Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on November 21, 2002, the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. (“NYSE” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) Start Printed Page 2605the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
This proposal is to amend NYSE Rules 98, 104A.50, 105, and 900 to permit specialists to use exchange-traded single stock futures to hedge existing specialty stock positions in a manner comparable to stock options.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange is proposing to permit specialists to use exchange-traded “security futures”  overlying single securities (hereinafter referred to as “single stock futures”) to hedge specialty stock positions in a manner comparable to stock options. Single stock futures are contracts of sale, traded on a national exchange, such as OneChicago, LLC or Nasdaq Liffe, for the future delivery of a single security.
Rules 105, 98, 104A.50, and 900(d)(v) are proposed to be amended to make reference to “single stock futures” wherever stock options are referenced.
Currently, Rule 105 permits the use by NYSE specialists of options on their specialty stocks subject to certain limitations and restrictions. The rule allows a specialist to acquire and hold, in his specialist trading account, a position in listed options on any of his specialty stocks “where appropriate . . . to offset the risk of making a market in the underlying stock.” Under the rule, a specialist may not establish and maintain an options position which is excessive either in terms of his or her existing position in the underlying specialty stock or in terms of a reasonable estimate of potential losses that may be incurred in relation to any such equity position.
In approving previous amendments to Rule 105, the Commission balanced the regulatory concerns regarding possible stock/option manipulation and the specialists' perceived information advantages against the benefits to the market to be derived from the Rule, namely enhanced market depth and liquidity. The Commission determined that the use of options by NYSE specialists resulted in substantial benefits to the markets for these stocks as well as the options markets. By analogy, the Commission should determine that the use of single stock futures by specialists would result in similar substantial benefits to the markets for these stocks; this additional hedging mechanism would enable specialists to add to overall stock market liquidity and depth by taking specialty stock positions they might not otherwise assume or by reducing risks on positions they are required to assume.
Proposed Amendments to Rule 105
The Exchange is proposing to amend Rule 105(b) to define a “single stock future” as a contract of sale, traded on a national commodities exchange, for the future delivery of a single security. Appropriate cross-references to “single stock futures” have been added to Rule 105(a)-(d) to reflect that single stock futures can be used wherever options transactions are made.
In addition, paragraph (d) of the Guidelines to Rule 105 (the “Guidelines”) would be added to explain the conditions for single stock futures transactions to hedge an existing specialty stock position with a net futures position. As with options, no anticipatory hedging would be allowed; only existing specialty stock positions may be hedged.
The proposed rule (paragraph (d)) states three conditions (similar to options conditions) that single stock futures transactions must meet:
(i) The transaction must result in a net futures position on the opposite side of the market from the underlying specialty stock position;
(ii) the transaction must be effected solely to offset the risk of making a market in the underlying specialty stock; and
(iii) the resulting net futures position must not exceed the number of shares of the specialty stock position that the specialist is offsetting.
Any single stock futures transaction that does not meet all three of the above conditions would be deemed to be in violation of Rule 105.
One single stock futures contract would be able to be used to hedge each 100 shares of the existing specialty stock position. (See proposed Rule 105(d), Example 5).
As with options contracts, a hedge that subsequently exceeds the specialty stock position being hedged as a result of 25% or more in the specialist's stock position or which becomes on the same side of the market as the specialty stock position, must be liquidated, unless the equivalent share position is 5000 shares or less. (See proposed paragraph (e) to the Guidelines, Examples 9 and 11).
Similarly, as with options contracts, Rule 105 has been amended to specify that as with options contracts, specialists may also not front-run blocks (paragraph (h) to the Guidelines) and must record futures positions in a separate “memo” account (paragraph (i) to the Guidelines). Additionally, specialists must report to the Exchange: (i) accounts in which single stock futures positions are held (paragraph (j)) and (ii) their positions in single stock futures (paragraph (k)).
Currently, paragraph (l) of the Guidelines to Exchange Rule 105 (“Rule 105(l)”) permits an approved person of a specialist to act as a primary market maker or specialist with respect to an option on a specialty stock, provided all the requirements of the Rule 98 exemptive program are met. This paragraph has been re-lettered as paragraph (m) and incorporates references to market makers in single stock futures contracts. Thus, it is proposed that an approved person of an equity specialist may act as a primary market maker or specialist with respect to a stock futures contract, provided all the requirements of the Rule 98 exemptive program are met.
Paragraph (l) currently prohibits an approved person of an equity specialist acting as a market maker in any equity security in which the associated specialist is registered as such and which underlies an option as to which the approved person acts as an options market maker. Paragraph (l) has been re-Start Printed Page 2606lettered as (m) and provides the same prohibition with respect to market makers in single stock futures contracts.
Paragraph (n) is proposed to be added to explain the use of both options and single stock futures to hedge specialty stock positions. If a specialist chooses to hedge a specialty stock position with positions in both options and futures contracts, the resulting total market position, when established, may not exceed the size of the existing specialty stock position being hedged. Any excess or same side of the market equivalent position must be liquidated in accordance with the provisions of Rule 105.
Other Rule Amendments
Rules 98, 104A.50, and 900(d)(v) are proposed to be amended to incorporate references to single stock futures, where they currently refer to options.
Rule 98 would be amended to add single stock futures to the Rule's reference to Rule 105.
Rule 104A.50 would be amended to add a reference to single stock futures as an aspect of specialists' reporting requirements. Thus, every specialist must keep a record of all single stock futures purchases and sales (as they do with options currently) to hedge his specialty stock positions as permitted by Rule 105. Such transactions would be reported in such format and with such frequency as prescribed by the Exchange.
Rule 900(d)(v) currently prohibits a specialist against entering an order in the Exchange's Off-Hours Trading Facility if a resulting execution would result in the specialist having to take liquidating action pursuant to Rule 105. The rule would be amended to add a reference to single stock futures to the above prohibition against taking liquidating action.
2. Statutory Basis
The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with section 6(b) of the Act, in general, and furthers the objectives of section 6(b)(5), in particular, in that it is designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to, and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purpose of the Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
The Exchange has neither solicited nor received written comments on the proposed rule change.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Within 35 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period (i) as the Commission may designate up to 90 days of such date if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the self-regulatory organization consents, the Commission will:
A. By order approve the proposed rule change, or
B. Institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Persons making written submissions should file six copies thereof with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 450 Fifth Street NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room.
Copies of such filing will also be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the NYSE. All submissions should refer to the file number SR-NYSE-2002-63 and should be submitted by February 7, 2003.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. The term “security future” is defined in Section 3(a)(55) of the Act. 15 U.S.C. 78c(a)(55).Back to Citation
4. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 28971 (March 13, 1991), 56 FR 11808 (March 20, 1991)(SR-NYSE-90-31).Back to Citation
5. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 45454 (Feb. 15, 2002), 67 FR 8567 (Feb. 25, 2002), approving SR-NYSE-2001-43 and amendments thereto.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-1051 Filed 1-16-03; 8:45 am]
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