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Federal Housing Finance Board.
Notice of methodological changes to the Monthly Survey of Rates and Terms on Conventional One-Start Printed Page 79100Family, Non-farm Mortgage Loans (Monthly Interest Rate Survey or MIRS), and notice of substitution of certain indexes for adjustable-rate mortgages (Notice).
The Federal Hosing Finance Board (Finance Board) is implementing several methodological and reporting changes to MIRS and hereby gives notice of the substitution of substantially similar adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) index rates for certain non-standard index rates in the survey. As part of these changes, several interest-rate series that may be used as an ARM index on a very small number of non-standard ARMs no longer will be made available.
January 1, 2003.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTRACT:
Joseph A. McKenzie, Deputy Chief Economist, (202) 408-2845 or firstname.lastname@example.org, Federal Housing Finance Board, 1777 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20006.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. Background and Statutory Authority
On September 26, 2000, the Finance Board published in the Federal Register (65 FR 57813) a notice proposing several changes to the Monthly Interest Rate Survey aimed at improving the reliability of MIRS data (preliminary notice). Among the proposed changes were: changing the sampling and weighting methodology from one based on lender type and region to one based solely on lender size, eliminating the monthly table of mortgage interest rates and terms by lender type (Table III of the monthly MIRS release), and adding and deleting several metropolitan areas in the quarterly table of mortgage rates and terms by metropolitan area (Table IV of the January, April, July, and October MIRS releases) so that only the largest 32 metropolitan areas would be reported.
The Finance Board conducts MIRS, which provides a statistical base for certain home price benchmarks. By law, the Chairman may approve the adoption of changes to the methodology to be employed that affect the availability of ARM indexes following publication for notice and comment. See 12 U.S.C. 1437 note. MIRS is the only national survey of mortgage rates and terms for both new and existing home sales. And because it reports the terms and conditions on loans closed, which may include loan-to-value ratios, term to maturity, number of points actually charged, and features of ARMs, MIRS is more comprehensive than any similar survey.
The Federal Home Loan Bank Act (Act) provides for the on-going availability of indexes used to calculate the interest rates on ARMs, and authorizes the substitution of substantially similar indexes for indexes that may no longer be calculated or made available. See 12 U.S.C. 1437 note. The Act provides in pertinent part that the Chairperson of the Finance Board “shall take such action as may be necessary to assure that the indexes prepared by the * * * Federal Home Loan Bank Board * * * immediately prior to the enactment of this subsection and used to calculate the interest rate on adjustable-rate mortgage instruments continue to be available.” Id.
With respect to the substitution of substantially similar indexes, the Act provides that as set forth in section 402(e)(4) of FIRREA, “[i]f any agency can no longer make available an index,” it may substitute a “substantially similar” index “if the * * * Chairperson of the Finance Board * * * determines, after notice and opportunity for comment, that—(A) the new index is based on data substantially similar to that of the original index; and (B) the substitution of the new index will result in an interest rate substantially similar to the rate in effect at the time the original index became unavailable.” See 12 U.S.C. 1437 note. Thus, the Act provides authority for the changes in the methodology and the designation of a substitute index that are the subject of this Notice.
While the Finance Board does not know of any ARMs whose interest rate is linked to any of the series proposed to be deleted, it is possible that a very small number of non-standard ARMs could be linked to these series. Accordingly, the Finance Board proposed the designation of successor index rates as follows:
(1) For any contract mortgage rate listed in Table III of the monthly MIRS release (mortgage rates and terms by lender type) the proposed successor index was the “National Average Contract Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in the top panel of Table I in the monthly MIRS release;
(2) For any effective mortgage rate listed in Table III of the monthly MIRS release (mortgage rates and terms by lender type) the proposed successor index was the “National Average Effective Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in the top panel of Table I in the monthly MIRS release;
(3) For any contract mortgage rate listed in Table IV of the quarterly MIRS release (mortgage rates and terms by metropolitan area) for a metropolitan area no longer reported the proposed successor index was the “National Average Contract Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in Table I in the monthly MIRS release; and
(4) For any effective mortgage rate listed in Table IV of the quarterly MIRS release (mortgage rates and terms by metropolitan area) for a metropolitan area no longer reported the proposed successor index was the “National Average Effective Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in Table I in the monthly MIRS release.
