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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Piaggio Aero Industries S.p.A. Model P-180 Airplanes

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration, DOT.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

SUMMARY:

This document proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) that would apply to certain Piaggio Aero Industries S.P.A. (Piaggio) Model P-180 airplanes. This proposed AD would require you to install a placard on the inside of the lavatory door that prohibits occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff and landing. This proposed AD also requires you to incorporate a temporary revision into the Limitations Section of the pilot operating handbook/airplane flight manual (POH/AFM). This proposed AD is the result of mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by the airworthiness authority for Italy. The actions specified by this proposed AD are intended to prevent passengers from occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff and landing. The lavatory/cabin partition could fail and lead to passenger injury in an emergency situation.

DATES:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) must receive any comments on this proposed rule on or before January 13, 2003.

ADDRESSES:

Submit comments to FAA, Central Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2002-CE-47-AD, 901 Locust, Room 506, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. You may view any comments at this location between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. You may also send comments electronically to the following address: 9-ACE-7-Docket@faa.gov. Comments sent electronically must contain “Docket No. 2002-CE-47-AD” in the subject line. If you send comments electronically as attached electronic files, the files must be formatted in Microsoft Word 97 for Windows or ASCII text.

You may get service information that applies to this proposed AD from Piaggio Aero Industries S.p.A, Via Cibrario 4, 16154 Genoa, Italy; telephone: +39 010 6481 856; facsimile: +39 010 6481 374. You may also view this information at the Rules Docket at the address above.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Doug Rudolph, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-4059; facsimile: (816) 329-4090.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

How Do I Comment on This Proposed AD?

The FAA invites comments on this proposed rule. You may submit whatever written data, views, or arguments you choose. You need to include the rule's docket number and submit your comments to the address specified under the caption ADDRESSES. We will consider all comments received on or before the closing date. We may amend this proposed rule in light of comments received. Factual information that supports your ideas and suggestions is extremely helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of this proposed AD action and determining whether we need to take additional rulemaking action.

Are There Any Specific Portions of This Proposed AD I Should Pay Attention to?

The FAA specifically invites comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed rule that might suggest a need to modify the rule. You may view all comments we receive before and after the closing date of the rule in the Rules Docket. We will file a report in the Rules Docket that summarizes each contact we have with the public that concerns the substantive parts of this proposed AD.

How Can I Be Sure FAA Receives My Comment?

If you want FAA to acknowledge the receipt of your mailed comments, you must include a self-addressed, stamped postcard. On the postcard, write “Comments to Docket No. 2002-CE-47-AD.” We will date stamp and mail the postcard back to you. Start Printed Page 70188

Discussion

What Events Have Caused This Proposed AD?

The Ente Nazionale per l' Aviazione Civile (ENAC), which is the airworthiness authority for Italy, recently notified FAA of a manufacturing/installation defect on the lavatory/cabin partitions on certain Piaggio model P-180 airplanes. The lavatory/cabin partitions were installed improperly and are not of sufficient strength. This condition was found during a quality control inspection.

If the lavatory seat is occupied during takeoff or landing, the lavatory/cabin partition could fail and lead to passenger injury.

What Are the Consequences if the Condition Is Not Corrected?

Occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff or landing could result in failure of the lavatory/cabin partition. Such failure could result in passenger injury in an emergency situation.

Is There Service Information That Applies to This Subject?

Piaggio has issued Alert Service Bulletin No. ASB-80-0164, Original Issue: September 10, 2001, and PIAGGIO Service Bulletin (Recommended) No. SB-80-0165, Original Issue: September 10, 2001.

What Are the Provisions of This Service Information?

These service bulletins include procedures for:

—Installing a placard on the inside of the lavatory door that prohibits occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff and landing;

—Incorporating a temporary revision into the Limitations Section of the pilot operating handbook/airplane flight manual (POH/AFM); and

—Modifying the lavatory/cabin partition.

What Action Did the ENAC Take?

The ENAC classified this service bulletin as mandatory and issued Italian AD Number 2001-513, dated November 30, 2001, in order to ensure the continued airworthiness of these airplanes in Italy.

Was This in Accordance With the Bilateral Airworthiness Agreement?

This airplane model is manufactured in Italy and is type certificated for operation in the United States under the provisions of section 21.29 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.29) and the applicable bilateral airworthiness agreement.

Pursuant to this bilateral airworthiness agreement, the ENAC has kept FAA informed of the situation described above.

The FAA's Determination and an Explanation of the Provisions of This Proposed AD

What Has FAA Decided?

The FAA has examined the findings of the ENAC; reviewed all available information, including the service information referenced above; and determined that:

—The unsafe condition referenced in this document exists or could develop on other PIAGGIO Model P-180 airplanes of the same type design that are on the U.S. registry;

—The actions specified in the previously-referenced service information should be accomplished on the affected airplanes; and

—AD action should be taken in order to correct this unsafe condition.

What Would This Proposed AD Require?

This proposed AD would require you to:

—Install a placard on the inside of the lavatory door that prohibits occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff and landing; and

—Incorporate a temporary revision into the Limitations Section of the pilot operating handbook/airplane flight manual (POH/AFM).

Cost Impact

How Many Airplanes Would This Proposed AD Impact?

We estimate that this proposed AD affects 12 airplanes in the U.S. registry.

What Would Be the Cost Impact of This Proposed AD on Owners/Operators of the Affected Airplanes?

