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Notice

Update on the Status of the Superfund Substance-Specific Applied Research Program

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AGENCY:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

This Notice provides the status of ATSDR's Superfund-mandated Substance-Specific Applied Research Program (SSARP) which was last updated in a Federal Register notice in 1999 (64 FR 2760). Authorized by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA, also known as the Superfund statute), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) 42 U.S.C. 9604 (i), this research program was initiated on October 17, 1991. At that time, a list of priority data needs for 38 priority hazardous substances frequently found at waste sites was announced in the Federal Register (56 FR 52178). The list was subsequently revised based on public comments and published in final form on November 16, 1992 (57 FR 54150).

The 38 substances, each of which is found on ATSDR's Priority List of Hazardous Substances (66 FR 54014, October 25, 2001), are aldrin/dieldrin, arsenic, benzene, beryllium, cadmium, carbon tetrachloride, chloroethane, chloroform, chromium, cyanide, p,p′-DDT,DDE,DDD, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, lead, mercury, methylene chloride, nickel, polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs—includes 15 substances), selenium, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, trichloroethylene, vinyl chloride, and zinc.

On July 30, 1997, priority data needs for 12 additional hazardous substances frequently found at waste sites were determined and announced in the Federal Register (62 FR 40820). The 12 substances, each of which is included in ATSDR's Priority List of Hazardous Substances, are chlordane, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, di-n-butyl phthalate, disulfoton, endrin (includes endrin aldehyde), endosulfan (alpha-, beta-, and endosulfan sulfate), heptachlor (includes heptachlor epoxide), hexachlorobutadiene, hexachlorocyclohexane (alpha-, beta-, delta- and gamma-), manganese, methoxychlor, and toxaphene.

Recently, priority data needs for 10 additional hazardous substances frequently found at waste sites were determined and announced in the Federal Register (66 FR 42659). The 10 substances, each of which is included in ATSDR's Priority List of Hazardous Substances, are asbestos, benzidine, chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, 1,2-dibromoethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane, ethylbenzene, pentachlorophenol, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, and total xylenes. ATSDR invited the public to comment on the priority data needs for these substances during a period of 90 days. ATSDR is responding to the comments, and a final list of priority data needs will be published in the Federal Register in the near future.

To date, 190 priority data needs have been identified for the first 50 hazardous substances (Table 1). ATSDR fills these data needs through U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory mechanisms (test rules), private-sector voluntarism, and the direct use of CERCLA funds. Additional data needs are being addressed through collaboration with the National Toxicology Program (NTP), by ATSDR's Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program, and other agency programs. Currently, 101 priority data needs associated with the first 50 substances are being addressed via these mechanisms, and 62 priority data needs have been filled. Priority data needs documents describing ATSDR's rationale for prioritizing research needs for each substance are available. See ADDRESSES section of this Notice.

This Notice also serves as a continuous call for voluntary research proposals. Private-sector organizations may volunteer to conduct research to address specific priority data needs identified in this Notice by indicating their interest through submission of a letter of intent to ATSDR (see ADDRESSES section of this Notice). A Tri-Agency Superfund Applied Research Committee (TASARC) composed of scientists from ATSDR, NTP, and the EPA, will review all proposed voluntary research efforts.

DATES:

ATSDR provides updates on the status of its Substance-Specific Applied Research Program approximately every 3 years. ATSDR considers the voluntary research effort to be important to the continuing implementation of the SSARP. Therefore, the agency strongly encourages private-sector organizations to volunteer at any time to conduct research to fill data needs until ATSDR announces that other research mechanisms are in place to address those specific data needs.

ADDRESSES:

Private-sector organizations interested in volunteering to conduct research can write to Dr. William Cibulas, Chief, Research Implementation Branch, Division of Toxicology, ATSDR, 1600 Clifton Road, NE., Mailstop E-29, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, e-mail: wcibulas@cdc.gov. Information about pertinent ongoing or completed research that may fill priority data needs cited in this Notice should be similarly addressed.

Other Requirements: Projects that involve the collection of information from 10 or more individuals and funded by cooperative agreement will be subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Dr. William Cibulas, Chief, Research Implementation Branch, Division of Toxicology, ATSDR, 1600 Clifton Road, NE., Mailstop E-29, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, telephone: (404) 498-0715, fax: (404) 498-0092. This notice will also be available on ATSDR's website at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov or you may call the ATSDR Information Center at 1-888-422-8737.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

CERCLA as amended by SARA (42 U.S.C. 9604(i)) requires that ATSDR (1) jointly with the EPA, develop and prioritize a list of hazardous substances found at National Priorities List (NPL) sites, (2) prepare toxicological profiles for these substances, and (3) assure the initiation of a research program to address identified data needs associated with the substances. Before starting such a program, ATSDR will consider recommendations of the Interagency Testing Committee on the type of research that should be done. This committee was established under Section 4(e) of the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 [15 U.S.C. 2604(e)](TSCA).

The major goals of the ATSDR SSARP are (1) to address the substance-specific information needs of the public and scientific community, and (2) to supply information necessary to improve the database used to conduct comprehensive public health assessments of populations living near hazardous waste sites. We anticipate that the information will help to establish linkages between levels of contaminants in the environment and levels in human tissue and organs Start Printed Page 4837associated with adverse health effects. Once such links have been established, strategies to mitigate potentially harmful exposures can be developed. This program will also provide data that can be generalized to other substances or areas of science, including risk assessment of chemicals, thus creating a scientific information base for addressing a broader range of data needs.

