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Proposed Rule

Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for FY 2004

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AGENCY:

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.

ACTION:

Proposed rule.

SUMMARY:

This proposed rule updates the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for Federal fiscal year 2004 as required under section 1886(j)(3)(C) of the Social Security Act (the Act). Section 1886(j)(5) of the Act requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) to publish in the Federal Register on or before August 1 before each fiscal year, the classification and weighting factors for the IRF case-mix groups and a description of the methodology and data used in computing the prospective payment rates for that fiscal year. In addition, in this proposed rule, we are proposing new policies, and changing or clarifying existing policies regarding the prospective payment system (PPS) within the authority granted under sections 1886(j) and 1886(d) of the Act.

DATES:

We will consider comments if we receive them at the appropriate addresses, as provided below, no later than 5 p.m. on July 7, 2003.

ADDRESSES:

In commenting, please refer to file code CMS-1474-P. Because of staff and resource limitations, we cannot accept comments by facsimile (FAX) transmission or e-mail.

Mail written comments (one original and two copies) to the following address only: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human Services, Attention: CMS-1474-P, P.O. Box 8010, Baltimore, MD 21244-8010.

Please allow sufficient time for mailed comments to be timely received in the event of delivery delays. If you prefer, you may deliver (by hand or courier) your written comments (one original and two copies) to one of the following addresses: Room 445-G, Hubert H. Humphrey Building, 200 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20201, or Room C5-14-03, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21244-1850.

(Because access to the interior of the HHH Building is not readily available to persons without Federal Government identification, commenters are encouraged to leave their comments in the CMS drop slots located in the main lobby of the building. A stamp-in clock is available for persons wishing to retain a proof of filing by stamping in and retaining an extra copy of the comments being filed.) Comments mailed to the addresses indicated as appropriate for hand or courier delivery may be delayed and could be considered late.

For information on viewing public comments, see the beginning of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Robert Kuhl, (410) 786-4597, Pete Diaz (410) 786-1235 or Nora Hoban, (410) 786-0675.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Inspection of Public Comments: Comments received timely will be available for public inspection as they are received, generally beginning approximately 3 weeks after publication of a document, at the headquarters of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, Maryland 21244, Monday through Friday of each week from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. To schedule an appointment to view public comments, phone (410) 786-9994.

Copies: To order copies of the Federal Register containing this document, send your request to: New Orders, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. Specify the date of the issue requested and enclose a check or money order payable to the Superintendent of Documents, or enclose your Visa or Master Card number and expiration date. Credit card orders can also be placed by calling the order desk at (202) 512-1800 (or toll-free at 1-888-293-6498) or by faxing to (202) 512-2250. The cost for each copy is $10. As an alternative, you can view and photocopy the Federal Register document at most libraries designated as Federal Depository Libraries and at many other public and academic libraries throughout the country that receive the Federal Register.

This Federal Register document is also available from the Federal Register online database through GPO Access, a service of the U.S. Government Printing Office. The web site address is: http://www.access.gpo.gov/​nara/​index.html.

Table of Contents

I. Background

A. Requirements for Updating the Prospective Payment Rates for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (IRFs)

B. General Overview of the Current IRF PPS

C. Operational Overview of the Current IRF PPS

D. Proposals for FY 2004

II. Requirements and Conditions for Payment Under the IRF PPS

A. Background of Subpart B Provisions

B. Regulatory Background of the 75 Percent Rule

C. CMS Evaluation of the 75 Percent Rule

III. Research to Support Case-Mix Refinements to the IRF PPS

A. Research on IRFs

B. RAND Research Background

C. Data for Continuing Research

D. Staff Time Measurement Data

E. Monitoring

F. Need to Develop Quality Indicators for IRFs

IV. The IRF PPS Patient Assessment Process

A. Background

B. Patient Rights

C. When the IRF-PAI Must Be Completed

D. Transmission of IRF-PAI Data

E. Proposed Revision of the Definition of Discharge

F. Waiver of the Penalty for Transmitting the IRF-PAI Data Late

G. General Information Regarding the IRF-PAI Assessment Process

V. Patient Classification System for the IRF PPS

VI. Proposed Fiscal Year 2004 Federal Prospective Payment Rates

A. Expiration of the IRF PPS Transition Period

B. Description of the Proposed IRF Standardized Payment Amount

C. Proposed Adjustments to Determine the Proposed FY 2004 Standard Payment Conversion Factor

1. IRF Market Basket Index

2. Proposed Area Wage Adjustment

3. Updated Wage Data

4. Proposed Updated Labor-Related Share

5. Proposed Budget Neutral Wage Adjustment Update Methodology

D. Proposed Update of Payment Rates Under the IRF PPS for FY 2004

E. Examples of Computing the Total Proposed Adjusted IRF Prospective Payments

F. Computing Total Payments Under the IRF PPS for the Transition Period

G. IRF-specific Wage Data

H. Proposed Adjustment for High-Cost Outliers under the IRF Prospective Payment System

1. Current Outlier Payment Provision under the IRF PPS

2. Proposed Changes to the IRF Outlier Payment Methodology

3. Proposed Adjustment to IRF Outlier Payments

4. Proposed Change to the Methodology for Calculating the Federal Prospective Payment Rates

VII. Provisions of the Proposed Rule

VIII. Collection of Information Requirements

IX. Responses to Comments

X. Regulatory Impact Analysis Regulations Text

Addendum—Tables

1—Proposed Relative Weights for Case-Mix Groups (CMGs) Start Printed Page 26787

2—Proposed Fiscal Year 2004 Federal Prospective Payments for Case-Mix Groups (CMGs)

3A—Proposed Urban Wage Index

3B—Proposed Rural Wage Index

4—Acceptable Impairment Group Codes

5—Acceptable ICD-9-CM Codes

Addendum—Charts

1—Estimates on Compliance With the 75 Percent Rule (2002 Data)

2—Example of Applying The Patient Assessment Instrument Discharge Assessment and Transmission Dates

3—Excluded Hospital With Capital Input Price Index (FY 1992 and Proposed FY 1997) Structure and Weights

4—Proposed Excluded Hospital with Capital Input Price Index (FY 1997) Vintage Weights

5—Percent Changes in the 1992-based and proposed 1997-based Excluded Hospital with Capital Market Baskets, FY 1999-2004

6—Proposed FY 2004 Labor-Related Share Relative Importance

7—Examples of Computing an IRF's Proposed Federal Prospective Payment

8—Projected Impact of Proposed FY 2004 Update

Appendix

Appendix A—Methodology to Determine Compliance With the 75 Percent Rule

Appendix B—Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Privacy Forms Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records, Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities

I. Background

A. Requirements for Updating the Prospective Payment Rates for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (IRFs)

On August 7, 2001, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Prospective Payment System for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (CMS-1069-F)” in the Federal Register (66 FR 41316), that established a PPS for IRFs as authorized under section 1886(j) of the Act and codified at subpart P of part 412 of the Medicare regulations. In the August 7, 2001 final rule, we set forth per discharge Federal prospective payment rates for fiscal year (FY) 2002 that provided payment for inpatient operating and capital costs of furnishing covered rehabilitation services (that is, routine, ancillary, and capital costs) but not costs of approved educational activities, bad debts, and other services or items that are outside the scope of the IRF PPS. The provisions of that final rule were effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2002. (On July 1, 2002, we also published a correcting amendment to the final rule (CMS-1069-F2) in the Federal Register (67 FR 44073). Any reference to the August 7, 2001 final rule in this proposed rule includes the provisions effective in the correcting amendment.)

Section 1886(j)(5) of the Act and § 412.628 of the regulations require the Secretary to publish in the Federal Register, on or before August 1 of the preceding fiscal year, the classifications and weighting factors for the IRF case-mix groups (CMGs) and a description of the methodology and data used in computing the prospective payment rates for the upcoming fiscal year. On August 1, 2002, we published a notice in the Federal Register (67 FR 49928) to update the IRF Federal prospective payment rates from FY 2002 to FY 2003 using the methodology described in § 412.624 of the regulations. As stated in that notice, we used the same classifications and weighting factors for the IRF CMGs that were set forth in the August 7, 2001 final rule to update the IRF Federal prospective payment rates from FY 2002 to FY 2003. The FY 2003 Federal prospective payment rates are effective for discharges on or after October 1, 2002 and before October 1, 2003.

In this proposed rule, we are proposing to update the IRF Federal prospective payment rates from FY 2003 to FY 2004 using the methodology described in § 412.624 of the regulations. See section VI of this proposed rule for further discussion of the proposed FY 2004 Federal prospective payment rates. The proposed FY 2004 Federal prospective payment rates will be effective for discharges on or after October 1, 2003 and before October 1, 2004.

B. General Overview of the Current IRF PPS

Section 4421 of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) (Pub. L. 105-33), as amended by section 125 of the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Balanced Budget Refinement Act of 1999 (BBRA) (Pub. L. 106-113), and by section 305 of the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA) (Pub. L. 106-554), provides for the implementation of a per discharge PPS, through new section 1886(j) of the Act, for inpatient rehabilitation hospitals and inpatient rehabilitation units of a hospital (IRFs). Payments under the IRF PPS encompass inpatient operating and capital costs of furnishing covered rehabilitation services (that is, routine, ancillary, and capital costs) but not costs of approved educational activities, bad debts, and other services or items outside the scope of the IRF PPS. Although a complete discussion of the IRF PPS provisions appears in the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41316), we provide below a general description of the IRF PPS.

The IRF PPS, as described in the August 7, 2001 final rule, uses Federal prospective payment rates across 100 distinct CMGs. Ninety-five CMGs were constructed using rehabilitation impairment categories, functional status (both motor and cognitive), and age (in some cases, cognitive status and age may not be a factor in defining a CMG). Five special CMGs were constructed to account for very short stays and for patients who expire in the IRF.

For each of the CMGs, we developed relative weighting factors to account for a patient's clinical characteristics and expected resource needs. Thus, the weighting factors account for the relative difference in resource use across all CMGs. Within each CMG, the weighting factors were “tiered” based on the estimated effect that the existence of certain comorbidities have on resource use.

The Federal PPS rates were established using a standardized payment amount (also referred to as the budget neutral conversion factor in the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41364 through 41367)). For each of the tiers within a CMG, the relative weighting factors were applied to the budget neutral conversion factor to compute the unadjusted Federal prospective payment rates. Adjustments that account for geographic variations in wages (wage index), the percentage of low-income patients (LIPs), and location in a rural area would be applied to the IRF's unadjusted Federal prospective payment rates. In addition, adjustments would be made to account for the early transfer of a patient, interrupted stays, and high cost outliers.

