Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”).
Notice of application under sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”) for an exemption from section 17(a) of the Act and under section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act to permit certain joint transactions.
Summary of Application: Applicants seek an order to permit certain registered investment companies to (a) pay an affiliated lending agent, and the lending agent to accept, fees based on a share of the revenues generated from securities lending transactions, and (b) lend portfolio securities to affiliated broker-dealers.
Applicants: Maxim Series Fund, Inc. (“Maxim”), Orchard Series Fund (“Orchard”), Barclays Global Investors Funds (“BGIF”), Master Investment Portfolio (“MIP”), iShares, Inc., and iShares Trust (collectively, the “Trusts”), Barclays Global Fund Advisors (“BGFA”), and Barclays Global Investors, N.A. (“BGI”).
Filing Dates: The application was filed on May 23, 2001, and amended on August 12, 2002, and November 27, 2002.
Hearing or Notification of Hearing: An order granting the application will be issued unless the SEC orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the SEC's Secretary and serving applicants with a copy of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the SEC by 5:30 p.m. on December 26, 2002, and should be accompanied by proof of service on the applicants, in the form of an affidavit or, for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons who wish to be notified of a hearing may request notification by writing to the SEC's Secretary.
Secretary, SEC, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Applicants, Barclays Global Investors, N.A., 45 Fremont Street, San Francisco, CA 94105.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Bruce R. MacNeil, Senior Counsel, at (202) 942-0634, or Mary Kay Frech, Branch Chief, at (202) 942-0564 (Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulation).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The following is a summary of the application. The complete application is available for a fee at the SEC's Public Reference Branch, 450 5th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549 (telephone (202) 942-8090).
1. The Trusts are registered under the Act as open-end management investment companies and are either a Maryland corporation or a Delaware statutory trust. Each Trust consists of multiple series (the Trusts and their series, the “Funds”). BGFA, an investment adviser registered under the Start Printed Page 72707Investment Advisers Act of 1940, serves as investment adviser to the MIP, iShares, Inc., and iShares Trust Funds and as investment sub-adviser to the Maxim and Orchard Funds and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of BGI. BGI is a national banking association and acts as a securities lending agent on behalf of fiduciary accounts and collective trust funds.
2. Applicants request that the order also apply to any registered management investment company and series thereof that currently is or in the future may be advised or sub-advised by BGFA, or any successor in interest (included in the term “Funds”), and any other broker-dealers now or in the future controlling, controlled by, or under common control with BGI (“Affiliated Broker-Dealers”). All entities that currently intend to rely on the order are named as applicants. Any other existing or future entity that relies on the order in the future will comply with the terms and conditions in the application.
3. Each Fund is, or will be, authorized to lend its portfolio securities. The Funds seek to participate from time to time as lenders in a securities lending program administered by BGI (the “Program”). Under the Program, BGI acts as securities lending agent for each of the Funds pursuant to a securities lending agency agreement (“Lending Agreement”). BGI will enter into securities loan agreements (“Loan Agreements”) on behalf of a Fund with registered broker-dealers, including Affiliated Broker-Dealers, that wish to borrow securities owned by the Fund (“Borrowers”). Applicants represent that the duties to be performed by BGI as lending agent will not exceed the parameters set forth in Norwest Bank, N.A. (pub. avail. May 25, 1995).
4. Pursuant to the Loan Agreements, BGI will deliver portfolio securities to the Borrowers, who have been approved by a Fund, in exchange for cash collateral or other types of collateral, such as U.S. government securities. Cash collateral will be delivered in connection with most loans. BGI will invest the cash collateral on behalf of the Fund in accordance with specific parameters established by the Fund. These guidelines include the permissible investment of the cash collateral, as well as a list of eligible types of investments.