ATSDR encourages the use of in vitro assessment methods and other innovative tools for filling priority data needs. For example, the agency believes that physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling could serve as a valuable tool in predicting across route similarities (or differences) in toxicological responses to hazardous substances. Therefore, on a case-by-case basis, a priority data need can be filled using existing data and modeling. In addition, ATSDR is a member of NTP's Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) and supports development, validation, and acceptance of alternative toxicological test methods that reduce, refine, and replace the use of animals, as appropriate.

CERCLA section 104(i)(5)(D) states that it is the sense of Congress that the costs for conducting this research program “be borne by the manufacturers and processors of the hazardous substance in question,” as required in TSCA and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 136 et seq.) (FIFRA), or by cost recovery from responsible parties under CERCLA. To execute this statutory intent, ATSDR developed a plan whereby parts of the SSARP are being conducted via the regulatory mechanisms referenced (TSCA/FIFRA), private-sector voluntarism, and the direct use of CERCLA funds.

The TASARC, composed of scientists from ATSDR, NTP, and EPA, has been set up to:

(1) Advise ATSDR on the assignment of priorities for mechanisms to address data needs,

(2) Coordinate knowledge of research activities to avoid duplication of research in other programs and under other authorities,

(3) Advise ATSDR on issues of science related to substance-specific data needs, and

(4) Maintain a scheduled forum that provides an overall review of the ATSDR SSARP.

TASARC has met 10 times since the initiation of the SSARP. It has guided referral of data needs to EPA and the associated development of test rules through TSCA. In addition, it has endorsed the proposals of several private-sector organizations to conduct voluntary research. Furthermore, TASARC has become a forum for other federal agencies to bring forth their research agendas. For example, it has coordinated research efforts on hazardous pollutants with the Office of Air and Radiation, EPA. TASARC has developed testing guidelines for immunotoxicity; and has endorsed the use of decision-support methodologies such as physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and benchmark-dose modeling, where appropriate.

Additional data needs are being addressed through collaborative research efforts with NTP, by ATSDR's Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program, and other agency programs. To date, 101 priority data needs associated with the first 50 substances (Table 1) are being addressed via these mechanisms.

Criteria for Evaluating Status of Priority Data Needs

To update the activities covered under the SSARP, criteria for evaluating the status of the priority data needs were developed. Based on these criteria and the review of the current literature, a priority data need can be filled, or unchanged. In the event a priority data need is considered filled, it does not necessarily mean that the study has been completed and that ATSDR has accepted the data. It does, however, indicate that the agency no longer considers it a priority to initiate additional studies at this time.

The criteria for evaluating the status of the priority data needs are described below.

General Criteria

A priority data need is filled:

  • If it has been referred to one of the implementation mechanisms and research has been initiated, or
  • If an updated ATSDR toxicological profile or other recent review document contains relevant new (peer-reviewed and publicly available) studies since the finalization of the priority data needs document; and it is generally agreed that a priority data need no longer exists.

A priority data need remains unchanged:

  • If no mechanism or information has been identified to address the priority data need, or
  • If the priority data need is included in the ATSDR/EPA test rule under development, or is associated with a pilot substance in EPA's Voluntary Children's Chemical Evaluation Program.

Specific Criteria

Since the 1999 SSARP update in the Federal Register, ATSDR has developed specific criteria for two categories of data needs described below.

  • Epidemiologic studies—A priority data need is filled if multiple new studies assessing key health end points are available in ATSDR's updated toxicological profile and/or ongoing studies have been identified, e.g., human health studies supported by ATSDR's Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program or the Minority Health Professions Foundation Research Program. In some cases, ATSDR indicates that it will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine whether additional studies are needed.
  • Exposure levels in humans—A priority data need is filled if (a) there are current and adequate biomonitoring data for exposed populations associated with health effects (from published or ongoing studies), or (b) there are reference range data (e.g., National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)) or generally agreed upon background population levels. In the latter case, ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.

It should be noted that the status of the priority data needs may change in future updates of the SSARP as new information becomes available. Further, during the literature review, new studies may be identified suggesting other effects of concern, such as those related to endocrine disruptors and children's health, which have not been included in the original list of priority data needs. In such cases, additional priority data needs may be added to the research agenda. For example, for both tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene, the priority data need for developmental neurotoxicity study is now listed separately from the priority data need for one-species developmental toxicity (see Table 1). Therefore, the total number of priority data needs changed accordingly, i.e., from a total of 188 reported in the Federal Register notice in 1999 (64 FR 2760) to 190 in the current update notice. Also, research needs previously considered filled might be reassigned as priority data needs, e.g., if a previously derived Minimal Risk Level (MRL), a Start Printed Page 4838health guidance value, was withdrawn from the updated ATSDR toxicological profile. Finally, a priority data need previously associated with an implementation mechanism, may no longer be addressed via that mechanism (or any other mechanism) if the study being conducted to fill the specific priority data need is discontinued.

Based on the above criteria, 62 priority data needs have been filled.

Update of Activities in the SSARP

An update of the activities associated with the mechanisms for implementing the ATSDR Substance-Specific Applied Research Program (SSARP) is discussed below. Publications and reports of research completed under the various implementation mechanisms are available by writing to ATSDR (see ADDRESSES section of this Notice).

A. TSCA/FIFRA

In developing and implementing the SSARP, ATSDR, NTP, and EPA have identified a subset of priority data needs for substances of mutual interest to the federal programs. These data needs are being addressed through a program of toxicologic testing under TSCA according to established procedures and guidelines. On several occasions when ATSDR identified priority data needs for oral exposure, other agencies needed inhalation data. In response, ATSDR is considering proposals to conduct inhalation studies in conjunction with physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) studies in lieu of oral studies. ATSDR expects that inhalation data derived from these studies can be used with PBPK modeling to address its oral toxicity data needs. Currently, an EPA/ATSDR test rule, under development, includes eight ATSDR substances, i.e., benzene, chloroethane, cyanide (hydrogen cyanide and sodium cyanide), methylene chloride, tetrachloroethylene, toluene and trichloroethylene, and addresses 18 ATSDR priority data needs (Table 2). The test rule is presently undergoing ATSDR and EPA final review. We anticipate it will be available for public comment in the near future.

