Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”)  and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on February 14, 2002, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. (“CBOE” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the CBOE. On February 28, 2002 and March 25, 2002, the Exchange submitted Amendment Nos. 1  and 2  to the proposal, respectively. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons and to grant accelerated approval to the proposed rule change, as amended.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange proposes to amend CBOE Rules 6.8 and 6.43 regarding orders entered into its Retail Automatic Execution System (“RAES”) for execution against manual quotes. Below is the text of the proposed rule change. Additions are italicized.
Rule 6.8: RAES Operations
(a)-(c) no change
(d)(i)-(v) no change
(vi) RAES orders will not execute against manual quotes (as defined in Rule 6.43). When a manual quote is the disseminated quote, orders submitted for automatic execution in that series shall be automatically routed to PAR, BART, or Live Ammo. When orders route to PAR or Live Ammo as a result of a manual quote, Designated Primary Market Makers (“DPMs”) will use their best efforts to attempt to ensure that the member will receive an allocation of incoming order(s) for up to his/her disseminated size.
Rule 6.43 Manner of Bidding and Offering
(a) Bids and offers to be effective must be made at the post by public outcry, except that bids and offers made by the Board Broker or Order Book Official shall be effective if displayed in a visible manner in accordance with Rule 7.7. All bids and offers shall be general ones and shall not be specified for acceptance by particular members.
(b) Members of the trading crowd may verbalize quotes (“manual quotes”) to be input into Exchange systems by quote reporters for dissemination to the Options Price Reporting Authority (“OPRA”). Manual quotes must be for a minimum size of five (5) contracts. A manual quote will remain as the Exchange's disseminated quote until executions deplete the size, until the market maker or floor broker withdraws the quote, or until matched or improved by Autoquote or improved by an order in the electronic Book.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the CBOE included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item III below. The CBOE has prepared summaries, set forth in Sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
CBOE Rule 6.8 governs the operation of RAES. RAES generally provides for automatic executions at the Exchange's disseminated quote, regardless of whether the disseminated quote represents the Autoquote-generated price or a manual quote put up on behalf of a market maker or floor broker. Once executed, RAES trades are assigned to market makers in accordance with the procedures contained in CBOE Rule 6.8.06. CBOE Rule 6.8.06 does not provide for the automatic allocation of RAES orders to a specific market maker, even if the RAES trade occurred at that market maker's quote.
The Exchange proposes that when a manual quote  represents the Exchange's disseminated quote, RAES would not automatically execute an order and assign it to market participants. Rather, the Exchange's Order Routing System (“ORS”) would block incoming orders from automatic execution and instead, immediately route them to Exchange's Public Automated Routing System (“PAR”), the Exchange's Booth Automated Routing Terminal (“BART”), or Live Ammo, where they would be executed manually at the disseminated price up to the disseminated size. Electronic orders would continue to be blocked from receiving automatic execution as long as a manual quote is the Exchange's disseminated quote. A manual quote would remain as the Exchange's disseminated quote until executions deplete the size, until the market maker or floor broker withdraws the quote, or until Autoquote matches the manual quote. The minimum size Start Printed Page 16477order that could be manually entered by a crowd member would be five contracts. Accordingly, any member in the crowd would have the ability to cause a manual quote that improves the disseminated quote to become the new disseminated quote, provided that quote is for at least five contracts.
When orders route to PAR or Live Ammo as a result of a manual quote, DPMs would use their “best efforts” to attempt to ensure that the member that put up the quote will receive the incoming order(s) for up to his/her disseminated size. The term “best efforts” entails several safeguards designed to help facilitate the manual assignment of RAES orders to the member that put up the quote. First, the Exchange notes that given the open outcry environment of the trading floor, DPMs would more than likely hear the member verbalizing the order. Second, other market participants would likely hear the order being verbalized and would be able to inform the DPM of the identity of the market maker whose quote was disseminated. Third, the member who put the quote up would have a strong interest in stepping forward and claiming the contracts for which he just bid/offered. Fourth, because a manual quote is a member's quote, it may not be representative of the DPM's market. As such, the DPM would have a strong interest in determining against whose quote incoming RAES orders executed, or else the entire crowd would be obligated. Finally, the Exchange notes that quote reporters are present in the crowd and should know which member submitted a manual quote for dissemination.
The Exchange believes that this proposal represents a substantial step toward enhancing incentives to members to quote competitively by providing them with an opportunity to receive allocations of trades that execute against quotes they caused to be disseminated. Upon approval of the filing, the Exchange commits to provide notification to its members apprising them of the substance of the filing (i.e., that RAES orders would not automatically execute against manual quotes). This notification process would include distribution of a circular to members as well as reference on the CBOE Web site.
2. Statutory Basis
For the reasons discussed above, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations under the Act applicable to a national securities exchange and, in particular, the requirements of section 6(b) of the Act. Specifically, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the Section 6(b)(5)  requirements that the rules of an exchange be designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The CBOE does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others
No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change.
III. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change, as amended, is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the CBOE. All submissions should refer to File No. SR-CBOE-2002-07 and should be submitted by April 26, 2002.
IV. Commission Findings and Order Granting Accelerated Approval of the Proposed Rule Change
After careful consideration, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange, and, in particular, section 6(b)(5) of the Act  in that the proposed rule change has been designed to remove impediments to and to perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, while also protecting investors and the public interest. Specifically, the Commission believes that the proposed rule change, which allocates incoming orders to the floor broker or market maker that established the Exchange's disseminated quote, should encourage competition among trading crowd participants by providing a greater incentive for floor brokers and market makers to improve the Exchange's disseminated quote. In this regard, the Commission notes that the Exchange's rules would provide that a member who enters a manual quote that improves the Exchange's disseminated quote should receive the benefit of trading with incoming orders at such member's disseminated price and size.
The Commission notes that any member of the trading crowd who submits a manual quote that improves the Exchange's disseminated quote would be considered to be the responsible broker or dealer pursuant to Rule 11Ac1-1(c) under the Act. Consequently, the Exchange has an obligation pursuant to Rule 11Ac1-1(b) under the Act to disseminate the member's quote and the member has an obligation pursuant to Rule 11Ac1-1(c) under the Act to be firm at that price for up to its disseminated size. In addition, the Commission believes that investors should benefit from the opportunity to receive executions of their orders at improved prices.
The Commission finds good cause, consistent with section 19(b)(2) of the Act, to grant the Exchange's request for approval of the proposed rule change prior to the thirtieth day after the date of publication of notice of filing thereof in the Federal Register. The Commission believes that granting accelerated approval to the proposed rule change and amendments thereto should allow the CBOE to quickly Start Printed Page 16478implement its proposed improvement to its market to encourage greater competition among trading crowd participants.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the Exchange's proposed rule change, as amended, (File No. SR-CBOE-2002-07) is approved on an accelerated basis.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. The Exchange initially submitted this proposal to the Commission on December 28, 2001 as part of File No. SR-CBOE-2001-70 and subsequently withdrew that portion of the filing relating to manual quotes. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 45490 (March 1, 2002), 64 FR 25091 (March 8, 2002) (notice soliciting public comment on File No. SR-CBOE-2001-70).Back to Citation
4. See letter from Edward J. Joyce, President and Chief Operating Officer, CBOE, to Deborah Flynn, Division of Market Regulation (“Division”), Commission, dated February 27, 2002 (“Amendment No. 1”). In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange proposed additional rule text to clarify the intended operation of the proposal.Back to Citation
5. See letter from Edward J. Joyce, President and Chief Operating Officer, CBOE, to Deborah Flynn, Division, Commission, dated March 22, 2002 (“Amendment No. 2”). In Amendment No. 2, the Exchange proposes changes to the rule text of CBOE Rules 6.8 and 6.43 with regard to the dissemination of manual quotes. In addition, the Exchange proposes to amend CBOE Rule 6.8 regarding the obligation of Designated Primary Market Makers (“DPMs”) to use their best efforts to ensure that a member that enters a manual quote will receive an allocation of incoming order(s) for up to such member's disseminated size.Back to Citation
6. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 5. Pursuant to proposed paragraph (b) to CBOE Rule 6.43, a manual quote is a quote that is verbalized by an Exchange member to be input into Exchange systems by a quote reporter for dissemination to OPRA.Back to Citation
7. The Live Ammo electronic screen displays market orders or limit orders that improve the market. See CBOE Rule 7.4(g).Back to Citation
8. See Proposed CBOE Rule 6.8(d)(vi).Back to Citation
9. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 5. Pursuant to proposed CBOE Rule 6.43(b), a member's manual quote will lose priority when matched by the Autoquote. The Commission notes that the Exchange filed a proposed rule change, File No. SR-CBOE-2002-05, proposing a new rule, CBOE Rule 6.8B, that would require that a member that places an order in EBook that is the Exchange's disseminated quote retain priority to the extent of the size of his quote, even if such member's bid or offer is subsequently matched by Autoquote. CBOE staff represents that, in connection with its proposed rule change filed in SR-CBOE-2002-05, it will amend proposed CBOE Rule 6.43 to clarify that at such time as the CBOE Rule 6.8B applies to a given option series, the provisions of CBOE Rule 6.8B governing priority of orders in EBook shall supersede the provision of proposed CBOE Rule 6.43(b) under which a member would lose priority when Autoquote matches his manual quote. Telephone conversation between Steve Youhn, CBOE, and Elizabeth King, Division, Commission, on March 28, 2002.Back to Citation
10. See Proposed CBOE Rule 6.8(d)(vi).Back to Citation
11. See Amendment No. 2, supra note 5.Back to Citation
14. In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered its impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-8209 Filed 4-4-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P