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Rule

Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality State Implementation Plans (SIP); Alabama: Control of Gasoline Sulfur and Volatility

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

EPA is approving a SIP revision submitted by the State of Alabama establishing low-sulfur and low-Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) requirements for gasoline distributed in the Birmingham nonattainment area (Shelby and Jefferson counties in Alabama). Alabama developed these fuel requirements to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds as part of the State's strategy to achieve the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ozone in the Birmingham nonattainment area. EPA is approving Alabama's fuel requirement into the SIP because these fuel requirements are in accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (the Act), and are necessary for the Birmingham nonattainment area to achieve the 1-hour ozone NAAQS in a timely manner.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This final rule is effective on December 7, 2001.

ADDRESSES:

Copies of the State submittal(s) are available at the following addresses for inspection during normal business hours:

Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Air Planning Branch, 61 Forsyth Street, SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. Lynorae Benjamin, (404) 562-9040.

Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM), 400 Coliseum Boulevard, Montgomery, Alabama 36110-2059.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Lynorae Benjamin, Regulatory Planning Section, Air Planning Branch, Air, Pesticides and Toxics Management Division, Region 4, Environmental Protection Agency, Atlanta Federal Center, 61 Forsyth Street, SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-8960. The telephone number is (404) 562-9040. Ms. Benjamin can also be reached via electronic mail at benjamin.lynorae@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On November 1, 2000, the State of Alabama submitted an attainment demonstration for the 1-hour ozone NAAQS for the Birmingham nonattainment area for inclusion into the Alabama SIP. The rule for the fuel program (the subject of this final rulemaking) is included in this submittal in Appendix I; the request for a waiver from Federal preemption pursuant to 211(c)(4)(C) of the Act (also the subject of this final rulemaking) is included as Appendix II of this submittal. Specifically, Appendix II of the Alabama submittal contains data and analyses to support a finding under section 211(c)(4)(C) that the State's low-sulfur and low-RVP requirements are necessary for the Birmingham nonattainment area to achieve the ozone NAAQS. On September 11, 2001, (66 FR 47142) EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) to approve the fuel waiver request and fuel rule. That NPR provides a detailed description of this action and EPA's rationale for proposed approval. The public comment period for this action ended on October 11, 2001. No comments, adverse or otherwise, were received on EPA's proposal.

Final Action

EPA is approving Alabama's low-sulfur/low-RVP fuel program into the federally enforceable SIP because the fuel requirements are in accordance with the Act, are necessary for the Birmingham nonattainment area to achieve the 1 hour ozone NAAQS in a timely manner, and will supply some or all of the reductions needed to achieve the ozone NAAQS.

Administrative Requirements

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule Start Printed Page 56219will not have significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4).

This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2001). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the CAA. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. In this context, in the absence of prior existing requirements for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the CAA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1195 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Action of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by January 7, 2002. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2)).

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

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Dated: October 24, 2001.

A. Stanley Meiburg,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 4.

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Chapter I, title 40,

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PART 52—[AMENDED]

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart B—Alabama

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2. Section 52.50 is amended:

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A. In paragraph (c) add a new chapter heading No. 335-3-20-Control Fuels, and entries for Sections 335-3-20-.01, 335-3-20-.02, and 335-3-20-.03; and

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B. In paragraph (e) add a new entry for “Alabama Fuel Waiver Request—Appendix II of the Attainment Demonstration of the 1-hour NAAQS for Ozone for the Birmingham Nonattainment Area,” at the end of the table to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

EPA Approved Alabama Regulations

State citationTitle subjectAdoption dateEPA approval dateFederal Register notice
* * * * * * *
Chapter No. 335-3-20—Control of Fuels
335-3-20-.01DefinitionsOctober 24, 2000November 7, 200166 FR 56219.
335-3-20-.02Control of FuelsOctober 24, 2000November 7, 200166 FR 56219.
335-3-20-.03Recordkeeping, Reporting, and TestingOctober 24, 2000November 7, 200166 FR 56219.
* * * * *

(e) * * *

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ProvisionState effective dateEPA approval dateFederal Register noticeComments
* * * * * * *
Alabama Fuel Waiver Request-Appendix II of the Attainment Demonstration of the 1-hour NAAQS for Ozone for the Birmingham Nonattainment AreaDecember 1, 2000November 7, 200166 FR 56220
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[FR Doc. 01-27828 Filed 11-6-01; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P