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Approval and Promulgation of State Plans for Designated Facilities and Pollutants; Control of Landfill Gas Emissions From Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills; State of Iowa

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Direct final rule.


EPA is approving a revision to the state of Iowa's section 111(d) plan for controlling emissions from existing municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. The state revised its existing plan to incorporate EPA revisions to the MSW landfill emission guideline (EG) and to make other clarifying changes. Approval Start Printed Page 64153of the revised state plan will ensure that it is consistent with the Federal regulations and is Federally enforceable.


This direct final rule will be effective February 11, 2002 unless EPA receives adverse comments by January 11, 2002. If adverse comments are received, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal of the direct final rule in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.


Comments may be mailed to Wayne Kaiser, Environmental Protection Agency, Air Planning and Development Branch, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101.

Copies of documents relative to this action are available for public inspection during normal business hours at the above-listed Region 7 location. The interested persons wanting to examine these documents should make an appointment with the office at least 24 hours in advance.

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Wayne Kaiser at (913) 551-7603.

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Throughout this document whenever “we,” “us,” or “our” is used, we mean EPA.

Information regarding this action is presented in the following order:

What is a 111(d) Plan?

What are the Regulatory Requirements for MSW Landfills?

Why is This Action Necessary?

What Changes did the State Make to its 111(d) Plan?

What Action are we Taking in This Action?

What Is a 111(d) Plan?

Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) requires states to submit plans to control certain pollutants (designated pollutants) at existing facilities (designated facilities) whenever standards of performance have been established under section 111(b) for new sources of the same type, and EPA has established EGs for such existing sources. A designated pollutant is any pollutant for which no air quality criteria have been issued, and which is not included on a list published under section 108(a) or section 112(b)(1)(A) of the CAA, but emissions of which are subject to a standard of performance for new stationary sources.

What Are the Regulatory Requirements for MSW Landfills?

Standards and guidelines for new and existing MSW landfills were promulgated under the authority of sections 111 and 129 of the Clean Air Act on March 12, 1996 (61 FR 9905). These standards are 40 CFR part 60, subpart WWW for new sources, and 40 CFR part 60, subpart Cc for existing sources.

The subpart Cc EG is not a direct Federal regulation but is a “guideline” for states to use in regulating existing MSW landfills. The EG requires states to submit for EPA approval a section 111(d) state plan containing air emission regulations and compliance schedules for existing MSW landfills.

Why Is This Action Necessary?

We originally approved the state's MSW landfill 111(d) plan on April 23, 1998 (63 FR 20102). We subsequently revised the Federal EG on June 16, 1998 (63 FR 32743). Consequently, the state revised its 111(d) plan to be consistent with the Federal EG.

What Changes Did the State Make to Its 111(d) Plan?

The state's 111(d) plan requirements for MSW landfills are contained in state rule 23.1(5). The state revised this rule to reference 40 CFR part 60 as amended through November 24, 1998. Therefore, the state has adopted by reference the Federal revisions to the EG that were published on June 16, 1998.

A revision was made to rule 23.1(5)“a” (2) by adding subparagraph “3”, which specifies when a landfill source is subject to the Title V permitting requirements.

Additional clarifying revisions were made in rules 23.1(5) “a” (3), paragraphs “1” and “2” and in rule 23.1(5)“a”(6), paragraph “1”. These revisions clarify when design capacity reports must be submitted, require all calculations used to determine the maximum design capacity to be submitted with the design capacity report, and clarify compliance dates.

These revisions to the state's MSW landfill 111(d) plan were adopted by the Iowa Environmental Protection Commission on May 17, 1999, and became effective on July 21, 1999.

What Action Are We Taking in This Action?

We are approving these revisions to the state's MSW landfill 111(d) plan. We are processing this action as a final action because the revisions make routine changes to the existing rules which are noncontroversial. Therefore, we do not anticipate any adverse comments. Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on part of this rule and if that part can be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those parts of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.

Administrative Requirements

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This merely approves a state action as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves a state action and does not impose any additional enforceable duty, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4). For the same reason, this rule also does not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of tribal governments, as specified by Executive Order 13084 (63 FR 27655, May 10, 1998). This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), because it merely approves a state action relating to a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the CAA. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing state plan submissions, our role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the state to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), we have no authority to disapprove state submissions for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews state submissions, to use VCS in place of state submissions that otherwise satisfy the provisions of the CAA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. As required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988 (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996), in issuing this rule, Start Printed Page 64154we have taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct. EPA has complied with Executive Order 12630 (53 FR 8859, March 15, 1988) by examining the takings implications of the rule in accordance with the “Attorney General's Supplemental Guidelines for the Evaluation of Risk and Avoidance of Unanticipated Takings” issued under the Executive Order. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. We will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the United States Senate, the United States House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by February 11, 2002. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

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List of Subjects 40 CFR Part 62

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Methane
  • Municipal solid waste landfills
  • Nonmethane organic compounds
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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Dated: December 2, 2001.

William Rice,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 7.

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Chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 62 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart Q—Iowa

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2. Section 62.3913 is amended by adding paragraph (d) to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
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(d) Amended plan for the control of air emissions from municipal solid waste landfills submitted by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources on September 19, 2001. The effective date of the amended plan is February 11, 2002.

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[FR Doc. 01-30736 Filed 12-11-01; 8:45 am]