Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
Proposed rule with request for comments.
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) proposes to increase Plant Variety Protection (PVP) Office application, search, and certificate issuance fees by approximately 35 percent. The last fee increase in September 2000 is no longer adequate to cover current program obligations for administrative and information technology needs. The PVP Act of 1970 requires that reasonable fees be collected from applicants seeking certificates of protection in order to maintain the program.
Comments must be received on or before October 31, 2002.
Interested persons are invited to submit comments concerning this proposed rule. Comments should be sent in triplicate to Dr. Paul Zankowski, Commissioner, PVP Office, Room 401, NAL Building, 10301 Baltimore Boulevard., Beltsville, MD 20705, telephone 301-504-7475, fax 301-504-5291, and should refer to the docket title and number located in the heading of this document. Comments received will be available for public inspection at the same location, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Fabian Q. Generao, USDA, AMS, Science and Technology, 14th & Independence Avenue, SW., P.O. Box 96456, Room 3521-South Bldg., Washington, DC 20090-6456, Tel. 202/720-0195, Fax. 202/720-1631.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. Executive Order 12866
This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. The rule has been determined to be not significant for the purposes of Executive Order 12866, and therefore has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
II. Regulatory Flexibility Act
Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this action on small business entities. There are more than 800 users of the PVPO's variety protection service, of whom about 100 may file applications in a given year. Some of these users are small business entities under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201). The AMS has determined that this action would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of these small business entities.
The Plant Variety Protection (PVP) Office administers the PVP Act of 1970, as amended (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.), and Start Printed Page 61546issues Certificates of Protection that provide intellectual property rights to developers of new varieties of plants. A Certificate of Protection is awarded to an owner of a variety after examination indicates that it is new, distinct from other varieties, genetically uniform, and stable through successive generations. This action will raise the fee charged to users of plant variety protection. The AMS estimates that the proposed rule will yield an additional $270,000 during fiscal year (FY) 2003. The costs to private and public business entities will be proportional to their use of the service, and shared equitably. The costs to individual users will be approximately $1,059.00 per PVP Certificate issued or by 35 percent per application. Plant Variety Protection is a voluntary service. Any decision by developers to discontinue the use of plant variety protection will not hinder private and public entities from marketing their varieties in commercial markets.
Every year, AMS reviews it user fee financed program to determine their fiscal condition. In the most recent review of the PVP program, the cost analysis indicated that the existing fee schedule will not generate sufficient revenues to cover program services and obligations while maintaining an adequate program reserve balance. From 1995 and through 2002, the PVP Office absorbed accumulated national and locality salary increases for Federal employees totaling 36 and 19 percent, respectively. These costs were offset by a fee increase of only 10 percent in September 2000.
AMS calculated the new fee schedule by projecting FY 2002 revenues of $903,000 and program obligations of $1,231,000. This indicates projected a loss to the program of $328,000 for the FY. At this rate, the trust fund balance would be nearly depleted by the end of FY 2004. With a fee increase of 35 percent, FY 2003 revenues and expenditures are projected to be $1,041,000 and $1,189,000, respectively. The trust fund balance is expected to be maintained at the FY 2003 level of $853,000, which satisfies Agency requirements.
III. Civil Justice Reform
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This action is not intended to have retroactive effect, nor will it preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies, unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with the proposed rule. There are no administrative procedures that must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of the proposed rule.
IV. Paperwork Reduction Act
This proposed rule does not contain any information collection or record keeping requirements that are subject to the Office of Management and Budget approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35).
Background Information and Proposed Changes
The PVP Program is a voluntary, user fee-funded service, conducted under the Authority of the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.) of 1970, as amended. The Act authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to provide intellectual property rights that facilitate marketing of new varieties of seed-propagated crops and potatoes. The act also requires that reasonable fees be collected from the users of the services to cover the costs of maintaining the program.
In September 2000, AMS published a rule in the Federal Register (60 FR 17188) that increased Plant Variety Protection Office fees pursuant to amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act that became effective September 2000.
In its analysis of projected costs for fiscal year (FY) 2002, AMS identified administrative and information technology support as well as a 10 percent decrease in the number of applications submitted to the office. For FY 2002, user fee revenues and program obligations are projected to be $903,000 and $1,231,000, respectively, resulting in an estimated $328,000 program deficit. With a fee increase, FY 2003 revenues and expenditures are projected to be $1,041,000 and $1,189,000, respectively. We estimate this proposed rule would yield an additional $270,000 during FY 2003 that will offset increased program operating costs. The program will take additional cost cutting measures to eliminate the remaining deficit.
AMS used the fees currently charged as a base for calculating the new fee schedule for FY 2003. The fees set forth in Sec. 97.175 would be increased. The application fee will be increased from $320 to $432, the search fee from $2,385 to $3,220, and the issuance fee from $320 to $432. The fees for reviving an abandoned application, correcting or re-issuance of a certificate are increased from $320 to $432. The charge for granting an extension for responding to a request is increased from $55 to $74. The hourly charge for any other service not specified will increase from $66 to $89. The fee for appeal to the Secretary (refundable if appeal overturns the Commissioner's decision) is increased from $3,050 to $4,118. Reproduction of records, drawings, certificates, exhibits or printed materials, late payment, and replenishment of seeds will increase by 35%. These fee increases are necessary to recover the costs of this fee-funded program.
The Plant Variety Protection Advisory Board has been informed of cost increases, including anticipated salary increases, and consulted on a fee increase in November 2001. The Board recommended that fees be increased. This proposed rule makes the minimum changes in the regulations to implement the recommended increased fees to maintain the program as a fee-funded program.
A 30-day comment period is provided to allow interested persons the opportunity to respond to the proposal, including any regulatory and informational impact of this action on small businesses. Thirty days is deemed appropriate because present fees are inadequate to properly cover program costs and additional revenues need to be generated to effectively operate the program.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 97
- Plants, seeds
For reasons set forth in the preamble, it is proposed that 7 CFR part 97 be amended as follows.Start Part
PART 97—PLANT VARIETY AND PROTECTION
1. The authority citation for part 97 continues to read as follows:
2. Section 97.175 is revised to read as follows:
The following fees and charges apply to the services and actions specified below:
(a) Filing the application and notifying the public of filing—$432.00.
(b) Search or examination—$3,220.00.
(c) Allowance and issuance of certificate and notifying public of issuance—$432.00.
(d) Revive an abandoned application—$432.00.
(e) Reproduction of records, drawings, certificates, exhibits, or pointed material (copy per page of material)—$1.50.
(f) Authentication (each page)—$1.50.
(g) Correcting or re-issuance of a certificate—$432.00.
(h) Recording assignments (per certificate/application)—$38.00.
(i) Copies of 8 x 10 photographs in color—$38.00. Start Printed Page 61547
(j) Additional fee for reconsideration—$432.00.
(k) Additional fee for late payment—$38.00.
(l) Additional fee for late replenishment of seed—$38.00.
(m) Appeal to Secretary (refundable if appeal overturns the Commissioner's decision)—$4,118.00.
(n) Granting of extensions for responding to a request—$74.00.
(o) Field inspections by a representative of the Plant Variety Protection Office, made at the request of the applicant, shall be reimbursable in full (including travel, per diem or subsistence, and salary) in accordance with Standardized Government Travel Regulation.
(p) Any other service not covered above will be charged for at rates prescribed by the Commissioner, but in no event shall they exceed $89.00 per employee-hour.
Dated: September 25, 2002.
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 02-24903 Filed 9-30-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P