Lastly, the IRF's final prospective payment amount would be determined under the transition methodology prescribed in section 1886(j) of the Act. Specifically, for cost reporting periods that began on or after January 1, 2002 and before October 1, 2002, section 1886(j)(1) of the Act and § 412.626 of the regulations provide that IRFs transition into the prospective payment systems receiving a “blended payment.” For cost reporting periods that began on or after January 1, 2002 and before October 1, 2002, these blended payments consisted of 662/3 percent of the Federal IRF PPS rate and 331/3 percent of the payment that the IRF would have been paid had the IRF PPS not been implemented. However, during the transition period, an IRF with a cost reporting period beginning on or after January 1, 2002 and before October 1, 2002 could have elected to bypass this blended payment Start Printed Page 26788and be paid 100 percent of the Federal IRF PPS rate. For cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2002 (FY 2003), however, the transition methodology expired, and payments for all IRFs consist of 100 percent of the Federal IRF PPS.

We established a CMS website that contains useful information regarding the IRF PPS. The website URL is www.cms.hhs.gov/​providers/​irfpps/​default.asp and may be accessed to download or view publications, software, and other information pertinent to the IRF PPS.

C. Operational Overview of the Current IRF PPS

As described in the August 7, 2001 final rule, upon the admission and discharge of a Medicare Part A fee-for-service patient, the IRF is required to complete the appropriate sections of a patient assessment instrument, the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility—Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI). All required data must be electronically encoded into the IRF's PAI software product. Generally, the software product includes patient grouping programming called the GROUPER software. The GROUPER software uses specific PAI data elements to classify (or group) the patient into a distinct CMG and account for the existence of any relevant comorbidities. The GROUPER software produces a 5-digit CMG number. The first digit is an alpha-character that indicates the comorbidity tier. The last 4 digits represent the distinct CMG number. (Free downloads of the Inpatient Rehabilitation Validation and Entry (IRVEN) software product, including the GROUPER software, are available at the CMS website at www.cms.hhs.gov/​providers/​irfpps/​default.asp).

Once the patient is discharged, the IRF completes the Medicare claim (UB-92 or its equivalent) using the 5-digit CMG number and sends it to the appropriate Medicare fiscal intermediary (FI). (Claims submitted to Medicare must comply with the electronic claim requirements contained at www.cms.hhs.gov/​providers/​edi/​default.asp, as reported in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) program claim memoranda issued by CMS and also published at that web site, and as listed in the addenda to the Medicare Intermediary Manual, Part 3, section 3600. Instructions for the limited number of claims submitted to Medicare on paper are located in section 3604 of Part 3 of the Medicare Intermediary Manual.) The Medicare FI processes the claim through its software system. This software system includes pricing programming called the PRICER software. The PRICER software uses the CMG number, along with other specific claim data elements and provider-specific data, to adjust the IRF's prospective payment for interrupted stays, transfers, short stays, and deaths and then applies the applicable adjustments to account for the IRF's wage index, percentage of LIPs, rural location, and outlier payments.

D. Proposals for FY 2004

In this proposed rule, we are proposing to update the data used to compute the IRF wage indices. In the August 7, 2001 final rule, we used FY 1997 acute care hospital wage data to compute the IRF wage indices for FY 2002. The August 1, 2002 notice that set forth the updated FY 2003 IRF Federal prospective payment rates also used 1997 acute care hospital wage data to compute the FY 2003 IRF wage indices.

In this proposed rule, we are proposing to update the IRF wage indices for FY 2004 by using FY 1999 acute care hospital data. We believe that the FY 1999 acute care hospital data are the best available because they are currently the most recent complete final data. However, any adjustments or updates made under section 1886(j)(6) of the Act must be made in a budget neutral manner. Therefore, in section VI of this proposed rule, we are proposing a methodology to update the wage indices for FY 2004 using 1999 acute care hospital data in a budget neutral manner.

In this proposed rule, we are also proposing to update the underlying data used to compute the IRF market basket index. As explained in Appendix D of the August 7, 2001 final rule, we used 1992 cost report data as the underlying data to develop the excluded hospital with capital market basket that formed the basis of the FY 2002 and FY 2003 IRF market basket index. In section VI of this proposed rule, we are proposing to use 1997 cost report data, the most recent data available, to form the basis of the FY 2004 IRF market basket index.

In section II of this proposed rule, we are proposing to modify or clarify certain criteria for a hospital or a hospital unit to be classified as an IRF. As stated in the August 7, 2001 final rule, we did not change the survey and certification procedures applicable to entities seeking classification as an IRF. Currently, to be paid under the IRF PPS, a hospital or unit of a hospital must first be deemed to be excluded from the diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based acute care hospital PPS under the general requirements in subpart B of part 412 of the regulations. Second, the excluded hospital or unit must meet the conditions for payment under the IRF PPS at § 412.604 of the regulations.

Lastly, we are proposing, in various sections of this proposed rule, to modify or clarify existing provisions of the IRF PPS. However, we are not proposing refinements to the FY 2002 case-mix classification system (the CMGs and the corresponding relative weights) and the case-level and facility-level adjustments, due to the lack of available data to make such changes.

II. Requirements and Conditions for Payment Under the IRF PPS

As issued in the August 7, 2001 final rule, § 412.604 “Conditions for payment under the prospective payment system for inpatient rehabilitation facilities” describes the conditions that must be met for an IRF to be paid under the IRF PPS. Section 412.604(a) states the general requirements for payment to be made under the IRF PPS and the effects on Medicare payment if the conditions described therein are not met. Section 412.604(b) states the existing regulatory provisions that must be met for a hospital or unit of a hospital to be excluded from the acute care inpatient hospital PPS and to be classified as an IRF. Section 412.604(c) requires an IRF to complete a patient assessment instrument for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service patient admitted. Section 412.604(d) describes the limitations on IRFs for charging beneficiaries that receive Medicare covered services. Section 412.604(e) describes the requirements associated with furnishing inpatient hospital services directly or under arrangement. Section 412.604(f) states the reporting and recordkeeping requirements that IRFs must meet.

In this section of the proposed rule, we describe proposed changes, if any, to the conditions or underlying requirements of § 412.604.

Section 412.604(a) General Requirements

Under paragraph (a)(2), we propose to change the word “we” to “CMS or its Medicare fiscal intermediary” to read as follows:

“If an inpatient rehabilitation facility fails to comply fully with these conditions with respect to inpatient hospital services furnished to one or more Medicare Part A fee-for-service beneficiaries, CMS or its Medicare fiscal intermediary may, as appropriate—

(i) Withhold (in full or in part) or reduce Medicare payment to the inpatient rehabilitation facility until the facility provides adequate assurances of compliance; or Start Printed Page 26789

(ii) Classify the inpatient rehabilitation facility as an inpatient hospital that is subject to the conditions of subpart C of this part and is paid under the prospective payment systems specified in § 412.1(a)(1).”

Section 412.604(b) Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities Subject to the Prospective Payment System

Section 412.604(b) states that, “subject to the special payment provisions of § 412.22(c), an inpatient rehabilitation facility must meet the general criteria set forth in § 412.22 and the criteria to be classified as a rehabilitation hospital or rehabilitation unit set forth in § 412.23(b), § 412.25, and § 412.29 for exclusion from the inpatient hospital prospective payment systems specified in § 412.1(a)(1).” The general criteria set forth in § 412.22 and the criteria to be classified as a rehabilitation hospital or rehabilitation unit set forth in § 412.23(b), § 412.25, and § 412.29 are under subpart B of part 412 of the regulations. In the August 7, 2001 final rule implementing the IRF PPS, we did not make any changes to the exclusion criteria and requirements to be classified as an IRF under subpart B of part 412. Since the implementation of the IRF PPS, a number of questions have been raised on the application of some of these requirements and the necessity of other criteria. Below, we will discuss each requirement as it relates to the classification of an IRF.

A. Background of Subpart B Provisions

Section 601 of the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (Pub. L. 98-21) added section 1886 to the Act that established a PPS for acute care inpatient hospital services for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 1983. Under section 1886(d)(1)(B) of the Act, several types of hospitals and units of hospitals are excluded from the inpatient hospital PPS. Sections 1886(d)(1)(B)(ii) and 1886(d)(1)(B) of the Act specify that rehabilitation hospitals and rehabilitation units of hospitals (as defined by the Secretary) are excluded from the inpatient PPS.

Extensive discussion and public comments on developing the criteria under which a hospital or unit of a hospital can be excluded from the inpatient PPS as an IRF began with the September 1, 1983 publication of the interim final rule with comment period in the Federal Register (48 FR 39752). (That interim final rule discussed the provisions necessary to implement section 1886 of the Act.) On January 3, 1984, we published a final rule (49 FR 234) that responded to public comments on the provisions of the September 1, 1983 interim final rule and established the initial set of criteria that must be met by a hospital or unit of a hospital seeking exclusion from the inpatient hospital PPS as an IRF. Since the publication of these earlier rules, the criteria to be an IRF have been revised and codified at subpart B of part 412 of the current Medicare regulations.

Section 412.20 Hospital Services Subject to the Prospective Payment Systems

In the August 7, 2001 final rule, we added § 412.20(b) stating that covered inpatient hospital services furnished to Medicare beneficiaries by a rehabilitation hospital or rehabilitation unit that meet the conditions of § 412.604 are paid under the PPS described in subpart P of this part.

In this proposed rule, we are proposing to redesignate current § 412.20(b) as paragraph (b)(1) of § 412.20 and add paragraph (b)(2) to ensure that inpatient hospital services will not be paid under the IRF PPS if the services are paid by a health maintenance organization (HMO) or competitive medical plan (CMP) that elects not to have CMS make payments to an IRF for services, which are inpatient hospital services, furnished to the HMO's or CMP's Medicare enrollees under part 417 of this chapter. This proposed provision is similar to the provision at § 412.20(b)(3) that prohibits payments under the acute care hospital PPS for similar HMO or CMP services.

Section 412.22 Excluded Hospitals and Hospital Units: General Rules

Section 412.22(h) describes the requirements to be a satellite facility that is excluded from the acute care hospital PPS. The following describes our proposal to eliminate the provision that limits the bed size of a satellite IRF.

In the July 30, 1999 Federal Register (64 FR 41540), we revised § 412.22(h) to require that in order to be excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS, a satellite of a hospital: (1) Effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2002, is not under the control of the governing body or chief executive officer of the hospital in which it is located, and furnishes inpatient care through the use of medical personnel who are not under the control of the medical staff or chief medical officer of the hospital in which it is located; (2) must maintain admission and discharge records that are separately identified from those of the hospital in which it is located and are readily available; (3) cannot commingle beds with beds of the hospital in which it is located; (4) must be serviced by the same FI as the hospital of which it is a part; (5) must be treated as a separate cost center of the hospital of which it is a part; (6) for cost reporting and apportionment purposes, must use an accounting system that properly allocates costs and maintains adequate data to support the basis of allocation; and (7) must report costs in the cost report of the hospital of which it is a part, covering the same fiscal period and using the same method of apportionment as the hospital of which it is a part. In addition, the satellite facility must independently comply with the qualifying criteria for exclusion from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS. Lastly, the total number of State-licensed and Medicare-certified beds (including those of the satellite facility) for a hospital (other than a children's hospital) that was excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS for the most recent cost reporting period beginning before October 1, 1997, may not exceed the hospital's number of beds on the last day of that cost reporting period.

