On May 9, 2002, The Options Clearing Corporation (“OCC”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change File No. SR-OCC-2002-07 pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”)  and on August 9, 2002, amended the proposed rule change. Notice of the proposal was published in the Federal Register on August 16, Start Printed Page 646902002. On October 10, 2002, OCC again amended the proposed rule change. The October 10, 2002, amendment was for clarification and as such did not require publication of notice. No comment letters were received. For the reasons discussed below, the Commission is approving the proposed rule change.
Currently, under OCC's Rule 1303, OCC may open one or more omnibus accounts with an associate clearinghouse (“ACH”)  for the purposes of enabling the ACH's clearing members that are not OCC clearing members to clear transactions in futures and futures options through the ACH rather than directly through OCC. Affiliates of OCC clearing members are permitted to clear transactions in futures through the ACH through January 1, 2003. The principal purpose of the proposed rule change is to extend this same accommodation to OCC clearing members and to provide that the initial period during which either OCC clearing members or their affiliates may clear through an ACH will end one year from the date when general trading in security futures commences rather than on a specified date. The proposed rule change also seeks Commission approval of the Agreement for Clearing and Settlement Services between OCC and OneChicago (“OCX”) (“OCX Clearing Agreement”) and the ACH Agreement between OCC and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (“CME”).
OCC is preparing to clear security futures for a number of markets, including certain national securities exchanges that presently clear options through OCC and certain futures exchanges that are notice-registered as national securities exchanges under section 6(g) of the Act. In SR-OCC-2001-07, OCC filed detailed rules for the clearance of security futures, including Rule 1303, which provides that OCC may agree with an ACH to carry omnibus accounts for the ACH in which the ACH may clear security futures transactions for certain of its clearing members. In SR-OCC-2001-07, the Commission also approved the Agreement for Clearing and Settlement Services between OCC and Nasdaq Liffe Markets, LLC  (“NqLX Clearing Agreement”).
2. Amendments to Rule 1303
Under current Rule 1303(a), an OCC clearing member that is also an ACH clearing member may not have its futures transactions cleared through the ACH's omnibus account at OCC. Additionally, Rule 1303(b) currently provides that affiliates of OCC clearing members that are eligible to become OCC clearing members may not have their futures transactions cleared through an ACH's omnibus account at OCC past January 1, 2003.
OCC has learned that some OCC clearing members may initially have difficulty clearing futures, including security futures, through OCC because the systems these clearing members use to clear futures contracts are configured to interface with the clearing systems of commodity clearing organizations and not with OCC's systems. To accommodate these clearing members while they make the necessary system changes, OCC is amending Rule 1303(a) to allow OCC clearing members that are members of an ACH to clear their futures transactions through the ACH's omnibus account at OCC for a period of time.
As with affiliates of OCC clearing members, an OCC clearing member's futures transactions can be cleared through an ACH's omnibus account at OCC only for the period specified in Rule 1303(b). That period was initially set to end on June 1, 2002, and was later extended to January 1, 2003. Because the commencement of trading in security futures has repeatedly been postponed, OCC is now setting the grace period at “one year after the commencement of general trading in security futures.” OCC believes that this is a reasonable period of time for OCC clearing members and their affiliates to make the necessary arrangements to clear futures directly through OCC. OCC nevertheless retains the ability under Rule 1303(b) to consent to a longer grace period if the circumstances of individual firms so require.
3. OCX Clearing Agreement
OCX is a joint venture among CME, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, and the Chicago Board of Trade. OCX and OCC have entered into the OCX Clearing Agreement so that OCC may clear and settle security futures transactions that take place on OCX. OCC seeks Commission approval of the OCX Clearing Agreement because, as discussed below, it varies in several material respects from the NqLX Clearing Agreement approved by the Commission.
