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Voting Rights Act Amendments of 1992, Determinations Under Section 203

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Bureau of the Census, Commerce.


Notice of determination.


The notice's purpose is to publish the Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau) Director's determination as to which political subdivisions are subject to the minority language assistance provisions of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act.


July 26, 2002.

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For information regarding this notice, please contact Ms. Catherine M. McCully, Chief, Census Redistricting Data Office, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, Federal Building 3, Room 3631, 301-457-4039.

For information regarding the statutory provisions, enforcement, or compliance, contact Mr. Joseph D. Rich, Chief, Voting Section-NWB, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice, 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20530, 1-800-253-3931 or 202-307-2767, or visit the Voting Section Internet site at <​voting>.

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In August 1992, Congress amended the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Title 42, United States Code, 1973 et seq. (See Public Law 102-344.) Among other changes, the minority language assistance provision set forth in Section 203 of the Act was extended to August 6, 2007. Section 203 mandates that a state or political subdivision must provide language assistance to voters if more than 5 percent of the voting age citizens are members of a single-language minority group who do not “speak or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process” and if the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade. When a state is covered for a particular language minority group, an exception is made for any political subdivision in which less than 5 percent of the voting age citizens are members of the minority group and are limited in English proficiency, unless the political subdivision is covered independently. A political subdivision also is covered if more than 10,000 of the voting age citizens are members of a single-language minority group, do not “speak or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process,” and the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade.

Finally, if more than 5 percent of the American Indian or Alaska Native voting age citizens residing within an American Indian Reservation (and off-reservation trust lands) are members of a single language minority group, do not “speak or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process,” and the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade, any political subdivision, such as a county, which contains all or any part of that Indian reservation, is covered by the minority language assistance provision set forth in Section 203. An American Indian Reservation is defined as any area that is an American Indian or Alaska Native area identified for purposes of the decennial census. For Census 2000, these areas were identified by the federally-recognized tribal governments, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and state governments. The Census Bureau worked with American Indian tribes and Alaska Natives to identify statistical areas, such as Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Areas, State-Designated American Indian Statistical Areas, and Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas.

Pursuant to Section 203, the Census Bureau Director has the responsibility to determine which states and political subdivisions are subject to the minority language assistance provisions of Start Printed Page 48872Section 203. The states and political subdivisions obligated to comply with the requirements are listed in the attachment.

Section 203 also provides that “determinations of the Director of the Census under this subsection shall be effective upon publication in the Federal Register and shall not be subject to review in any court.” Therefore, as of this date, those jurisdictions that are listed as covered by Section 203 have a legal obligation to provide the minority language assistance prescribed by Section 203 of the Act. In the cases where a state is identified as covered, those counties or county equivalents not displayed in the attachment are exempt from the obligation. Those jurisdictions subject to Section 203 of the Act previously, but not included on the list below, are no longer obligated to comply with Section 203. The previous determinations under Section 4(f)(4) of the Voting Rights Act remain in effect and are unaffected by this determination. (See Title 28, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 55, Appendix.)

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Dated: July 22, 2002.

Charles Louis Kincannon,

Director, Bureau of the Census.

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Covered Areas for Voting Rights Bilingual Election Materials—2000