In § 412.22(h)(1), we define a satellite as “a part of a hospital that provides inpatient services in a building also used by another hospital, or in one or more entire buildings located on the same campus as buildings used by another hospital.” Satellite arrangements exist when an existing hospital that is excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS and that is either a freestanding hospital or a hospital-within-a-hospital under § 412.22(e) shares space in a building or on a campus occupied by another hospital in order to establish an additional location for the excluded hospital. The July 30, 1999 acute care hospital inpatient PPS final rule (64 FR 41532-41534) includes a detailed discussion of our policies regarding Medicare payments for satellite facilities of hospitals excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS.

In accordance with section 1886(b) of the Act, as amended by sections 4414 and 4416 of Pub. L. 105-33, we established two different target limits on payments to excluded hospitals, depending upon when the IRF was established. The target amount limit for an IRF with a cost reporting period beginning before October 1, 1997 was set at the 75th percentile of the target amounts of IRFs, as specified in § 413.40(c)(4)(iii), updated to the applicable cost reporting period. For IRFs with a cost reporting period beginning on or after October 1, 1997, under section 4416 of Pub. L. 105-33, the payment amount for the hospital's Start Printed Page 26790first two 12-month cost reporting periods, as specified at § 413.40(f)(2)(ii)(A) and (B), could not exceed 110 percent of the national median of target amounts of IRFs for cost reporting periods ending during FY 1996, updated by the hospital market basket increase percentage to the first cost reporting period in which the IRF receives payment.

Because we were concerned that a number of pre-1997 excluded hospitals (including IRFs), governed by § 413.40(c)(4)(iii), would seek to create satellite arrangements in order to avoid the effect of the lower payment caps that would apply to new hospitals under § 413.40(f)(2)(ii), we established rules regarding the exclusion of and payments to satellites of existing facilities. If the number of beds in the hospital or unit (including both the base hospital or unit and the satellite location) exceeds the number of State-licensed and Medicare-certified beds in the hospital or unit on the last day of the hospital's or unit's last cost reporting period beginning before October 1, 1997, the facility would be paid under the acute care hospital inpatient DRG system. Therefore, while an excluded hospital or unit could “transfer” bed capacity from a base facility to a satellite, if it increased total bed capacity beyond the level it had in the most recent cost reporting period before October 1, 1997 (see 64 FR 41532-41533, July 30, 1999), the hospital will not be paid as a hospital excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient PPS. However, no similar limitation was imposed with respect to the number of total beds in excluded hospitals and units and satellite facilities of those excluded hospitals and units established after October 1, 1997, since those excluded hospitals and units were subject to the lower payment limits of section 4416 of Pub. L. 105-33, and would, therefore, not benefit from the higher payment cap on target amounts under § 413.40(c)(4) by creating a satellite facility.

On March 22, 2002, we published a proposed rule in the Federal Register (67 FR 13416) that set forth the proposed Medicare PPS for long-term care hospitals (LTCHs). Discussion of the comments received on that LTCH proposed rule and our responses were published in a final rule on August 30, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 55954). Specific comments received were discussed on page 56013 of the LTCH final rule that urged us to eliminate the bed-number criteria in § 412.22(h)(2)(i) for pre-1997 IRFs since the applicable PPS is fully phased in. The rationale for the bed-number criteria provision at § 412.22(h)(2)(i) was the potential for circumventing the PPS by creating a satellite location that could have their payment based on a higher TEFRA target amount cap. However, once an IRF's payment under the IRF PPS does not include a TEFRA-based payment (referred to as the facility-specific payment under the transition period described in § 412.626) and is based on 100 percent of the Federal prospective payment rate, we believe that the need for the bed-number criteria does not exist because IRF prospective payments will be the same regardless of when the IRF was established. Because all IRFs will be paid 100 percent of the proposed FY 2004 Federal prospective payment rates, we are proposing to eliminate the bed-number criteria by amending § 412.22(h) for freestanding satellite IRFs. We are also proposing to eliminate the bed-number criteria for IRF satellite units of a hospital by amending § 412.25(e) to conform with the proposed change in § 412.22(h).

Section 412.23 Excluded Hospitals: Classifications

Classification as an IRF—“The 75 Percent Rule”

Under the § 412.23(b)(2) of the regulations, a facility may be classified as an IRF if it can show that during its most recent 12-month cost reporting period it served an inpatient population of whom at least 75 percent required intensive rehabilitation services for the treatment of one or more of the following conditions:

1. Stroke.

2. Spinal cord injury.

3. Congenital deformity.

4. Amputation.

5. Major multiple trauma.

6. Fracture of femur (hip fracture).

7. Brain injury.

8. Polyarthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis.

9. Neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron diseases, polyneuropathy, muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson's disease.

10. Burns.

Under § 412.604(b), the requirement at § 412.23(b)(2) must be met as one of the conditions for payment under the IRF PPS. However, even before the implementation of the IRF PPS, the rehabilitation industry expressed an interest in having CMS re-examine the regulatory criteria used to determine the classification of a unit or hospital as an IRF. Recently this interest has focused on the regulatory requirement at § 412.23(b)(2) commonly known as the “75 Percent Rule.”

B. Regulatory Background of the 75 Percent Rule

We initially stipulated the “75 percent” requirement in the September 1, 1983, interim final rule with comment period entitled “Medicare Program; Prospective Payments for Medicare Inpatient Hospital Services” (48 FR 39752). That rule implemented the Social Security Amendments of 1983 (Pub. L. 98-21), changing the method of payment for inpatient hospital services from a cost-based, retrospective reimbursement system to a diagnosis specific PPS. However, the rule stipulated that in accordance with sections 1886(d)(1)(B) and 1886(d)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act both a rehabilitation unit, which is a distinct part of a hospital, and a rehabilitation hospital were excluded from the inpatient hospital PPS. We noted that sections 1886(d)(1)(B) and 1886(d)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act also gave the Secretary discretion in defining what is a “rehabilitation unit” and a “rehabilitation hospital.”

In order to define a rehabilitation hospital we consulted with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals (JCAH), and other accrediting organizations. (JCAH is currently known as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospital Organizations.) The criteria we included in our definition of a rehabilitation hospital incorporated some of the accreditation requirements of these organizations. The definition also included other criteria, which we believed distinguished a rehabilitation hospital from a hospital that furnished general medical and surgical services as well as some rehabilitation services. One criterion was that “The hospital must be primarily engaged in furnishing intensive rehabilitation services as demonstrated by patient medical records showing that, during the hospital's most recently completed 12-month cost reporting period, at least 75 percent of the hospital's inpatients were treated for one or more conditions specified in these regulations that typically require intensive inpatient rehabilitation.” (48 FR 39756) This requirement was originally specified in § 405.471(c)(2)(ii) of the regulations. We included this requirement, as a defining feature of a rehabilitation hospital, because we believed “that examining the types of conditions for which a hospital's inpatients are treated, and the proportion of patients treated for conditions that typically require intensive inpatient rehabilitation, will help distinguish those hospitals in which the provisions of rehabilitation Start Printed Page 26791services is a primary, rather than a secondary, goal.” (48 FR 39756) Using a similar line of reasoning, we made compliance with the 75 percent rule one of the characteristics that defined a rehabilitation unit.

The original medical conditions specified in § 405.471(c)(2)(ii) were stroke, spinal cord injury, congenital deformity, amputation, major multiple trauma, fracture of femur (hip fracture), brain injury, and polyarthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis. This list of 8 medical conditions was partly based upon the information contained in a document entitled “Sample Screening Criteria for Review of Admissions to Comprehensive Medical Rehabilitation Hospitals/Units.” This document was a product of the Committee on Rehabilitation Criteria for PSRO of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. In addition, we received input from with the National Association of Rehabilitation Facilities, and the American Hospital Association.

On January 3, 1984, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Prospective Payment for Medicare Inpatient Hospital Services” (49 FR 234). On page 240 of that final rule, we summarized comments that requested inclusion of neurological disorders, burns, chronic pain, pulmonary disorders, and cardiac disorders in the 75 percent rule's list of medical conditions. Our analysis of these comments led us to agree that neurological disorders (including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron diseases, polyneuropathy, muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson's disease) and burns should be added to the 75 percent rule's original list of 8 medical conditions. (49 FR 240) We did not agree with comments that we lower from 75 to 60 the percentage of patients that must meet one of the medical conditions. Nor did we agree with comments urging us to use IRF resource consumption, instead of a percentage of patients that must have one or more of the specified medical conditions, to help define what is an IRF. (49 FR 239-240) We also rejected suggestions, which proposed that when an IRF could not meet the 75 percent rule the facility could still be defined as an IRF based on the types of services it furnished.

On August 31, 1984, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Changes to the Inpatient Hospital Prospective Payment System and Fiscal Year 1985 Rates” (49 FR 34728). In that rule we explained how the 75 percent rule applied to a new rehabilitation unit or rehabilitation hospital, or when a rehabilitation unit wanted to expand its size by adding beds.

On March 29, 1985, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Prospective Payment System for Hospital Inpatient Services; Redesignation of Rules” (50 FR 12740). That rule redesignated provisions of § 405.471 that addressed the 75 percent rule into § 412.23.

On August 30, 1991, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Changes to the Inpatient Hospital Prospective Payment System and Fiscal Year 1992 Rates” (56 FR 43196). Since October 1, 1983, the regulations allowed a new rehabilitation hospital or new rehabilitation unit, or an existing excluded rehabilitation unit which was to be expanded by the addition of new beds, to be excluded from the acute care PPS if, in addition to meeting other requirements, it submitted a written certification that during its first cost reporting period it would be in compliance with the 75 percent rule. The August 30, 1991, rule specified that if these facilities were later found to have not complied with the 75 percent rule CMS would determine the amount of actual payment under the exclusion, compute what we would have paid for the facility's services to Medicare patients under the acute care hospital PPS, and recover any difference in accordance with the rules on the recoupment of overpayments.

On September 1, 1992, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Changes to Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems and Fiscal Year 1993 Rates” (57 FR 39746). In the rule we acknowledged that, for various reasons, a new rehabilitation hospital or a new rehabilitation unit might need to begin operations at some time other than at the start of its regular cost reporting period. Therefore, we specified such an IRF could submit a written certification that it would comply with the 75 percent rule for both a partial cost reporting period of up to 11 months, as well as the subsequent full 12-month cost reporting period.