New Section 6(b), “Clearing Members and Associate Clearinghouses,” of the OCX Clearing Agreement requires OCC to designate CME as an ACH for OCX, subject to the terms of the ACH Agreement between OCC and CME (which terms are summarized below). The NqLX Clearing Agreement contains no similar provision. Section 6(b) of the OCX Clearing Agreement also provides that all present OCC clearing members and their successors may clear trades executed on OCX. However, future OCC clearing members will not be allowed to clear OCX trades without prior approval from OCX. OCX may require that future OCC clearing members become members of OCX as a condition to being allowed to clear trades executed on OCX. The NqLX Clearing Agreement contains no similar provision.
Section 10(b), “Risk Margin Offsets,” of the OCX Clearing Agreement states that OCC will not make OCX products fungible with products traded on other markets, exchanges, or electronic trading platforms unless OCC is required to do so by law or has received prior written approval from OCX. The NqLX Clearing Agreement contains no similar provision. Start Printed Page 64691
Section 13, “Financial Arrangements,” of the OCX Clearing Agreement states that OCC will charge clearing fees for trades executed on OCX to OCX rather than to clearing members. However, OCX will be required to pass OCC's fees through to OCC clearing member(s) on sides of OCX trades that are cleared directly through OCC. OCX negotiated a discount to the fees OCC normally charges for clearing services in exchange for giving up the right to participate in any year-end fee reductions or rebates. OCX may, however, opt into OCC's regular rebate-eligible fee structure on a prospective basis at any time. The discount is greater for trade sides cleared through CME as an ACH reflecting the fact that CME is sharing the clearing function and the associated risk. OCC will charge no clearing fees when both sides are cleared through CME.
Paragraph (b) of Section 14, “CME as Associate Clearinghouse,” of the OCX Clearing Agreement prohibits OCX from soliciting or providing incentives for CME members to clear OCX trades through CME rather than OCC. The reason for this restriction is discussed below in connection with related provisions of the ACH Agreement.
4. ACH Agreement
OCC and CME have entered into the ACH Agreement  so that CME may act as an ACH for purposes of clearing and settling transactions of certain CME clearing members executed on OCX. The ACH Agreement provides that CME generally will be treated as an OCC clearing member but with important exceptions. First, Section 2, “CME an Associate Clearinghouse,” states that CME may clear through its accounts at OCC only security futures traded on OCX. Second, Section 3, “Applicability of the Rules,” makes clear that CME is bound only by certain OCC rules, which generally speaking are those that apply to OCC's clearance and settlement of security futures contracts and to OCC's right to suspend clearing members including an ACH with certain modifications set forth in the ACH Agreement. CME is not subject to OCC's by-laws and rules requiring deposits to OCC's clearing fund and requiring risk margin deposits. Likewise, under Section 6, “Risk Margin; Clearing Fund Contributions; Security Deposits,” OCC is not required to contribute to CME's clearing fund or to post margin with CME.
Given that each clearing organization has credit exposure to the other, OCC and CME have determined that the cost of mutual posting collateral by each with the other would outweigh any benefits to be obtained. Although OCC is exposed to some uncollateralized credit risk with respect to CME (and vice versa), that risk is considered minimal because CME's clearinghouse division is a registered derivatives clearing organization subject to regulation and oversight by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) and is believed by OCC to be well run and highly creditworthy. Sections 3(c), “Applicability of the Rules,” and 10, “Application of Chapter XI of the Rules,” of the ACH Agreement provide that if CME fails to deliver securities or funds to OCC, breaches certain of its obligations under the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”) or the ACH Agreement, or is in such financial or operational difficulty that OCC believes suspension of CME as an ACH is required, OCC may without notice liquidate all positions in the CME ACH omnibus accounts regardless of whether any CME clearing member is in default to CME. OCC may then apply the proceeds from the CME Proprietary Account (described below) against all obligations of CME under the ACH Agreement and the proceeds from the CME Customer Account (described below) against all obligations in that account.
