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Pursuant to Rule 11Aa3-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), notice is hereby given that on February 26, 2002, the Options Price Reporting Authority (“OPRA”), submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) an amendment to the Plan for Reporting of Consolidated Options Last Sale Reports and Quotation Information (“OPRA Plan”). The amendment would add to the OPRA Plan terms governing the provision by OPRA of a best bid and offer (“BBO”) for each of the options series included in OPRA's market data service, and governing the use of the BBO by vendors. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed amendment from interested persons.
I. Description and Purpose of the Amendment
The proposed amendment would establish in the OPRA Plan, and in BBO Guidelines that would be a part of the OPRA Plan, terms governing the provision by OPRA of a consolidated BBO service that would show the best Start Printed Page 11728bid and offer for each options series that is included in OPRA's market data service. The BBO for a given options series would show the number of contracts included in the best bid and best offer for that series subject to a minimum of ten contracts, and would identify the exchange where the best bid is being quoted and where the best offer is being quoted. In accordance with the proposed OPRA Plan amendment, OPRA vendors would be required to include only the consolidated BBO for any series of options included in the market data they provide to their customers (together with last sale reports for each such series of options), instead of having to show all bids and offers in all markets for each such series as they are currently required to do.
Under the proposed OPRA Plan amendment, the BBO for any series of options would be the highest bid and the lowest offer currently being quoted on any of OPRA's participant exchanges. In the case of options traded on two or more participant exchanges, if the same best bid or offer is quoted on more than one exchange, the exchange that is quoting at that price for the largest number of options contracts would be identified as the exchange that is quoting the best bid or offer, and if the same best bid or offer for the same number of options contracts is quoted on more than one exchange, the exchange that was first in time to quote that bid or offer for that number of contracts would be identified as the BBO. Thus, the BBO would be prioritized, in order, on the basis of price, size, and time.
The proposed BBO Guidelines provide that the minimum price increment for purposes of the BBO is no less than five cents, and that the minimum size increment for purposes of the BBO is no less than ten contracts. This means that in order to displace the current BBO by improving the price at which an options series is quoted, the price improvement must be at least five cents per contract, and in order to displace the current BBO by increasing the number of contracts covered by a quote at the same price as the current BBO, the new bid or offer must be for at least ten contracts more than the current BBO. This would not preclude markets from entering bids and offers that improve the current BBO by less than five cents (to the extent such quotes may be permitted under applicable exchange rules) or that increase the number of contracts by less than ten. However, in order to displace the disseminated BBO, the price or size improvement must equal or exceed these minimums.
The adoption by OPRA of these minimum price and size increments occurred after OPRA received input from its vendors and subscribers, who view a BBO service that would enable OPRA to offer a meaningful options market data service as a significant benefit. Additionally, OPRA believes that the proposed BBO would require significantly less data processing and transmission capacity on the part of vendors and subscribers than is required by OPRA's full market data service. In this respect, OPRA anticipates that the BBO service would mitigate the huge increase in message traffic represented by OPRA's full service over the past several years, and the concomitant increase in the capacity required of vendors' and subscribers' systems in order to handle the full service. By proposing minimum price and size increments for purposes of the BBO at five cents and ten contracts respectively, OPRA believes that it has attempted to strike a balance between the need to show meaningful price and size improvement, and the need to keep the capacity demands of the BBO service at a level that is significantly less than the capacity demands of OPRA's full service.
OPRA states that its full market data service would continue to include all disseminated bids and offers from all of OPRA's participant exchanges and this information would continue to be available to vendors of, and subscribers to, the full service. OPRA believes that since major vendors may be expected to continue to offer the full OPRA service, and since most if not all broker-dealer subscribers would likely continue to subscribe to the full service in order to be able to fulfill their best execution obligations to customers, broker-dealers would have access to the same complete market data as they do today. For this reason, OPRA believes that the new BBO service should be viewed as an alternative to the full service for those persons who do not require the full service, and who therefore do not need to maintain the large systems needed to handle the full service.
The text of the amendment is set forth below. Text additions are in italics, deletions are in brackets:
(g) “Quotation information” means bids, offers, or related information pertaining to quotations in eligible securities, including information consisting of the BBO (as defined below) for eligible securities.
