On December 10, 2002, the American Stock Exchange LLC (“Amex” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”) and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change to amend its Rule 131 to create a new percentage order type to be called Immediate Execution or Cancel Election. The proposed rule change was published for public comment in the Federal Register on January 17, 2003. The Commission received no comments on the proposal. This order approves the proposed rule change.
II. Description of the Proposal
Currently, Amex Rule 131 provides for three types of percentage orders: straight limit, last sale, and “buy minus/sell plus.” The Exchange believes that the application of the election provisions does not meet the interests of some investors placing percentage orders, particularly last sale percentage orders. The Exchange believes that investors rely on last sale percentage orders as a way to trade along with the trend of the market without initiating price changes or otherwise influencing the equilibrium or buying and selling interest. However, executions may not always be able to be effected, as the market trend may continue to move away from the price at which the order may be executed. In addition, elected portions of the last sale percentage order may lag behind movement of the market, which defeats the investor's purpose in entering the order.
In response, the Exchange proposes to amend Amex Rule 131(k) to adopt a percentage order type called Immediate Execution or Cancel Election. Under the terms of the proposal, the elected portion of a percentage order marked Immediate Execution or Cancel Election would be required to be executed immediately, in whole or in part, at the price of the electing transaction, or better. If the elected portion cannot be executed at that price or better, the election would be deemed canceled, and the unexecuted elected portion would revert back to a percentage order, subject to subsequent election or conversion.
For example, where an Immediate Execution or Cancel Election buy percentage order for 1,000 shares at 30.50 is placed with the specialist and the next transaction consists of 500 shares at 30.25, the specialist would elect 500 shares and must immediately execute the order at the price of the electing transaction, 30.25, or better. If there is liquidity sufficient to execute only 300 shares at the price of the electing transaction, 30.25, or better, the specialist would execute 300 shares at that price, the election of the remaining 200 shares would be canceled, and the 200 shares would revert back to an unelected percentage order. If, instead, there is no further market interest to sell at 30.25, and the market moves away from the price of the electing transaction to, for instance, 30.30, the entire election would be canceled, and the unexecuted elected portion would revert back to a percentage order.
The Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of Section 6 of the Act  and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that the Exchange's procedures be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
The Commission believes that the proposed rule change will remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market by providing additional flexibility to investors entering percentage orders. Specifically, the proposed Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage order should allow investors to achieve their investment goals while continuing to limit the specialist's discretion in representing such orders. The Commission believes that requiring the specialist to treat an election as canceled, unless the elected portion can be executed immediately at the price of the electing transaction or better, should ensure that the investor will not be trading ahead of, nor lagging behind, the market when there is insufficient interest to execute the elected portion of Start Printed Page 8788the order at the price of the electing transaction.
The Commission also believes that the proposed approach sets forth adequate objective criteria to guide the specialist's representation of the order. Although the execution of certain percentage orders, particularly percentage orders that have been converted by a specialist, may present issues relating to the proper amount of discretion allowed to the specialist executing such orders, Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage orders do not raise such concerns. Specifically, a specialist must execute an Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage order at the instructed election price immediately upon the occurrence of a trade at the electing price or better, or treat the transaction as canceled.
In addition, the Commission notes that Amex's proposed Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage order is similar to the Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage order adopted by the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. (“NYSE”).
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-Amex-2002-102) is approved.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
4. The specialist would not execute the order at 30.30, even though such an execution is within the maximum limit of the percentage order (30.50). In this regard, an Immediate Execution or Cancel Election percentage order is treated similar to a last sale percentage order. Telephone conversation between David Fisch, Managing Director, Amex, and Sapna Patel, Attorney, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, on January 10, 2003.Back to Citation
6. In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered its impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
8. See NYSE Rule 13; see also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 39837 (April 8, 1998), 63 FR 18244 (April 14, 1998) (order approving NYSE-97-38).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-4356 Filed 2-24-03; 8:45 am]
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