On July 11, 2002, the Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc. (“CHX” or “Exchange”) submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change to allow a specialist to limit his aggregate auto-execution exposure. On August 13, 2002, the Exchange submitted Amendment No. 1 to the proposal. On August 27, 2002, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 2 to the proposed rule change.
The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on September 6, 2002. No comments were received on this aspect of the proposal. On April 25, 2003, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 3 to the proposed rule change. This order partially approves the proposed rule change.
II. Description of the Proposal
The CHX Rules provide for automatic execution of orders, i.e., without manual intervention by the CHX specialist, if certain conditions are met. Under the CHX Rules, each CHX specialist designates an “auto-execution threshold” for each issue. The auto-execution threshold is a number of shares, greater than 99 shares that the specialist is willing to execute automatically. If a specialist receives an order that exceeds his designated auto-execution threshold, the order is automatically directed into the specialist's book for manual execution, unless the order-sending firm has elected to receive partial automatic executions, in which case a portion of the order will automatically execute, up to the size of the auto-execution threshold, and the balance of the order will be placed in the specialist's book for manual execution.
Under the current version of the CHX Rules, a CHX specialist has unlimited (and the CHX believes unwarranted) auto-execution exposure, because a rapid succession of orders entered into the MAX system at or below the specialist's auto-execution threshold are due an automatic fill at the prevailing National Best Bid or Offer (“NBBO”) price. Therefore, the CHX believes that specialists may be required to provide more liquidity than they intend to through automatic executions.
To resolve this issue, the Exchange has proposed to amend CHX Article XX, Rule 37(b)(1) to limit a specialist's unintended automatic execution liability by incorporating an Aggregate Share Threshold into the specialist's designated auto-execution parameters. The specialist can enable the Aggregate Share Threshold on an issue-by-issue basis. The functionality is entirely optional, however, and a specialist can still elect to provide additional liquidity guarantees.
Under this voluntary system enhancement, the specialist would agree to provide automatic execution (at the NBBO) of an aggregate number of shares (the “Aggregate Share Threshold”). Once an aggregate number of shares equal to the Aggregate Share Threshold was automatically executed, whether as a result of one order or numerous orders, subsequent orders would be directed into the specialist's book for manual execution. Under the proposed rule change, a specialist would then be obligated to either execute the order at a price and size equal to or better than the NBBO price and size at the time the order was received, or act as agent for the order to obtain the best available price on a marketplace other than the Exchange.
The Aggregate Share Threshold would reset after a prescribed amount of time designated by a specialist  and could never be set at a level less than the shares included in the specialist's own bid or offer.
The Exchange also proposes to relocate Article XX, Rule 43(d) to Rule 37(a), rendering the provisions of Rule 43(d) applicable to both over-the-counter and listed securities. This provision states that with respect to any market or marketable limit order not executed automatically, a specialist shall be obligated to either (a) manually execute such order at a price and size equal to or better than the NBBO price and size at the time the order was received; or (b) act as agent for such order in seeking to obtain the best available price for such order on a marketplace other than the Exchange, using order routing systems where appropriate.
After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed changes to CHX Article XX, Rules 37(a)(1), 37(a)(2), 37(b)(1) and 43(d) described above are consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national Start Printed Page 25917securities exchange. Specifically, the Commission finds that these proposed changes are consistent with the requirements of Section 6(b)(5) of the Act  because they are designed to facilitate transactions in securities; to remove impediments to and to perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system; and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest; and are not designed to permit unfair discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers or dealers.
The Commission believes that the proposed changes to CHX Article XX, Rule 37(a)(2) providing for an Aggregate Share Threshold achieve an appropriate balance between providing customers with efficient and prompt executions of orders and limiting the risk that specialists are exposed to by guaranteeing automatic executions. The Commission further finds that the proposed changes to CHX Article XX, Rule 37(b)(1) dealing with a specialist's obligations for manually handling market and marketable limit orders are consistent with the Act and the manner in which specialists currently handle orders for listed securities.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the portion of proposed rule change (SR-CHX-2002-20) relating to CHX Article XX, Rules 37(a)(1), 37(a)(2), 37(b)(1) and 43(d), as discussed above, is approved.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Margaret H. McFarland,
3. In the proposed rule change, the Exchange also proposed a modified definition of the “BBO Price” and corresponding changes to the BEST Rule that would reflect the modified definition. The Commission is not approving those proposed changes in this order.Back to Citation
4. See letter from Kathleen M. Boege, Associate General Counsel, CHX, to Nancy J. Sanow, Assistant Director, Division of Market Regulation (“Division”), Commission, dated August 9, 2002 (“Amendment No. 1”).Back to Citation
5. See letter from Kathleen M. Boege, Assistant General Counsel, CHX, to Nancy J. Sanow, Assistant Director, Division, Commission, dated August 23, 2002 (“Amendment No. 2”).Back to Citation
7. The Commission received one comment addressing the Exchange's proposed change to the definition of “BBO price.”Back to Citation
8. See letter from Kathleen M. Boege, Assistant General Counsel, CHX, to Nancy J. Sanow, Assistant Director, Division, Commission, dated April 24, 2003 (“Amendment No. 3”). In Amendment No. 3, the Exchange withdrew its request that the proposed rule change be approved on a pilot basis. Further, the Exchange made changes to the proposed definition of BBO price and requested partial approval of the portion of the proposed rule change dealing with issues other than the definition of BBO price. Because the only substantive changes contained in Amendment No. 3 involve this definition of BBO price, which the Commission is not approving in this order, the Commission similarly is not approving Amendment No. 3 at this time.Back to Citation
9. See CHX Article XX, Rule 37(b)(6)(automatic execution of orders in listed securities); CHX Article XX, Rule 37(b)(7)(automatic execution of orders in OTC securities).Back to Citation
10. See CHX Article XX, Rule 37(b)(1).Back to Citation
11. A specialist choosing to enable the Aggregate Share Threshold functionality would be required to provide CHX staff with the designated time increment for each issue. The time increment would commence (and restart) upon any change in the NBBO.Back to Citation
12. In approving this portion of the rule proposal, the Commission notes that it has also considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
14. The Commission notes that it is not approving proposed Interpretation .01 to CHX Rule 37, nor the corresponding modifications to Rule 37 that would accompany this interpretation.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-11992 Filed 5-13-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P