Coast Guard, DOT.
Temporary final rule.
As a result of the several apparent terrorist attacks September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, the State Department, and other governmental installations, the Coast Guard is establishing temporary safety and security zones within the entire bounds of the Port of New York, which will be enforced effective immediately. The safety and security zones are needed to safeguard the public, vessels, and vessel crews from further consequences of the aforementioned attacks, and from potential future sabotage or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature. Entry into or movement within these zones by any vessel of any description whatsoever, except emergency response vessels, without the express authority of the Captain of the Port, New York, or his authorized patrol representative is strictly prohibited.
This rule is effective from September 11, 2001, through September 14, 2001.
Documents as indicated in this preamble are available for inspection and copying at Coast Guard Activities New York, 212 Coast Guard Drive, room 204, Staten Island, New York 10305, between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Lieutenant M. Day, Waterways Oversight Branch, Coast Guard Activities New York (718) 354-4012.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) was not published for this regulation, and good cause exists for making it effective less Start Printed Page 51308then 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Good cause also exists for not publishing a NPRM for this regulation. Due to the catastrophic nature and extent of damage realized from the aircraft crashes into the two towers of the World Trade Center, this rulemaking is urgently necessary to protect the national security interests of the United States against further adverse consequences of these and future potential terrorist strikes within the Port of New York/New Jersey. Any delay in the establishment and enforcement of this regulation's effective date would be clearly contrary to public interest since immediate action is needed to protect the public and the United States' interests against similar acts of terrorism.
Background and Purpose
On September 11, 2001, both towers of the World Trade Center, located within the Port of New York/New Jersey, were destroyed as a result of two commercial airliner crashes that can only be explained as resulting from terrorist attacks. In addition to the two airliner crashes into the World Trade Center, two other commercial airliners were also apparently highjacked and intentionally crashed, one into the United States Pentagon and another in a rural area of Pennsylvania. These acts were unforeseen and accomplished without warning.
The safety and security zones are needed to protect and safeguard the public, vessels, and vessel crews from further consequences of the aforementioned attacks, and from future sabotage or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature. The safety and security zones have identical boundaries. All persons, other than those approved by the Captain of the Port or his authorized patrol representative are prohibited from entering into or moving within the zones without the prior approval of the Captain of the Port. Emergency response vessels must keep the Captain of the Port apprised of intended movements while working within the port. The zones encompass the area south of a line 500 yards north of the George Washington Bridge on the Hudson River; south of a line drawn 500 yards north of the Triborough Bridge on the East River; east of a line from Constable Hook Front Range Light (LLNR 37250) to 40°38′55.5″N, 074°05′05.7″W (NAD 1983), on St. George, Staten Island. The public will be made aware of the existence of these safety and security zones via Broadcast Notice to Mariners made from U.S. Coast Guard Activities New York.
This rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under section 6(a)(3) of that Order. The Office of Management and Budget has not reviewed it under that Order. It is not “significant” under the regulatory policies and procedures of the Department of Transportation (DOT) (44 FR 11040, February 26, 1979). The duration and sizes of the zones are the minimum necessary to provide adequate protection for public, vessels, and vessel crews. Any vessels seeking entry into or movement within the safety and security zones must request permission from the Captain of the Port or his authorized patrol representative. Any hardships experienced by persons or vessels are considered minimal compared to the national interest in protecting the public, vessels, and vessel crews from the further devastating consequences of the aforementioned acts of terrorism, and from potential future sabotage or other subversive acts, accidents, or other causes of a similar nature.
Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), we have considered whether this rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term “small entities” comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000.
For the reasons addressed under the Regulatory Evaluation above, the Coast Guard expects the impact of this regulation to be minimal and certifies under section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Maritime advisories will be initiated by normal methods and means, and will be widely available to users of the area.
Assistance for Small Entities
Under subsection 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 [Pub. L. 104-121], the Coast Guard wants to assist small entities in understanding this final rule so that they can better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If your small business or organization would be affected by this final rule and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please call LT Mike Day, telephone (718) 354-4012. Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comments on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247).
Collection of Information
This rule calls for no collection of information requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
We have analyzed this action under Executive Order 13132, and have determined that this rule does not have federalism implications under that order.
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) governs the issuance of Federal regulations that require unfunded mandates. An unfunded mandate is a regulation that requires a State, local, or tribal government or the private sector to incur direct costs without the Federal Government's having first provided the funds to pay those unfunded mandate costs. This rule will not impose an unfunded mandate.
Taking of Private Property
This rule will not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights.
Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform, to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.
Protection of Children
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and does not concern an environmental risk Start Printed Page 51309to health or risk to safety that may disproportionately affect children.
Indian Tribal Governments
This rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments. A rule with tribal implications has a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribe, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.
The Coast Guard considered the environmental impact of these regulations and concluded that under Figure 2-1, paragraph 34(g) of Commandant Instruction M16475.1D, this rule is categorically excluded from further environmental documentation. A written Categorical Exclusion Determination is available in the docket for inspection or copying where indicated under ADDRESSES.
We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a “significant energy action” under that order because it is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866 and is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. It has not been designated by the Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs as a significant energy action. Therefore, it does not require a Statement of Energy Effects under Executive Order 13211.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165
- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Security measures
RegulationStart Amendment Part
For the reasons set out in the preamble, the Coast Guard amendsEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREASEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Add temporary § 165.T01-102 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) Location. The following area within the Port of New York, New York/New Jersey has been declared both a safety zone and a security zone: the area south of a line 500 yards north of the George Washington Bridge on the Hudson River; south of a line drawn 500 yards north of the Triborough Bridge on the East River; east of a line from Constable Hook Front Range Light (LLNR 37250) to 40°38′55.5″N 074°05′05.7″W (NAD 1983), on St. George, Staten Island.
(b) Effective dates. This section is effective from September 11, 2001 through September 14, 2001.
(1) In accordance with the general regulations in §§ 165.23 and 165.33 of this part, entry into or movement within these zones is prohibited unless previously authorized by the Captain of the Port New York or his authorized patrol representative. Emergency response vessels are authorized to move within the zones, but must at all times keep the Captain of the Port apprised of intended movements within the port, and must abide by restrictions imposed by the Captain of the Port as necessary to accomplish the purposes of this rule.
(2) No person may swim upon or below the surface of the water within the boundaries of the safety and security zones unless previously authorized by the Captain of the Port New York or his authorized patrol representative.
(3) All persons and vessels shall comply with the instructions of the Captain of the Port, and the designated on-scene U.S. Coast Guard patrol personnel. U.S. Coast Guard patrol personnel include commissioned, warrant, and petty officers of the U.S. Coast Guard.
(4) The general regulations covering safety and security zones in §§ 165.23 and 165.33, respectively, of this part apply.
Dated: September 11, 2001.
Rear Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port.
[FR Doc. 01-25291 Filed 10-5-01; 8:45 am]
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