Turboprop Engines

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration, DOT.

ACTION:

Final rule; request for comments.

SUMMARY:

This amendment adopts a new airworthiness directive (AD) that is applicable to Rolls-Royce plc (RR) Dart 525, 525F, 528, 528D, 529, 529D, 530, 532, 535, 542, and 552 series turboprop engines. This action requires the removal of certain part number (P/N) high pressure turbine (HPT) discs and replacement with serviceable discs. This Start Printed Page 49515amendment is prompted by three reports of uncontained HPT disc failures and the manufacturer's investigation into disc failure. The actions specified in this AD are intended to prevent HPT disc failure, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane.

DATES:

Effective October 15, 2001. Comments for inclusion in the Rules Docket must be received on or before November 27, 2001.

ADDRESSES:

Submit comments in triplicate to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2001-NE-29-AD, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299. Comments may also be sent via the Internet using the following address: “9-ane-adcomment@faa.gov”. Comments sent via the Internet must contain the docket number in the subject line. The service information referenced in this AD may be obtained from Rolls-Royce plc, P.O. Box 31 Derby, DE24 8BJ, United Kingdom; telephone 011-44-1332-242424; fax 011-44-1332-249936. This information may be examined at the FAA, New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA; or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW., suite 700, Washington, DC.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Keith Mead, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299; telephone (781) 238-7744; fax (781) 238-7199.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), which is the airworthiness authority for the United Kingdom (UK), recently notified the FAA that an unsafe condition may exist on RR Dart 525, 525F, 528, 528D, 529, 529D, 530, 532, 535, 542, and 552 series turboprop engines. The CAA advises that three reports of uncontained HPT disc failures have occurred on in-service engines. The results of an investigation reveal that fretting, wear, and open clearance between the HPT disc diaphragm seal arm and intermediate pressure turbine (IPT) disc diaphragm seal arm can result in a high-response disc vibration mode, which results in high-cycle-fatigue (HCF) fractures in the HPT disc. The manufacturer, through testing, has shown that by adding an interference fit between the HPT and IPT seal arms, the discs become effectively preloaded against each other, significantly reducing disc diaphragm vibratory stresses. This condition, if not corrected, could result in HPT disc failure, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane.

Bilateral Airworthiness Agreement

This engine model is manufactured in the UK, and is type certificated for operation in the United States under the provisions of section 21.29 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.29) and the applicable bilateral airworthiness agreement. Pursuant to this bilateral airworthiness agreement, the CAA has kept the FAA informed of the situation described above. The FAA has examined the findings of the CAA, reviewed all available information, and determined that AD action is necessary for products of this type design that are certificated for operation in the United States.

FAA's Determination of an Unsafe Condition and Proposed Actions

Since an unsafe condition has been identified that is likely to exist or develop on other Rolls-Royce plc Dart 525, 525F, 528, 528D, 529, 529D, 530, 532, 535, 542, and 552 series turboprop engines of the same type design, this AD is being issued to prevent HPT disc failure, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane. This AD requires the scheduled replacement of HPT discs of the affected design with serviceable discs. The cycles and calendar dates of the replacement schedule are based on risk analysis and the need for owners/operators to have an adequate length of time to accomplish this AD.

Immediate Adoption of This AD

Since a situation exists that requires the immediate adoption of this regulation, it is found that notice and opportunity for prior public comment hereon are impracticable, and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

Although this action is in the form of a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and, thus, was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment, comments are invited on this rule. Interested persons are invited to comment on this rule by submitting such written data, views, or arguments as they may desire. Communications should identify the Rules Docket number and be submitted in triplicate to the address specified under the caption ADDRESSES. All communications received on or before the closing date for comments will be considered, and this rule may be amended in light of the comments received. Factual information that supports the commenter's ideas and suggestions is extremely helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of the AD action and determining whether additional rulemaking action would be needed.

Comments are specifically invited on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the rule that might suggest a need to modify the rule. All comments submitted will be available, both before and after the closing date for comments, in the Rules Docket for examination by interested persons. A report that summarizes each FAA-public contact concerned with the substance of this AD will be filed in the Rules Docket.

Commenters wishing the FAA to acknowledge receipt of their comments submitted in response to this action must submit a self-addressed, stamped postcard on which the following statement is made: “Comments to Docket Number 2001-NE-29-AD.” The postcard will be date stamped and returned to the commenter.

Regulatory Impact

This final rule does not have federalism implications, as defined in Executive Order 13132, because it would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Accordingly, the FAA has not consulted with state authorities prior to publication of this final rule.

The FAA has determined that this regulation is an emergency regulation that must be issued immediately to correct an unsafe condition in aircraft, and is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866. It has been determined further that this action involves an emergency regulation under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979). If it is determined that this emergency regulation otherwise would be significant under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures, a final regulatory evaluation will be prepared and placed in the Rules Docket. A copy of it, if filed, may be obtained from the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

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Adoption of the Amendment

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Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration amends part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (

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PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

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1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. Section 39.13 is amended by adding the following new airworthiness directive:

End Amendment Part

2001-19-06 Rolls-Royce plc: Amendment 39-12446. Docket 2001-NE-29-AD.

