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WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding the U.S. Department of Commerce Final Antidumping Determination Concerning Certain Softwood Lumber From Canada

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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Office of the United States Trade Representative.


Notice; request for comments.


The Office of the United States Trade Representative (“USTR”) is providing notice that, on September 13, 2002, the United States received a request from the Government of Canada for consultations under the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (“WTO Agreement”) regarding the U.S. Department of Commerce (“DOC”) final determination of sales at less than fair value with respect to certain softwood lumber from Canada. The panel request alleges that the initiation of the investigation, the conduct of the investigation, and the final determination are inconsistent with various provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (“GATT 1994”) and the Agreement on Start Printed Page 64958Implementation of Article VI of GATT 1994. USTR invites written comments from the public concerning the issues raised in this dispute.


Although USTR will accept any comments received during the course of the dispute settlement proceedings, comments should be submitted on or before December 1, 2002 to be assured of timely consideration by USTR.


Comments should be submitted (i) electronically, to, Attn: “DS264 Dispute” in the subject line, or (ii) by mail to Sandy McKinzy, Monitoring and Enforcement Unit, Office of the General Counsel, Room 122, Office of the Untied States Trade Representative, 600 17th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20508, Attn: DS264 Dispute, with a confirmation copy sent electronically to the email address above or by fax to 202-395-3640.

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Amber L. Cottle, Assistant General Counsel, Office of the United States Trade Representative, 600 17th Street, NW., Washington, DC (202) 395-3581.

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Section 127(b) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (“URAA”) (19 U.S.C. 3537(b)(1)) requires that notice and opportunity for comment be provided after the United States submits or receives a request for the establishment of a WTO dispute settlement panel. Consistent with this obligation, but in an effort to provide additional opportunity for comment, USTR is providing notice that consultations have been requested pursuant to the WTO Dispute Settlement Understanding (“DSU”). If such consultations should fail to resolve the matter and a dispute settlement panel is established pursuant to the DSU, such panel, which would hold its meetings in Geneva, Switzerland, would be expected to issue a report on its findings and recommendations within six to nine months after it is established.

Major Issues Raised and Legal Basis of the Complaint

The notice of the DOC final determination of sales at less than fair value with respect to certain softwood lumber from Canada was published in the Federal Register on April 2, 2002, and the notice of the DOC amended final determination was published on May 22, 2002. The notices explain the basis for the DOC's final determination that certain softwood lumber from Canada is being sold, or is likely to be sold, in the United States at less than fair value.

In its consultation request, Canada describes its claims in the following manner:

The measures it issue include the initiation of the investigation, the conduct of the investigation and the Final Determination. The Government of Canada considers these measures and, in particular, the determinations made and methodologies adopted therein by the United States Department of Commerce under authority of the United States Tariff Act of 1930, to violate the Anti-dumping Agreement and the GATT 1994 (in particular Articles 1 and 18.1 of the Anti-dumping Agreement and Article VI of the GATT 1994) for, among others, the following reasons:

1. The United States Department of Commerce improperly initiated the anti-dumping investigation that resulted in the Final Determination in contravention of Article 5 of the anti-dumping Agreement (including Articles 5.2, 5.3, 5.4 and 5.8). The application to initiate filed by the U.S. applicant failed to provide evidence of dumping, injury and causation that was reasonably available, including prices at which softwood lumber was sold in Canada. As a whole, the application did not contain “sufficient evidence” to justify the initiation of an investigation. Further, the initiation of the investigation was not based on an objective and meaningful examination and determination of the degree of support for the application by the domestic industry because the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000 (CDSOA), by requiring that a member of the U.S. industry support the application as a condition of receiving payments under the CDSOA, made an objective and meaningful examination of industry support for the application impossible.