(s) “BBO” (“Best Bid and Offer”) means at any time the highest bid and the lowest offer for a given options series that is then available in one or more of the options markets maintained by the parties, as determined and disseminated by OPRA in accordance with “BBO Guidelines” adopted by the parties. The adoption of the initial BBO Guidelines shall require the approval of all of the parties; thereafter the BBO Guidelines may be amended from time to time by the affirmative vote of at least 75% of the parties, subject in all cases to being filed with and approved by the Commission.
V. Collection and Dissemination of Options Last Sale Reports and Quotation Information
(c) Dissemination of Last Sale Reports, Quotation Information and Other Information.
(i) The OPRA System shall provide for the uniform, nondiscriminatory dissemination of consolidated options information, on fair and reasonable terms over a network or networks to vendors, subscribers and other approved persons. [Last sale reports and quotation] Such information [with respect to eligible securities] shall [be disseminated only through the OPRA System,] include consolidated last sale reports and consolidated quotation information for all series of options for which the parties are required to provide current market information to OPRA in accordance with paragraphs (a)-(b) of this Section V. Not later than ___ 2002, or upon the earlier completion of modifications to the OPRA System necessary to enable the System to carry the BBO, such information shall also include [and only] the BBO for all such [reports] series of options. Once the BBO is available through the OPRA System, OPRA may offer a complete options market data service consisting of the BBO combined with consolidated last sale reports and quotation information, or OPRA may offer a limited service consisting of the BBO combined with consolidated last sale reports only while separately continuing to offer last sale Start Printed Page 11729reports and complete quotation information. Only such consolidated market information and related information, together with other information that satisfies the conditions of paragraph (iv) of this Section V(c) or is approved by OPRA, shall be disseminated through the System.
VII. Vendors, Subscribers and Other Approved Persons
(b) Agreements. Agreements for the furnishing of options [last sale reports and/or quotation] information shall be designed to insure that such information is disseminated in an orderly, reliable and timely fashion, and that it is available only to approved vendors, subscribers and other approved persons. Such agreements may impose reasonable and nondiscriminatory charges for the privilege of receiving such information. OPRA may, in its discretion, contract separately for the dissemination of last sale reports and quotation information, or it may offer last sale reports and quotation information together in a single contract. A s provided in Section V(c), upon the availability of a BBO through the OPRA System OPRA may contract separately for last sale reports combined with the BBO, or it may offer last sale reports, quotation information and the BBO together in a single contract. OPRA may also contract separately for access to information and facilities pertaining to FCO securities or index option securities.
Agreements with vendors shall provide that last sale reports and quotation information may be received by vendors only for the purpose of (A) developing a data base that enables the vendor to respond to inquiries from interrogation devices or other devices located in the office of approved subscribers that are capable of displaying last sale reports of transactions in, and/or quotations for, eligible securities as they occur; (B) reporting changes in last sale reports and quotation information through display devices located in the office of approved subscribers; and (C) providing last sale reports and/or quotation information to approved subscribers and to such other persons and in such other forms as OPRA may approve. In furtherance of the foregoing purposes, vendor agreements shall include provisions relating to the following:
(i) There shall be uniform specifications governing the manner in which last sale reports and quotation information are transmitted by or on behalf of OPRA to vendors. Such specifications may be different for different categories of eligible securities;
(ii) There shall be standards governing the services provided by vendors to subscribers which shall require that such services facilitate dissemination of last sale reports and quotation information in a manner that is consistent with applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and that is not discriminatory or contrary to the orderly operation and regulation of options markets;
(iii) Vendors shall not exclude reports or otherwise discriminate on the basis of the market in which a transaction or quotation took place, and the equipment used in connection with the display or retrieval of last sale reports or quotation information shall be capable of displaying all such reports or information regardless of the market where a transaction or quotation took place, and, unless exempted, shall identify such market , provided, however, that agreements with vendors may provide that the requirements of this paragraph (b)(iii) will be deemed to be satisfied if a vendor's market data service includes last sale reports together with the BBO, or last sale reports together with all bids and offers furnished by OPRA, for each eligible security included in the service, notwithstanding that the service may also include additional unconsolidated information in respect of such security.