5. With respect to loans that are collateralized by cash, the Borrower will be entitled to receive a fee based on the amount of cash collateral. The Fund is compensated on the spread between the net amount earned on the investment of cash collateral and the Borrower's fee. In the case of collateral other than cash, the Fund will receive a loan fee paid by the Borrower equal to a percentage of the market value of the loaned securities as specified in the Loan Agreement. BGI may invest the cash collateral in certain short-term instruments through one or more joint accounts which will operate in reliance on the no-action letter issued to The Chase Manhattan Bank (pub. avail. Jul. 24, 2001). BGI may also invest the cash collateral in money market funds, including those managed by BGFA, in reliance on an exemptive order.
6. Applicants request an order to permit (a) the Funds to pay BGI, and BGI as lending agent to accept, fees based on a share of the proceeds derived from the Program, and (b) the Funds to lend portfolio securities to Affiliated Broker-Dealers.
Applicants' Legal Analysis
A. Payment of Lending Agent Fees to BGI
1. Section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act prohibit any affiliated person of or principal underwriter for a registered investment company or any affiliated person of such person or principal underwriter, acting as principal, from effecting any transaction in connection with any joint enterprise or other joint arrangement or profit sharing plan, in which the investment company participates unless the Commission has approved the transaction. Section 2(a)(3) of the Act defines an affiliated person of another person to include any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, the other person. Because BGI is the parent company of BGFA, an investment adviser for each Fund, BGI is an affiliated person of an affiliated person (or second-tier affiliate) of the Funds. Applicants state that a fee arrangement between a lending agent and a lending registered investment company, under which compensation is based on a percentage of the revenue generated by the securities lending transactions, may be a joint enterprise or other joint arrangement or profit sharing plan within the meaning of section 17(d) and rule 17d-1. Accordingly, applicants request an order under section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act to permit each Fund to pay, and BGI to accept, fees that are based on a share of the proceeds derived by the lending Funds in connection with the Program.
2. In determining whether to approve a joint transaction, the Commission is to consider whether the proposed transaction is consistent with the provisions, policies, and purposes of the Act, and the extent to which the participation of the investment companies is on a basis different from or less advantageous than that of the other participants.
3. Applicants propose that each Fund adopt the following procedures to ensure that the proposed fee arrangement and the other terms governing the relationship with BGI, as lending agent, will meet the standards of rule 17d-1:
a. In connection with the approval of BGI as lending agent for a Fund and implementation of the proposed fee arrangement, a majority of the board of directors or trustees (the “Board”), including a majority of the directors or trustees who are not “interested persons” within the meaning of section 2(a)(19) of the Act (the “Disinterested Members”), of the Fund will determine that (i) the contract with BGI is in the best interest of the Fund and its shareholders; (ii) the services performed by BGI are required for the Fund; (iii) the nature and quality of the services provided by BGI are at least equal to those provided by others offering the same or similar services; and (iv) the fees for BGI's services are fair and reasonable in light of the usual and customary charges imposed by others for services of the same nature and quality.
b. Each Fund's Lending Agreement with BGI will be reviewed at least annually and will be approved for continuation only if a majority of the Board (including a majority of the Disinterested Members) makes the findings referred to in paragraph (a) above.
c. In connection with the initial implementation of the proposed fee arrangement whereby BGI will be compensated as lending agent based on a percentage of the revenue generated by a Fund's participation in the Program, the Board will obtain competing quotes with respect to lending agent fees from at least three independent lending agents to assist the Board in making the findings referred to in paragraph (a) above.
d. The Board, including a majority of the Disinterested Members, will (i) determine at each regular quarterly Start Printed Page 72708meeting whether the loan transactions during the prior quarter were effected in compliance with the conditions and procedures set forth in the application and (ii) review no less frequently than annually the conditions and procedures for continuing appropriateness.
e. Each Fund will (i) maintain and preserve permanently in an easily accessible place a written copy of the procedures and conditions (and modifications thereto) described in the application and (ii) maintain and preserve for a period not less than six years from the end of the fiscal year in which any loan transaction pursuant to the Program occurred, the first two years in an easily accessible place, a written record of each loan transaction setting forth a description of the security loaned, the identity of the person on the other side of the loan transaction, the terms of the loan transaction, and the information or materials upon which it was determined that each loan was made in accordance with the procedures set forth above and the conditions to the application.