On September 1, 1994, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Changes to the Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems and FY 1995 Rates” (59 FR 45330). In that rule, we stated that we had miscellaneous comments requesting that oncology cases, pulmonary disorders, cardiac disorders, and chronic pain be added to the 75 percent rule's list of medical conditions. (59 FR 45393) We responded that although the 75 percent rule had not been addressed in the associated May 27, 1994, proposed rule we would take these miscellaneous comments into consideration if we decided to make changes to the 75 percent rule.

When we published the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41316), we acknowledged we had received comments requesting that we update the 75 percent rule's list of medical conditions, or eliminate the 75 percent rule. (66 FR 41321) We responded that in our IRF PPS proposed rule we had not proposed changing the 75 percent rule, believed that the existing 75 percent rule was appropriate, and, therefore, would not be revising the 75 percent rule. However, we also stated that data obtained after we implemented the IRF PPS could lead us to reconsider revising the 75 percent rule.

C. CMS Evaluation of the 75 Percent Rule

In the spring of 2002 we surveyed the fiscal intermediaries (FIs) in order to ascertain what methods were being used to verify if IRFs were complying with the 75 percent rule. Analysis of the survey data made us aware that inconsistent methods were being used to determine if an IRF was in compliance with the 75 percent rule, and that some IRFs were not being reviewed to determine if they were in compliance with the 75 percent rule. These survey results led us to become concerned that some IRFs may be out of compliance with the regulations. In addition, we were concerned that some FIs might be using methods to verify compliance with the 75 percent rule, which may cause an IRF to incorrectly be found out of compliance with the rule; this would thus cause an IRF to inappropriately lose its classification as an IRF. Therefore, on June 7, 2002, we suspended enforcement of the 75 percent rule until we conducted a careful examination of this area and determined whether changes were needed to the regulation, and the operating procedures that govern how compliance with the regulation is verified.

In addition to our review of FI administrative procedures, we conducted an analysis of CMS administrative data to attempt to estimate overall compliance with the regulation. We examined both IRF-PAI data and claims from the years 1998, 1999, and 2002. Before discussing the results of this analysis, we note that the data does have some limitations. First, it is not possible to discern from the diagnosis data on the IRF-PAI or the claim whether or not there was a medical need to furnish the patient “intensive rehabilitation.” The diagnosis is a determination of a Start Printed Page 26792patient's clinical status, but that is different from determining that there is a medical necessity to furnish treatment to a patient in an IRF as opposed to another type of treatment setting. In addition, it was not possible in many cases to map the diagnosis code on the claim data to one of the ten medical conditions listed in § 412.23(b) because a large percentage of claims have an ICD-9-CM diagnosis code that is a general code indicating only care involving the use of rehabilitation procedures instead of a specific diagnosis.

Chart 1 “Estimates of Compliance with the 75 Percent Rule” below shows the estimated percent of facilities with 75 percent of cases falling into the 10 conditions (13.35 percent) using 2002 available patient assessment data. Appendix A provides the technical detail regarding the method used to determine the percent of IRFs in calendar year 2002 that complied with the 75 percent rule. We believe our findings may tend to undercount cases falling within the 10 conditions because the IRF-PAI assessment process was first implemented during 2002. We believe that learning the IRF-PAI assessment process probably resulted in IRFs erring when coding the impairment group on the IRF-PAI assessment form. Nevertheless, we believe the analysis is useful for providing an estimate of the overall compliance with this regulatory requirement. Our findings showed that overall about 50 percent of cases fall within the 10 conditions specified in the rule and the number of facilities meeting the requirement based upon Medicare discharges rather than all discharges is very low. In addition, it shows the estimated percent of facilities that meet lower thresholds. Finally, our analysis also found that a facility's Medicare case mix was a good predictor of case mix for non-Medicare IRF patients.

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While our estimate of compliance with the 75 percent rule is somewhat limited by the data available, we do believe it clearly demonstrates low compliance of the 75 percent rule by IRFs. Though IRFs are now paid under a PPS, the 75 percent rule still serves the relevant function of distinguishing IRFs from other types of inpatient facilities, thus facilitating compliance with sections 1886(d)(1)(B) and 1886(d)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act. Making this distinction is also critical to fulfilling the requirements of section Start Printed Page 267941886(j)(1)(A), which requires Medicare to make payments to IRFs under a PPS specifically designed for the services they furnish. Specifically, the 75 percent rule has the effect of limiting the type of patient that can be cared for in facilities identified as IRFs. This limitation serves to ensure that only patients requiring this type of specialized and more expensive care receive it. The medical conditions listed in the 75 percent rule are conditions in which patients require the services of rehabilitation professionals with specialized skills and experiences that may not be available in other settings.

The largest group of patients treated in rehabilitation hospitals but not considered in this analysis to meet the 75 percent rule is patients with major joint replacements, specifically knee and hip replacements. Joint replacement patients have been more commonly admitted to rehabilitation hospitals in some areas of the country, and nationally, less than one quarter of Medicare beneficiaries are admitted to IRFs after surgery. Although some joint replacement patients may have “polyarthritis,” or another of the ten conditions specified in the 75 percent rule requiring intensive inpatient rehabilitation, these cases were generally not counted towards a facility's compliance with the 75 percent rule. Provider representatives also have requested that conditions classified into the cardiac and pulmonary RICs be added to the list of conditions in the 75 percent rule. These two RICs currently represent about 8 percent of beneficiaries serviced in IRFs using the 2002 patient assessment data. We note that many private insurers do not cover acute inpatient rehabilitation care (in IRFs) for many of these patients whose rehabilitation needs can be met in an alternative setting such as a skilled nursing facility. We request comments on any conditions that necessitate the intensive, multidisciplinary care that IRFs are required to provide.

As mentioned previously, we surveyed the FIs to determine the methods they were using to verify compliance with the 75 percent rule. Our analysis of that survey data led us to suspend enforcement of the 75 percent rule. The process for determining compliance with the 75 percent rule needs to be improved. However, we believe that currently there is no need to amend the regulation because it still appropriately functions to help distinguish an IRF from other types of inpatient treatment settings. We will instead be improving the method FIs use to verify compliance with the 75 percent rule, and ensuring that FIs are consistent in how they verify compliance with the 75 percent rule.

When we suspended enforcement of the 75 percent rule we specified that the suspension of enforcement was not applicable to a facility that was first seeking classification as an IRF in accordance with § 412.23(b)(8) or § 412.30(b)(2). A facility first seeking classification as an IRF in accordance with § 412.23(b)(8) or § 412.30(b)(2) only has to self-attest that during its next full 12-month cost reporting period it will meet the 75 percent rule. Accordingly, a facility first seeking classification as an IRF in accordance with § 412.23(b)(8) or § 412.30(b)(2) has never had an FI verify that its patient population actually met the 75 percent rule. Until the medical conditions of this facility's patient population have been evaluated this facility has not proven that for at least one full 12-month cost reporting period it complied with the 75 percent rule and was appropriately classified as an IRF. Therefore, until a facility had proven that it qualified to be classified as an IRF because its patient population actually met the 75 percent rule it could not be eligible for suspension of enforcement of the 75 percent rule.

We will be instructing FIs to re-institute appropriate enforcement action if a FI determines that an IRF has not met the 75 percent rule. We realize that an IRF may need time to come into compliance with the 75 percent rule. An IRF's cost reporting period is the time period used to ascertain compliance with the 75 percent rule. Therefore, we will be instructing the FIs that the FI must use cost reporting periods that begin on or after October 1, 2003, as the time period to ascertain an IRF's compliance with the 75 percent rule.

While this proposed rule does not propose changes to the regulations related to the 75 percent rule, we expect that improved enforcement and compliance with the existing rule will have varying impacts on providers and beneficiaries.

Our analysis, detailed earlier in this section, indicates that approximately 50 percent of cases being cared for in IRFs fall outside of the ten conditions listed in the regulations. In addition, it estimates that potentially 86 percent of IRFs may currently be out of compliance. We again note that this analysis is based on Medicare administrative data (claims and patient assessments) rather than detailed medical record data and, thus, is limited in its ability to accurately classify all patients into one or more of the ten conditions cited in the regulations. Thus, we would expect our estimates of compliance to be higher if more detailed information from the medical records were available to perform the analysis.

We also know from the data that cases observed in IRFs that do not fall in one of the ten conditions have, on the average, lower lengths of stay than those cases that fall into one of the ten conditions. Specifically, the cases that do not fall into one of the ten conditions (approximately 50 percent) account for approximately 40 percent of the Medicare covered days. Conversely, 60 percent of the Medicare covered days fall into one of the ten conditions.

While it is difficult to predict the aggregate impact of improved compliance on provider revenues, we expect that IRFs and/or their parent hospitals (80 percent of IRFs are units of acute care hospitals) will change their behavior in a variety of ways. IRFs may change admission practices to alter their case mix, either Medicare or total patient population, by admitting patients with more intensive rehabilitative needs that fall into the ten conditions. This could have the effect of elevating the facility's revenues because cases requiring more intensive rehabilitation care generally receive higher Medicare payments than less complex cases.

For example, in each of the three years of data examined, lower extremity joint replacements contained by far the largest number of cases not in the ten conditions (44 percent in 2002). Other conditions included cardiac (10.3 percent), pulmonary (4.8 percent) and pain (4.1 percent). IRFs specializing in or treating a significant number of such cases may have to alter their admissions practice to achieve compliance. Treating fewer joint replacement cases (that result in relatively low payments under the IRF PPS) with cases requiring more intensive treatment could actually increase a facility's revenues.

Conversely, some IRFs may not be able to find such cases and may be required to reduce capacity and serve fewer patients in order to achieve compliance, an action that may have the effect of lowering a facility's revenues. Since compliance with the 75 percent rule could be achieved with changes in admission practices for Medicare as well as non-Medicare patients, the impact on Medicare revenues may vary.

The current regulation reflects the fact that a significant number (up to 25 percent) of medically necessary admissions may fall outside of the ten conditions. These cases can continue to be admitted and treated under the regulation. Other cases may appropriately receive rehabilitative care in alternative settings. For certain medically complex cases, it may be Start Printed Page 26795appropriate to lengthen the patient's stay in an acute care setting in order to stabilize their condition to prepare the patient to participate in rehabilitation. Alternative settings for rehabilitative care could include the acute care hospital, skilled nursing facilities, long-term care hospitals, outpatient rehabilitation, and home health care. For this reason, we do not expect to see reduced access to care for Medicare beneficiaries as a result of improved compliance. In addition, because many hospitals having a Medicare certified IRF unit also have one or more other subunits that provide rehabilitation, revenues from these cases may be generated elsewhere within the same hospital.

