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Proposed Rule

Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Amendment No. 2 To Change the Name of the U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council and Increase Membership

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.


Proposed rule with request for comments.


The purpose of this rule is to seek comments on changing the title of the U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council to the “U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council” (Council) to help avoid any further confusion in the industry regarding the specific type of blueberry and industry segment represented by the Council, and to make the name of the Council consistent with industry nomenclature and to add one member and alternate to the Council to represent the state of Washington-the sixth largest highbush blueberry producing state.


Comments must be received by May 12, 2003.


Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this proposed rule to: Docket Clerk, Research and Promotion Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs (FV), Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), USDA, Stop 0244, Room 2535-S, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0244. Comments should be submitted in triplicate and will be made available for public inspection at the above address during regular business hours. Comments may also be submitted Start Printed Page 11757electronically to: All comments should reference the docket number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register. A copy of this rule may be found at:​fv/​rpdocketlist.htm.

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Daniel Rafael Manzoni, Research and Promotion Branch, FV, AMS, USDA, Stop 0244, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 2535-S, Washington, DC 20250-0244; telephone (202) 720-5951, fax (202) 205-2800, or e-mail

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Legal authority. The Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order (Order) (7 CFR part 1218) became effective on August 16, 2000 (65 FR 43961, July 17, 2000). It was issued under the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (Act) (7 U.S.C. 7401-7425).

Executive Orders 12866 and 12988

The Office of Management and Budget has waived the review process required by Executive Order 12866 for this action.

In addition, this rule has been reviewed under E.O. 12988, Civil Justice Reform. The rule is not intended to have retroactive effect. Section 524 of the Act provides that the Act shall not affect or preempt any other Federal or state law authorizing promotion or research relating to an agricultural commodity.

Under section 519 of the Act, a person subject to the Order may file a petition with the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) stating that the Order, any provision of the Order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the Order, is not established in accordance with the law, and requesting a modification of the Order or an exemption from the Order. Any petition filed challenging the Order, any provision of the Order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the Order, shall be filed within two years after the effective date of the Order, provision, or obligation subject to challenge in the petition. The petitioner will have the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. Thereafter, the Secretary will issue a ruling on a petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States for any district in which the petitioner resides or conducts business shall have the jurisdiction to review a final ruling on the petition, if the petitioner files a complaint for that purpose not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the Secretary's final ruling.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), AMS has examined the economic impact of this rule on small entities. The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be disproportionately burdened.

There are approximately 2,000 producers, 200 first handlers, 50 importers, and 4 exporters of blueberries subject to the program. Most of the producers would be classified as small businesses under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA) (13 CFR 121.201). Most importers and first handlers would not be classified as small businesses, and, while most exporters are large, we assume that some are small. The SBA defines small agricultural handlers as those whose annual receipts are less than $5 million, and small agricultural producers are defined as those having annual receipts of not more than $500,000 annually.

This proposed rule would amend the Order to change the title of the U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council to the “U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council” (Council) and to add one member and alternate to the Council to represent the state of Washington.

The proposed amendments are not considered to be substantial and will not significantly impact the blueberry industry. The name change will have a positive impact on the industry. Adding a producer member and alternate representing the state of Washington means that four additional producers will be required to submit background forms to USDA in order to be considered for appointment to the Council. Four producers will be affected because two names must be submitted to the Secretary for consideration for each position on the Council. However, serving on the Council is optional, and the burden of submitting the background form would be offset by the benefits of serving on the Council. The estimated annual cost of providing the information by four producers would be $6.00 for all four producers or $1.50 per producer.

There are no relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with the proposed rule.

We have performed this Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis regarding the impact of this proposed amendment to the Order on small entities, and we invite comments concerning potential effects of the proposed amendment.

Paperwork Reduction Act

In accordance with the OMB regulation (5 CFR 1320) which implements the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. chapter 35), the background form, which represents the information collection and recordkeeping requirements that may be imposed by this rule, was previously submitted to and approved by OMB under OMB Number 0505-0001.

Title: National Research, Promotion, and Consumer Information Programs.

OMB Number: 0505-0001.

Expiration Date of Approval: October 31, 2003.

Type of Request: Increase in the information collection burden for research and promotion programs.

Abstract: The information collection requirements in this request are essential to carry out the intent of the Act. The burden associated with this action is as follows:

Estimate of Burden: Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.5 hours per response for each producer.

Respondents: Producers.

Estimated Number of Respondents: 4.

Estimated Number of Responses per Respondent: 1 every 3 years (0.3).

Estimated Total Annual Burden on Respondents: 0.6 hours.

The estimated annual cost of providing the information by the four producers would be $6.00 or $1.50 per producer.

This additional burden will be included in the existing information collections approved for use under OMB Number 0505-0001.


During the rulemaking process to implement the Order in 2000, members of the wild blueberry industry in Maine raised objections to the original name of the U.S.A. Blueberry Council. However, USDA did not change the name at that time, and the wild blueberry industry continued to have concerns to the generic name of the Council. Therefore, USDA issued a proposed rule to change the name of the Council to the U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council on September 21, 2000 (65 FR 57104). The new name became effective on August 16, 2001, with the publication of a final rule published in the Federal Register on July 17, 2001 (66 FR 37117).