4. Applicants state that, under the terms of a Lending Agreement, BGI or an affiliate may indemnify a Fund against losses incurred by the Fund resulting from a default by one or more Borrowers that participate in the Program. Applicants request an order under sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Act for an exemption from section 17(a) and under section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act to permit the Funds to purchase the right to indemnification by BGI or an affiliate in instances of Borrower default, and under sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Act for an exemption from section 17(a) to permit a Fund to accept an indemnification payment from BGI or an affiliate in exchange for the Fund's right to proceed against the defaulting Borrower (“Indemnification”).
5. Sections 17(a)(1) and (2) of the Act make it unlawful for an affiliated person of a registered investment company or an affiliated person of that person, acting as principal, to knowingly sell or purchase any security or other property to or from the company. As noted above, section 17(d) and rule 17d-1 generally prohibit joint transactions involving registered investment companies and certain of their affiliates unless the Commission has approved the transaction. Applicants state that Indemnification is an increasingly common term provided by non-affiliated securities lending agents to investment companies. Applicants state that Indemnification, if any, will be part of the Lending Agreement between BGI and a Fund and no separate fee will be charged for the Indemnification without obtaining further exemptive relief from the Commission. Applicants state that the Indemnification right will not be applied differently based on the identity of a Borrower. Furthermore, applicants state that a Fund's Board will be asked to review any Indemnification settlements made by the Fund at each quarterly Board meeting. A Fund will not accept any amount less than the full amount of the loss under an Indemnification settlement without obtaining an exemptive order from the Commission.
B. Lending to Affiliated Broker-Dealers
1. Section 17(a)(3) of the Act makes it unlawful for any affiliated person of or principal underwriter for a registered investment company or an affiliated person of such person, acting as principal, to borrow money or other property from the registered investment company. Applicants state that because the Affiliated Broker-Dealers may be deemed to be controlled by or under common control with BGI and under common control with BGFA, the Affiliated Broker-Dealers may be deemed to be affiliated persons of BGI and/or BGFA, and also second-tier affiliated persons of the Funds. Accordingly, section 17(a)(3) would prohibit the Affiliated Broker-Dealers from borrowing portfolio securities from the Funds.
2. As noted above, section 17(d) and rule 17d-1 generally prohibit joint transactions involving registered investment companies and certain of their affiliates unless the Commission has approved the transaction. Applicants request relief under sections 6(c) and 17(b) of the Act exempting them from section 17(a)(3) of the Act, and under section 17(d) of the Act and rule 17d-1 under the Act to permit the Funds to lend portfolio securities to Affiliated Broker-Dealers. Applicants state that the Funds seek to diversify the Borrowers to whom they lend in order to ensure the stability and efficiency of the Program. Applicants submit that because only a few Borrowers may seek to borrow a particular security at a given time, a prohibition on lending to Affiliated Broker-Dealers could disadvantage a Fund.
3. Applicants state that each loan to an Affiliated Broker-Dealer by a Fund will be made with a spread that is no lower than that applied to comparable loans to unaffiliated Borrowers. In this regard, applicants state that at least 50% of the loans made by the Funds, on an aggregate basis (by each “group of investment companies,” as defined in section 12(d)(1)(G) of the Act), will be made to unaffiliated Borrowers. Moreover, all loans will be made with spreads that are no lower than those set forth in a schedule of spreads established by the Board of each Fund, including a majority of the Disinterested Members. All transactions with the Affiliated Broker-Dealers will be reviewed periodically by an officer of the Funds. The Fund's Board, including a majority of the Disinterested Members, also will review quarterly reports on all lending activity.