TASARC has established an interagency task force on metals and has conducted a survey to assess federal agencies' needs for testing metals. Currently, the task force has agreed to examine at least seven metals included in the ATSDR's SSARP (arsenic, beryllium, chromium, manganese, mercury, nickel, and selenium, associated with 22 priority data needs) (Table 2). The EPA will solicit testing proposals for these metals and pursue test rule development for these metals at a later date.

B. Private-Sector Voluntarism

On February 7, 1992, as part of the Substance-Specific Applied Research Program (SSARP), ATSDR announced a set of proposed procedures for conducting voluntary research (57 FR 4758). Revisions based on public comments were published on November 16, 1992 (57 FR 54160). Private-sector organizations were encouraged to volunteer to conduct research to fill specific priority data needs at no expense to ATSDR.

To date, ATSDR has established agreements with the American Chemistry Council (ACC) [formerly the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA)], the General Electric Company (GE), and the Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, Inc. (HSIA) to conduct substance-specific research (Table 2). Through the voluntary research efforts of these organizations, at least 16 research needs for polychlorinated biphenyl compounds [PCBs], methylene chloride, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, and vinyl chloride are being addressed (Table 2).

American Chemistry Council (ACC) Formerly the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA)

In 1996, ATSDR entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with ACC covering two studies, “Vinyl chloride: Combined inhalation two-generation reproduction and developmental toxicity study in CD rats.” In November 2000, ATSDR accepted the final reports of the studies.

General Electric Company (GE)

In 1995, ATSDR entered into an MOU with SSARP covering two studies on PCBs: (1) “An assessment of the chronic toxicity and oncogenicity of Aroclors 1016, 1242, 1254, and 1260 administered in diet to rats,” including “PCB congener analyses,” and (2) “Metabolite detection as a tool for determining naturally occurring aerobic PCB biodegradation.” While the above studies do not address ATSDR's priority data needs for PCBs, they do address other agency research needs for these substances.

The agency accepted the final report for the chronic toxicity and oncogenicity of the four aroclors in October 1997,and the final report for the aerobic biodegradation study in July 1999.

Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance (HSIA)

In 1995, ATSDR entered into an MOU with HSIA covering studies to address three priority data needs for methylene chloride. The studies, “Addressing priority data needs for methylene chloride with physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling,” evaluated acute- and subchronic-duration toxicity and developmental toxicity via oral exposure. The data were obtained using physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling. The final report for these studies was accepted by the agency in February 1997.

In September 1999, HSIA entered into a second MOU with ATSDR to conduct a study, “Methylene chloride: 28 day inhalation toxicity study in the rat to assess potential immunotoxicity.” The agency accepted the final report for the study in November 2000. HSIA is in the process of obtaining oral data from the inhalation study using PBPK modeling. This is because ATSDR has determined ingestion of contaminated environmental media to be the primary exposure route at hazardous waste sites. HSIA intends to conduct similar immunotoxicity studies for tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene.

In February 2000, ATSDR signed a third MOU with HSIA, which conducted a study, “Trichloroethylene: Inhalation Developmental Toxicity Study in CD Rats.” The agency accepted the final report of the study in September 2001. As in the case of the methylene chloride immunotoxicity study described above, HSIA intends to obtain developmental toxicity data for oral exposure using PBPK modeling. Also, HSIA plans to perform similar developmental toxicity studies for tetrachloroethylene. Finally, ATSDR and HSIA are continuing discussion to address additional priority data needs for trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene in conjunction with EPA's pilot studies for its Voluntary Children's Chemical Evaluation Program.

In addition to the substance-specific MOUs described above, in March 2001, ATSDR also signed an MOU with the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. (EPRI) on “Verification of Techniques for Assessing the Effects of Neurotoxicants on Neurodevelopment in Children.” The objective of the study is to validate a battery of neurodevelopmental tests for use in assessing the effects of prenatal or postnatal exposure to developmental neurotoxicants. The study includes an evaluation of a broad spectrum of Start Printed Page 4839functions; therefore, the validation of these tests will be useful for further assessing the developmental neurotoxicity of some of the ATSDR priority substances such as the PCBs, methylmercury, and lead. In addition to the private sector support (EPRI), ATSDR is coordinating a federal effort (via interagency agreements with EPA, Food and Drug Administration [FDA] and NIEHS) to support the study.

C. CERCLA-Funded Research (Minority Health Professions Foundation Research Program)

During FY 1992, ATSDR announced a $4 million cooperative agreement program with the Minority Health Professions Foundation (MHPF) to support substance-specific investigations. A not-for-profit Internal Revenue Code 501(c)(3) organization, the MHPF comprises 11 minority health professions schools. Its primary mission is to research health problems that disproportionately affect poor and minority citizens. The purpose of this cooperative agreement is to address substance-specific data needs for priority hazardous substances identified by ATSDR. In addition, this agreement strengthens the environmental health research opportunities for scientists and students at MHPF member institutions and enhances existing disciplinary capacities to conduct research in toxicology and environmental health.

