Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).
Notice of an application under section 6(c) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”) for an exemption from section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act.
SUMMARY OF APPLICATION:
GW Capital Management, LLC (the “Manager”), Maxim Series Fund, Inc. (“Maxim”) and Orchard Series Fund (“Orchard”) (Maxim and Orchard each, a “Fund” and together, the “Funds”) request an order that would permit them to enter into and materially amend subadvisory agreements without shareholder approval.
Applicants: Manager, Maxim and Orchard.
Filing Dates: The application was filed on March 9, 2001 and amended on October 5, 2001 and January 14, 2002.
Hearing or Notification of Hearing: An order granting the application will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary and serving applicants with a copy of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on March 5, 2002, and should be accompanied by proof of service on the applicants, in the form of an affidavit, or, for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons who wish to be notified of a hearing may request notification by writing to the Commission's Secretary.
Secretary, Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC Start Printed Page 695220549-0609; Applicants, c/o Beverly A. Byrne, Maxim Series Fund, Inc., 8525 East Orchard Road, Greenwood Village, CO 80111.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Stacy L. Fuller, Senior Counsel, at (202) 942-0553, or Nadya B. Roytblat, Assistant Director, at (202) 942-0564, Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulation.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained for a fee at the Commission's Public Reference Branch, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0102, telephone (202) 942-8090.
1. Maxim is a Maryland corporation registered under the Act as an open-end management investment company. Maxim is organized as a series company and currently has 36 separate series. Orchard is a Delaware business trust registered under the Act as an open-end management investment company. Orchard is organized as a series company and currently has six separate series. Each series (“Portfolio”) of Maxim and Orchard has its own distinct investment objectives, policies and restrictions. Shares of Maxim's Portfolios are offered for sale to qualified pension plans and through registered separate accounts as funding vehicles for variable annuity and variable life insurance contracts issued by insurance companies. Shares of Orchard's Portfolios are sold directly to the public, to pension plans and through unregistered separate accounts.
2. The Manager, a Colorado limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of Great West Life Insurance and Annuity Company, is registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”). The Funds, on behalf of each Portfolio, have each entered into an investment advisory agreement with the Manager (each a “Management Agreement”), pursuant to which the Manager serves as the investment adviser to the Portfolios. Each Management Agreement has been approved by, in the case of Maxim, a majority of the Fund's board of directors, and in the case of Orchard, a majority of the Fund's board of trustees (each a “Board” and together the “Boards”), including a majority of the directors or trustees (the “Directors”) who are not “interested persons,” as defined in section 2(a)(19) of the Act (“Independent Directors”), of the Fund or the Manager, as well as by each Fund's initial shareholder(s). Under the terms of the Management Agreements, the Manager, subject to oversight by the Boards, has supervisory responsibility for the investment program of each Fund.
3. The Funds and the Manager have entered or will enter into investment advisory agreements (each, an “Advisory Agreement”) with subadvisers (each, an “Adviser”) for each of the Portfolios. Under the Advisory Agreements, each Adviser, subject to general supervision by the Manager and the Board, has discretionary authority to invest the portion of a Portfolio's assets allocated to it by the Manager. Currently, Maxim has Advisers for 12 of its 36 Portfolios and Orchard has an Adviser for one of its six Portfolios. Unless exempt from registration, each Adviser is, and any future Adviser will be, registered under the Advisers Act. The Funds pay the Manager a fee based on the value of the average daily net assets of each Portfolio in the Fund.
4. The Manager monitors the Portfolios and the Advisers and makes recommendations to the Boards regarding allocation, and reallocation, of assets between Advisers and is responsible for recommending the hiring, termination and replacement of Advisers. The Manager recommends Advisers based on a number of factors used to evaluate their skills in managing assets pursuant to particular investment objectives. Each Adviser will be paid by the Manager out of the fees received by the Manager from the Funds.
5. Applicants request an order to permit the Manager to enter into and materially amend Advisory Agreements without obtaining shareholder approval. The requested relief will not extend to an Adviser that is an affiliated person, as defined in section 2(a)(3) of the Act, of the Funds or the Manager, other than by reason of serving as an Adviser to one or more of the Portfolios (“Affiliated Adviser”). None of the current Advisers is an Affiliated Adviser.
Applicants' Legal Analysis
1. Section 15(a) of the Act provides, in relevant part, that it is unlawful for any person to act as an investment adviser to a registered investment company except under a written contract that has been approved by the vote of the company's outstanding voting securities. Rule 18f-2 under the Act provides, in relevant part, that each series or class of stock in a series company affected by a matter must approve such matter if the Act requires shareholder approval.
2. Section 6(c) of the Act provides that the Commission may exempt any person, security, or transaction or any class or classes of persons, securities, or transactions from any provision of the Act, or from any rule thereunder, if such exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act. Applicants request an exemption under section 6(c) of the Act from section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act to permit them to enter into and materially amend Advisory Agreements without shareholder approval.