2. The United States Department of Commerce improperly applied a number of methodologies inconsistent with Article VI of the GATT 1994 and Articles 1, 2 (including Articles 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 and 2.6) and 9.3 of the Antidumping Agreement as a result of improper and unfair comparisons between the export price and the normal value, resulting in artificial and/or inflated margins of dumping. These included:

(a) Reliance on unrepresentative home market prices and improper determinations that sales of the like products in Canada were not in the ordinary course of trade, the effect of which led the Department of Commerce to disregard a significant proportion of domestic sales of like products (identical or similar goods) for purposes of making price to price comparisons and for purposes of calculating profit in determining constructed values;

(b) Failure to properly allocate costs in calculating the cost of production of the like product in Canada, including the failure to extend the value-based cost allocation methodology to take into account differences in lumber dimension, the effect of which led to improperly determining constructed values and profit, distortions in the application of the sales below cost test, and limiting the use of like products for purposes of making price to price comparison;

(c) Application of the practice of “zeroing”, the effect of which was to inflate margins of dumping and which, in the recommendations and rulings of the Dispute Settlement Body in an earlier dispute, was found to be consistent with the Anti-dumping Agreement when establishing the existence of margins of dumping;

(d) Failure, when conducting comparisons between like products, to make due allowance for differences that affect price comparability;

(e) The use of an unreasonable amount for profit in the calculation of constructed values;

(f) Failure to apply a reasonable method in calculating amounts for administrative, selling and general expenses, including improper adjustment to export price and an improper allocation of genral and administrative expenses financial expenses; and

(g) Failure to apply a reasonable method to account for by-product revenues as offsets in calculating cost of production.

3. The United States Department of Commerce failed to establish a clear, definitive and proper product scope for investigation and improperly initiated and pursued the investigation with regard to certain products contrary to Articles 5.1, 5.2, 5.4 and 5.8 of the Anti-dumping Agreement. The Department of Commerce further failed to give parties opportunity to defned their interests in contravention of Article X:3(a) of the GATT 1994 and Article 6 of the Anti-dumping Agreement (including Articles 6.1, 6.2, 6.4 and 6.9), by failing to issue timely decisions and provide reasonable schedules for briefing and hearings, and to adequately consider the representations of the parties.

Public Comment: Requirement for Submissions

Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning the issues raised in the dispute. Persons submitting commerns may either send one copy by U.S. mail, first class, postage prepaid, to Sandy McKinzy at the address listed above or transmit a copy electronically to, with “DS264” in the subject line. For documents sent by U.S. mail, USTR requests that the submiter provide a confirmation copy, either electronically or by fax to 202-395-3640. USTR encourages the submission of documents in Adobe PDF format, as attachments to an electronic mail. Interested persons who make submissions by electronic mail should not provide separate cover letters; information that might appear in a cover letter should be included in the submission itself. Similarly, to the extent possible, any attachments to the submission should be included in the same file as the submission itself, and not as separate files.

A person requesting that informaiton contained in a comment submitted by that person be treated as confidential business information must certify that such informaton is business confidential Start Printed Page 64959and would not customarily be released to the public by the submitter. Confidential business information must be clearly marked “BUSINESS CONFIDENTIAL” in a contrasting color ink at the top of each page of each copy.

Information or advice contained in a comment submitted, other than business confidential information, may be determined by USTR to be confidential in accordance with section 135(g)(2) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2155(g)(2)). If the submitting person believes that information or advice may qualify as such, the submitting person—

(1) Must so designate the information or advice;

(2) Must clearly mark the material as “SUBMITTED IN CONFIDENCE” in a contrasting color ink at the top of each page of each copy; and

(3) Is encouraged to provide a non-confidential summary of the information or advice.

Pursuant to section 127(e) of the URAA (19 U.S.C. 3537(e)), USTR will maintain a file on this dispute settlement proceeding, accessible to the public, in the USTR Reading Room, which is located at 1724 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20508. The public file will include non-confidential comments received by USTR from the public with respect to the dispute; the U.S. submissions to the panel in the dispute, the submissions, or non-confidential summaries of submissions, to the panel received from other participants in the dispute, as well as the report of the panel; and, if applicable, the report of the Appellate Body. An appointment to review the public file may be made by calling the USTR Reading Room at (202) 395-6186. The USTR Reading Room is open to the public from 9:30 a.m. to 12 noon and 1 p.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

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Daniel E. Brinza,

Assistant United States Trade Representative for Monitoring and Enforcement.

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[FR Doc. 02-26762 Filed 10-21-02; 8:45 am]