Where both sides of a matched trade are submitted to OCC for the accounts of regular OCC clearing members, CME will have no role in the transaction. Where one side of a matched trade is submitted for the account of a regular OCC clearing member and the other is submitted for the account of a CME clearing member, the CME member's transaction will clear in the ACH account and CME as ACH will be the OCC clearing member on the trade. If both sides of a matched trade are cleared through CME, there will be no effect on the open interest on OCC's books, and OCC will have no obligation on the trade except to the limited extent described below in the case of delivery obligations on physically-settled stock futures. The rights and obligations of CME members with respect to security futures cleared through CME will be determined under the rules of CME, but Section 4(a) of the ACH Agreement requires that CME's rules provide that the terms of security futures cleared by CME will be identical to the terms of security futures cleared by OCC and that any adjustments to the terms of outstanding contracts must be identical and take effect at the same time to ensure fungibility and maintain a balanced open interest at both clearing organizations.
Section 8, “Allocation of Clearing Responsibilities,” of the ACH Agreement is consistent with the terms of OCC Rule 1303 as amended in this filing. It is intended to permit the use of the ACH arrangements by CME members only to the extent that clearing through OCC directly might reasonably impose a hardship. An OCC clearing member that is or that has an affiliate that is a CME clearing member may clear through CME until one year after the commencement of security futures trading, at which point all trades of such entity must be cleared through OCC unless OCC consents to an extension of time. However, where a futures affiliate of an OCC clearing member is substantially larger than the clearing member, OCC has agreed to permit the affiliate to clear through CME indefinitely on the ground that where the principal business of the consolidated entities is a futures business it is inappropriate to compel all security futures clearing to be directed through the securities affiliate. A CME clearing member that is not an OCC clearing member and is not an affiliate of an OCC clearing member may clear its security futures trades through CME indefinitely. By generally requiring firms that are OCC clearing members or that have affiliates that are OCC clearing members to take the necessary steps to clear their security futures activity directly through the OCC clearing member, the ACH Agreement limits the mutual uncollateralized exposure between OCC and CME and minimizes the number of transactions that require coordinated clearance and settlement by two clearing organizations. For the same purpose of minimizing unnecessary use of the ACH arrangement, the OCX Clearing Agreement as noted above prohibits the ACH from soliciting its members to clear transactions through the ACH rather than through OCC.
In order to comply with the customer segregation rules under the CEA, Section 9(a), “Maintenance of CME Start Printed Page 64692Accounts,” of the ACH Agreement requires CME to have two accounts at OCC, one for proprietary positions and one for customer positions. Each will function as an omnibus account containing the positions and margin carried by CME members for whom CME acts as an ACH. The “CME Proprietary Account” will carry only transactions of persons whose accounts on the books of the carrying CME clearing member are “proprietary accounts” as defined in CFTC Regulation 1.3(y). The “CME Customer Account” will carry only transactions of customers of CME clearing members and will be subject to the customer protection provisions of the CFTC. In accordance with those provisions, Section 9(b) of the ACH Agreement provides that OCC will have a lien on the positions in the CME Customer Account as security for CME's obligations to OCC only with respect to positions and transactions in that account. In contrast, OCC will have a lien on and security interest in the positions in the CME Proprietary Account as security for all obligations of CME to OCC under the ACH Agreement.
As noted above, OCC has agreed in Section 4 of the ACH Agreement to perform a limited role in connection with delivery obligations of CME clearing members arising from physically-settled security futures in CME member accounts. CME will require each of its clearing members that trades physically-settled security futures to enter into arrangements satisfactory to OCC through which an OCC stock clearing member will agree to act on the CME clearing member's behalf for the purpose of settling through the facilities of National Securities Clearing Corporation (“NSCC”) or otherwise delivery obligations arising from maturing security futures contracts in its accounts at CME. Promptly following the close of trading on the last trading day prior to maturity of any series of physically-settled security futures, CME will notify OCC of the identity of each OCC clearing member that will be obligated to receive or to deliver stock on behalf of CME members and the quantity of each underlying stock to be received or delivered. OCC will include these receive and deliver obligations with the other receive and deliver obligations of its clearing members in its reports to NSCC in accordance with OCC Rule 913. In the event that settlement is rejected by NSCC for any reason, settlement will be completed between the delivering and receiving OCC clearing members in accordance with OCC's rules, but CME will be responsible to OCC for any loss reasonably determined by OCC to have been incurred by it as a result of an OCC clearing member default in connection with settlements arising from security futures contracts in CME clearing member accounts. OCC will not require the delivering OCC clearing member or receiving OCC clearing member to deposit margin with OCC with respect to settlements attributable to security futures in CME clearing member accounts but will instead look to the credit of CME.
