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Tart Cherries Grown in the States of Michigan, et al.; Temporary Suspension of a Provision Regarding a Continuance Referendum Under the Tart Cherry Marketing Order

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Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.


Final rule.


This rule temporarily suspends an order provision which requires a continuance referendum to be conducted on the marketing order for tart cherries during March 2002. The suspension will enable the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to postpone conducting the continuance referendum until the completion of Start Printed Page 58357amendatory order proceedings. The Cherry Industry Administrative Board (Board) recommended a delay in holding the continuance referendum to allow the industry to evaluate the results of any approved amendments.


This final rule becomes effective on December 21, 2001.

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Patricia A. Petrella or Kenneth G. Johnson, Marketing Order Administration Branch, F&V, AMS, USDA, Suite 2A04, Unit 155, 4700 River Road, Riverdale, Maryland, 20737, telephone: (301) 734-5243; Fax: (301) 734-5275; or George J. Kelhart, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, Room 2525-S, P.O. Box 96456, Washington, DC 20090-6456, telephone: (202) 720-2491; Fax: (202) 720-9038.

Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Jay Guerber, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, P.O. Box 96456, room 2525-S, Washington, DC 20090-6456; telephone: (202) 720-2491; Fax: (202) 720-8938, or E-mail:

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This final rule is issued under Marketing Order No. 930 (7 CFR part 930) (order) regulating the handling of tart cherries grown in the States of Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin. The order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”

The USDA is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Order 12866.

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule.

The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. A handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review USDA's ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after date of the entry of the ruling.

This action will temporarily suspend the provision in § 930.83(d) of the order which specifies when a continuance referendum should be conducted to determine if producers and processors favor continuance of the tart cherry marketing order. This action was unanimously recommended by the Committee at its January 25, 2001, meeting.

Section 930.83(d) of the order currently provides that USDA shall conduct a referendum within the month of March every six years after the order became effective to ascertain whether continuance of the order is favored by tart cherry producers and processors. The order became effective in September 1996. A continuance referendum is therefore scheduled to be conducted in March 2002.

Section 930.83(b) authorizes USDA to terminate or suspend the operation of any or all provisions of this part whenever USDA finds that such provisions do not tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.

In 1998, the Board recommended several proposed amendments to the tart cherry marketing order to improve the administration of the order and more accurately reflect how the program is operated. It also requested that public hearings be held on the proposed amendments. The amendatory process can be lengthy depending on the complexity of the amendments and the level of support for the amendments.

Under the applicable rules of practice (7 CFR part 900), the amendment process consists of several steps. The first step is the public hearing at which evidence (pro and con) is presented on the recommended amendments. After the public hearings are completed, a Recommended Decision, based on the evidence presented, is issued by USDA, with a request for written comments. Next, USDA considers the evidence of record including any exceptions to the Recommended Decision and then issues a USDA Decision and, if warranted, a Referendum Order. A Referendum Order would be issued if USDA determines that the amendments to the order would tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.

Initially, the Board intended to proceed with all of its proposed amendments in a single amendatory proceeding. However, after discussion with USDA, the Board agreed to split its proposed amendments to the order into two proceedings. The less complex amendments were handled first followed by the more complex amendments. An amendment referendum for the first series of amendments was held in January 2001. Those amendments were approved and published in the Federal Register on July 10, 2001 (66 FR 35891). The formal rulemaking process for the second series of amendments, has begun, and is expected to be completed in the spring of 2002.

The Board recommended that the provision requiring the March 2002 continuance refendum be temporarily suspended to allow USDA to complete the amendatory proceedings. The temporary suspension will allow USDA to postpone the next continuance referendum for the tart cherry marketing order until March 2003.

Delaying the continuance referendum will allow for the completion of the amendatory proceedings and an evaluation by the completion of the amendatory proceedings and an evaluation by the industry of any approved amendments at least a year before producers and processors are asked to vote on continuing the order. A later continuance referendum should be a better indicator of the support for the order.

The Regulatory Flexibility Act and Effects on Small Businesses

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities and has prepared this final regulatory flexibility analysis. The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) allows AMS to certify that regulations do not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. However, as a matter of general policy, AMS' Fruit and Vegetable Programs (Programs) no longer opt for such certification, but rather perform regulatory flexibility analyses for any rulemaking that would generate the interest of a significant number of small entities. Performing such analyses shifts the Programs' efforts from determining whether regulatory flexibility analyses are required to the consideration of regulatory options and economic impacts.

The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of business subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the Act, and rules thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through Start Printed Page 58358group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf. Thus, both statutes have small entity orientation and compatibility.

There are approximately 40 handlers of tart cherries who are subject to regulation under the order and approximately 900 producers of tart cherries in the regulated area. Small agricultural service firms, which include handlers, have been defined by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201) as those having annual receipts of less than $5,000,000, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of less than $750,000. The majority of handlers and producers of tart cherries may be classified as small entities.