All agreements entered into between the parties and persons receiving last sale reports and/or quotation information shall provide that the respective reports and information covered thereunder remain the property of the respective party on or in whose market the reported transaction or quotation took place, and all contracts shall be executed, and the fees collectable thereunder shall be billed and collected, on behalf of all parties, except that OPRA may provide for certain contracts pertaining exclusively to FCO securities or index option securities to be executed, and certain fees pertaining to such eligible securities to be billed and collected, on behalf of those parties that provide a market in such eligible securities.
Options Price Reporting Authority
Section V(c)(i) of the OPRA Plan provides for the dissemination by OPRA of, among other things, a consolidated BBO. Section III(s) of the OPRA Plan defines the BBO as the highest bid and lowest offer for a series of options available in one or more of the options markets maintained by the parties, as determined in accordance with “BBO Guidelines” adopted by the parties to the Plan. The BBO Guidelines as currently in effect are as follows:
1. Price/Time Priority. The BBO is determined on the basis of the best price (highest bid and lowest offer) quoted first in time by a market, provided that in order to displace the current best bid or offer, a quote must improve the current quote by no less than five cents.
2. Size Included in BBO. The BBO will include the actual size of the included bid and offer, subject to a minimum size of 10 contracts. A bid or offer at the same price as the current BBO but for a size larger than the current BBO by no less than ten contracts will displace the current BBO.
3. Market Identifier. The BBO as disseminated by OPRA will include identification of the market quoting the best bid or best offer comprising the BBO in accordance with these Guidelines.
4. Crossed or Locked Markets. Crossed or locked markets may be shown as the BBO.
5. Excluded Quotes. Whenever quotes in a market are identified by that market as not being firm, those quotes will be excluded for purposes of determining the BBO. In addition, if, based on information provided by an exchange, the OPRA Processor determines that the exchange is experiencing system problems resulting in the unreliability of its quotes, the Processor will exclude those quotes from the BBO determination until it determines that these problems have been resolved.
II. Implementation of Plan Amendment
OPRA believes that its BBO service will be implemented upon the approval of the proposed OPRA Plan amendment (including its proposed BBO Guidelines) and promptly as practicable upon completion by OPRA's processor of the systems modifications necessary for its implementation. According to OPRA, its processor, the Securities Industry Automation Corporation (“SIAC”), is not now in a position to estimate when that work may be completed, since that depends upon certain technical decisions that have not yet been made by OPRA. However, OPRA has represented to the Commission that once SIAC is able to provide such an estimate, OPRA will amend this filing to include the latest date when the BBO service will go into production. In addition, the introduction of OPRA's BBO service Start Printed Page 11730will likely necessitate certain changes to OPRA's forms of Vendor Agreement and Subscriber Agreements to make them conform to the revised requirements of the Plan, and perhaps to OPRA's fee structure. OPRA intends to file any such proposed amended agreements and fee changes with the Commission in one or more separate filings that may need to become effective prior to the implementation of the BBO service.
III. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed OPRA Plan amendment is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, and all written statements with respect to the proposed plan amendment that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed plan amendment between the Commission and any person, other than those withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room. Copies of the filing will also be available at the principal offices of OPRA. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-OPRA-2002-01 and should be submitted by April 5, 2002.
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.Start Signature
Margaret H. McFarland,
2. OPRA is a national market system plan approved by the Commission pursuant to Section 11A of the Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. 78k-1, and Rule 11Aa3-2 thereunder, 17 CFR 240.11Aa3-2. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 17638 (March 18, 1981), 22 S.E.C. Docket 484 (March 31, 1981). The OPRA Plan provides for the collection and dissemination of last sale and quotation information on options that are traded on the participant exchanges. The five signatories to the OPRA Plan that currently operate an options market are the American Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the International Securities Exchange, the Pacific Exchange, and the Philadelphia Stock Exchange. The New York Stock Exchange is a signatory to the OPRA Plan, but sold its options business to the Chicago Board Options Exchange in 1997. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 38542 (April 23, 1997), 62 FR 23521 (April 30, 1997).Back to Citation
3. The minimum price variation for option quotes under the rules of OPRA's participant exchanges is currently five cents for options trading under $3.00 per share per option contract; See, e.g., American Stock Exchange Rule 952.Back to Citation
4. OPRA represents that it will specify the date when the BBO service will be in production by the filing of a subsequent amendment to this proposal. See letter from Joseph P. Corrigan, Executive Director, OPRA, to Deborah Flynn, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, dated February 25, 2002.Back to Citation
5. Id.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-6256 Filed 3-14-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P