Section 19(b)(2) of the Act directs the Commission to approve a proposed rule change of a self-regulatory organization if it finds that such proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to such organization. For the reasons set forth below, the Commission believes that OCC's proposed rule change is consistent with OCC's obligations under Section 17A(b)(3)(F) which requires that the rules of a clearing agency be designed to promote the prompt and accurate clearance and settlement of securities transactions.
By providing a transition period for those OCC members that are also ACH members to adopt their systems to clear securities futures through OCC and by adopting the OCX Agreement and the ACH Agreement, OCC is further establishing itself as a facility capable of providing for the prompt and accurate clearance and settlement of security futures transactions. Accordingly, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with OCC's obligations under section 17A of the Act.
On the basis of the foregoing, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and in particular with the requirements of section 17A of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (File No. SR-OCC-2002-07) be, and hereby is, approved.Start Signature
For the Commission by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. “Associate Clearinghouse” is defined in Section 1 of OCC's By-Laws as “a derivatives clearing organization regulated as such under the Commodity Exchange Act or a clearinghouse not located in the United States, which, in either case, has agreed with the Corporation to act in clearing transactions in certain cleared securities on behalf of its members. An associate clearinghouse shall be a Clearing Member for purposes of the By-Laws and Rules except to the extent otherwise provided in an agreement between the Corporation and the associate clearinghouse.”Back to Citation
4. When filed, Chapter XIII of OCC's Rules governed security futures. Subsequently, OCC filed and the Commission approved SR-OCC-2001-16, which amended Chapter XIII so that it now governs futures and futures options, which includes security futures. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 45946 (May 16, 2002), 67 FR 36056 (May 22, 2002).Back to Citation
5. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 44727 (August 20, 2001), 66 FR 45351 (order approving rules for clearance of security futures.) SR-OCC-2001-07 also amended Article I of OCC's By-Laws to include within the definition of “associate clearinghouse” a “derivatives clearing organization regulated as such under the Commodity Exchange Act.”Back to Citation
6. Previously Nasdaq LIFFE, LLC.Back to Citation
7. For purposes of Rule 1303, an entity is deemed to be an affiliated entity of a clearing member if the clearing member owns, directly or indirectly, at least 50% of the equity in such entity or if at least 50% of the equity of the clearing member and in such entity is, directly or indirectly, under common ownership. OCC rule 1303(b).Back to Citation
8. Securities Exchange Act Release No. 45946 (May 22, 2002), 67 FR 36056 [File No. SR-OCC-2001-16].Back to Citation
9. The OCX Clearing Agreement is attached as Exhibit A to OCC's filing.Back to Citation
10. A blackline version showing the differences between the NqLX Clearing Agreement and the OCX Clearing Agreement is attached as Exhibit A-1 to OCC's filing. OCC has filed with the Commission an amended and restated version of the NqLX Clearing Agreement, which has been amended to provide that OCC will clear and settle commodity futures (specifically, broad-based index options) traded on NqLX.Back to Citation
11. This requirement enables OCC to police “the equitable allocation of reasonable dues, fees, and other charges among its participants' required under section 17A(b)(3)(D) of the Act.Back to Citation
12. Attached as Exhibit B to OCC's filing.Back to Citation
13. Interpretations and Policies .01 to Rule 1303.Back to Citation
14. In approving OCC's previous ACH arrangement with the Associate Clearing House Amsterdam, the Commission stated, “As a general matter, the Commission believes that OCC-issued options should be cleared through full OCC clearing members and not through intermediaries created only for clearing purposes.” Securities Exchange Act Release No. 24832 (August 21, 1987), 52 FR 32377, n.16 [File No. SR-OCC-87-9].Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-26682 Filed 10-18-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P