On November 14, 2001, the Chicago Stock Exchange, Incorporated (“CHX” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission” or “SEC”), pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”),  and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,  a proposed rule change to amend its rules to clarify a specialist's obligations relating to the automatic execution of orders and provide guidance regarding a specialist's ability to switch from automatic to manual execution mode. Notice of the proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on February 13, 2002.  The Commission received no comments with respect to the proposal. This order approves the proposed rule change.Start Printed Page 19785
II. Description of the Proposal
The Exchange proposes to amend Article XX, Rule 37 of the CHX Rules, which governs, among other things, automatic execution of market and marketable limit orders. The proposed rule change is intended to clarify a specialist's obligations relating to the automatic execution of orders and to provide CHX specialists and floor officials with additional guidance regarding the ability of a CHX specialist to switch to manual execution mode. The two rule changes are summarized below.
a. Reduction of Minimum Auto Execution Threshold
The proposed change to Article XX, Rule 37(b), which governs automatic execution of eligible orders, would reduce the minimum auto execution threshold from 300 shares to 100 shares. This change is intended to reconcile a specialist's automatic execution obligation with the post-decimalization trading environment. The Exchange represents that, given the scattering of liquidity over multiple price points and resulting reduction in Best Bid or Offer (“BBO”) size,  many specialists desire to reduce their automatic execution exposure for certain issues to levels that are commensurate with reduced BBO size. In order to preserve consistency and avoid customer confusion, the proposed rule change would apply to both Dual Trading System and Nasdaq/NM issues. Specialists would remain free to increase their auto execution thresholds to larger sizes if they believe that business/marketing considerations so demand. The Exchange represents that, in fact, a number of CHX specialists have indicated that they would reduce their auto execution threshold to 100 shares only in very limited instances.
b. Procedures for Floor Official Approval of Manual Execution Mode
The Exchange also proposes to amend Article XX, Rule 37, Interpretation and Policy .04, which governs the procedures by which specialists are to obtain permission to switch from automatic execution mode to manual execution mode.
The proposed amendment to the Interpretation places greater responsibility on the specialist firm seeking to shift to manual execution mode. Under current Interpretation .04, a specialist firm seeking to switch from automatic execution mode to manual execution mode must seek the permission of two floor officials before switching to manual mode; once in manual mode, the specialist firm must return to automatic execution functionality when the conditions that caused the switch to manual mode are no longer present. Specialists also must immediately reinstate the automatic execution functionality when the primary market quotes accurately reflect market conditions.
By contrast, under the proposed amendment to Interpretation .04, the specialist firm is required to secure the permission of its floor supervisor to switch to manual mode. To permit the specialist to remain in manual execution mode, the floor supervisor must immediately notify and secure the approval of one floor official. The permission granted by the floor official to operate in manual execution mode shall be in effect for a period of five minutes only. After that five minute period, the specialist firm's floor supervisor must again secure the permission of the floor official who granted the initial permission (and if such floor official is not available, then from another floor official) to allow the specialist firm to remain in manual execution mode. Documentation regarding the switch to manual mode must be filed with the CHX Market Regulation Department before the next business day's opening.
Finally, the proposed rule change reduces the time period in which a specialist firm may remain in manual execution mode when a certain analyst/reporter's report is broadcast on cable television, pursuant to the terms and conditions of Interpretation .04. Under current Interpretation .04, in the case of such a cable television broadcast, a specialist may switch from automatic to manual mode without floor official approval, and may remain in manual mode for no more than ten minutes. The proposed rule change reduces outside limit from ten to five minutes.
The Exchange represents that it anticipates that the proposed rule change will promote greater accountability and preclude reliance on manual execution mode in a manner that is potentially violative of CHX rules. Specifically, the Exchange believes that reducing the automatic execution threshold from 300 to 100 shares will reduce the likelihood of a specialist firm switching from automatic to manual mode without satisfying the criteria in Interpretation .04. The Exchange also believes that the proposed rule change will assist the Market Regulation Department in determining whether violations of the Exchange's rules regarding manual execution mode have occurred.
After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange and, in particular, with the requirements of Section 6(b).  Specifically, the Commission finds that approval of the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and to perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
The Commission believes that reducing the size threshold for automatic execution from 300 to 100 shares will likely encourage CHX specialists to remain in the automatic execution mode for longer periods of time by decreasing their risk of exposure to larger sized orders. This in turn should enable investors to take greater advantage of the benefits of automatic execution with respect to speed and price of execution.  The Commission notes that, under the proposed rule change, specialists retain the ability to increase their automatic execution thresholds to a larger size if they choose to do so.
In addition, the Commission finds that new Interpretation .04 promotes investor protection and the public interest by imposing new requirements on specialists seeking to switch from Start Printed Page 19786automatic execution to manual mode. The Commission notes that, in cases of breaking news stories broadcast on cable television, the specialist may switch to manual mode without floor official approval as under the previous language of the Interpretation; however, the maximum period of time in which the specialist may remain in manual mode without floor official approval has been reduced from ten minutes to five minutes. The Commission also notes that, in instances other than a cable news broadcast, the specialist must secure the permission of its floor supervisor to switch to manual mode; the floor supervisor in turn must obtain approval from one floor official to permit the specialist to remain in manual mode. It is significant that the specialist may remain in manual mode for only five minutes without the floor supervisor renewing the approval of the same floor official (or obtaining approval of another floor official if the first official is not available). Finally, the Commission notes that new Interpretation .04 requires that documentation regarding the switch be filed with the Market Regulation Department before the next business day's opening. The Commission believes that these safeguards will provide greater accountability on the part of specialists when they switch from automatic execution mode to manual execution mode.
For the foregoing reasons, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange, and, in particular, with section 6(b)(5) of the Act.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-CHX-2001-26) is approved.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
4. The Exchange represents that average size at BBO price points has declined significantly following the transition to decimal pricing, with approximate size reductions of 67% in the case of Tape A issues (securities listed on the NYSE), 37% for Tape B issues (securities listed on the Amex) abd 44% for Tape O issues (securities listed on Nasdaq)Back to Citation
5. Telephone conversation between Kathleen M. Boege, Associate General Counsel, CHX and Gordon Fuller, Counsel to the Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation (“Division”), Commission (March 22, 2002).Back to Citation
8. In the MAX System, the largest universe of orders that are eligible for price improvement are orders subject to automatic execution. For example, CHX Rule 37(h) sets forth price guarantees applicable to CHX's SuperMax 2000 system, a voluntary automatic execution program within the MAX System. SuperMax 2000 must be enabled on an issue-by-issue basis by the specialist, and these price guarantees apply only when the specialist is in automatic execution mode. Telephone conversation between Kathleen M. Boege, Associate General Counsel, CHX and Gordon Fuller, Counsel to the Assistant Director, Division, Commission (March 22, 2002).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-9882 Filed 4-22-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P