The preliminary notice proposed eliminating Table III from the monthly MIRS release, and requested comments on the proposed designation of successor index rates, and several other aspects of MIRS. In particular, the preliminary notice requested comments on a proposed change in MIRS sampling and weighting methodology that would sample lenders based solely on lender size as opposed to the current sampling based on lender type and region.
II. Analysis of Comment Letters and Changes Made in the Final Notice
In response to the preliminary notice, the Finance Board received a total of five comment letters—two from housing government-sponsored enterprises and three from trade associations. The comments were nearly unanimous on two points. First, the commenters requested continuation of sampling by lender type because mortgage loans originated by savings institutions (savings and loan associations and mutual savings banks) differ from mortgage loans originated by mortgage companies. Mortgage loans originated by savings institutions tend to be larger, more frequently ARMs, and more frequently non-conforming than mortgages originated by mortgage companies. The commenters feared that Start Printed Page 79101this important mortgage market detail would be lost if savings institutions were not separately sampled. Second, the commenters objected to the immediate adoption of the proposed weighting methodology because there was no information on how the new sampling and weighting methodology would affect the reported data.
Several of the commenters suggested collapsing the “Savings and Loan Association” and the “Mutual Savings Bank” categories on Table III of the monthly MIRS release. Only one of the commenters addressed the issue of ARM indexes, and that comment urged the elimination of Table IV.
In light of the comments received, the Finance Board will implement a number of changes to MIRS beginning with the January 2003 data that will be available in late February 2003. Several of these changes differ from the changes proposed in the preliminary notice. In particular, the major changes that the Finance Board will adopt are as follows:
(1) MIRS data will use a sampling and weighting methodology based on lender size and lender type. There will be four lender-size classes and three lender-type classes (commercial banks, mortgage companies, and savings institutions). This will give a total of 12 cells to sample lenders from;
(2) Table III of the monthly MIRS release will continue to be made available, but the “Savings and Loan Association” and “Mutual Savings Bank” categories will be collapsed in to a single “Savings Institutions” category; and
(3) Table IV that presents quarterly data by metropolitan area will be changed by the addition of the following metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) or consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSAs):
Cincinnati—Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA
Sacramento—Yolo, CA CMSA
Orlando, FL MSA
San Antonio, TX MSA
Las Vegas, NV—AZ MSA
Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC MSA;and by the deletion of the following MSAs:
Salt Lake City—Ogden, UT MS
Greensboro—Winston Salem—High Point, NC MSA
Rochester, NY MSA
Louisville, KY-IN MSA
Honolulu, HI MSA.
The Finance Board is adopting the suggestion made by the commenters to retain sampling and weighting by lender type. The Finance Board entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with the Census Bureau to design a revised sampling and weighting methodology for MIRS. The Census Bureau recommended a methodology similar to those they use in establishment (i.e., non-household) surveys. The new sampling and weighting design will be by lender type and lender size instead of by lender type and region. The new methodology selects the largest institutions in each of the three lender-type classes with certainty. The probability of selection declines (and the weight increases) as lender size in terms of the number of conventional single-family mortgages originated gets smaller.
Mortgage market developments since the last major revision to the MIRS methodology in 1991 include the pervasive presence of interstate activities, conducted either through depositories with interstate branches or through mortgage companies with multi-state origination capabilities. Indeed, there now are mortgage companies with truly national scope of their operations. Because of widespread interstate operations, it is no longer necessary to sample lenders based on region to achieve an adequate regional dispersion of reported loans each month.
Several of the commenters objected to the adoption of a revised methodology because they were uncertain of the effect the revised methodology would have on the reported data. In response to the commenters' concerns, the Finance Board calculated the effect of the revised methodology on the data: the lender-size/lender-type weighting methodology recommended by the Census Bureau was applied to the raw MIRS loans for the period of August 2001 through August 2002 and compared to the existing reported data. Using 13-month averages for both data sets, the existing methodology data was subtracted from the new methodology data, and the following differences were noted:
|Contract mortgage rate||0.04%|
|Effective mortgage rate||0.04%|
|Initial fees and charges||0.02%|
|Term to maturity (years)||0.16|
The Finance Board does not view any of these differences to be economically significant.