State and political subdivisionGroup
Aleutians West Census AreaAleut.
Bethel Census AreaEskimo.
Bethel Census AreaAmerican Indian (Tribe not specified).
Bethel Census AreaAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Denali BoroughAthabascan.
Dillingham Census AreaEskimo.
Dillingham Census AreaAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Dillingham Census AreaNative (Other Group specified).
Kenai Peninsula BoroughAmerican Indian (Tribe not specified).
Kenai Peninsula BoroughAleut.
Kodiak Island BoroughFilipino.
Lake and Peninsula BoroughAthabascan.
Lake and Peninsula BoroughAleut.
Lake and Peninsula BoroughEskimo.
Nome Census AreaEskimo.
North Slope BoroughAmerican Indian (Tribe not specified).
North Slope BoroughEskimo.
Northwest Arctic BoroughEskimo.
Northwest Arctic BoroughAlaska Native (Other Group specified).
Southeast Fairbanks Census AreaAthabascan.
Southeast Fairbanks Census AreaNative (Other Group specified).
Valdez-Cordova Census AreaAthabascan.
Wade Hampton Census AreaEskimo.
Wade Hampton Census AreaAmerican Indian (Chickasaw).
Wade Hampton Census AreaAmerican Indian (Tribe not specified).
Yukon-Koyukuk Census AreaAthabascan.
Yukon-Koyukuk Census AreaEskimo.
Yukon-Koyukuk Census AreaAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Apache CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Apache CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Apache CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Cochise CountyHispanic.
Coconino CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Coconino CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Gila CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Graham CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Greenlee CountyHispanic.
Maricopa CountyHispanic.
Maricopa CountyAmerican Indian (Tohono O'Odham).
Navajo CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Navajo CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Navajo CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Pima CountyHispanic.
Pima CountyAmerican Indian (Tohono O'Odham).
Pima CountyAmerican Indian (Yaqui).
Pinal CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Pinal CountyAmerican Indian (Tohono O'Odham).
Santa Cruz CountyHispanic.
Yuma CountyHispanic.
Yuma CountyAmerican Indian (Yuman).
State CoverageHispanic.
Alameda CountyHispanic.
Alameda CountyChinese.
Colusa CountyHispanic.
Contra Costa CountyHispanic.
Fresno CountyHispanic.
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Imperial CountyHispanic.
Imperial CountyAmerican Indian (Central or South American).
Imperial CountyAmerican Indian (Yuman).
Kern CountyHispanic.
Kings CountyHispanic.
Los Angeles CountyHispanic.
Los Angeles CountyChinese.
Los Angeles CountyFilipino.
Los Angeles CountyJapanese.
Los Angeles CountyKorean.
Los Angeles CountyVietnamese.
Madera CountyHispanic.
Merced CountyHispanic.
Monterey CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyChinese.
Orange CountyKorean.
Orange CountyVietnamese.
Riverside CountyHispanic.
Riverside CountyAmerican Indian (Central or South American).
Sacramento CountyHispanic.
San Benito CountyHispanic.
San Bernardino CountyHispanic.
San Diego CountyHispanic.
San Diego CountyFilipino.
San Francisco CountyHispanic.
San Francisco CountyChinese.
San Joaquin CountyHispanic.
San Mateo CountyHispanic.
San Mateo CountyChinese.
Santa Barbara CountyHispanic.
Santa Clara CountyHispanic.
Santa Clara CountyChinese.
Santa Clara CountyFilipino.
Santa Clara CountyVietnamese.
Stanislaus CountyHispanic.
Tulare CountyHispanic.
Ventura CountyHispanic.
Alamosa CountyHispanic.
Conejos CountyHispanic.
Costilla CountyHispanic.
Crowley CountyHispanic.
Denver CountyHispanic.
La Plata CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
La Plata CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Montezuma CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Montezuma CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Otero CountyHispanic.
Rio Grande CountyHispanic.
Saguache CountyHispanic.
Bridgeport town (Fairfield County)Hispanic.
Hartford town (Hartford County)Hispanic.
Meriden town (New Haven County)Hispanic.
New Britain town (Hartford County)Hispanic.
New Haven town (New Haven County)Hispanic.
Waterbury town (New Haven County)Hispanic.
Windham town (Windham County)Hispanic.
Broward CountyHispanic.
Broward CountyAmerican Indian (Seminole).
Collier CountyAmerican Indian (Seminole).
Glades CountyAmerican Indian (Seminole).
Hardee CountyHispanic.
Hendry CountyHispanic.
Hillsborough CountyHispanic.
Miami-Dade CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyHispanic.
Osceola CountyHispanic.
Palm Beach CountyHispanic.
Honolulu CountyChinese.
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Honolulu CountyFilipino.
Honolulu CountyJapanese.
Maui CountyFilipino.
Bannock CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Bingham CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Caribou CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Owyhee CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Power CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Cook CountyHispanic.
Cook CountyChinese.
Kane CountyHispanic.
Finney CountyHispanic.
Ford CountyHispanic.
Grant CountyHispanic.
Haskell CountyHispanic.
Kearny CountyHispanic.
Seward CountyHispanic.
Louisiana: Allen ParishAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Maryland: Montgomery CountyHispanic.
Boston city (Suffolk County)Hispanic.
Chelsea city (Suffolk County)Hispanic.
Holyoke city (Hampden County)Hispanic.
Lawrence city (Essex County)Hispanic.
Southbridge town (Worcester County)Hispanic.
Springfield city (Hampden County)Hispanic.
Michigan: Clyde township (Allegan County)Hispanic.
Attala CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Jackson CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Jones CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Kemper CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Leake CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Neshoba CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Newton CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Scott CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Winston CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Big Horn CountyAmerican Indian (Cheyenne).
Rosebud CountyAmerican Indian (Cheyenne).
Colfax CountyHispanic.
Sheridan CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Clark CountyHispanic.
Elko CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Elko CountyAmerican Indian (Shoshone).
Humboldt CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Lyon CountyAmerican Indian (Paiute).