In the first 5-year project period that concluded during FY 1997, nine priority data needs for 21 priority hazardous substances and 22 other research needs for these and other substances were addressed. The MHPF has developed a report, “Environmental Health and Toxicology Research Program: Meeting Environmental Health Challenges Through Research, Education, and Service,” that describes the research findings and other successes from the first 5 years of the program. New research initiated in the second 5-year project period includes studies to address 10 additional priority data needs for chlordane, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, di-n-butyl phthalate, lead, manganese, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), zinc, and eight other research needs.

To date, the MHPF activities have resulted in the publication of 50 manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals. The institutions receiving awards and their current respective research projects that fill identified research needs are listed in Table 2.

D. National Toxicology Program (NTP)

Section 104(i)(5) of CERCLA directs the administrator of ATSDR (in consultation with the administrator of EPA and agencies and programs of the Public Health Service) to assess whether adequate information on the health effects of priority hazardous substances found at NPL sites is available. Where adequate information is not available, ATSDR, in cooperation with the National Toxicology Program (NTP), is required to assure the initiation of a program of research designed to determine these health effects (and techniques for developing methods to determine such health effects).

ATSDR has been collaborating with NTP to address priority data needs of mutual interest, including (1) di-n-butyl phthalate: dose-response data in animals for acute-duration exposure via oral exposure route, (2) carbon tetrachloride: immunotoxicology study via oral exposure, and (3) heptachlor: reproductive toxicity study via oral exposure (Table 2).

E. Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program

Some of the priority data needs identified in the SSARP have been independently identified as research needs through the ATSDR Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program, a separate research program.

In support of the Great Lakes Critical Programs Act of 1990, ATSDR announced in FY 1992 the availability of $2 million for a grant program to conduct research on the potential for short- and long-term adverse health effects from consumption of contaminated fish from the Great Lakes basin. Research undertaken through this program is intended to build on and amplify the results of past and ongoing fish consumption research in the Great Lakes basin. The ATSDR-supported research projects focus on known high-risk populations to define further the human health consequences of exposure to persistent toxic substances (PTSs) identified in the Great Lakes basin. These at-risk populations include sport anglers; African Americans, Asians and other non-English speaking populations; pregnant women; fetuses, nursing infants, and children of mothers who consume contaminated Great Lakes sport fish; the elderly, and the urban poor. To date, the research activities of the ATSDR Great Lakes research program have resulted in 55 publications in peer-reviewed journals.

Currently, 14 priority data needs for 24 priority hazardous substances (including 15 PAHs) identified in the SSARP are being addressed through this program. The institutions receiving awards and their respective studies are listed in Table 2.

F. Other ATSDR Programs

In its role as a public health agency addressing environmental health, ATSDR may collect human data to validate substance-specific exposure and toxicity findings. The need for additional information on levels of contaminants in humans has been identified, and remains as a priority data need for 49 of the first 50 priority substances (Table 1). ATSDR will obtain this information through exposure and health effects studies, and through establishing and using substance-specific subregistries of people within the agency's National Exposure Registry who have potentially been exposed to these substances.

The list of the 50 priority hazardous substances in the SSARP was forwarded to ATSDR's Exposure and Disease Registry Branch (EDRB), Division of Health Studies, for consideration as potential candidates for subregistries of exposed persons, based on criteria described in its 1994 document, “National Exposure Registry: Policies and Procedures Manual (Revised),” Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, NTIS Publication No. PB95-154571. To date, of the first 50 priority substances in the SSARP, ATSDR has established subregistries for benzene, chromium, and trichloroethylene. Arsenic, cadmium, and lead are not considered to be in the pool of candidate substances for an exposure registry at this time, and, therefore, are not considered priority data needs. This decision will be reevaluated as more information on the chemicals and exposure sites become available. All other substances in the SSARP (Table 1) remain in the candidate pool and therefore continue to be classified as priority data needs. They will be considered for selection as primary contaminants during each selection process.

G. Conclusion

The results of the research conducted via the SSARP are expected to provide information necessary to improve the database used to conduct comprehensive public health assessments of populations living near hazardous waste sites. The information will enable the agency to establish linkages between levels of contaminants in the environment and levels in human tissue and organs associated with adverse health effects, ultimately helping to determine methods for interdicting exposure and mitigating toxicity. This program will also provide Start Printed Page 4840data that can be generalized to other substances or areas of science, including risk assessment of chemicals, thus creating a scientific information base for addressing a broader range of data needs. The agency plans to provide an update on the status of this research program approximately every 3 years.

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Dated: January 25, 2002.

Georgi Jones,

Director, Office of Policy and External Affairs, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

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Table 1.—ATSDR's Substance-Specific Priority Data Needs for 50 Priority Hazardous Substances

