Skip to Content


Recognition of Multilateral Clearing Organizations

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Commodity Futures Trading Commission.


Notice and order.


The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“Commission”) is issuing an Order pursuant to section 409(b)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act (“FDICIA”). Section 409 provides that the Commission (or one of several other authorized U.S. financial regulators) may determine that the supervision by a foreign financial regulator of a multilateral clearing organization for over-the-counter derivative instruments satisfies appropriate standards. The Commission is issuing this Order pursuant to section 409(b)(3) of FDICIA with respect to the Norwegian Banking, Insurance and Securities Commission and its supervision of NOS Clearing ASA, a Norwegian clearing house.


January 11, 2002.

Start Further Info


Andrew V. Chapin, Staff Attorney, Division of Trading and Markets, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, 1155 21st Street, NW., Washington, DC 20581. Telephone: (202) 418-5430.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The Commission has issued the following Order:Start Printed Page 2420

Order Issued Pursuant to Section 409 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act Regarding the Multilateral Clearing Activities of NOS Clearing ASA in Connection With Transactions Entered Into on the International Maritime Exchange

On December 21, 2000, the President signed into law the Commodity Futures Modernization Act (“CFMA”), which substantially revised the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”) and other federal statutes, including FDICIA.[1] In particular, new section 409 of FDICIA provides that a clearing organization may operate a multilateral clearing organization (“MCO”) [2] for over-the-counter derivatives instruments (“OTC derivatives”) [3] if, among other alternatives, it is supervised by a foreign financial regulator that the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Commission, as applicable, has determined satisfies appropriate standards.

NOS Clearing ASA (“NOS”) has requested that the Commission determine that the oversight of its activities by the Norwegian Banking, Insurance and Securities Commission (“BISC”) satisfies the criteria for operating as an MCO set forth in section 409(b)(3) of FDICIA.[4] NOS intends to operate as an MCO with respect to OTC derivatives transactions to be executed on the International Maritime Exchange (“IMAREX”).[5] IMAREX operates an electronic trading facility for cash-settled futures contracts for the transportation of maritime freight.

In its request, NOS provided the Commission with a detailed description of the Norwegian regulatory program applicable to clearing organizations along with English translations of the relevant Norwegian statutes and regulations. NOS also provided the Commission with information comparing the regulatory requirements applicable to NOS and the regulatory requirements applicable to derivatives clearing organizations (“DCOs”) in the U.S., as set forth in Part 39 of the Commission's rules.[6] The Commission also evaluated the oversight activities undertaken by BISC in the context of the Principles and Objectives of Securities Regulation issued by the International Organization of Securities Commissions.

In support of NOS's request for relief, BISC confirmed that:

  • BISC is authorized under the Norwegian Securities Trading Act and the Financial Supervision Act to supervise the clearing of financial instruments by persons located in Norway and has the ability to enforce compliance with the applicable laws, rules and regulations;[7]
  • Clearing in Norway of financial derivatives, including commodity derivatives, as defined in the Securities Trading Act,[8] as well as financial forward contracts, options or swaps, may be conducted only by a clearing house with authorization from the Norwegian Ministry of Finance, and NOS Clearing ASA has received such authorization;
  • Trading on IMAREX that is cleared by NOS is subject to regulatory oversight by BISC;
  • BISC is a member of IOSCO, has adopted IOSCO's Principles and Objectives of Securities Regulation, and has established systems consistent with those Principles and Objectives; and
  • BISC has the ability and undertakes to share with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, upon request, information in its possession regarding U.S. persons using NOS as a clearing facility in connection with contracts listed for trading on IMAREX and to otherwise cooperate with the CFTC, subject to Norwegian law.[9]

Based upon the information and materials submitted by NOS, and the representations made by BISC, the Commission has determined that the supervision by BISC of an MCO for OTC derivatives operated by NOS satisfies the criteria set forth in section 409(b)(3) of FDICIA. The Commission has not, however, made any independent investigation or assessment of the Norwegian regulatory program applicable to NOS and its clearing activities. Any material changes or omissions in the facts and circumstances pursuant to which this Order is issued might require the Commission to reconsider this matter.

Start Signature

Issued in Washington, DC on January 11, 2002.

Jean A. Webb,

Secretary of the Commission.

End Signature End Supplemental Information


1.  See Appendix E of Pub. L. 106-554, 114 Stat. 2763 (2000).

Back to Citation

2.  Section 408(1) of FDICIA defines MCO to mean “a system utilized by more than [two] participants in which the bilateral credit exposures of participants arising from the transactions cleared are effectively eliminated and replaced by a system of guarantees, insurance, or mutualized risk of loss.”

Back to Citation

3.  Section 408(2) of FDICIA defines over-the-counter derivative instrument to include any agreement, contract, or transaction exempt under section 2(h) of the CEA.

Back to Citation

4.  Letter from Joshua M. Cohn, Esq., Allen & Overy, counsel to NOS, to Jean Webb, Secretary, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, dated December 21, 2001, with exhibits.

Back to Citation

5.  IMAREX filed a notification with the Commission indicating its intent to operate an electronic trading facility in reliance on the exemption set forth in section 2(h)(3) of the CEA. In accordance with the notification requirement applicable to section 2(h)(3) electronic trading facilities, IMAREX identified NOS as the MCO to which IMAREX will transmit transaction data for the purpose of facilitating clearance and settlement of transactions. IMAREX commenced trading on November 2, 2001.

Back to Citation

6.  See 66 FR 45604 (August 29, 2001). Part 39 of the Commission's rules stipulates the form and provides guidance for what should be included in applications for DCO registration. Part 39 also addresses ongoing compliance by DCOs with the core principles and other provisions of the CEA and rules thereunder. The guidance set forth in Part 39 merely illustrates the manner in which a clearing organization may meet a core principle and is not intended to be a mandatory checklist.

Back to Citation

7.  See Act on Securities Trading, No. 79 of 19 June 1997 (“Securities Trading Act”); Act on the Supervision of Credit Institutions, Insurance Companies and Securities Trading of 1956 (“Financial Supervision Act”), paragraph 1 No. 13.

Back to Citation

8.  See Securities Trading Act, section 1-2 paragraph 2 No. 8.

Back to Citation

9.  See Act of 10 February 1967 Relating to Procedure in Cases Concerning the Public Administration; Act of 19 June 1970 no. 69 on Public Access to Documents in the Public Administration; Financial Supervision Act.

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 02-1205 Filed 1-16-02; 8:45 am]