Subsequently, the Council was appointed and decided that the term “cultivated” in its name should be changed to “highbush” because cultivated blueberries are commonly called highbush blueberries, and wild blueberries are commonly called Start Printed Page 11758lowbush blueberries. In addition, horticultural publications use the nomenclature of highbush and lowbush for blueberries. Using the terms highbush and lowbush provides a simple means for the consumer to differentiate between these two types of blueberries and for industry members to determine whether or not they owe assessments to the Council. Accordingly, the Council recommends that the term highbush should be used to distinguish their blueberries from lowbush (wild).

Therefore, the Council voted unanimously on October 5, 2002, to change the Council's name to the U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council.

At the same meeting, the Council voted unanimously to add one member and alternate to the Council to represent the state of Washington.

The Council currently consists of nine producers, one importer, one exporter from a foreign production area, one handler, and one public member. Each member has an alternate. The nine producer members are allocated as follows: one producer member for each of the top five producing states and one producer member from each of the four regions. The states that currently have representation on the Council are Georgia, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, and Oregon. In recent years, highbush blueberry production in the state of Washington has increased. In 2001, Washington represented 8 percent of U.S. production, and the estimated production for that state in 2002 is 12.5 million pounds of highbush blueberries. In addition, the five additional states producing highbush blueberries (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, and New York) together represent only 7 percent of U.S. production, and the seventh highest producing state-Indiana-is expected to produce a total of 3 million pounds. Therefore, the Council determined that it was appropriate for Washington producers to have a state member and alternate on the Council.

Therefore, this proposed rule would change all references in the Order from the U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council to the U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council and change all references to the USACBC to the Council. In addition, this rule would revise § 1216.40(a)(2) to specify that there will be one producer member and alternate from each of the top six (rather than five) blueberry producing states. If this rule is adopted, the Council would have 14 members and alternates. Therefore, a conforming change would be made in § 1216.40(a) to remove the Council member limit of 13. USDA has also removed obsolete language from §§ 1218.40 and 1218.41.

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1218

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Advertising
  • Blueberries
  • Consumer information
  • Marketing agreements
  • Blueberry promotion
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 1218 is proposed to be amended as follows:

1. The authority citation for part 1218 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7401-7425.

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Subpart A—Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order

2. In § 1218.3, the words “U.S.A. Cultivated Blueberry Council” are removed and the words “U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council” are added in its place, and “USACBC” is removed, and “Council” is added in its place.

3. Revise § 1216.23 to read as follows:

U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council.

U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council or the Council means the administrative body established pursuant to § 1218.40.

4. The undesignated center heading preceding § 1218.40 is revised to read as follows:

U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council

5. In § 1218.40, the introductory text of paragraph (a) and paragraphs (a)(2) and (b) are revised to read as follows:

Establishment and membership.

(a) Establishment of the U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council. There is hereby established a U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council, hereinafter called the Council, appointed by the Secretary from nominations as follows:

* * * * *

(2) One producer member and alternate from each of the top six blueberry producing states, based upon the average of the total tons produced over the previous three years. Average tonnage will be based upon production and assessment figures generated by the Council.

* * * * *

(b) Adjustment of membership. At least once every five years, the Council will review the geographical distribution of United States production of blueberries and the quantity of imports. The review will be conducted through an audit of state crop production figures and Council assessment records. If warranted, the Council will recommend to the Secretary that the membership on the Council be altered to reflect any changes in the geographical distribution of domestic blueberry production and the quantity of imports. If the level of imports increases, importer members and alternates may be added to the Council.

6. Section 1218.41 is revised to read as follows:

Nominations and appointments.

(a) Voting for regional and state representatives will be made by mail ballot.

(b) When a state has a state blueberry commission or marketing order in place, the state commission or committee will nominate members to serve on the Council. At least two nominees shall be submitted to the Secretary for each member and each alternate.

(c) Nomination and election of regional and state representatives where no commission or order is in place will be handled by the Council staff. The Council staff will seek nominations for members and alternates from the specific states and/or regions. Nominations will be returned to the Council office and placed on a ballot which will then be sent to producers in the state and/or region for a vote. The final nominee for member will have received the highest number of votes cast. The person with the second highest number of votes cast will be the final nominee for alternate. The persons with the third and fourth highest number of votes cast will be designated as additional nominees for consideration by the Secretary.

(d) Nominations for the importer, exporter, first handler, and public member positions will be made by the Council. Two nominees for each member and each alternate position will be submitted to the Secretary for consideration.

(e) From the nominations, the Secretary shall select the members and alternate members of the Council.


7. In §§ 1218.42, 1218.43, 1218.44, 1218.45, 1218.46, 1218.47, 1218.48, 1218.50, 1218.51, 1218.52, 1218.53, 1218.54, 1218.55, 1218.56, 1218.60, 1218.62, 1218.70, 1218.73, 1218.75, and 1218.77, “USCABC” is removed and “Council” is added in its place.

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Dated: March 6, 2003.

Kenneth C. Clayton,

Acting Administrator.

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[FR Doc. 03-5844 Filed 3-11-03; 8:45 am]