Applicability

This airworthiness directive (AD) is applicable to Rolls-Royce Dart 525, 525F, 528-7E, 528D-7E, 529-7E, 529D-7E, 529-7H, 529D-7H, 529-8E, 529D-8E, 529-8H, 529D-8H, 529-8X, 529D-8X, 529-8Y, 529D-8Y, 529-8Z, 529D-8Z, 530, 532-7, 532-7L, 532-7N, 532-7P, 532-7R, 535-2, 535-7R, 542-10, 542-10J, 542-10K, 542-4, 542-4K, 552-2, 552-7, 552-7R series turbofan engines that contain high pressure turbine (HPT) discs having the part numbers listed in the following Table 1:

Table 1.—Part Numbers of Applicable HPT Discs

ARK49431ARK49434ARK49437A.RK50111A.RK50120
A.RK50121BRK49431BRK49434BRK49437B.RK50111
B.RK50120B.RK50121CRK49431CRK49434CRK49437
C.RK50111C.RK50120C.RK50121RK33092RK33097
RK33099RK33104RK33114RK33117RK33119
RK33122RK33125RK33130RK33131RK33214
RK33466RK33499RK34206RK34207RK34208
RK34209RK34210RK34211RK34212RK34213
RK34671RK34674RK36477RK36479RK36481
RK36483RK36485RK36487RK36489RK36491
RK38592RK38593RK38594RK38595RK40712
RK40713RK40714RK40715RK40716RK40717
RK40718RK40719RK40720RK40721RK40722
RK40723RK40724RK40725RK40726RK40727
RK43749RK43750RK43751RK44112RK44113
RK44114RK44115RK44116RK44117RK44118
RK44119RK44120RK44121RK44122RK44123
RK44124RK44125RK44126RK44127RK44310
RK44311RK44312RK44328RK44342RK44374
RK44397RK45565RK46136RK46485RK46486
RK46487RK46488RK46489RK46490RK46491
RK46492RK46493RK46494RK46495RK46496
RK46497RK46498RK46499RK46531RK46828
RK48339RK49121RK49209RK49210RK49211
RK49431RK49434RK49437RK50111RK50120
RK50121

These engines are installed on, but not limited to BAC Viscount Type 810 aircraft, Fokker F.27 Friendship Mark 200, 400, 500, and 600 series aircraft, Maryland Air Industries, Inc. Fairchild F-27A, F, G, M, J, FH-227, FH-227B, C, D, and E series aircraft, Gulfstream Aerospace Model G-159 aircraft, BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited HS 748 series aircraft, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. YS-11 series aircraft, and Convair CV600/640 series aircraft.

Note 1:

This AD applies to each engine identified in the preceding applicability provision, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the requirements of this AD. For engines that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (d) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if the unsafe condition has not been eliminated, the request should include specific proposed actions to address it.

Compliance

Compliance with this AD is required as indicated, unless already done.

To prevent HPT disc failure, which could result in an uncontained engine failure and damage to the airplane, do the following:

(a) Remove from service the discs listed by part number in Table 1 of this AD, in accordance with the following Table 2 of this AD:

Table 2.—Removal Schedule

If:Then:
(1) Engine is fitted with a listed HPT disc with more than 15,000 cycles since new (CSN) on effective date of this ADRemove from service and replace with a serviceable disc within 300 cycles or before June 30, 2002, whichever occurs earlier.
(2) Engine is fitted with a listed HPT disc that has 12,000 CSN to 15,000 CSN on effective date of this ADRemove from service and replace with a serviceable disc within 600 cycles or before June 30, 2002, whichever occurs earlier.
(3) Engine is fitted with a listed HPT disc that has 9,000 to 11,999 CSN on effective date of this ADRemove from service and replace with a serviceable disc within 900 cycles.
(4) Engine is fitted with a listed HPT disc that has more than 6,000 CSN as of June 30, 2003Before further flight, remove from service and replace with a serviceable disc.
(5) Engine is fitted with a listed HPT disc as of June 30, 2004Before further flight, remove from service and replace with a serviceable disc.
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(b) Remove from service any discs, listed by part number in Table 1 of this AD, from engines that are returned for a shop visit for any reason.

Definitions

(c) For the purpose of this AD, a serviceable disc is one whose P/N is not listed in Table 1 of this AD. Information on the reworking of affected discs into serviceable discs is specified in Rolls-Royce Dart Service Bulletin Da72-533 Revision 2, dated July 25, 2001.

Alternative Methods of Compliance

(d) An alternative method of compliance or adjustment of the compliance time that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used if approved by the Manager, Engine Certification Office (ECO). Operators must submit their requests through an appropriate FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Manager, ECO.

Note 2:

Information concerning the existence of approved alternative methods of compliance with this airworthiness directive, if any, may be obtained from the ECO.

Special Flight Permits

(e) Special flight permits may be issued in accordance with sections 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate the airplane to a location where the requirements of this AD can be accomplished.

Note 3:

The subject of this AD is addressed in Civil Airworthiness Authority airworthiness directive AD 007-02-2001, dated April 12, 2001.

Effective Date of this AD

(f) This amendment becomes effective on October 15, 2001.

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on September 20, 2001.

Jay J. Pardee,

Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 01-24271 Filed 9-27-01; 8:45 am]

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