Nye CountyAmerican Indian (Shoshone).
White Pine CountyAmerican Indian (Shoshone).
New Jersey:
Bergen CountyHispanic.
Cumberland CountyHispanic.
Essex CountyHispanic.
Hudson CountyHispanic.
Middlesex CountyHispanic.
Passaic CountyHispanic.
Union CountyHispanic.
New Mexico:
State CoverageHispanic.
Bernalillo CountyHispanic.
Bernalillo CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Bernalillo CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Catron CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Chaves CountyHispanic.
Cibola CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Cibola CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
De Baca CountyHispanic.
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Dona Ana CountyHispanic.
Eddy CountyHispanic.
Grant CountyHispanic.
Guadalupe CountyHispanic.
Harding CountyHispanic.
Hidalgo CountyHispanic.
Lea CountyHispanic.
Luna CountyHispanic.
McKinley CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
McKinley CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Mora CountyHispanic.
Rio Arriba CountyHispanic.
Rio Arriba CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Roosevelt CountyHispanic.
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
San Miguel CountyHispanic.
Sandoval CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Sandoval CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Santa Fe CountyHispanic.
Santa Fe CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Socorro CountyHispanic.
Socorro CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Socorro CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Taos CountyHispanic.
Taos CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Torrance CountyHispanic.
Union CountyHispanic.
Valencia CountyHispanic.
Valencia CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
New York:
Bronx CountyHispanic.
Kings CountyHispanic.
Kings CountyChinese.
Nassau CountyHispanic.
New York CountyHispanic.
New York CountyChinese.
Queens CountyHispanic.
Queens CountyChinese.
Queens CountyKorean.
Suffolk CountyHispanic.
Westchester CountyHispanic.
North Dakota:
Richland CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Sargent CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Harmon CountyHispanic.
Texas CountyHispanic.
Oregon: Malheur CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
Pennsylvania: Philadelphia CountyHispanic.
Rhode Island:
Central Falls city (Providence County)Hispanic.
Providence city (Providence County)Hispanic.
South Dakota:
Bennett CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Codington CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Day CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Dewey CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Grant CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Gregory CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Haakon CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Jackson CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Lyman CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Marshall CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Meade CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Meade CountyAmerican Indian (Cheyenne).
Mellette CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Roberts CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Shannon CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Stanley CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Todd CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
Tripp CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
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Ziebach CountyAmerican Indian (Sioux).
State CoverageHispanic.
Andrews CountyHispanic.
Atascosa CountyHispanic.
Bailey CountyHispanic.
Bee CountyHispanic.
Bexar CountyHispanic.
Borden CountyHispanic.
Brewster CountyHispanic.
Brooks CountyHispanic.
Caldwell CountyHispanic.
Calhoun CountyHispanic.
Cameron CountyHispanic.
Castro CountyHispanic.
Cochran CountyHispanic.
Concho CountyHispanic.
Crane CountyHispanic.
Crockett CountyHispanic.
Crosby CountyHispanic.
Culberson CountyHispanic.
Dallas CountyHispanic.
Dawson CountyHispanic.
Deaf Smith CountyHispanic.
DeWitt CountyHispanic.
Dimmit CountyHispanic.
Duval CountyHispanic.
Ector CountyHispanic.
Edwards CountyHispanic.
El Paso CountyHispanic.
El Paso CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Fisher CountyHispanic.
Floyd CountyHispanic.
Frio CountyHispanic.
Gaines CountyHispanic.
Garza CountyHispanic.
Glasscock CountyHispanic.
Goliad CountyHispanic.
Gonzales CountyHispanic.
Guadalupe CountyHispanic.
Hale CountyHispanic.
Hall CountyHispanic.
Hansford CountyHispanic.
Harris CountyHispanic.
Harris CountyVietnamese.
Hidalgo CountyHispanic.
Hockley CountyHispanic.
Howard CountyHispanic.
Hudspeth CountyHispanic.
Irion CountyHispanic.
Jeff Davis CountyHispanic.
Jim Hogg CountyHispanic.
Jim Wells CountyHispanic.
Karnes CountyHispanic.
Kenedy CountyHispanic.
Kinney CountyHispanic.
Kleberg CountyHispanic.
Knox CountyHispanic.
Lamb CountyHispanic.
La Salle CountyHispanic.
Live Oak CountyHispanic.
Loving CountyHispanic.
Lubbock CountyHispanic.
Lynn CountyHispanic.
Madison CountyHispanic.
Martin CountyHispanic.
Matagorda CountyHispanic.
Maverick CountyHispanic.
Maverick CountyAmerican Indian (Other Tribe specified).
McMullen CountyHispanic.
Medina CountyHispanic.
Menard CountyHispanic.
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Midland CountyHispanic.
Mitchell CountyHispanic.
Moore CountyHispanic.
Nolan CountyHispanic.
Nueces CountyHispanic.
Parmer CountyHispanic.
Pecos CountyHispanic.
Presidio CountyHispanic.
Reagan CountyHispanic.
Reeves CountyHispanic.
Refugio CountyHispanic.
Runnels CountyHispanic.
San Patricio CountyHispanic.
Schleicher CountyHispanic.
Scurry CountyHispanic.
Starr CountyHispanic.
Sterling CountyHispanic.
Sutton CountyHispanic.
Swisher CountyHispanic.
Tarrant CountyHispanic.
Terrell CountyHispanic.
Terry CountyHispanic.
Titus CountyHispanic.
Tom Green CountyHispanic.
Travis CountyHispanic.
Upton CountyHispanic.
Uvalde CountyHispanic.
Val Verde CountyHispanic.
Victoria CountyHispanic.
Ward CountyHispanic.
Webb CountyHispanic.
Wharton CountyHispanic.
Willacy CountyHispanic.
Wilson CountyHispanic.
Winkler CountyHispanic.
Yoakum CountyHispanic.
Zapata CountyHispanic.
Zavala CountyHispanic.
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Adams CountyHispanic.
Franklin CountyHispanic.
King CountyChinese.
Yakima CountyHispanic.
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[FR Doc. 02-19033 Filed 7-24-02; 8:45 am]