3. Applicants assert that the shareholders are relying on the Manager's experience to select one or more Advisers best suited to achieve a Portfolio's desired investment objectives. Applicants assert that, from the perspective of the investor, the role of the Advisers is comparable to that of individual portfolio managers employed by other investment advisory firms. Applicants contend that requiring shareholder approval of each Advisory Agreement would impose costs and unnecessary delays on the Portfolios, and may preclude the Manager from acting promptly in a manner considered advisable by the Board. Applicants note that the Management Agreements will remain fully subject to section 15(a) of the Act and rule 18f-2 under the Act, including the requirements for shareholder approval.
Applicants agree that any order granting the requested relief will be subject to the following conditions:
1. Before a Portfolio may rely on the requested order, the operation of the Portfolio in the manner described in the application will be approved by a majority of the Portfolio's outstanding voting securities (or, if the Portfolio serves as a funding medium for any sub-account of a registered separate account, pursuant to voting instructions provided by the owners of variable annuity Start Printed Page 6953contracts and variable life insurance policies (“Owners”) who have allocated assets to that sub-account) or, in the case of a Portfolio whose public shareholders (or Owners through a sub-account of a registered separate account) purchase shares on the basis of a prospectus containing the disclosure contemplated by condition 2 below, by the sole initial shareholder(s) before offering shares of that Portfolio to the public (or to Owners through a sub-account of a registered separate account).
2. Each Portfolio relying on the requested order will hold itself out to the public as employing the management structure described in the application. In addition, each Portfolio will disclose in its prospectus the existence, substance, and effect of any order granted pursuant to the application. Such prospectus will prominently disclose that the Manager has the ultimate responsibility (subject to oversight by the Board) to oversee the Advisers and recommend their hiring, termination, and replacement.
3. Within 90 days of the hiring of any new Adviser, the Manager will furnish shareholders (or, if the Portfolio serves as a funding medium for a sub-account of a registered separate account, Owners who have allocated assets to that sub-account) all information about the new Adviser that would be included in a proxy statement, including any change in such disclosure caused by the addition of the new Adviser. The Manager will satisfy this condition by providing shareholders (or Owners) with an information statement meeting the requirements of Regulation 14C, Schedule 14C, and Item 22 of Schedule 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
4. The Manager will not enter into an advisory agreement with any Affiliated Adviser without that agreement, including the compensation to be paid thereunder, being approved by the shareholders of the applicable Portfolio (or, if the Portfolio serves as a funding medium for any sub-account of a registered separate account, then by the Owners who have allocated assets to that sub-account).
5. At all times, a majority of each Board will be Independent Directors, and the nomination of new or additional Independent Directors will be at the discretion of the then-existing Independent Directors.
6. When an Adviser change is proposed for a Portfolio with an Affiliated Adviser, the Board, including a majority of the Independent Directors, will make a separate finding, reflected in the Board minutes, that the change is in the best interests of the Portfolio and its shareholders (or, if the Portfolio serves as a funding medium for any sub-account of a registered separate account, in the best interests of the Portfolio and the Owners who have allocated assets to that sub-account), and does not involve a conflict of interest from which the Manager or the Affiliated Adviser derives an inappropriate advantage.
7. The Manager will provide general management services to each Fund and Portfolio, including overall supervisory responsibility for the general management and investment of each Portfolio's assets, and, subject to review and approval by the Board, will: (a) Set each Portfolio's overall investment strategies, (b) evaluate, select, and recommend Advisers to manage all or part of a Portfolio's assets; (c) allocate and, when appropriate, reallocate a Portfolio's assets among multiple Advisers, (d) monitor and evaluate the performance of the Advisers, and (e) implement procedures reasonably designed to ensure that the Advisers comply with each Portfolio's investment objectives, policies, and restrictions.
8. No Director or officer of a Fund, or director, manager or officer of the Manager will own, directly or indirectly (other than through a pooled investment vehicle that is not controlled by such person), any interest in any Adviser, except for: (a) Ownership of interests in the Manager or any entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Manager, or (b) ownership of less than 1% of the outstanding securities of any class of equity or debt of a publicly traded company that is either an Adviser or an entity that controls, is controlled by or under common control with an Adviser.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.
J. Lynn Taylor,
1. The applicants request that any relief granted pursuant to the application also apply to future Portfolios of the Funds and any other registered open-end management investment companies and their series that (a) are advaised by the Manager or any entity controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the Manager; (b) are managed in a manner consistent with this application; and (c) comply with the terms and conditions in the application (together, the “Future Investment Companies”). The Funds are the only existing investment companies that currently intend to rely on the requested order. Applicants state that if the name of any Portfolio or Future Investment Company contains the name of an Adviser, the name of the Adviser will be preceded by the name of the Manager.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-3569 Filed 2-13-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P