We have developed a case study (below) to illustrate the differences in Medicare payment for cases that do not fall into one of the ten conditions included in the 75 percent rule. As discussed above, this type of case could be treated in an alternative setting. For this example, we detail Medicare payment amounts for rehabilitation care in four alternative settings (skilled nursing facility, home health, long term care hospital, and outpatient rehabilitation). As noted above, 80 percent of IRFs are units of hospitals. These hospitals may now choose to direct some patients to other settings. As explained above, it is difficult to predict the approach any individual or group of IRFs will follow in achieving compliance with this regulation, however, the case study illustrates some of the potential Medicare payment effects associated with providing similar levels of rehabilitation in different settings.

Case Example

The following case example has been developed to illustrate the payments under Medicare for levels of rehabilitative care received in the various settings that may be a part of a hospital complex for a patient that has a primary diagnosis of a lower extremity joint replacement. The following case example describes one of the most common patient conditions (not included in the 75 percent rule) but is not meant to describe all possible conditions and their related payment effects. The payments for each PPS described in the example are based on case weights and standardized payment rates for 2003.

The clinical description of the case example is as follows:

A 74-year-old woman status post a right total knee arthroplasty (TKA), with a wound infection, fever, and high white blood count are noted on her second postoperative day. A work-up indicates the existence of staphylococcus aureus septicemia. Patient lacks full extension and has only 65 degrees of flexion on her third post-operative day. The management options for this patient include: extension of acute care length of stay; transfer to a long term care hospital; admission to a skilled nursing facility; possibly home health services or outpatient services.

Under the IRF PPS, this patient would be classified into case-mix group 804 (lower extremity joint replacement with some functional capabilities) with an average length of stay of 14 days. Furthermore, the existence of staphylococcus aureus septicemia, a comorbid condition (ICD-9-CM code 038.11), would place this patient into the tier 2 payment category. The corresponding 2003 unadjusted payment amount for this patient would be $10,828.60.

Under the skilled nursing facility (SNF) PPS, this patient is classified into either the very high (RVB) or ultra high (RUB) rehabilitation group based on the hours of therapy she receives per week. We believe that this patient would have a length of stay in the SNF of either 14 days or 20 days. The corresponding 2003 unadjusted payment amount for this patient would be $4,446.82 for RVB and 14 days, $6,670.23 for RVB and 20 days, $6,352.60 for RUB and 14 days, or $7,672.40 for RUB and 20 days.

Under the long-term care hospital PPS, this patient would be classified into patient group 238 and would have a length of stay of either 14 days or 24 or more days. The corresponding 2003 unadjusted payment amount for this patient would be $17,671.22 for 14 days or $28,296.21 for 24 or more days.

Under the home health PPS, this patient would be placed into the High/High/Moderate group. The corresponding 2003 unadjusted payment amount for this patient would be $5,165.26 for home health services delivered for a 60-day period.

Under outpatient therapy, assuming 2 hours of physical therapy and 1 hour of occupational therapy given during 12 days, payment for this patient would be $4,108.16

If the patient remained in the original surgical acute care hospital stay, under the inpatient acute care hospital PPS this patient would be classified in to DRG 209 and payment at the 50th percentile would be $9,047.36. This illustrative example shows that this facility may have lower payments for the care of this patient relative to the IRF PPS payment if this patient is cared for in an SNF or receives home health or outpatient services. However, the facility may have higher payments relative to the IRF PPS payment if this patient is placed in a long-term care hospital unit. Overall, the example does show that this facility could continue to receive Medicare payments for this type of patient in a setting other than their IRF unit, and have the option of changing its IRF admitting practices without any potential negative effect on patient access to rehabilitative care. However, we invite public comment of this issue.

Section 412.29 Excluded Rehabilitation Units: Additional Requirements

Under § 412.29(a), an IRF unit must have met either the requirements for new units or converted units under § 412.30. Section 412.29(a)(2) contains an incorrect reference to the requirements for converted units as “§ 412.30(b).” The correct reference to the requirements for converted units is § 412.30(c). Accordingly, we are proposing to make a technical correction by changing the reference in paragraph (a)(2) to state “Converted units under § 412.30(c).”

Section 412.30 Exclusion of New Rehabilitation Units and Expansion of Units Already Excluded

Under § 412.30(b)(2), a hospital that seeks exclusion of a new IRF unit may provide written certification that the inpatient population the hospital intends the unit to serve meets the requirements of § 412.23(b)(2). Section 412.30(b)(3) contains an incorrect reference to the required written certification described in “(a)(2)” of this section. The correct reference to the written certification is described in paragraph (2) of § 412.30(b). Accordingly, we are proposing to make a technical correction by changing the current reference to § 412.23(a)(2) in § 412.23(b)(3) to state “The written certification described in paragraph (b)(2) * * *”.

Section 412.30(d)(1) defines new bed capacity for the purposes of expanding an existing excluded IRF unit. Section 412.30(d)(2)(i) contains an incorrect reference to the definition of new bed capacity under paragraph “(c)(1)” of this section. The correct reference to the definition of new bed capacity is paragraph (d)(1). Accordingly, we are proposing a technical correction to change the current reference to paragraph (c)(1) in paragraph (d)(2)(i) to state “* * * under paragraph (d)(1) of this section.” Start Printed Page 26796

III. Research To Support Case-Mix Refinements to the IRF PPS

A. Research on IRFs

As described in the August 7, 2001 final rule, we contracted with the RAND Corporation (RAND) to analyze IRF data to support our efforts in developing the CMG patient classification system and the IRF PPS. As discussed below, we are continuing our contract with RAND to support us in developing refinements to the classification and PPS, and in developing a system to monitor the effects of the IRF PPS. In addition, under a separate contract, we are developing and defining measures to monitor the quality of care and services provided to Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in an IRF.

B. RAND Research Background

In 1995, the RAND Corporation (RAND) began extensive CMS-sponsored research to assist us in developing a per-discharge based inpatient rehabilitation PPS model using patient classification system known as Functional Independence Measures-Functional Related Groups (FIM-FRGs) using 1994 data. Initial results of RAND's earliest research were revealed in September 1997 and are contained in two reports available through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). The reports are entitled “Classification System for Inpatient Rehabilitation Patients—A Review and Proposed Revisions to the Functional Independence Measure-Function Related Groups,” NTIS order number PB98-105992INZ; and “Prospective Payment System for Inpatient Rehabilitation,” NTIS order number PB98-106024INZ.

In summarizing these reports, RAND found in the research based on 1994 data that, with limitations, the FIM-FRGs were effective predictors of resource use based on the proxy measurement: length of stay. FRGs based upon FIM motor score, cognitive scores, and age remained stable over time. Researchers at RAND developed, examined, and evaluated a model payment system based upon FIM-FRG classifications that explains approximately 50 percent of patient costs and approximately 60 percent to 65 percent of the costs at the facility level. Based on this earlier analysis, RAND concluded that an IRF PPS using this model is feasible.

In July 1999, we contracted with RAND to update the earlier study. The update used their earlier research and included an analysis of FIM data, the FRGs, and the model rehabilitation PPS using more recent data from a greater number of IRFs. The purpose of updating the earlier research was to develop the underlying data necessary to support the Medicare IRF PPS based on case-mix groups for the proposed rule. RAND expanded the scope of their earlier research to include the examination of several payment elements, such as comorbidities, facility-level adjustments, and implementation issues, including evaluation and monitoring. This research was used in our development of the IRF PPS. RAND issued a report on its research which can be found on our Web site at http:cms.hhs.gov/providers/irfpps/research.asp.

C. Continuing Research

RAND's data efforts over the past year were concentrated on archiving data from the first phase of the project, constructing the analytic files for monitoring special studies, and preparing for post-IRF data that will be used for monitoring and for refinement. RAND's monitoring effort seeks to measure changes in IRF, post-IRF, and post-acute care after implementation of the IRF PPS. The refinement effort necessitates that the methods used to create the initial set of CMGs weights, and facility adjustments be applied to more recent IRF data.

Section 125(b) of the BBRA provides that the Secretary shall conduct a study of the impact on utilization and beneficiary access to services of the implementation of the IRF prospective payment system. A report on the study must be submitted to the Congress not later than 3 years after the date the IRF prospective payment system is first implemented. Accordingly, to continue RAND's research, data from other health care settings are needed to assess the impact on utilization and beneficiary access to services because the IRF PPS can have an impact among other settings that deliver rehabilitative services. If we only analyzed data from IRFs, our assessment of utilization and access would not be complete. In addition to the data obtained from the IRF Medicare claims, functional measures from the IRF PAI, and cost reports, other data are required that shows the utilization and access of rehabilitative services delivered in other settings, such as skilled nursing facilities, long-term care facilities, home health agencies, and outpatient rehabilitation facilities. Analysis of these data may show changes in utilization of inpatient rehabilitation services and if the types or severity of patients treated in IRFs differs significantly from the data used to create the CMGs, case-mix refinements may be needed.

In the next phase of their research, RAND will be developing and testing possible improvements to the payment system using existing data. This analysis will focus on potential improvements to the methods used to establish the CMGs, facility adjustments (such as teaching, rural, and low-income adjustments), and comorbidities.

In constructing the CMGs for the IRF PPS, one of our primary goals was to create payments that would match payment to resource use as closely as possible. It is important to continue to examine the IRF PPS to ensure that the system remains a good predictor of resource use over time. Further, more complete data will be available in which we can assess the reliability and validity of the IRF PPS. We also expect improvements with certain data elements. For example, prior to implementation of the IRF PPS, IRFs were not required to code comorbidities. As a result of implementing the IRF PPS, we expect that IRFs will improve coding comorbidities because they may affect their payment amount. These improved data will allow us to determine the effects various conditions have on the cost of a case.

RAND will use post-IRF PPS data when it becomes available, as well as existing data to support their research. RAND research includes: analyses of methodological improvements in the creation of CMGs, methodological improvements to the statistical approaches used to derive payment adjustments and characterizing IRFs into groups based on their case mix. As mentioned in Section I of this proposed rule, currently, RAND does not have enough post-IRF PPS data to analyze potential modifications to the classification and payment systems. Further, we will need a sufficient amount of these data to be able to determine our future refinements, if any are needed. Because IRFs began to be paid under the IRF PPS based on their cost report start date that occurred on or after January 1, 2002, sufficient data will not be available for those facilities whose cost report start date occurs later in the calendar year. Therefore, in this proposed rule, we are not proposing to change the CMG classification system or the facility level and case level adjustments, other than the wage adjustment. The proposed changes for the wage adjustment are discussed in detail in Section VI of this proposed rule.

D. Staff Time Measurement Data

As described in the August 7, 2001 final rule, we contracted with Aspen Systems Corporation (ASPEN) to collect Start Printed Page 26797actual resource use or staff time measurement (STM) data in a sample of IRFs. Data were collected using the MDS-PAC patient assessment instrument. FIM data were collected at the same time. We believe that these data that measure actual nursing and therapy time spent on patient care may be used to enhance our ability to refine the CMGs.