We estimate the following costs to accomplish the proposed installation of the placard:

Labor CostParts CostTotal Cost Per AirplaneTotal Cost on U.S. Operators
1 workhour × $60 = $60$20$8012 × $80 = $960.

Compliance Time of This Proposed AD

What Would Be the Compliance Time of This Proposed AD?

The compliance time of this proposed AD is “within the next 30 days after the effective date of this AD, unless already accomplished.”

Why Is the Compliance Time Presented in Calendar Time Instead of Hours Time-in-Service (TIS)?

The compliance of this proposed AD is presented in calendar time instead of hours TIS because the lavatory/cabin partitions are unsafe as a result of an improper installation. The unsafe condition has the same chance of occurring on an airplane with 50 hours TIS as it would for an airplane with 1,000 hours TIS. Therefore, we believe that a compliance time of 30 days will:

—Ensure that the unsafe condition does not go undetected for a long period of time on the affected airplanes; and

—Not inadvertently ground any of the affected airplanes.

Regulatory Impact

Would This Proposed AD Impact Various Entities?

The regulations proposed herein would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, it is determined that this proposed rule would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132.

Would This Proposed AD Involve a Significant Rule or Regulatory Action?

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this proposed action (1) is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) if promulgated, will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. A copy of the draft regulatory evaluation prepared for this action has been placed in the Rules Docket. A copy of it may be obtained by contacting the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES.

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List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

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The Proposed Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration proposes to amend part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows:

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PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]

2. FAA amends § 39.13 by adding a new airworthiness directive (AD) to read as follows:

Piaggio Aero Industries S.p.A.: Docket No. 2002-CE-47-AD

(a) What airplanes are affected by this AD? This AD affects Model P-180 airplanes, serial numbers 1002, 1004, 1006 through 1037,1039,1040, 1042, 1043, and 1045, that are:

(1) Equipped with a toilet seat; and

(2) are certificated in any category.

(b) Who must comply with this AD? Anyone who wishes to operate any of the airplanes identified in paragraph (a) of this AD must comply with this AD.

(c) What problem does this AD address? The actions specified by this AD are intended to prevent passengers from occupying the lavatory seat during takeoff and landing. The lavatory/cabin partition could fail and lead to passenger injury in an emergency situation.

(d) What actions must I accomplish to address this problem? To address this problem, you must accomplish the following:

ActionsComplianceProcedures
(1) Fabricate a placard that incorporates the following words (using at least 1/4-inch black letters on a white background) and install this placard on the inside of the lavatory door in front of the lavatory seat: “LAVATORY SEAT CANNOT BE OCCUPIED DURING TAKEOFF AND LANDING”Within the next 30 days after the effective date of this AD, unless already accomplishedThe owner/operator holding at least a private pilot certificate as authorized by section 43.7 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 43.7) may fabricate and install the placard. Make an entry into the aircraft records showing compliance with these portions of the AD in accordance with section 43.9 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 43.9).
(2) Incorporate into the Limitations Section of the pilot operating handbook/airplane flight manual (POH/AFM), page 4 of Piaggio Alert Service Bulletin No. ASB-80-0164, Original Issue: September 10, 2001Within the next 30 days after the effective date of this AD, unless already accomplishedThe owner/operator holding at least a private pilot certificate as authorized by section 43.7 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 43.7) may accomplish the POH/AFM manual insertion of this AD. Make an entry into the aircraft records showing compliance with these portions of the AD in accordance with section 43.9 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 43.9).
(3) As an alternative method of compliance to this AD, you may modify the lavatory/cabin partitionAt any time as terminating action for the placard and POH/AFM requirements of this ADIn accordance with Piaggio Service Bulletin (Recommended) No. SB-80-0165, Original Issue: September 10, 2001.

Note 1:

Information about fabricating and installing the placard and the POH/AFM manual insertion is referenced in Piaggio Alert Service Bulletin No. ASB-80-0164, Original Issued: September 10, 2001.

(e) Can I comply with this AD in any other way? You may use an alternative method of compliance or adjust the compliance time if:

(1) Your alternative method of compliance provides an equivalent level of safety; and

(2) The Standards Office Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, approves your alternative. Submit your request through an FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Standards Office Manager.

Note 2:

This AD applies to each airplane identified in paragraph (a) of this AD, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the requirements of this AD. For airplanes that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (e) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if you have not eliminated the unsafe condition, specific actions you propose to address it.

(f) Where can I get information about any already-approved alternative methods of compliance? Contact Doug Rudolph, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-4059; facsimile: (816) 329-4090.

(g) What if I need to fly the airplane to another location to comply with this AD? The FAA can issue a special flight permit under sections 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate your airplane to a location where you can accomplish the requirements of this AD.

(h) How do I get copies of the documents referenced in this AD? You may get copies of the documents referenced in this AD from Piaggio Aero Industries S.p.A, Via Cibrario 4, 16154 Genoa, Italy; telephone: +39 010 6481 856; facsimile: +39 010 6481. You may view these documents at FAA, Central Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, 901 Locust, Room 506, Kansas City, Missouri 64106.

Note 3:

The subject of this AD is addressed in Italian AD Number 2001-513, dated November 30, 2001.

Start Signature

Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on November 14, 2002.

Michael Gallagher,

Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

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[FR Doc. 02-29677 Filed 11-20-02; 8:45 am]

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