Applicants agree that any order of the Commission granting the requested relief will be subject to the following conditions:
A. Payment of Lending Agent Fees
1. The Program will comply with all present and future applicable guidelines of the Commission and staff regarding securities lending arrangements.
2. The approval of a Fund's Board, including a majority of Board members who are Disinterested Members, shall be required for the initial and subsequent approvals of BGI's service as lending agent for the Fund pursuant to the Program, and for any periodic review of loan transactions for which BGI acted as lending agent pursuant to the Program.
B. Lending to Affiliated Broker-Dealers
1. The Funds on an aggregate basis (by each “group of investment companies,” as defined in section 12(d)(1)(G) of the Act) will make at least 50% of their portfolio securities loans to unaffiliated Borrowers.
2. The total value of securities loaned to any one Borrower on the approved list will be in accordance with a schedule to be approved by the Fund's Board, but in no event will the total value of securities lent to any one Affiliated Broker-Dealer exceed 10% of the net assets of the Fund, computed at market value.
3. A Fund will not make any loan to an Affiliated Broker-Dealer unless the income attributable to such loan fully covers the transaction costs incurred in making such loan.
4. a. All loans will be made with spreads no lower than those set forth in a schedule of spreads which will be established and may be modified from Start Printed Page 72709time to time by each Fund's Board and by a majority of the Disinterested Members (“Schedule of Spreads”).
b. The Schedule of Spreads will set forth rates of compensation to each Fund that are reasonable and fair and that are determined in light of those considerations set forth in the application.
c. The Schedule of Spreads will be uniformly applied to all Borrowers of a Fund's securities, and will specify the lowest allowable spread with respect to a loan of securities to any Borrower.
d. If a security is loaned to an unaffiliated Borrower with a spread higher than the minimum set forth in the Schedule of Spreads, all comparable loans to an Affiliated Broker-Dealer will be made at no less than the higher spread.
e. The Program will be monitored on a daily basis by an officer of the Fund who is subject to section 36(a) of the Act. This officer will review the terms of each loan to an Affiliated Broker-Dealer for comparability with loans to unaffiliated Borrowers and conformity with the Schedule of Spreads, and will periodically, and at least quarterly, report his or her findings to each Fund's Board, including a majority of the Disinterested Members.
5. Each Fund's Board, including a majority of the Disinterested Members, (a) will determine no less frequently than quarterly that all transactions with Affiliated Broker-Dealers effected during the preceding quarter were effected in compliance with the requirements of the procedures adopted by the Board and the conditions of the requested order and that such transactions were conducted on terms which were reasonable and fair; and (b) will review no less frequently than annually such procedures for their continuing appropriateness.
6. The Funds will maintain and preserve permanently in an easily accessible place a written copy of the procedures (and any modifications thereto) which are followed in lending securities and shall maintain and preserve for a period of not less than six years from the end of the fiscal year in which any loan occurs, the first two years in an easily accessible place, a written record of each loan setting forth the number of shares loaned, the face amount of the securities loaned, the fee received (or the rebate rate remitted), the identity of the Borrower, the terms of the loan and any other information or materials upon which the finding was made that each loan made to an Affiliated Broker-Dealer was fair and reasonable and that the procedures followed in making such loan were in accordance with the other undertakings set forth in the application.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, under delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
1. The term “successor” is limited to entities that result from a reorganization into another jurisdiction or a change in the type of business organization.Back to Citation
2. Applicants represent that BGI's personnel providing day-to-day lending agency services to the Funds will not provide investment advisory services to the Funds or participate in any way in the selection of portfolio securities for, or any other aspects of the management of, the funds.Back to Citation
3. A “spread” is the compensation earned by a Fund, as lender, from a securities loan. The compensation is in the form either of a lending fee payable by the Borrower to the Fund (where non-cash collateral is posted) or of the excess—retained by the Fund—over a rebate rate payable by the Fund to the Borrower (where cash collateral is posted and then invested by the Fund).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-30913 Filed 12-5-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P