RAND received ASPEN's analytical database in early spring 2002. After a brief period of working with the data, RAND discovered that their study required details that were not in this summary database. Specifically, about half of the cases within the analytic database had data for only the first part of the patient's stay. RAND needed to have data on how staff time use changed during the stay and the analytic database contained only the averages of the observed portions of the patient's stay. RAND needed data on patients during the second part of their stay.

In late July 2002, RAND received the backup data, but did not assess it until late August 2002. Further technical questions about the data still exist and must be answered before the modeling of the data can occur.

E. Monitoring

A greater part of the ongoing work to be performed by RAND is an analysis to develop a potential system of indicators to monitor the impact and performance of the IRF PPS. As part of their analysis, RAND will case-mix adjust these measures and distinguish between those that will track the direct impact of PPS on IRFs and IRF patients, and those that will track changes in the pool of potential IRF patients. We anticipate that RAND will develop a set of possible indicators needed to monitor the IRF PPS, develop potential access to care models and measures, and define a possible measure of outcomes.

F. Need To Develop Quality Indicators for IRFs

The IRF-PAI is the data collection instrument for IRFs. It contains a blend of FIM items and proposed quality and medical needs questions. These quality and medical needs questions (which are currently collected on a voluntary basis) may need to be modified to encapsulate those data necessary for calculation of a quality indicator. One of the primary tasks of the RAND contract is to identify quality indicators pertinent to the inpatient rehabilitation setting and determine what information is necessary to calculate those quality indicators. These tasks include reviewing literature and other sources for existing rehabilitation quality indicators. It also involves identifying organizations involved in measuring or monitoring quality of care in the inpatient rehabilitation setting. RAND will convene a technical expert panel to identify a series of quality indicators that can be measured using the IRF-PAI. In addition, quality indicators and data elements must be developed for calculation as well as the independent testing of the developed indicators.

IV. The IRF PPS Patient Assessment Process

A. Background

On August 7, 2001, we published the IRF PPS final rule (66 FR 41316), which described how the IRF would use the IRF Patient Assessment Instrument (PAI) to assess an IRF patient. During the fall of 2001, we conducted training on the IRF-PAI assessment process. The training was held in the cities of Baltimore, Maryland, Chicago, Illinois, San Francisco, California, and Atlanta, Georgia. The training was videotaped. During the training sessions we stated that any IRF could obtain the videotapes free of charge. In addition, we stated on the CMS IRF PPS website that any IRF could obtain copies of the videotapes. The IRS-PAI manual, which contains detailed instructions regarding the completion of the IRS-PAI, is also available on the CMS IRF PPS website.

B. Patient Rights

Section 412.608 specifies that prior to performing the IRS-PAI assessment, the IRF must inform the patient of the rights contained in this section. The rights specified in § 412.608 are as follows:

(1) The right to be informed of the purpose of the collection of the patient assessment data;

(2) The right to have the patient assessment information collected be kept confidential and secure;

(3) The right to be informed that the patient assessment information will not be disclosed to others, except for legitimate purposes allowed by the Federal Privacy Act and Federal and State regulations;

(4) The right to refuse to answer patient assessment questions; and

(5) The right to see, review, and request changes on his or her patient assessment.

In addition to the rights specified in § 412.608, a patient has privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. § 552a(e)(3)), and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3). The Privacy Act and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3) require that an individual be informed under what authority, and for what purpose, individually identifiable information is being collected by a Federal agency and maintained in a system of records. In order to ensure compliance with the Privacy Act of 1974, and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3), we are proposing that prior to performing the IRS-PAI assessment an IRF clinician must give to each Medicare inpatient two forms. We have published these forms in Appendix B of this proposed rule. In addition, we are proposing that the form entitled “Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records” is a detailed description of the patient's privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974. Also, we are proposing that the form entitled “Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities” is the simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records. Additionally, we are proposing that by giving both of these forms to the patient before beginning the IRS-PAI assessment, the IRF would fulfill the requirement that the patient be informed of the five rights specified in § 412.608. Accordingly we are proposing to amend § 412.608 to read as follows:

Patient's rights regarding the collection of patient assessment data.

(a) Before performing an assessment using the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment instrument, a clinician of the inpatient rehabilitation facility must give a Medicare inpatient each of these forms—

(1) The form entitled “Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records;” and

(2) The simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records which is a form entitled “Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities.”

(b) The inpatient rehabilitation facility must document in the Medicare inpatient's clinical record that the Medicare inpatient has been given the documents specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) The Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities is the simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records.

(d) By giving the Medicare inpatient the forms specified in paragraph (a) of this section the inpatient rehabilitation facility will inform the Medicare patient of—

(1) Their privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974 and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3); and

(2) The following rights: Start Printed Page 26798

(i) The right to be informed of the purpose of the collection of the patient assessment data;

(ii) The right to have the patient assessment information collected be kept confidential and secure;

(iii) The right to be informed that the patient assessment information will not be disclosed to others, except for legitimate purposes allowed by the Federal Privacy Act and Federal and State regulations;

(iv) The right to refuse to answer patient assessment questions; and

(v) The right to see, review, and request changes on his or her patient assessment.

(e) The patient rights specified in this section are in addition to the patient rights specified in § 482.13 of this chapter.

It should be noted that when the IRF clinician gives the patient the forms entitled “Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities” and the “Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records” prior to performing an assessment, these forms do not satisfy the privacy provisions contained in the HIPAA Privacy Rule (65 FR 82462 as modified by 67 FR 53182). For example, these forms do not meet the privacy notice requirements of the HIPAA Privacy Rule (see 45 CFR § 164.520). Health plans and health care providers must meet the notice requirements of the HIPAA Privacy Rule by giving a Notice of Privacy Practices to their patients. The Notice of Privacy Practices describes a health plan or health care provider's uses and disclosures of protected health information and the individual rights that patients have with respect to their protected health information.

C. When the IRF-PAI Must Be Completed

According to § 412.606(b), an IRF must use the IRF-PAI to assess Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatients. According to § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(A), the admission assessment covers the first 3 calendar days of the inpatient's current IRF Medicare Part A fee-for-service hospitalization. According to § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(B), the admission assessment reference date is the third day of the 3-day admission assessment time period. Section 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) specifies that the IRF-PAI for the admission assessment “Must be completed on the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day.”

We are concerned IRFs believe § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) means that they may not start to record data on the IRF-PAI before the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day, which is not our intent. The “completion requirement” of the IRF-PAI means when the IRF's staff must have finished recording on the IRF-PAI the assessment data that the IRF's clinical staff obtained during an assessment of the inpatient that was performed during the admission assessment time period. In other words, the date when the IRF-PAI must be completed is a deadline date when the process of recording data on the IRF-PAI must be finished. The IRF's staff is permitted to enter assessment data on the IRF-PAI prior to the deadline date.

How data are recorded on the IRF-PAI is specified in the IRF-PAI item-by-item guide, which is entitled the “IRF-PAI Training Manual Revised 01/16/02.” The instructions contained in the IRF-PAI item-by-item guide are, when possible, very similar to the rules for coding the patient assessment instrument that we used as the model for the IRF-PAI. The model for the IRF-PAI was the patient assessment instrument published by Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (UDSmr). The UDSmr rules for coding their assessment instrument specified that an item's score should reflect the inpatient's lowest level of functioning. Consequently, in order to be consistent with how an inpatient's functional performance was scored on the UDSmr patient assessment instrument, the IRF-PAI item-by-item guide likewise specifies that a patient's assessment must indicate the patient's lowest level of functioning.

During the admission assessment, an IRF clinician records different types of data on the IRF-PAI. We believe that the sources of the data recorded in the categories of the IRF-PAI entitled “Identification Information,” “Admission Information,” and “Payer Information” makes these data easy and quick to obtain and record. For these categories of data the source of the data may be the patient, the patient's medical record, other patient documents, the patient's family, or a person that has personal knowledge of the patient. In contrast, in order to complete the data for the IRF-PAI categories entitled “Function Modifiers” and “FIMTM Instrument,” the clinician observes the patient's functional performance over the admission assessment time period, and makes clinical judgments regarding the patient's performance. Consequently, due to how the data for the Function Modifiers and FIMTM categories are obtained, we believe it is the time span that it takes to assess the patient's functional performance that will usually determine how long it takes to complete the admission assessment.

Page III-3 of the IRF-PAI manual states that when determining the level of the patient's functional performance the clinician is to “record the lowest (most dependent) score.” We believe that in the time span between the patient's admission to and discharge from the IRF, the patient's functional performance improves. We believe that on the patient's admission day and the next few days a patient's functional performance is poor in comparison to functional performance on subsequent days of the patient's current IRF hospitalization. Therefore, during the part of the admission assessment that is the first or second day of the patient's current IRF hospitalization, we believe that a patient's functional performance will usually be scored as indicating the most dependence.

As stated previously, the IRF's clinical staff is permitted to record assessment data on the IRF-PAI at any time during the admission assessment process. Also, as stated previously, we believe it is the scoring of the patient's functional performance that will determine how long it takes to complete the admission assessment. The combination of: (1) Being able to record assessment data at any time during the admission assessment, (2) the requirement that the lowest level of functional performance be recorded, and (3) that the lowest level of functional performance will usually occur on the first or second day of the admission assessment, makes it possible to finish obtaining and recording all the assessment data before the day that follows the admission assessment reference date. However, in accordance with § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C), an IRF has until the day following the admission assessment reference day to complete the IRF-PAI.

In order to clarify that § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) does not prohibit the IRF from recording any or all of the data on the IRF-PAI before the day that follows the admission assessment reference day, we are proposing to amend § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) to read as follows: Must be completed by the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day.

D. Transmission of IRF-PAI Data

As specified in § 412.606(b), “Patient assessment instrument,” an IRF must use the IRF-PAI to assess Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatients. There are nine categories of IRF-PAI assessment data. The nine categories are entitled “identification information, admission Start Printed Page 26799information, payer information, medical information, medical needs, function modifiers, the FIMTM instrument, discharge information, and quality indicators”. The data from some of these categories are used to classify a patient into a CMG. It is the CMG classification code, not the IRF-PAI raw data itself, that is part of the claim data the IRF submits to its FI when the IRF submits data in order to be paid for the services it furnished to the inpatient. We believe that an IRF's clinical staff will initially use the paper version of the IRF-PAI to record its assessment data. Then, in accordance with § 412.610(d), the IRF would use the data that it recorded on the paper version of the IRF-PAI to enter the IRF-PAI data into an electronic version of the document. The electronic version of the IRF-PAI uses the patient assessment data to classify a patient into a CMG. Under the IRF PPS, it is the CMG payment code, along with other information that the IRF submits to the fiscal intermediary (FI), that will determine the payment the IRF receives for the services the IRF furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service beneficiary.

