On March 12, 2001, the Philadelphia Stock Exchange, Inc. (“Phlx” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”), pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change related to the definition of a controlled account. On August 16, 2001, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on September 18, 2001. This order approves the proposed rule change, as amended.
II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change
The Phlx proposes to amend the definition of controlled accounts under Phlx Rule 1014(g)(i) and Option Floor Procedure Advice (“Advice”) B-6. The proposed rule change would also make corresponding amendments to Phlx Rule 1014(g)(i) and Advice B-6 pertaining to the requirements to circle the “yield” field on order tickets. This proposed rule change has been filed in response to the Ordering Instituting Public Administrative Proceeding Pursuant to section 19(h)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act Release No. 43268 (September 11, 2000) and Administrative Proceeding File 3-10282 (the “Order”). Under Section IV.B.j of the Order, the Exchange is required to codify market maker practices pertaining to the allocation of orders.
Currently, Phlx Rule 1014(g) defines the term controlled account to include “any account controlled by or under common control with a member broker-dealer.” Phlx Option Specialists, Registered Options Traders (“ROTs”) and other “firm proprietary” accounts (if for the account of a member broker-dealer) are included in this definition. Under the rule, if an account is not a controlled account, it is considered a customer account. Thus all other accounts, including non-member broker-dealer accounts, are considered customer accounts. Except for specialists and ROTs closing in-person, controlled accounts must yield priority to customer accounts. Presently, member broker-dealers are required to yield priority to non-member broker-dealer accounts because such accounts are considered customer accounts under the rule language. However, Phlx Rule 1014(g) has been interpreted to yield the priority of non-member broker-dealer orders to “true” customer orders, and treat non-member broker-dealer orders on par with member broker-dealer orders on the floor of the Exchange. This proposed rule change would codify the floor's interpretation of the term “controlled account.”
Specifically, the proposed rule change would amend the controlled account definition to include a non-member broker-dealer account. Thus, non-member broker-dealers would be required to yield priority to public customer orders, and be treated on par with orders for accounts of member broker-dealers. For instance, currently, where both a customer and a non-member broker-dealer order bid for 100 contracts at the same time and at the same price, the customer and the non-member broker-dealer would each be entitled to 50 contracts of an incoming order to sell 100 contracts under the rule. However, under the proposed rule change, the customer's bid would have priority over the non-member broker-dealer and would receive the entire execution of an incoming sell order for 100 contracts at that price. In addition, under the proposed rule change, where a non-member broker-dealer and a ROT both bid for 100 contracts at the same time and at the same price, the ROT and the non-member broker-dealer would each be entitled to 50 contracts as opposed to the result under the current rule in which the non-member broker-dealer would have priority and be entitled to the entire execution of the incoming sell order for 100 contracts.
In addition, the proposed rule change would amend Advice B-6 to clarify that there is no requirement to circle the “yield” field on market maker order tickets because unlike customer order tickets, the tickets used for orders by ROTs and other exchanges' market makers (due to the processing needs of clearing firms), do not have such a category. This amendment would make Start Printed Page 63278Advice B-6 consistent with the expanded definition of controlled account under the proposed rule change. Currently, specialists and ROTs closing-in person are not required to circle the yield field; this requirement would not change. Other controlled accounts would still be required to circle the yield field.
After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations under the Act applicable to a national securities exchange. In particular, the proposed rule change is consistent with sections 6(b)(5) and 6(b)(8) of the Act. The Commission finds that proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of section 6(b)(5) of the Act  because the proposed rule change is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, and to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. The Commission also finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with section 6(b)(5) of the Act because the proposed rule change is not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. Further, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with section 6(b)(8) of the Act  because the proposed rule change does not impose any burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. In particular, the Commission finds that it is consistent with sections 6(b)(5) and 6(b)(8) of the Act  to treat non-member broker-dealers and member broker-dealers similarly by generally requiring that orders for such accounts yield to customer orders. In this regard, this rule is similar to protections offered to customer orders in other contexts. Further, the Commission finds that parity between orders for non-member broker-dealers and member broker-dealers, except for members (i.e., specialists and ROTs) that close in-person, is appropriate and consistent with the Act.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-Phlx-2001-38), as amended, is approved.Start Signature
For the Commission by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. See Letter from Richard S. Rudolph, Counsel, Phlx, to Nancy J. Sanow, Senior Special Counsel, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, dated August 15, 2001 (“Amendment No. 1”).Back to Citation
4. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 44809 (September 18, 2001), 66 FR 49056 (September 25, 2001).Back to Citation
5. In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered its impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 01-30139 Filed 12-4-01; 8:45 am]
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