Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.
The Social Security Act provides for the Medicaid program to pay all or part of the Medicare Part B premiums (for months during the period beginning with January 1998, and ending with December 2002) for two specific eligibility groups of low-income Medicare beneficiaries, referred to as Qualifying Individuals. This notice announces the allotments that are available for State agencies to pay Medicare Part B premiums for these eligibility groups for Federal fiscal year 2001.
The allotments are available for expenditures made during the Federal fiscal year 2001 (beginning October 1, 2000).Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert Nakielny, (410) 786-4466.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
A. Before the Balanced Budget Act of 1997
Before the enactment of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA), section 1902(a)(10)(E) of the Social Security Act (the Act) specified that a Medicaid State plan must provide for Medicare cost-sharing for three eligibility groups of low-income Medicare beneficiaries. These three groups included Qualified Medicare Beneficiaries (QMBs), Specified Low-income Medicare Beneficiaries (SLMBs), and Qualified Disabled and Working Individuals (QDWIs).
A QMB is an individual entitled to Medicare Part A with income at or below the Federal poverty level and resources below $4,000 for an individual and $6,000 for a couple. An SLMB is an individual who meets the QMB criteria, except that his or her income is between a State-established level (at or below the Federal poverty level) and 120 percent of the Federal poverty level. A QDWI is an individual who is entitled to enroll in Medicare Part A, whose income does not exceed 200 percent of the Federal poverty level for a family of the size involved, whose resources do not exceed twice the amount allowed under the Supplementary Security Income (SSI) program, and who is not otherwise eligible for Medicaid.
The definition of Medicare cost-sharing at section 1905(p)(3) of the Act includes payment for premiums, although QDWIs only qualify to have Medicaid pay their Medicare Part A premiums.
B. After the Balanced Budget Act of 1997
Section 4732 of the BBA amended section 1902(a)(10)(E) of the Act to require States to provide for Medicaid payment of all or part of the Medicare Part B premiums, during the period beginning January 1998 and ending December 2002, for selected members of two eligibility groups of low-income Medicare beneficiaries, referred to as Qualifying Individuals (QIs).
Under section 1902(a)(10)(E)(iv)(I) of the Act, State agencies are required to pay the full amount of the Medicare Part B premium for selected QIs who would be QMBs except that their income level is at least 120 percent but less than 135 percent of the Federal poverty level for a family of the size involved. These individuals cannot otherwise be eligible for medical assistance under the approved State Medicaid plan.
The second group of QIs, under section 1902(a)(10)(E)(iv)(II) of the Act, includes Medicare beneficiaries who would be QMBs except that their income is at least 135 percent but less than 175 percent of the Federal poverty level for a family of the size involved. These QIs may not be otherwise eligible for Medicaid under the approved State plan, but are eligible for a portion of Medicare cost-sharing consisting only of a percentage of the increase in the Medicare Part B premium attributable to the shift of Medicare home health coverage from Part A to Part B (as provided in section 4611 of the BBA).
Section 4732(c) of the BBA also added section 1933 of the Act, which specifies the provisions for State coverage of the Medicare cost-sharing for additional low-income Medicare beneficiaries.
Section 1933(a) of the Act specifies that a State agency must provide, through a State plan amendment, for medical assistance to pay for the cost of Medicare cost-sharing on behalf of QIs who are selected to receive assistance.
Section 1933(b) of the Act sets forth the rules that State agencies must follow in selecting QIs and providing payment for Medicare Part B premiums. Specifically, the State agency must permit all QIs to apply for assistance and must select individuals on a first-come, first-served basis in the order in which they apply. Under section 1933(b)(2)(B) of the Act, when selecting persons who will receive assistance in calendar years after 1998, State agencies must give preference to those individuals who received assistance as QIs, QMBs, SLMBs, or QDWIs in the last month of the previous year and who continue to be, or become, QIs. Under section 1933(b)(4), persons selected to receive assistance in a calendar year are entitled to receive assistance for the remainder of the year, but not beyond, as long as they continue to qualify. The fact that an individual is selected to receive assistance at any time during the year does not entitle the individual to continued assistance for any succeeding year. Because the State's allotment is limited by law, section 1933(b)(3) of the Act provides that the State agency must limit the number of QIs so that the amount of assistance provided during the year is approximately equal to the State's allotment for that year.
Section 1933(c) of the Act limits the total amount of Federal funds available for payment of Part B premiums each fiscal year and specifies the formula to be used to determine an allotment for each State from this total amount. For State agencies that execute a State plan Start Printed Page 65583amendment in accordance with section 1933(a) of the Act, a total of $1.5 billion was allocated over 5 years as follows: $200 million in FY 1998; $250 million in FY 1999; $300 million in FY 2000; $350 million in FY 2001; and $400 million in FY 2002.
The Federal matching rate for Medicaid payment of Medicare Part B premiums for QIs is 100 percent for expenditures up to the amount of the State's allotment. No Federal matching funds are available for expenditures in excess of the State's allotment amount. Administrative expenses associated with the payment of Medicare Part B premiums for QIs remain at the 50 percent matching level and may not be taken from the State's allotment.