Section 412.614, “Transmission of patient assessment data,” specifies that an IRF must transmit to us the IRF-PAI assessment data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. It is the electronic version of the IRF-PAI that enables an IRF to transmit the IRF-PAI data to us. We require that IRFs transmit IRF-PAI data so that we have the IRF-PAI data that are associated with the CMG payment code that the IRF submitted to its FI.

In most cases an IRF will submit claims data, including the patient's CMG, to the FI in order to be paid for the services it furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. However, there are situations when the IRF would submit claim data to its FI, but the submission of the claim data is not for the purpose of being paid for any of the services the IRF furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient.

In these situations, Medicare operational procedures that were in effect before implementation of the IRF PPS requires an IRF to send claim data to the FI. The purpose of the IRF sending claim data to the FI in these situations is to enable Medicare to monitor a beneficiary's period of entitlement. For instance, an IRF must still send the FI claim data even if the inpatient's non-Medicare primary payer paid for all of the IRF services the IRF furnished to the Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. Another instance when the IRF must still send the FI claim data is when any of the services that an inpatient's non-Medicare primary payer did not pay for also do not qualify for payment under the IRF PPS.

We want to relieve the IRF of the burden of transmitting IRF-PAI data to us when the IRF is not requesting that Medicare pay for any of the services the IRF furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. Accordingly, we are proposing to amend § 412.614 by specifying that § 412.614(a) is a general rule that would read as follows:

(a) Data format. General rule. The inpatient rehabilitation facility must encode and transmit data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient—

We are also proposing to further amend § 412.614 by adding a new § 412.614(a)(3), which would relieve the IRF of the burden of having to transmit the IRF-PAI data for a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient when Medicare will not be paying the IRF for any of the services the IRF furnished to that inpatient. New § 412.614(a)(3) would read as follows:

Exception to the general rule. When the inpatient rehabilitation facility does not submit claim data to Medicare in order to be paid for any of the services it furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is not required to, but may, transmit to Medicare the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment data associated with the services furnished to that same Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient.

E. Proposed Revision of the Definition of Discharge

According to § 412.602, a discharge has occurred when the patient has been formally released from the hospital, or has died in the hospital, or when the patient stops receiving Medicare-covered Part A inpatient rehabilitation services. Our intent in specifying this definition of when a discharge has occurred under the IRF PPS was to try to ensure that Medicare paid an IRF only for furnishing an IRF level of services to the Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. However, in contrast to when a patient is formally released from the IRF or dies, the time when a patient stops receiving Medicare-covered Part A IRF services may be subject to different interpretations resulting in different determinations of when a discharge has occurred. The result of different determinations of when a discharge has occurred is inconsistency in determining the discharge date. This inconsistency could result in different IRFs furnishing the same services for the same period of time, but being paid differently, because the discharge date determines a patient's length-of-stay, and the patient's length-of-stay is one of the factors that determines the amount of the CMG payment. For example, according to § 412.624(f), a patient's length-of-stay as determined by the inpatient's discharge date may affect the amount of the IRF's CMG payment when a patient is transferred from an IRF to another site of care.

In addition, there may be cases when an IRF believes an inpatient no longer has a medical need for Medicare-covered Part A inpatient rehabilitation services, but the IRF believes that the inpatient has a medical need for a SNF level of services. However, due to circumstances beyond the IRF's control, the IRF is unable to formally release the patient, because the IRF cannot place the patient in a SNF setting. In that situation, according to section 1861(v)(1)(G)(i) of the Act and § 424.13(b), a physician may certify or recertify that the patient needs to continue to be hospitalized in the IRF. The effect of the physician's certification or recertification is that under Medicare the patient is not considered discharged until the patient is formally released from the IRF.

In consideration of what can occur when discharge is defined as being when the inpatient stops receiving Medicare-covered Part A inpatient rehabilitation services, we are proposing to amend § 412.602 by revising the definition of “discharge” by removing the phrase “(2) The patient stops receiving Medicare-covered Part A inpatient rehabilitation services, unless the patient qualifies for continued hospitalization under § 424.13(b) of this chapter; or”. The proposed revised definition would read as follows:

Discharge. A Medicare patient in an inpatient rehabilitation facility is considered discharged when—

(1) The patient is formally released from the inpatient rehabilitation facility; or

(2) The patient dies in the inpatient rehabilitation facility.

F. Waiver of the Penalty for Transmitting the IRF-PAI Data Late

Section 412.614(c) “Transmission dates” states that the admission and discharge assessment data must be transmitted together. The discharge assessment is completed after the admission assessment has been completed. Therefore, the date when the IRF-PAI data must be transmitted is Start Printed Page 26800determined by when the IRF-PAI discharge assessment is completed.

After the discharge assessment has been completed, § 412.610(d) “Encoding dates” specifies that the data must be entered into the electronic version of the IRF-PAI, a process which § 412.602 defines as encoding the data. As specified in § 412.610(d) the IRF has 7 calendar days to encode the discharge assessment. In order for the IRF-PAI data not to be considered as having been transmitted late, § 412.614(d)(2) specifies that the IRF-PAI data must be transmitted to us no later than 10 calendar days from the date specified in § 412.614(c). The date specified in § 412.614(c) is the 7th calendar day of the applicable encoding time period specified in § 412.610(d). The 7th calendar day of the applicable encoding date specified in § 412.610(d) is the end of the discharge assessment encoding time period because none of the data can be transmitted until the discharge assessment has been encoded. The following example, which is very similar to the Chart 3 on page 41332 of the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41316), is intended to clarify when CMS will determine that the IRF-PAI data was transmitted late.

Chart 2.— Example of Applying the Patient Assessment Instrument Discharge Assessment and Transmission Dates

Assessment TypeDischarge dateAssessment reference dateIRF-PAI completed byIRF-PAI encoded byIRF-PAI data transmitted byDate when IRF-PAI data transmission is late
Discharge Assessment10/16/0310/16/0310/20/0310/26/0311/01/0311/12/03 *
* Or any day after 11/12/03.

If IRF-PAI data are transmitted later than 10 calendar days from the transmission date specified in § 412.614(c), § 412.614(d)(2) specifies that we will assess a penalty by deducting 25 percent from the CMG payment that is associated with the IRF-PAI data that were transmitted late. However, we believe that an IRF may encounter an extraordinary situation, which is beyond its control, and that extraordinary situation could render the IRF unable to comply with § 412.614(c). The IRF must fully describe in the appropriate inpatient's clinical record, or by use of another documentation method as selected by the IRF, the extraordinary situation which the IRF encountered that resulted in the IRF being unable to comply with § 412.614(c). Although an IRF may believe that the facility has encountered an extraordinary situation, the IRF's belief does not mean that CMS is obligated to also automatically determine that the situation was of an extraordinary nature. CMS has the discretion to determine whether the situation described by the IRF is extraordinary.

The extraordinary situation may be, but does not have to be, due to the occurrence of an unusual event. Examples of unusual events include, but are not limited to, fire, flood, earthquake, or other similar incidents that inflict extensive damage to an IRF. Another example of an extraordinary situation is the inability of an IRF to transmit any IRF-PAI data for an extended time period, because during that entire time period there was a problem with the data transmission system that was beyond the control of the IRF. An example of a data transmission system problem that is beyond the control of the IRF is the inability of an IRF to transmit its IRF-PAI data because the computer used by CMS to receive and process the data is malfunctioning. A further example of a data transmission system problem that is beyond the control of the IRF is the existence of a flaw in the software that was distributed by CMS to IRFs, or a flaw in the software specifications made available by CMS to vendors that prevent the IRF from transmitting its IRF-PAI data. In addition, an extraordinary situation may include a situation in which a facility has correctly followed CMS policies and procedures in order to be classified as an IRF and obtain an IRF provider number, but has experienced a delay in attaining an IRF provider number. In light of these possibilities, we are proposing a new § 412.614(e) to read as follows: “Exemption to being assessed a penalty for transmitting the IRF-PAI data late.” CMS may waive the penalty specified in paragraph (d) of this section when, due to an extraordinary situation that is beyond the control of an inpatient rehabilitation facility, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is unable to transmit the patient assessment data in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section. Only CMS can determine if a situation encountered by an inpatient rehabilitation facility is extraordinary and qualifies as a situation for waiver of the penalty specified in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. An extraordinary situation may be due to, but is not limited to, fires, floods, earthquakes, or similar unusual events that inflict extensive damage to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation may be one that produces a data transmission problem that is beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility, as well as other situations determined by CMS to be beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation must be fully documented by the inpatient rehabilitation facility.”

G. General Information Regarding the IRF-PAI Assessment Process

We have received many questions regarding the IRF-PAI assessment process policies. We have posted the answers to most of these questions on the IRF PPS website.

1. The IRF PPS Website Address

The current internet address for the IRF PPS website is http://www.cms.hhs.gov/​providers/​irfpps/​. Due to changes in CMS internet policies during 2002, the current website address is different from the one we published in the August 7, 2001 final rule.

2. Exceptions to the IRF-PAI Admission and Discharge Assessment Time Period General Rules

Section 412.610(c)(1)(i) states the general rule that the time span covered during the admission assessment is calendar days 1 through 3 of the patient's current Medicare Part A fee-for-service IRF hospitalization. Section 412.610(c)(2)(i) states the general rule that the discharge assessment time period is a span of time that covers 3 calendar days, which includes the inpatient's discharge date, which is the same date as the discharge assessment reference date, and the 2 calendar days Start Printed Page 26801before the discharge date. We want to remind IRFs that, as specified in § 412.610(c)(1)(ii) and § 412.610(c)(2)(iii), we may use the IRF-PAI item-by-item guide and other instructions to identify items that have a different admission or discharge assessment time period. We may specify different admission and discharge assessment time periods in order to capture patient information for payment and quality of care monitoring objectives appropriately.

V. Patient Classification System for the IRF PPS

As previously stated, in this proposed rule we are proposing to use the same case-mix classification system that was set forth in the August 7, 2001 final rule. It is our intention to pursue the development of possible refinements to the case-mix classification system that will continue to improve the ability of the PPS to accurately pay IRFs. We have awarded a contract to the RAND Corporation (RAND) to conduct additional research that will, in the initial stages, provide us with the data necessary to address the feasibility of developing and proposing refinements. When the study has been completed, we plan to review various approaches so that we can propose an appropriate methodology to develop and apply refinements. Any specific refinement proposal resulting from this research will be published in the Federal Register.

Table 1, Proposed Relative Weights for Case-Mix Groups (CMGs), presents the proposed CMGs, comorbidity tiers, and corresponding Federal relative weights. We also present the average length of stay for each CMG. As we discussed in the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41353), the average length of stay for each CMG, along with the discharge destination, is used to determine when an IRF discharge meets the definition of a transfer, which results in a per diem case level adjustment (66 FR 41354). Because these data elements are not changing as a result of this proposed rule, Table 1 is identical to Table 1 that was published in the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41394 through 41396). The proposed relative weights reflect the inclusion of cases with an interruption of stay (patient returns on day of discharge or either of the next 2 days). The methodology we used to construct the data elements in Table 1 is described in detail in the August 7, 2001 final rule (66 FR 41350 through 41353).

