Coast Guard, DOT.
Temporary final rule.
The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary security zone in the navigable waters of the United States adjacent to Yerba Buena Island. The need for this security zone is based on recent terrorist actions against the United States. The security zone will prohibit all persons and vessels from entering, transiting through or anchoring within a portion of the San Francisco Bay surrounding United States Coast Guard property on Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, California unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, or his designated representative.
This security zone will be in effect from 5 p.m. (PDT) on October 9, 2001 to 4:59 p.m. (PDT) June 9, 2002.
Comments and material received from the public, as well as documents indicated in this preamble as being available in the docket, are part of docket COTP San Francisco Bay-01-010, and are available for inspection or copying at U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office, San Francisco Bay, Coast Guard Island, Alameda, CA 94501 between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Lieutenant Ross Sargent, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office San Francisco Bay, at (510) 437-3073.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
We did not publish a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) for this regulation. In keeping with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for not publishing an NPRM. In keeping with the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 553 (d)(3), the Coast Guard also finds that good cause exists for making this regulation effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.
Due to the recent terrorist attack on the United States, a heightened level of security has been established concerning all vessels entering navigable waters of the United States. As a result, this security zone is needed to protect the United States and more specifically the people, ports, waterways, and properties of the San Francisco Bay area. The incidents necessitating this security zone did not allow a 30-day period for publication prior to the issuance of this temporary regulation. Publishing an NPRM and delaying the effective date would be contrary to national security.
Background and Purpose
On September 11, 2001, terrorists launched attacks on civilian and military targets within the United States killing large numbers of people and damaging properties of national significance. Vessels operating near the United States Coast Guard property on Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, California present possible hindrances or dangers to government emergency response resources.
As part of the Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Pub. L. 99-399), Congress amended The Ports and Waterways Safety Act (PWSA) to allow the Coast Guard to take actions, including the establishment of security and safety zones, to prevent or respond to acts of terrorism against individuals, vessels, or public or commercial structures. 33 U.S.C. 1226. The terrorist acts against the United States on September 11, 2001 have increased the need for safety and security measures on U.S. ports and waterways. In response to these terrorist acts, and in order to prevent similar occurrences, the Coast Guard is establishing a temporary security zone in the navigable waters of the United States surrounding the United States Coast Guard property on Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, California. The zone will be in effect from 5:00 p.m. (PDT) on October 9, 2001 to 4:59 p.m. (PDT) on June 9, 2002.
This temporary security zone is necessary to provide for the safety and security of the United States of America and the people, ports, waterways and properties within the San Francisco Bay area. The security zone will be enforced Start Printed Page 9206by Coast Guard patrol craft or any patrol craft enlisted by the COTP.
Persons and vessels are prohibited from entering into or transiting through this security zone unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, or his designated representative. Each person and vessel in a security zone shall obey any direction or order of the COTP. The COTP may remove any person, vessel, article, or thing from a security zone. No person may board, or take or place any article or thing on board, any vessel in a security zone without the permission of the COTP.
Any violation of either security zone described herein, is punishable by, among other things, civil penalties (not to exceed $27,500 per violation, where each day of a continuing violation is a separate violation), criminal penalties (imprisonment for not more than 12 years and a fine of not more than $250,000), in rem liability against the offending vessel, and license sanctions.
This temporary final rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under section 6 (a)(3) of that Order. It has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget under that Order. It is not significant under the regulatory policies and procedures of the Department of Transportation (DOT) (44 FR 11040, February 26, 1979). Due to the recent terrorist actions against the United States the implementation of this security zone is necessary for the protection of the United States and its people. Vessels will receive authorization to transit into San Francisco Bay by the Captain of the Port on a case-by-case basis. As a result, full regulatory evaluation under paragraph 10 (e) of the regulatory policies and procedures of DOT is unnecessary.
Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. § 601-612), the Coast Guard considered whether this rule would have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. “Small entities” include small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations less than 50,000.
This security zone will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities because although the security zone will occupy the entire entrance of San Francisco Bay, vessels will receive authorization to transit into San Francisco Bay by the Captain of the Port on a case-by-case basis. Therefore, the Coast Guard certifies under section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) that this temporary final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Assistance for Small Entities
Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), the Coast Guard offers to assist small entities in understanding the rule so that they could better evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking process. If your small business or organization is affected by this rule and you have questions concerning its provisions or options for compliance, please contact Lieutenant Ross Sargent, U.S. Coast Guard Marine Office San Francisco Bay at (510) 437-3073.
Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR (1-888-734-3247).
Collection of Information
This temporary final rule does not provide for a collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial direct cost of compliance on them. We have analyzed this rule and have determined that this rule does not have implications for federalism.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 or more in any one year. Though this rule will not result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule elsewhere in this preamble.
Taking of Private Property
This rule will not effect a taking of private property or otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected Property Rights.
Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform, to minimize litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.
Protection of Children
We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and does not create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that may disproportionately affect children.
Indian Tribal Governments
This rule does not have tribal implications under Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, because it does not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.
We have considered the environmental impact of this rule and concluded that under figure 2-1, paragraph (34), of Commandant Instruction M16475.1D, this rule is categorically excluded from further environmental documentation, because we are establishing a security zone. A “Categorical Exclusion Determination” is available in the docket for inspection or copying where indicated under ADDRESSES.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 33 CFR Part 165
- Marine safety
- Navigation (water)
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Security measures
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard amends 33 CFR part 165 as follows:Start Printed Page 9207End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 165—REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREASEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Add new temporary § 165.T11-096 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) Location. The security zone will encompass navigable waters surrounding United States Coast Guard property on Yerba Buena Island, San Francisco, California, bounded by the following coordinates: latitude 37° 48.464′N and longitude 122° 21.870′W; thence to 37° 48.413′N and longitude 122° 21.873′W; thence to 37° 48.384′N and longitude 122° 21.723′W; thence to 37° 48.463′N and longitude 122° 21.607′W; thence to 37° 48.664′N and longitude 122° 21.555′W; thence to 37° 48.820′N and longitude 122° 21.559′W, and along the shoreline back to the beginning point.
(b) Effective dates. This section will be in effect from 5 p.m. (PDT) on October 9, 2001 to 4:59 p.m. (PDT) on June 9, 2002. If the need for the security zone ends before the scheduled termination time, the Captain of the Port will cease enforcement of this security zone and will also announce that fact via Broadcast Notice to Mariners.
(c) Regulations. In accordance with the general regulations in § 165.33 of this part, no person or vessel may enter or remain in the security zone established by this temporary regulation, unless authorized by the Captain of the Port, or his designated representative. All other general regulations of § 165.33 of this part apply in the security zone established by this temporary regulation.
Dated: October 9, 2001.
Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port, San Francisco Bay, California.
[FR Doc. 02-4847 Filed 2-27-02; 8:45 am]
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