SubstancesPDN ID 1PDN descriptionProgram 2Status change 3Comments 4
Aldrin/Dieldrin1ADose-response data in animals for intermediate-duration oral exposureFilledAn MRL was derived in the 2000 updated toxicological profile.
1BBioavailability from soil
1CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersThis priority data need, previously addressed in a study in the Great Lakes research program, is no longer investigated in that study.
1DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Arsenic2AComparative toxicokinetic studies to determine if an appropriate animal species can be identifiedEPA.
2BHalf-lives in surface water, groundwaterEPA
2CBioavailability from soilEPA
2DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledBackground level data are available in ATSDR's 1993 toxicological profile, and at least seven ATSDR studies that evaluated urine arsenic levels and potential adverse health effects are available. Also, additional studies are available in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile.
Benzene3ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposure. The subchronic study should include an extended reproductive organ histopathologyEPA
3BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposureEPAPreviously planned study in the MHPF research program to address this priority data need was canceled.
3CNeurotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureEPA
3DEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of benzene (Special emphasis end points include immunotoxicity)FilledBased on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
3EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995), and at least one ATSDR study that evaluated blood benzene levels and potential adverse health effects is available. ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites. Start Printed Page 4841
Beryllium4ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration inhalation exposures. The subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathologyEPA
4BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via inhalation exposureEPA
4CEnvironmental fate in air; factors affecting bioavailability in airEPA
4DAnalytical methods to determine environmental speciationFilledBased on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile.
4EImmunotoxicology battery of tests following oral exposureEPA
4FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in urine are available (Paschal et al. 1998). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
4GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Cadmium5AAnalytical methods for biological tissues and fluids and environmental mediaFilledBased on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 1999 updated toxicological profile.
5BExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledReferent population urine cadmium levels are available (NHANES III), and at least nine ATSDR studies that evaluated blood and urine cadmium levels and potential adverse health effects are available.
Carbon tetrachloride6ADose-response data in animals for chronic oral exposure. The study should include extended reproductive organ and nervous tissue histopathology.
6BImmunotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureNTPFilledNTP dose-finding study and one new study in ATSDR's 1994 updated toxicological profile addressed the priority data need.
6CHalf-life in soilFilledOne new study in ATSDR's 1994 updated toxicological profile provided information on half-life in soil.
6DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
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6EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Chlordane7AOral multigenerational studies to evaluate reproductive toxicityMHPF NTP.FilledAvailability of ongoing study in the MHPF research program and anticipated initiation of an NTP study in 2002.
7BBioavailability studies following ingestion of contaminated media
7CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations potentially exposed to chlordane
7DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Chloroethane8ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures. The subchronic study should include an evaluation of immune and nervous system tissues, and extended reproductive organ histopathologyEPA
8BDose-response data in animals for chronic inhalation exposures. The study should include an evaluation of nervous system tissuesEPA
8CPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Chloroform9ADose-response data in animals for intermediate-duration oral exposureFilledAn MRL was derived in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile.
9BEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of chloroform (Special emphasis end points include cancer, neurotoxicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, hepatotoxicity, and renal toxicity)FilledBased on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
9CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; and Needham et al. 1995). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
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9DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Chromium10ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration exposure to chromium (VI) and (III) via oral exposure and for intermediate-duration exposure to chromium (VI) via oral exposureEPA
10BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via oral exposure to chromium (III) and (VI)EPA
10CImmunotoxicology battery of tests following oral exposure to chromium (III) and (VI)EPA
10DTwo-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposure to chromium (III) and (VI)EPA
10EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers.G. LakesFilledReference range concentrations in urine are available (Paschal et al. 1998). Also, at least two ATSDR studies that evaluated urine chromium levels and potential adverse health effects are available. In addition, this PDN is being addressed in a study in the Great Lakes research program.
Cyanide11ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration exposures via inhalation. The subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathology and evaluation of neurobehavioral and neuropathological end pointsEPA
11BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposureEPA
11CEvaluation of the environmental fate of cyanide in soilFilledA study addressing the priority data need was submitted by industry to EPA in response to EPA's solicitation for proposals for test rule making. Scientists from EPA and ATSDR reviewed the study and considered that this research need is no longer a priority.
11DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
11EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
1,2-dibromo-3-chloropro pane12ADose-response data in animals for acute- duration exposure via the oral route (including reproductive organ histopathology)
12BDose-response data in animals for chronic-duration exposure via the oral route (including reproductive organ histopathology)
12CTwo-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposure
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12DImmunotoxicology testing battery via oral exposurePreviously planned study in the MHPF research program to address this priority data need was canceled.
12ENeurotoxicology testing battery via oral exposurePreviously planned study in the MHPF research program to address this priority data need was canceled.
12FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other exposed populations, such as exposed workers
12GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
DDT13ADose-response data in animals for chronic-duration oral exposure
13BComparative toxicokinetic study (across routes/species)
13CBioavailability and bioaccumulation from soil
13DEpidemiologic studies on the health of DDT, DDD, and DDE (Special emphasis end points include immunotoxicity, and reproductive and developmental toxicityG. LakesFilledMultiple new studies in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile and five ongoing studies in the Great Lakes research program are available.
13EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. Lakes
13FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Di(2-ethyl-hexyl)phthalate14AEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of DEHP (Special emphasis end points include cancer)
14BDose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures. The subchronic study should include an extended histopathologic evaluation of the immunologic and neurologic systemsThis research need is reassigned as a priority data need because of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile. Specifically, the previously developed MRL for acute-duration (1993 toxicological profile) was withdrawn, and a provisional MRL for intermediate-duration was derived replacing the previously established one.
14CMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via oral exposureThis research need is reassigned as a priority data need based on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile. Also, the NTP Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction Expert Panel Report (October 2000) has identified critical data needs for reproductive toxicity
14DComparative toxicokinetic studies (Studies designed to examine how primates metabolize and distribute DEHP as compared with rodents via oral exposure)The NTP Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction Expert Panel Report (October 2000) has also identified critical data needs for toxicokinetic information.
14EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
14FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
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Di-n-butyl phthalate15ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration exposure via the oral routeNTPFilledNTP completed a 14-day study.
15BDose-response data in animals for chronic-duration exposure via the oral route
15CCarcinogenicity studies via oral exposure
15DIn vivo genotoxicity studiesMHPFFilledAvailability of ongoing studies in the MHPF research program.
15EImmunotoxicology studies via oral exposurePreviously planned study in the MHPF research program to address this priority data need was canceled.
