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New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Fenbendazole

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Final rule; correction; technical amendment.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to restore indications for fenbendazole medicated feeds for cattle that have been inadvertently deleted from the regulations. Changes to a table format are also being made. This action is being taken to correct these errors and to improve the accuracy of the regulations.

DATES:

This rule is effective November 26, 2001.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

George K. Haibel, Center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV-6), Food and Drug Administration, 7519 Standish Pl., Rockville, MD 20855, 301-827-4567, e-mail: ghaibel@cvm.fda.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

FDA has discovered that an error has become incorporated into the agency's regulation for part 558 (21 CFR part 558). A portion of the list of indications for fenbendazole medicated feeds for cattle was inadvertently deleted as a publication error beginning with the April 1, 1996, edition of the CFR. At this time, the regulations are being amended in § 558.258 to correct this error, to format some portions of this section as a table, and to restructure other portions to more closely resemble similar regulations for free-choice medicated feeds for cattle. Indications for the control of certain swine parasites, inadvertently removed in a previous revision of the regulations in the Federal Register of November 20, 1990 (55 FR 48230), are also being added. The entire text of § 558.258 is being provided for the convenience of the reader.

Publication of this document constitutes final action on these changes under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553). Notice and public procedure are unnecessary because FDA is merely correcting nonsubstantive errors.

This rule does not meet the definition of “rule” in 5 U.S.C. 804(3)(A) because it is a rule of “particular applicability.” Therefore, it is not subject to the congressional review requirements in 5 U.S.C. 801-808.

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List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 558

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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs and redelegated to the Center for Veterinary Medicine,

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PART 558—NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 360b, 371.

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2. Section 558.258 is revised to read as follows:

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Fenbendazole.

(a) Specifications. Type A medicated articles: 4 percent (18.1 grams per pound (g/lb)), 8 percent (36.2 g/lb), and 20 percent (90.7 g/lb) fenbendazole.

(b) Approvals. See No. 057926 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter.

(c) Related tolerances. See § 556.275 of this chapter.

(d) Special considerations. See § 500.25 of this chapter.

(e) Conditions of use—(1) Turkeys.

Amount fenbendazole in grams per tonCombination in grams per tonIndications for useLimitationsSponsor
14.5 (16 parts per million)Growing turkeys: For the removal and control of gastrointestinal worms: round worms, adult and larvae (Ascaridia dissimilis); cecal worms, adult and larvae (Heterakis gallinarum), an important vector of Histomonas meleagridis (Blackhead)Feed continuously as the sole ration for 6 days. For growing turkeys only057926

(2) Swine.

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Amount fenbendazole in grams per tonCombination in grams per tonIndications for useLimitationsSponsor
(i) 10 to 300 (to provide 9 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) of body weight) given over a 3- to 12-day periodFor the removal and control of: Adult stage lungworms (Metastrongylus apri and M. pudendotectus); adult and larvae (L3, 4 stages—liver, lung, intestinal forms) large roundworms (Ascaris suum); adult stage nodular worms (Oesophagostomum dentatum, O. quadrispinulatum); adult stage small stomach worms (Hyostrongylus rubidus); adult and larvae (L2, 3, 4 stages—intestinal mucosal forms) whipworms (Trichuris suis); adult and larvae kidney worms (Stephanurus dentatus)Feed as sole ration057926
(ii) 10 to 80 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Lincomycin 20As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for increased rate of gain in growing-finishing swineFeed as sole ration. Do not feed to swine that weigh more than 250 pounds (lbs); lincomycin as provided by 000009 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter057926
(iii) 10 to 80 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Lincomycin 40As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for control of swine dysentery in animals on premises with a history of swine dysentery, but where symptoms have not yet occurredFeed as sole ration. Do not feed to swine that weigh more than 250 lbs.; lincomycin as provided by 000009 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter057926
(iv) 10 to 80 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Lincomycin 100As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for the treatment of swine dysenteryFeed as sole ration. Do not use within 6 days of slaughter. Do not feed to swine that weigh more than 250 lbs.; lincomycin as provided by 000009 in§ 510.600(c) of this chapter057926
(v) 10 to 80 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Lincomycin 200As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for reduction in the severity of swine mycoplasmal pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniaeFeed as sole ration. Do not use within 6 days of slaughter. Do not feed to swine that weigh more than 250 pound (lb); lincomycin as provided by 000009 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter057926
(vi) 10 to 300 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Bacitracin methylene disalicylate 10 to 30Growing/finishing swine: As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiencyFeed as sole ration. Under conditions of continued exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 4 to 6 weeks. Bacitracin methylene disalicylate as provided by 046573 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter046573
(vii) 10 to 300 (to provide 9 mg/kg of body weight)Bacitracin methylene disalicylate 2501. Growing/finishing swine: As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for control of swine dysentery associated with Treponema hyodysenteriae on premises with a history of swine dysentery, but where signs of disease have not yet occurred; or following an approved treatment of the disease condition1. Growing/finishing swine: Feed as sole ration. Not for use in growing and finishing swine that weigh more than 250 lbs. Diagnosis of swine dysentery should be confirmed by a veterinarian when results are not satisfactory. Under conditions of continued exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 4 to 6 weeks. Bacitracin methylene disalicylate as provided by 046573 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter046573
2. Pregnant sows: As in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section; for control of clostridial enteritis in suckling pigs caused by Clostridium perfringens2. Pregnant sows: Feed as sole ration. Diagnosis of clostridial enteritis should be confirmed by a veterinarian when results are not satisfactory. Under conditions of continued exposure to parasites, retreatment may be needed after 4 to 6 weeks. Bacitracin methylene disalicylate as provided by 046573 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter

(3) Cattle—(i) Conditions of use are as follows:

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Amount fenbendazole in grams per tonCombination in grams per tonIndications for useLimitationsSponsor
(A) 5 mg/kg body weight (2.27 mg/lb)For the removal and control of lungworms (Dictyocaulus viviparus); barberpole worms (Haemonchus contortus); brown stomach worms (Ostertagia ostertagi); small stomach worms (Trichostrongylus axei); hookworms (Bunostomum phlebotomum); thread-necked intestinal worms (Nematodirus helvetianus); small intestinal worms (Cooperia oncophora and C. punctata), bankrupt worms (Trichostrongylus colubriformis), and nodular worms (Oesophagostomum radiatum)Feed as sole ration for one day. Do not use within 13 days of slaughter057926
(B) 5 mg/kg body weight (2.27 mg/lb) in a free-choice feedAs in paragraph (e)(3)(i)(A) of this sectionFormulate as specified in paragraph (e)(3)(ii) of this section. Feed a total of 5 mg of fenbendazole per kg (2.27 mg/lb) of body weight to cattle over a 3- to 6-day period. Retreatment may be needed after 4 to 6 weeks. Do not slaughter within 13 days following last treatment057926

(ii) Formulate for use as a free-choice cattle feed as in paragraph (e)(3)(i)(B) of this section as follows:

Ingredient1PercentInternational feed No.
(A) Ingredient:
  Copper sulfate0.456-01-720
  Dried Cane Molasses3.124-04-695
  Monosodium phosphate31.166-04-288
  Salt (sodium chloride)59.006-04-152
  Zinc sulfate0.766-05-556
  Fenbendazole Type A article (20%)5.51
(B) Ingredient:
  Dicalcium phosphate32.316-00-080
  Limestone17.136-02-632
  Magnesium oxide9.796-02-756
  Zinc sulfate1.476-05-556
  Copper sulfate0.296-01-720
  Potassium iodide0.00986-03-759
  Dried Cane Molasses0.984-04-695
  Selenium0.0002
  Salt35.936-04-152
  Fenbendazole Type A article (20%)2.09
1 The content of any added vitamin and trace mineral may be varied; however, they should be comparable to those used by the firm for other free-choice feeds. Formulation modifications require FDA approval prior to marketing. The amount of selenium must comply with published regulations.

(4) Zoo and wildlife animals.

Species/ClassAmount fenbendazoleIndications for useLimitationsSponsor
(i) Feral swine (Sus scrofa)3 mg/kg/day for 3 days.For the removal and control of kidney worm (Stephanurus dentatus), roundworm (Ascaris suum), nodular worm (Oesophagostomum dentatum)Use as complete feed. Prior withdrawal of feed or water is not necessary. Retreatment may be required in 6 weeks. Do not use 14 days before or during the hunting season057926
(ii) Ruminants (subfamily Antilopinae, Hippotraginae, Caprinae)2.5 mg/kg/day for 3 days.For the removal and control of small stomach worm (Trichostrongylus spp.), thread necked intestinal worm (Nematodirus spp.), barberpole worm (Haemonchus spp.), whipworm (Trichuris spp.)Use as complete feed. Prior withdrawal of feed or water is not necessary. Retreatment may be required in 6 weeks. Do not use 14 days before or during the hunting season057926
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(iii) Rocky mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis c. canadensis)10 mg/kg/day for 3 days.For the removal and control of Protostrongylus sppUse as complete feed. Prior withdrawal of feed or water is not necessary. Retreatment may be required in 6 weeks. Do not use 14 days before or during the hunting season057926
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Dated: November 9, 2001.

Stephen F. Sundlof,

Director, Center for Veterinary Medicine.

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[FR Doc. 01-29352 Filed 11-23-01; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S