This rule temporarily suspends the provision in § 930.83(d) of the order which specifies the month in which a continuance referendum should be conducted to determine if producers and processors favor the continuance of the tart cherry marketing order. Pursuant to this provision, the next continuance referendum is scheduled for March 2002. Section 930.83(b) authorizes USDA to terminate or suspend the operation of any or all of the provisions of this order whenever USDA finds that such provisions do not tend to effectuates the declared policy of the Act.

One alternative to this action will be to continue the status quo. However, without a postponement of the continuance referendum, USDA will have to conduct two referenda closely together, for the second series of amendments and one for a continuance referendum. The problem with proceeding in this manner is that growers and processors will not have had time to determine how any amendments that are adopted could affect order operations and evaluate the results. A temporary delay in holding the continuance referendum will allow the amendments to be evaluated by growers and processors. Thus, the vote on continuance will be a more reliable determiner of industry support for the order.

Discussion of Comments

A proposed rule concerning this action was published in the Federal Register on May 15, 2001 (66 FR 26813). Copies of the rule were mailed and sent via facsimile to all Board members and handlers. Finally, the rule was made available through the Internet by the Office of the Federal Register, and USDA. A 60-day comment period ending on July 16, 2001, was provided to allow interested persons to respond to the proposal.

Forty-three comments were received during the comment period in response to the proposal. Forty comments were received in opposition to the proposal and three comments favored the proposal. The comments received were mainly from growers.

The three comments favoring the proposal strongly supported the proposed action. However, one supporter disagreed with the March 2003 date for the continuance referendum. The commenter asserted that the industry should be allowed to operate a full season with the new amendments before the continuance referendum is held. The commenter stated that completion of the formal rulemaking process could extend into the 2002-2003 season and a referendum in March 2003 would not afford producers and processors the opportunity for a full season's review of the new amendments.

One commenter opposed to the proposal stated that a continuance referendum provides a measurement of support and effectiveness of the order, and, therefore, should not be delayed until after any changes to the order are implemented. The commenter believes that the tart cherry industry should be allowed to vote whether or not it supports or disfavors the marketing order based on the order as it has been operating over the past five years, without regard to any amendatory proceedings.

The other comments from growers in opposition to the proposal urged USDA not to suspend the continuance referendum pending completion of the amendatory proceedings. They contend that two important amendatory proposals have already been addressed. The first proposal involves subjecting production in all districts within the production area to volume regulation. With production shifts over the last few years, about 90 percent of the production would be subject to volume regulation during the 2001/2002 crop year. They believe that this lives up to the spirit of the proposed amendments to the order. The other important change allowing handlers to earn diversion credits for export sales of juice and juice concentrate was addressed by suspending order language through the informal rulemaking process.

The Board has the authority to recommend necessary changes to the order and the administrative rules and regulations to address evolving industry operations and changing crop year circumstances. It is important for the Board to address changing industry conditions to keep the marketing order current. The USDA further recognizes the importance of continuance referenda in gauging the effectiveness and support for marketing orders within an industry.

However, neither USDA nor the tart cherry industry can be certain which, if any, of the proposed amendments to the order will be approved. Because of this uncertainty, USDA believes it appropriate to complete the amendatory proceeding before holding a continuance referendum. The USDA anticipates issuing a recommended decision on the amendatory proposals in 2001. If warranted, a grower and processor referendum on the proposals would be held in the spring of 2002.

Therefore, USDA has concluded that the temporary suspension should be issued and a continuance referendum should be conducted in March 2003.

In compliance with Office of Management and Budget (OMB) regulations (5 CFR part 1320) which implement the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the information collection and recordkeeping requirements imposed by this order have been previously approved by OMB and assigned OMB Number 0581-0177. This action imposes no additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large tart cherry handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and public sector agencies. In addition, USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with this rule.

The Board's meeting was publicized and all Board members and alternate Board members, representing both large and small entities, were invited to attend the meeting and participate in Board deliberations. The Board itself is composed of 18 members, of which 17 members are growers and handlers and one represents the public. Also, the Board has a number of appointed committees to review certain issues and make recommendations.

A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at the following website:​fv/​moab.html. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Jay Guerber at the previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

After consideration of all relevant matter presented, including the information and recommendation submitted by the Board, the comments received, and other available Start Printed Page 58359information, it is hereby found that the provision temporarily suspended does not tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 930

  • Tart cherries
  • Marketing agreements
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 930 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 930 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 601-674.

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[Suspended in part]
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2. In paragraph (d), the sentence “The Secretary shall conduct a referendum within the month of March of every sixth year after the effective date of this part to ascertain whether continuation of this part is favored by the growers and processors” is suspended effective March 1 through March 31, 2002.

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Dated: November 15, 2001.

A. J. Yates,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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[FR Doc. 01-29111 Filed 11-20-01; 8:45 am]