The preliminary notice proposed eliminating Table III from the monthly MIRS release. Because the Finance Board is adopting the suggestion of the commenters to retain a sampling and weighting methodology based in part on lender type, the agency also will retain Table III of the monthly MIRS release with mortgage rates and terms by lender type. Additionally, in response to the comments, Table III will be modified to collapse the former “Savings and Loan Association” and “Mutual Savings Bank” categories into one category called savings institutions. The change is appropriate, in the Finance Board's view, because distinctions between savings and loan associations and savings banks have eroded, and there is little, if any, practical difference between the two charter types. As is discussed below, the decision to retain Table III affects the designation of successor index rates.
In connection with the proposed elimination of Table III, the preliminary notice proposed successor ARM index rates for any interest-rate series from Table III that may be used as an ARM index rate. By retaining a modified Table III, the Finance Board will be able to designate substitute index rates that are more similar to the series deleted than the successor series proposed in the preliminary notice.
In particular, The Finance Board designates successor series as follows:
(1) The designated successor series for the contract mortgage rate for either savings and loan associations (top panel of Table III) or for mutual savings banks (bottom panel of Table III) is the contract rate for savings institutions in the revised Table III;
(2) The designated successor series for the effective mortgage rate for either savings and loan associations (top panel of Table III) or for mutual savings banks (bottom panel of Table III) is the effective rate for savings institutions in the revised Table III;
(3) The designated successor series for any contract mortgage rate listed in Table IV of the quarterly MIRS release for any of the five metropolitan areas no longer reported is the “National Average Contract Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in the top panel of Table I in the monthly MIRS release; and
(4) The designated successor series for any effective mortgage rate listed in Table IV of the quarterly MIRS release for any of the five metropolitan areas no longer reported is the “National Average Effective Mortgage Rate for All Homes by Combined Lenders” as reported in the top panel of Table I in the monthly MIRS release.
Thus, for the metropolitan area rates, the successor series are the same as those proposed in the preliminary notice, but the successor series relating to savings and loan associations and mutual savings banks differ from those proposed in the preliminary notice. The Finance Board believes that a contract Start Printed Page 79102(effective) mortgage rate series for savings institutions is substantially similar, in accordance with 12 U.S.C. 1437 note, to the contract (effective) mortgage rate for savings and loan associations (or mutual savings banks), and more so than would be true of the national contract (effective) mortgage rate for all lenders. Savings and loan data constitutes about 80 percent of the proposed savings institutions series and mutual savings bank data constitutes the other 20 percent. In contrast, combined savings and loan association and mutual savings bank data constitute only about 20 percent of the data for all lenders.
The Finance Board also is using this opportunity to modify the MSAs listed in the quarterly Table IV that lists rates and terms by metropolitan area. The change is the deletion of five MSAs and the addition of six MSAs so that the quarterly table presents information for the 32 largest MSAs. Based on 2000 population data, the ranking of the deleted MSAs is as follows:
Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT (35)
Greensboro-1 Winston Salem-1 High Point, NC (36)
Rochester, NY (46)
Louisville, KY-IN (49)
Honolulu, HI (55).
The changes to MIRS sampling and weighting methodology and tables will occur with the January 2003 data that will be published in late February 2003. The January 2003 implementation will allow the MIRS data to be weighted using a consistent methodology within each calendar year, and permit all interested parties to become familiar with the changes.Start Signature
Dated: December 20, 2002
John T. Korsmo,
Chairman, Federal Housing Finance Board.
1. The Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 tied the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac conforming loan limits to MIRS. See Pub. L. 96-399, Title III, § 313(a), (b), 94 Stat. 1644-45 (Oct. 8, 1980). Specifically, Fannie Mae and Freddie ZMac are required by their respective statues, which are nearly identical, to base the change in the annual dollar limit on the “the national one-family house price in the monthly survey of all major lenders conducted by the [Finance Board.]” See 12 U.S.C. 1717(b)(2), 1454(a)(2). The Finance Board inherited the task of conducting the MIRS from the former Federal Home Loan Bank Board (FHLBB) pursuant to section 402(e)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (“FIRREA”), Pub. L. 101-73, Title VII, § 402(e)(3), 103 Stat. 183 (1989), and was substituted for the former FHLBB in the conforming loan limit provisions pursuant to §§ 731(f)(1)(B) and (f)(2)(B) of FIRREA.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 02-32752 Filed 12-26-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6725-01-P