Skip to Content

Rule

Requirements for Low-Speed Electric Bicycles

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Consumer Product Safety Commission.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

Public Law 107-319, 116 Stat. 2776 (the Act), enacted December 4, 2002, subjects low-speed electric bicycles to the Commission's existing regulations at 16 CFR part 1512 and 16 CFR 1500.18(a)(12) for bicycles that are solely human powered. For purposes of this requirement, the Act defines a low-speed electric bicycle as “a two-or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p.), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.” Public Law No. 107-319, section 1, 116 Stat. 2776 (2002). The Commission is issuing this immediately effective amendment to its requirements for bicycles at 16 CFR part 1512 to promptly inform the public of the newly enacted statutory requirement on low-speed electric bicycles.

DATES:

This amendment is effective upon publication in the Federal Register, that is, on February 12, 2003.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Lowell Martin, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207; telephone (301) 504-7628; e-mail lmartin@cpsc.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Public Law 107-319 (the Act), enacted December 4, 2002, amends the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA), 15 U.S.C. 2051, et seq., by adding a new Start Printed Page 7073section 38 establishing requirements for low speed electric bicycles.

Specifically, section 1 of the Act makes low-speed electric bicycles subject to the Commission's existing regulations on bicycles.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, low-speed electric bicycles are consumer products within the meaning of section 3(a)(1)[of the CPSA] and shall be subject to the Commission regulations published at § 1500.18(a)(12) and part 1512 of title 16, Code of Federal Regulations.

Public Law 107-319, section 1, 116 Stat. 2776.

The Act defines the term “low-speed electric bicycle” as follows:

(b) for purposes of this section, the term “low-speed electric bicycle” means a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p.), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.

Id.

The Commission's regulation at 16 CFR 1500.18(a)(12) makes the determination that bicycles that do not comply with the requirements of 16 CFR part 1512 present a mechanical hazard within the meaning of section 2(s) of the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA). 15 U.S.C. 1261(s). The effect of this determination is that noncomplying bicycles are “hazardous substances” for purposes of section 2(f)(1)(D) of the FHSA, and are also “banned hazardous substances” pursuant to section 2(q)(1)(A) of the FHSA. 15 U.S.C. 1261(f)(1)(D), 1261(q)(1)(A). See also, Forester v. Consumer Product Safety Com'n, 559 F.2d 774, 783-786 (D.C. Cir. 1977).

The amendment to § 1512.2 of 16 CFR part 1512 promulgated today incorporates the Act's definition of “low-speed electric bicycle,” thereby helping to inform the public of the statutory application of part 1512 to low-speed electric bicycles.

Section 553(b)(3)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) authorizes an agency to dispense with certain notice procedures for a rule when it finds “good cause” to do so. 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). Specifically, under section 553(b)(3)(B), the requirement for notice and an opportunity to comment does not apply when the agency, for good cause, finds that those procedures are “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.” The requirement reflected in this amendment is imposed by the Act and is not discretionary with the Commission. Accordingly, the Commission hereby finds that notice and an opportunity for comment on this amendment are unnecessary.

Section 553(d)(3) of the APA authorizes an agency, “for good cause found and published with the rule,” to dispense with the otherwise applicable requirement that a rule be published in the Federal Register at least 30 days before its effective date. The Commission hereby finds that the 30 day delay in effective date is unnecessary because the requirement reflected in the amendment was imposed by the Act and is not discretionary with the Commission.

Because this amendment incorporates a requirement mandated by statute that is not discretionary with the Commission, and thus is not subject to notice and comment, this rule is not subject to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601, et seq. Because this amendment incorporates a statutory requirement not subject to agency discretion, it is not an agency action subject to the National Environmental Policy Act, 42 U.S.C. 4321, et seq.

Pursuant to Executive Order No. 12988, the Commission states the preemptive effect of this regulation as follows. Section 1 of the Act provides that its requirements “shall supercede any State law or requirement with respect to low-speed electric bicycles to the extent that such State law or requirement is more stringent than the Federal law or requirements referred to in subsection (a)[the Commission's regulations on bicycles at 16 CFR part 1512].” Public Law No. 107-319, section 1, 116 Stat. 2776.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 16 CFR Part 1512

End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part

For the foregoing reasons, the Commission amends Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulation to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 1512—REQUIREMENTS FOR BICYCLES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for Part 1512 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: Secs. 2(f)(1)(D), (q)(1)(A), (s), 3(e)(1), 74 Stat. 372, 374, 375, as amended, 80 Stat. 1304-05, 83 Stat. 187-89 (15 U.S.C. 1261, 1262); Pub. L. 107-319, 116 Stat. 2776.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. Amend § 1512.2, to revise paragraph (a) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

(a) Bicycle means:

(1) A two-wheeled vehicle having a rear drive wheel that is solely human-powered;

(2) A two- or three-wheeled vehicle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p.), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.

Start Signature

Dated: February 6, 2003.

Todd A. Stevenson,

Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 03-3423 Filed 2-11-03; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6355-01-P