15FNeurotoxicity studies via oral exposurePreviously planned study in the MHPF research program to address this priority data need was canceled.
15GExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
15HEnvironmental fate of di-n-butyl phthalate in environmental media
15IBioavailability in contaminated environmental media near hazardous waste sites
15JPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Disulfoton16AImmunotoxicology testing battery following oral exposure
16BExposure levels of disulfoton in tissues/fluids for populations living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
16CDisulfoton should be considered as a potential candidate for a subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Endosulfan (α,β, and sulfate)17AAcute-duration oral exposure
17BData on sensitive neurologic end point following oral exposure
17CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
17DData on the bioavailability of endosulfan from soil
17EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Endrin/endrin aldehyde18ADose-response animal data for acute oral exposure to endrin
18BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity studies via oral exposure to endrinNTP
18CAccurately describe the toxicokinetics of endrin and its degradation products and identify the animal species to be used as the most appropriate model for human exposure
18DExposure levels for endrin and its degradation products in humans living near hazardous waste sites
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18EAccurately describe the environmental fate of endrin, including environmental breakdown products and rates, media half-lives, and chemical and physical properties of the breakdown products that help predict mobility and volatility
18FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide19ADose-response animal data for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures, including immunopathology
19BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity studies via the oral route of exposureNTPFilledAvailability of publication “The effects of perinatal/juvenile heptachlor exposure on adult immune and reproductive system function in rats” by Smialowicz et al. (2001), Toxicological Sciences 61:164-75.
19CTwo-species developmental toxicity studies via the oral route of exposure
19DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
19EBioavailability from contaminated air, water, and soil and bioaccumulation potential
19FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Hexachloro-butadiene20ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration exposure via the oral route
20BExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
20CEnvironmental fate studies that determine the extent to which hexachlorobutadiene volatilizes from soil, and studies that determine the reactions and rates which drive degradation in soil
20DBioavailability studies in soil and plants
20EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personATSDR.
Hexachloro-cyclohexane (α, β, δ, and γ)21ADose-response data for chronic-duration oral exposureFilledAn MRL was derived in ATSDR's 1999 updated toxicological profile.
21BMechanistic studies on the neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and immunotoxicity of hexachlorocyclohexane
21CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available. ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
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21DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
Lead22AMechanistic studies on the neurotoxic effects of leadMHPFFilledMultiple new studies (13 publications from the MHPF research program + numerous new published studies in ATSDR's 1999 updated toxicological profile) are available.
22BAnalytical methods for tissue levelsMHPFFilledA publication from the MHPF research program and numerous studies in ATSDR's 1999 toxicological profile are available.
22CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersMHPF G. LakesFilledReferent population blood and urine lead levels are available (NHANES III; Paschal et al. 1998), and at least 19 ATSDR studies that evaluated blood lead levels and potential adverse health effects are available.
Manganese23ADose-response data for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures (the subchronic study should include reproductive histopathology and an evaluation of immunologic parameters including manganese effects on plaque-forming cells (SRBC), surface markers (D4:D8 ratio), and delayed hypersensitivity reactions)MHPF EPAFilledAvailability of ongoing studies in the MHPF research program.
23BToxicokinetic studies on animals to investigate uptake and absorption, relative uptake of differing manganese compounds, metabolism of manganese, and interaction of manganese with other substances following oral exposureMHPF EPAFilledAvaialbiltiy of ongoing studies in the MHPF research program.
23CEpidemiological studies on the health effects of manganese (Special emphasis end points include neurologic, reproductive, developmental, immunologic, and cancer)FilledBased on evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
23DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
23ERelative bioavailability of different manganese compounds and bioavialability of manganese from soilEPA.
Mercury24AMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via oral exposureMHPFFilledThree publications from the MHPF research program are available.
24BDose-response data in animals for chronic-duration oral exposureEPAFilledAn MRL was derived in ATSDR's 1999 updated toxicological profile.
24CImmunotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureEPA.
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24DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledBackground levels data are available in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile, and multiple studies that evaluated blood, urine, and hair mercury levels and potential adverse health effects are available (Five ATSDR studies + at least eight ongoing studies of the Great Lakes research program).
24EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
Methoxychlor25AEvaluate neurologic effects after long-term, low-level oral exposureFilledBased on an evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile.
25BExposure levels of methoxychlor and primary metabolities in humans living near hazardous waste sites and in those individuals with the potential to ingest it
25CEvaluate the fate, transport, and levels of the degradation products of methoxychlor in soil
25DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
Methylene chloride26ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposure. The subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathology, neuropathology, and immunopathologyEPA Vol Res.FilledATSDR accepted HSIA's toxicity study for acute- and intermediate-exposure duration in February 1997. ATSDR accepted HSIAs immunotoxicity study via inhalation in November 2000. Currently, HSIA is conducting PBPK modeling to obtain data for oral exposure using the data from its inhalation study. Neurotoxicity screening battery testing remains in the ATSDR/EPA test rule under development.
26BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via the oral routeEPA Vol Res.FilledATSDR accepted HSIA's study in February 1997.
26CExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
26DPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
Nickel27AEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of nickel (Special emphasis end points include reproductive toxicityFilledAt least two new relevant studies in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile are available. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
27BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via the oral routeEPAFiledIn ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile, a new study confirming the results of two previous studies is available
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27CDose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposuresEPA.
27DNeurotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureEPA.
27EBioavailability of nickel from soilEPA.
27FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledBased on availability of the study in the Great Lakes research program and an evaluation of ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile.
27GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
PAHs (Includes 15 substances)28ADose-response data in animals for intermediate-duration oral exposures. The subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathology and immunopathologyMHPFFilledMRLs for four PAHs were derived in ATSDR's 1995 updated toxological profile. A publication from the MHPF research program addressing this priority data need is available.
28BTwo-species developmental toxicity study via inhalation or oral exposureMHPFFilledOngoing studies in the MHPF research program and one publication from the program are available.
28CMechanistic studies on PAHs, on how mixtures of PAHs can influence the ultimate activation of PAHs, and on how PAHs affect rapidly proliferating tissuesMHPFFilledAt least 12 new studies in ATSDR's 1995 updated toxicological profile and two publications from the MHPF research program are available.
28DDose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration inhalation exposures. the subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathology and immunopathologyMHPFFilledOngoing studies in the MHPF research program and one publication from the program are available.
28EEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of PAHs (Special emphasis end points include cancer, dermal, hemolymphatic, and hepatic toxicityFilledAt least three new studies in ATSDR's 1995 updated toxicological profile are available. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
28FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledBased on ongoing study in the Great Lakes research program and an evaluation of the ATSDR 1995 updated toxicological profile. Also, the agency continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
28GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR.
