Coast Guard, DOT.
Temporary final rule.
The Coast Guard is establishing a moving and fixed security zone 100 yards around all cruise ships that enter, are moored in, or depart from the Port of Los Angeles, and while anchored at Catalina Island. These security zones are needed for national security reasons to protect the public and ports from potential subversive acts. Entry into these zones is prohibited, unless specifically authorized by the Capitan of the Port Los Angeles—Long Beach, or his designated representative.Start Printed Page 2572
The regulation is effective from 11:59 p.m. PST on November 1, 2001 to 11:59 p.m. PDT on May 1, 2002.
Documents indicated in this preamble as being available in the docket are part of docket COTP Los Angeles—Long Beach 01-011 and are available for inspection or copying at Coast Guard Marine Safety Office Los Angeles—Long Beach, 1001 South Seaside Avenue, Building 20, San Pedro, California, 90731, between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Lieutenant Junior Grade Rob Griffiths, Waterways Management, at (310) 732-2020.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
We did not publish a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) for this regulation. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing an NPRM. Publishing an NPRM, which would incorporate a comment period before a final rule was issued, would be contrary to the public interest since immediate action is needed to protect the public, ports, and waterways of the United States. For the same reasons, under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for making this rule effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. The Coast Guard will issue a broadcast notice to mariners advising of these new regulations.
Background and Purpose
Based on the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, there is an increased risk that subversive activity could be launched by vessels or persons in close proximity to the Port of Los Angeles or Catalina Island, against cruise ships entering, departing, or moored within the port of Los Angeles and against cruise ships anchored at Catalina Island. The terrorist acts against the United States on September 11, 2001, have increased the need for safety and security measures on U.S. ports and waterways.
In response to these terrorist acts, and in order to prevent similar occurrences, the Coast Guard has established a security zone around cruise ships to protect persons, transiting vessels, adjacent waterfront facilities, and the adjacent land of the Port of Los Angeles and Catalina Island. These security zones are necessary to prevent damage or injury to any vessel or waterfront facility, and to safeguard ports, harbors, or waters of the United States near Los Angeles and Catalina Island, California.
These security zones are established pursuant to the authority of The Magnuson Act regulations promulgated by the President under 50 U.S.C. 191, including Subparts 6.01 and 6.04 of Part 6 of Title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Vessels or person violating this section are subject to the penalties set forth in 50 U.S.C. 192: Seizure and forfeiture of the vessel, a monetary penalty of not more than $10,000, and imprisonment for not more than 10 years.
This regulation will be enforced by the Captain of the Port Los Angeles—Long Beach, who may also enlist the aid and cooperation of any Federal, State, county, municipal, and private agencies to assist in the enforcement of this regulation. Initially, Coast Guard and local police department patrol vessels will be on scene to monitor traffic through these areas.
This security zone prohibits all vessels and people from approaching cruise ships that are underway or moored near Los Angeles, California, and while anchored at Catalina Island. Specifically, no vessel or person may close to within 100 yards of a cruise ship that is entering, moored, or departing the Port of Los Angeles, or while anchored at Catalina Island.
A security zone is automatically activated when a cruise ship passes the Los Angeles sea buoy while entering port and remains in effect while the vessel is moored within in the Port of Los Angeles, California. Additionally, a security zone is automatically activated when a cruise ship is anchored at Catalina Island. When activated, these security zones will encompass a portion of the waterway described as a 100-yard radius around a cruise ship in the Port of Los Angeles, and at Catalina Island. These security zones are automatically deactivated when the cruise ship passes the Los Angeles sea buoy on its departure from port, or weighs anchor from Catalina Island. Vessels and people may be allowed to enter an established security zone on a case-by-case basis with authorization from the Captain of the Port.
This rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under section 6(a)(3) of that Order. The Office of Management and Budget has not reviewed it under that Order. It is not “significant” under the regulatory policies and procedures of the Department of Transportation (DOT) (44 FR 11040, February 26, 1979) because these zones will encompass a small portion of the waterway for limited periods of time.
Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), we have considered whether this rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term “small entities” comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000.
For the same reasons stated in the section above, the Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Assistance for Small Entities
Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we offer to assist small entities in understanding the rule so that they could better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking process. If the rule will affect your small business, organization, or government jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT for assistance in understanding this rule.
Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247).
Collection of Information
This rule calls for no new collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520).
A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law or Start Printed Page 2573impose a substantial direct cost of compliance on them. We have analyzed this rule under that Order and have determined that it does not have implications for federalism.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble.
Taking of Private Property
This rule will not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights.
Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform, to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.
Protection of Children
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and does not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that may disproportionately affect children.
Indian Tribal Governments
This rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, because it does not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a “significant energy action” under that order because it is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866 and is not likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. It has not been designated by the Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs as a significant energy action. Therefore, it does not require a Statement of Energy Effects under Executive Order 13211.
We have considered the environmental impact of this rule and concluded that it is categorically excluded from further environmental review.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165
- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reports and record keeping requirements
- Security measures
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows:Start Part
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREASEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Add a new temporary § 165.T11-058 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) Regulated area. Temporary moving security zones are established 100 yards around all cruise ships while entering or departing the Port of Los Angeles. These moving security zones are activated when the cruise ship passes the Los Angeles sea buoy while entering the Port of Los Angeles. Temporary fixed security zones are established 100 yards around all cruise ships docked in the Port of Los Angeles, California, and while anchored at Catalina Island. These security zones are deactivated when the cruise ship passes the sea buoy on its departure from the Port of Los Angeles or weighs anchor at Catalina Island.
(b) Regulations. (1) In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.33, the following rules apply to security zones established by this section:
(i) No person or vessel may enter or remain in a security zone without the permission of the Captain of the Port;
(ii) Each person and vessel in a security zone shall obey any direction or order of the Captain of the Port;
(iii) The Captain of the Port may take possession and control of any vessel in a security zone;
(iv) The Captain of the Port may remove any person, vessel, article, or thing from a security zone;
(v) No person may board, or take or place any article or thing on board, any vessel in a security zone without the permission of the Captain of the Port; and
(vi) No person may take or place any article or thing upon any waterfront facility in a security zone without the permission of the Captain of the Port.
(2) The Captain of the Port will notify the public via broadcast and published notice to mariners.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as relieving the owner or person in charge of any vessel from complying with the rules of the road and safe navigation practice.
(4) The regulations of this section will be enforced by the Captain of the Port Los Angeles-Long Beach, or his authorized representative, and the Los Angeles Port Police.
(c) Effective dates. This section becomes effective at 11:59 p.m. PST on November 1, 2001, and will terminate at 11:59 p.m. PDT on May 1, 2002.
Dated: November 1, 2001.
J. M. Holmes,
Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, Los Angeles-Long Beach.
[FR Doc. 02-1369 Filed 1-17-02; 8:45 am]
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