The amount available for each fiscal year is to be allocated among States according to the formula set forth in section 1933(c)(2) of the Act. The formula provides for an amount to each State agency that is to be based on each State's share of the Secretary's estimate of the ratio of—
(1) An amount equal to the sum of the following:
(a) Twice the total number of individuals who meet all but the income requirements for QMBs, whose incomes are at least 120 percent but less than 135 percent of the Federal poverty level, and who are not otherwise eligible for Medicaid; and (b) The total number of individuals in the State who meet all but the income requirements for QMBs, whose incomes are at least 135 percent but less than 175 percent of the Federal poverty level, and who are not otherwise eligible for Medicaid; to
(2) The sum of all of these individuals under item (1) for all eligible States.
II. Provisions of This Notice
On January 25, 2002 (67 FR 3713), we published a proposed notice in the Federal Register. That notice contained the proposed allotments for Federal fiscal year 2001. We did not receive any public comments in response to that proposed notice.
Therefore, this notice announces the allotments available to individual States for Federal fiscal year 2001 for the Medicaid payment of Medicare Part B premiums for QIs identified under sections 1902(a)(10)(E)(iv)(I) and (II) of the Act. The formula used to calculate these allotments was described in detail in the January 26, 1998 Federal Register (63 FR 3752, 3754) and, except for the incorporation of the latest data, has been used here without changes.
|State||(a) M1 1||(b) M2 2||(c) 2 × (a) + (b)||State share of (c) (percent)||State FY 2001 allocation|
|Start Printed Page 65584|
|1 Three-year average (1998-2000) of number of Medicare beneficiaries in State who are not enrolled in Medicaid but whose incomes are at least 120% but less than 135% of FPL.|
|2 Three-year average (1998-2000) of number of Medicare beneficiaries in State who are not enrolled in Medicaid but whose incomes are at least 135% but less than 175% of FPL.|
IV. Regulatory Impact Statement
We have examined the impact of this notice as required by Executive Order 12866 (September 1993, Regulatory planning and review), the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (September 19, 1980, Pub. L. 96-354), section 1102(b) of the Act, the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4), and Executive Order 13132.
Executive Order 12866 directs agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, when regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects; distributive impacts; and equity). A regulatory impact statement (RIA) must be prepared for major rules with economic effects of $100 million or more annually. Although we have determined this is a major rule, since it provides $400 million to a specialized category of low-income Medicare beneficiaries, these funds have already been budgeted and will not cause an adverse ill effect on the economy. Therefore, we will not provide an impact analysis under Executive Order 12866.
The RFA requires agencies to analyze options for regulatory relief for small entities. For purposes of the RFA, States and individuals are not considered to be small entities.
This notice allocates, among the States, Federal funds to provide Medicaid payment for Medicare Part B premiums for QIs. The total amount of Federal funds available during a Federal fiscal year and the formula for determining individual State allotments are specified in the law. Because the formula for determination of State allotments is specified in the statute, there were no other options to be considered. Therefore, we have applied the statutory formula for the State allotments except for the use of specified data. Because the data specified in the law were not available, we have used comparable data from the U.S. Census Bureau on the number of possible QIs in the States, as described in detail in the January 26, 1998 Federal Register. These new allotments for FY 2002 incorporate the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau from 1998-2000, as specified in the footnotes to the preceding table. Since the statutory formula calls for an estimate of individuals who could qualify for QI status, rather than the number of individuals who actually have that status, the exact numbers of those individuals will always be uncertain.
We believe the statutory provisions that are implemented in this final notice will have a positive effect on States and individuals. Federal funding at the 100 percent matching rate is available for Medicare cost-sharing for Medicare Part B premium payments for selected QIs, and a greater number of low-income Medicare beneficiaries will have their Medicare Part B premiums paid under Medicaid.
Section 1102(b) of the Act requires us to prepare a regulatory impact analysis for any notice that may have a significant impact on the operations of a substantial number of small rural hospitals. Such an analysis must conform to the provisions of section 604 of the RFA. For purposes of section 1102(b) of the Act, we define a small rural hospital as a hospital that is located outside a Metropolitan Statistical Area and has fewer than 100 beds.
We are not preparing analyses for either the RFA or section 1102(b) of the Act, because we have determined and certify that this final notice will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities or a significant impact on the operations of a substantial number of small rural hospitals.
Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104-4, also requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits before issuing any proposed rule and a final rule preceded by a proposed rule that may result in an expenditure in any one year by State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or any the private sector, or $110 million or more. This notice will have no consequential effect on the governments mentioned or on the private sector.
We have reviewed this notice under the threshold criteria of Executive Order 13132, Federalism. Because this notice simply provides notice of funding ceilings, as determined under the statute, we have determined that this notice does not significantly affect the rights, roles, and responsibilities of States.
In accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this notice was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).Start Signature
(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.778, Medical Assistance Program)
Dated: May 28, 2002.
Thomas A. Scully,
Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
[FR Doc. 02-27143 Filed 10-24-02; 8:45 am]
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