PCBs29ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposuresG. LakesAlthough an MRL for intermediate-exposure duration was derived in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile, an MRL for acute-exposure duration is still lacking.
29BBiodegradation of PCBs in water; bioavailability of PCBs in air, water, and soil
29CDose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration inhalation exposures. The subchronic study should include extended reproductive organ histopathology
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29DEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of PCBs (Special emphasis end points include immunotoxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, liver toxicity, kidney toxicity, thyroid toxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity)G. LakesFilledMultiple new published studies in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile and at least nine ongoing studies in the Great Lakes research program are available.
29EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledBackground levels data are available (ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile, and Needham et al. 1996). Also, multiple studies that evaluated blood and breast milk PCB levels and potential adverse health effects are available (at least six ATSDR studies + at least eight ongoing studies in the Great Lakes research program).
29FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
29G (5)Chronic toxicity and oncogenicity via oral exposureVol ResFilledATSDR accepted the final report of the GE in October 1997.
29H (5)Aerobic PCB biodegradation in sedimentVol ResFilledATSDR accepted the final report of the GE study in July 1999.
29I (5)PCB congener analysisVol Res G. LakesFilledATSDR accepted the final report of the GE study in October 1997. Also, ongoing studies in the Great Lakes research program are available.
Selenium30ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration oral exposureEPA
30BImmunotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureEPA
30CEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of selenium (Special emphasis end points include cancer, reproductive and developmental toxicity, hepatotoxicity, and adverse skin effects)FilledBased on an evaluation of ATSDR's 2001 updated toxicological profile. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
30DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersG. LakesFilledReferent population serum selenium levels are known (NHANES III). Two ongoing studies in the Great Lakes research program are available. ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
30EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Tetrach loroethy lene31ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration oral exposure, including neuropathology and demeanor, and immunopathologyFilledAn MRL was derived in the 1997 updated toxicological profile.
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31BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via oral exposureVol ResHSIA's inhalation study was accepted by ATSDR and included in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile. However, ATSDR has identified ingestion of contaminated environmental media to be the primary exposure route for this chemical at waste sites. HSIA plans to obtain the oral data from the inhalation study by conducting PBPK modeling.
31CDose-response data in animals for intermediate-duration oral exposure, including neuropathology, and immunopathologyEPA Vol Res.HSIA intends to obtain oral data for neurotoxicity by PBPK modeling, and to conduct an immunotoxicity study.
31DOne-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposureEPA Vol Res
31EDevelopmental neurotoxicity study via oral exposureEPA Vol Res
31FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
31GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Toluene32ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures. The subchronic study should include an extended histopathologic evaluation of the immune systemEPAFilledAvailability of MRLs for acute- and intermediate-exposure durations in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile. Immunotoxicity study remains in the ATSDR/EPA test rule under development.
32BComparative toxicokinetic studies (Characterization of absorption, distribution, and excretion via oral exposure)FilledBased on evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile.
32CNeurotoxicology battery of tests via oral exposureEPA MHPF
32DMechanism of toluene-induced neurotoxicityFilledAt least 15 studies in ATSDR's 1994 updated toxicological profile and additional new data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile are available.
32EExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workerFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995), and additional data in ATSDR's 2000 updated toxicological profile are available. ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
32FPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
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Toxaphene33AIdentify the long-term health consequences of exposure to environmental toxaphene via oral exposure.
33BConduct additional immunotoxicity studies for chronic-duration via oral route of exposure
33CConduct additional neurotoxicity studies for chronic-duration via oral route of exposure
33DExposure levels in humans living in areas near hazardous waste sites with toxaphene and in those individuals with the potential to ingest it
33EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed persons.ATSDR
Trichloroethylene34ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration oral exposureFilledAn MRL was derived in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile.
34BDose-response data in animals for intermediate-duration oral exposureEPA Vol Res
34CNeurotoxicology battery of tests via the oral routeEPA MHPF Vol Res
34DImmunotoxicology battery of tests via the oral routeEPA Vol Res
34EOne-species developmental toxicity study via oral exposureVol ResATSDR accepted HSIA's final report for an inhalation developmental toxicity study in September 2001. HSIA is currently using PBPK modeling to obtain data for oral exposure using the data from its inhalation study.
34FDevelopmental neurotoxicity study via oral exposureEPA Vol Res
34GEpidemiologic studies on the health effects of trichloroethylene (Special emphasis end points include cancer, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, developmental toxicity, and neurotoxicity)FilledBased on evaluation of the data in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile. ATSDR will continue to evaluate new data as they become available to determine if additional studies are needed.
34HExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersFilledReference range concentrations in blood are available (Ashley et al. 1992, 1994; Needham et al. 1995). ATSDR acknowledges that reference concentration data can support exposure and health assessments at waste sites, but the agency also continues to recognize the importance of collecting additional data on uniquely exposed populations at waste sites.
Vinyl chloride35ADose-response data in animals for acute-duration inhalation exposureFilledAn MRL was derived in ATSDR's 1997 updated toxicological profile.
35BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via inhalationVol ResFilledATSDR accepted the final report of ACC's study in November 2000.
35CDose-response data in animals for chronic-duration inhalation exposure
35DMitigation of vinyl chloride-induced toxicity
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35ETwo-species developmental toxicity study via inhalation.Vol ResFilledATSDR accepted the final report of ACC's study in November 2000.
35FExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workers
35GPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
Zinc36ADose-response data in animals for acute- and intermediate-duration oral exposures. The subchronic study should include an extended histopathologic evaluation of the immunologic and neurologic systemsMHPFFilledOngoing studies in the MHPF research program are available.
36BMultigeneration reproductive toxicity study via oral exposureMHPF
36CCarcinogenicity testing (2-year bioassay) via oral exposure
36DExposure levels in humans living near hazardous waste sites and other populations, such as exposed workersThis priority data need, previously anticipated to be addressed under the voluntary research program, is not being investigated under any of the ATSDR research programs.
36EPotential candidate for subregistry of exposed personsATSDR
1 Priority data need identification number.
2 Programs addressing data needs. ATSDR=ATSDR's Division of Health Studies; EPA=Environmental Protection Agency; G. Lakes=Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research Program; MHPF=Minority Health Professions Foundation schools; NTP=National Toxicology Program; Vol Res=Voluntary research.
3 PDN can be filled or remain unchanged based on reevaluation of the database using criteria developed by ATSDR.
4 ACC=American Chemistry Council; Ashley et al. 1992=Ashley DL, Bonin MA, Cardinali FL, et al. Anal Chem (1992) 64:1021-29; Ashley et al. 1994=Ashley DL, Bonin MA, Cardinali FL et al., Clin Chem (1994) 40/7:1401-4; ATSDR studies=Studies conducted by ATSDR's Division of Health Studies; GE=General Electric Company ; HSIA=Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, Inc.; MHPF=Minority Health Professions Foundation schools; MRL=Minimal Risk Level; Needham et al. 1995=Needham LL, Hill RH Jr, Ashley DL, Pirkle JL, and Sampson EJ. Environ Health Perspect 103 (Suppl 3):89-94; Needham et al. 1996=Needham LL, Patterson DG Jr, Burse VW, Paschal DC, Turner WE, and Hill VW Jr. Toxicol Ind Health 12:507-513; NHANES III=The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; NTP=National Toxicology Program; Paschal et al. 1998=Paschal DC, Ting BC, Morrow JC, et al. Environ Res, Section A 76: 53-59; PBPK modeling=physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling; Toxicological profile=ATSDR's toxicological profiles for the agency's priority hazardous substances.
5 Not a priority data need.

Table 2.—Groups Addressing ATSDR's Substance-Specific Priority Data Needs (PDNs)

ATSDR programFirm, institution, agency, or consortiumSubstancePDN ID
VoluntarismAmerican Chemistry CouncilVinyl Chloride35B, 35E
General Electric CompanyPCBs29G,* 29H,* 29I*
Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, IncMethylene chloride Tetrachloroethylene   Trichloroethylene26A, 26B 31B, 31C, 31D, 31E 34B, 34C, 34D, 34E, 34F
Minority Health Professions Foundation SchoolsFlorida A & M UniversityLead22A
The King/Drew Medical Center of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and ScienceLead22B, 22C
Meharry Medical CollegePAHS28A, 28B, 28C, 28D
Morehouse School of MedicineLead22C
Texas Southern UniversityDi-n-butyl phthalate Lead Toluene Trichloroethylene15D 22A 32C 34C
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Tuskegee UniversityChlordane Mercury Zinc7A 24A 36A, 36B
Xavier UniversityManganese Zinc23A, 23B 36A
Great Lakes Human Health Effects Research ProgramMichigan State UniversityDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs Selenium13D, 13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 29I 30D
New York State Health DepartmentDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 29I
State University of New York at BuffaloDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13D, 13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 291
State University of New York at OswegoDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13D, 13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 29I
University of Illinois at ChicagoDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13D, 13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 291
University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13D, 13E 22C 24D 29D, 29E, 29I
University of Wisconsin—MilwaukeeDDT/DDE Lead Mercury PCBs13D, 13E 22C 24D 29A, 29D, 29E, 29I
Selenium30D
Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services—5 State ConsortiumArsenic Cadmium Chromium DDT/DDE2D 5B 10E 13D, 13E
Lead Mercury Nickel PAHs22C 24D 27F 28F
PCBs29D, 29E, 29I
Environmental Protection Agency TSCA/FIFRAATSDR Test RuleBenzene Chloroethane3A, 3B, 3C 8A, 8B
Cyanide (hydrogen cyanide and sodium cyanide)11A, 11B
Methylene chloride Tetrachloroethylene Toluene Trichloroethylene26A, 26B 31C, 31D, 31E 32A, 32C 34B, 34C, 34D, 34F
Metals Testing Task Force (TASARC)Arsenic Beryllium Chromium Manganese2A, 2B, 2C 4A, 4B, 4C, 4E 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D 23A, 23B, 23E
Mercury Nickel Selenium24B, 24C 27B, 27C, 27D, 27E 30A, 30B
National Toxicology ProgramNational Institute of Environmental Health SciencesCarbon Tetrachloride Chlordane Di-n-butyl phthalate Endrin Heptachlor6B 7A 15A 18B 19B
* Not priority data needs.
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 02-2421 Filed 1-30-02; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4163-70-P