VI. Proposed Fiscal Year 2004 Federal Prospective Payment Rates

A. Expiration of the IRF PPS Transition Period

The transition period provision under section 1886(j)(1) of the Act and § 412.626 of the regulations expired for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2002 (FY 2003 and beyond). Accordingly, the payment for discharges during FY 2004 will be based entirely on the proposed adjusted FY 2004 IRF Federal PPS rates.

B. Description of the IRF Standardized Payment Amount

In the August 7, 2001 final rule, we established a standard payment amount referred to as the budget neutral conversion factor under § 412.624(c). In accordance with the methodology described in § 412.624(c)(3)(i), the budget neutral conversion factor for FY 2002, as published in the August 7, 2001 final rule, was $11,838.00. Under § 412.624(c)(3)(i), this amount reflects, as appropriate, any adjustments for outlier payments, budget neutrality, and coding and classification changes as described in § 412.624(d).

The budget neutral conversion factor is a standardized payment amount and the amount reflects the budget neutrality adjustment for FY 2002, as described in § 412.624(d)(2). The statute requires a budget neutrality adjustment only for fiscal years 2001 and 2002. Accordingly, we believe it is more consistent with the statute to refer to the standardized payment as the standardized payment conversion factor, rather than refer to it as a budget neutral conversion factor. Thus, after careful consideration, we are proposing to change all references to the budget neutral conversion factor in §§ 412.624(c) and 412.624(d) to the “standard payment conversion factor.” We believe that the standard payment conversion factor better describes the standardized payment amount especially in those fiscal years where a budget neutrality adjustment is not made.

Thus, under § 412.624(c)(3)(i), the standard payment conversion factor for FY 2002 of $11,838.00 reflected the budget neutrality adjustment described in § 412.624(d)(2). Under current revised § 412.624(c)(3)(ii), we updated the FY 2002 standard payment conversion factor ($11,838.00) to FY 2003 by applying an increase factor (the IRF market basket index) of 3.0 percent, as described in the August 1, 2002 update notice (67 FR 49931). This yielded the FY 2003 standard payment conversion factor of $12,193.00 that was published in the August 1, 2002 update notice (67 FR 49931). The FY 2003 standard payment conversion factor will be the basis of the updated FY 2004 standard payment conversion factor that will also reflect the adjustments described below.

C. Proposed Adjustments To Determine the Proposed FY 2004 Standard Payment Conversion Factor

1. IRF Market Basket Index

Section 1886(j)(3)(C) of the Act requires the Secretary to establish an increase factor that reflects changes over time in the prices of an appropriate mix of goods and services included in IRF services paid for under the IRF PPS, which is referred to as the IRF market basket index. Accordingly, in updating the FY 2004 payment rates set forth in this proposed rule, we propose to apply an appropriate increase factor, that is equal to the IRF market basket, to the FY 2003 IRF standardized payment amount.

Beginning with the implementation of the IRF PPS in FY 2002 and with the FY 2003 IRF PPS update, the 1992-based excluded hospital with capital market basket has been used to determine the IRF market basket factor for updating payments to rehabilitation facilities. The 1992-based market basket reflected the distribution of costs in 1992 for Medicare-participating freestanding rehabilitation, long-term care, psychiatric, cancer, and children's hospitals. This information was derived from the 1992 Medicare cost reports. A full discussion of the methodology and data sources used to construct the 1992-based excluded hospital with capital market basket is available in Appendix D of the IRF PPS August 7, 2001 final rule Federal Register (66 FR 41427).

In this proposed rule, we propose to revise and rebase the excluded hospital with capital market basket to a 1997 base year. We believe that proposing to use 1997 data, rather than 1992 data, to construct the IRF market basket will allow us to more appropriately estimate increases in the costs of IRF goods and services from year to year.

The operating portion of the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket is derived from the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket. The methodology used to develop the excluded hospital market basket operating portion was described in the August 1, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 50042-50044). In brief, the operating cost category weights in the 1997-based excluded market basket added to 100.0. These weights were determined from the Medicare cost reports, the 1997 Business Expenditure Survey from the Start Printed Page 26802Bureau of the Census, and the 1997 Annual Input-Output data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In using the 1997 data, we made two methodological revisions to the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket: (1) Changing the wage and benefit price proxies to use the Employment Cost Index (ECI) wage and benefit data for hospital workers, and (2) adding a cost category for blood and blood products.

Previously we used a combination of several ECIs, a great part of which are listed in the 1992-based index such as the hospital, professional, and technical workers ECIs. However, the ECI for hospital workers better represents the movement of hospital wages, salaries, and benefits and it is more reflective of current labor market conditions. For the 1992-based market baskets we were unable to find an adequate data source for the blood cost category. For the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket, we were able to obtain this data from Medicare cost reports. As discussed in the IPPS August 1, 2002 final rule (67 FR 50035), BIPA required that we adequately reflect the price of blood and blood products in the hospital market basket when it was rebased and revised, which was done for the FY 2003 IPPS payment rates.

We believe this revision is also appropriate for the excluded hospital with capital market basket because it results in a more precise measure of the cost category for blood and blood products.

When we add the weight for capital costs to the excluded hospital market basket, the sum of the operating and capital weights must still equal 100.0. Because capital costs account for 8.968 percent of total costs for excluded hospitals in 1997, it holds that operating costs must account for 91.032 percent. Each operating cost category weight from the August 1, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 50442-50444) was rebased to the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket by multiplying by 0.91032 to determine its weight in the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket.

The aggregate capital component of the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket (8.968 percent) was determined from the same set of Medicare cost reports used to derive the operating component. The detailed capital cost categories of depreciation, interest, and other capital expenses were also determined using the Medicare cost reports. As explained below, two sets of weights for the capital portion of the revised and rebased market basket needed to be determined. The first set of weights identifies the proportion of capital expenditures attributable to each capital cost category, while the second set represents relative vintage weights for depreciation and interest. The vintage weights identify the proportion of capital expenditures that is attributable to each year over the useful life of capital assets within a cost category (see IPPS final rule published in the August 1, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 50046-50047)) for a discussion of how vintage weights are determined).

The cost categories, price proxies, and base-year FY 1992 and proposed FY 1997 weights for the excluded hospital with capital market basket are presented in Chart 3 “Excluded Hospital With Capital Input Price Index (FY 1992 and Proposed FY 1997) Structure and Weights.” Chart 4 “Proposed Excluded Hospital with Capital Input Price Index (FY 1997) Vintage Weights” presents the vintage weights for the proposed 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket.

Chart 3.—Excluded Hospital With Capital Input Price Index 1 2 (FY 1992 and Proposed FY 1997) Structure and Weights

Cost categoryPrice wage variableWeights (%) base-year 1992Proposed weights (%) base-year 1997
TOTAL100.000100.000
Compensation57.93557.579
Wages and SalariesECI—Wages and Salaries, Civilian Hospital Workers47.41747.335
Employee BenefitsECI—Benefits, Civilian Hospital Workers to capture total costs (operating and capital), In order to capture total costs (operating and capital), HCFA Occupational Benefit Proxy10.51910.244
Professional fees: Non-MedicalECI—Compensation: Prof. & Technical Technical1.9084.423
Utilities1.5241.180
ElectricityWPI—Commercial Electric Power0.9160.726
Fuel Oil, Coal, etc.WPI—Commercial Natural Gas0.3650.248
Water and SewerageCPI-U—Water & Sewage0.2430.206
Professional LiabilityHCFA—Professional Liability Premiums0.9830.733
All Other Products and Services28.57127.117
All Other Products22.02717.914
PharmaceuticalsWPI—Prescription Drugs2.7916.318
Food: Direct PurchaseWPI—Processed Foods2.1551.122
Food: Contract ServiceCPI-U—Food Away from Home0.9981.043
ChemicalsWPI—Industrial Chemicals3.4132.133
Blood and Blood ProductsWPI—Blood and Derivatives0.748
Medical InstrumentsWPI—Med. Inst. & Equipment2.8681.795
Photographic SuppliesWPI—Photo Supplies0.3640.167
Rubber and PlasticsWPI—Rubber & Plastic Products4.4231.366
Paper ProductsWPI—Convert. Paper and Paperboard1.9841.110
ApparelWPI—Apparel0.8090.478
Machinery and EquipmentWPI—Machinery & Equipment0.1930.852
Miscellaneous ProductsWPI—Finished Goods excluding Food and Energy2.0290.783
All Other Services6.5449.203
TelephoneCPI-U—Telephone Services0.5740.348
PostageCPI-U—Postage0.2680.702
All Other: LaborECI—Compensation: Service Workers4.9454.453
All Other: Non-Labor IntensiveCPI-U—All Items (Urban)0.7573.700
Start Printed Page 26803
Capital-Related Costs9.0808.968
Depreciation5.6115.586
Fixed AssetsBoeckh-Institutional Construction:3.5703.503
Movable EquipmentWPI—Machinery & Equipment: 11 Year Useful Life2.0412.083
Interest Costs3.2122.682
Non-profitAvg. Yield Municipal Bonds: 23 Year Useful Life2.7302.280
For-profitAvg. Yield AAA Bonds: 23 Year Useful Life0.4820.402
Other Capital-Related CostsCPI-U—Residential Rent0.2570.699
1 The operating cost category weights in the excluded hospital market basket described in the August 1, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 50442 through 50444) add to 100.0.
2 Due to rounding, weights sum to 1.000.

When we add an additional set of cost category weights (total capital weight = 8.968 percent) to this original group, the sum of the weights in the new index must still add to 100.0. Because capital costs account for 8.968 percent of the market basket, then operating costs account for 91.032 percent. Each weight in the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket from the IPPS final rule published in the August 1, 2002 Federal Register (67 FR 50442-50444) was multiplied by 0.91032 to determine its weight in the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket.

Chart 4.—Proposed Excluded Hospital With Capital Input Price Index (FY 1997) Vintage Weights

Year from farthest to most recentFixed assets (23-year weights)Movable assets (11-year weights)Interest: capital-related (23-year weights)
10.0180.0630.007
20.0210.0680.009
30.0230.0740.011
40.0250.0800.012
50.0260.0850.014
60.0280.0910.016
70.0300.0960.019
80.0320.1010.022
90.0350.1080.026
100.0390.1140.030
110.0420.1190.035
120.0440.039
130.0470.045
140.0490.049
150.0510.053
160.0530.059
170.0570.065
180.0600.072
190.0620.077
200.0630.081
210.0650.085
220.0640.087
230.0650.090
Total*1.00001.00001.0000
* Due to rounding, weights sum to 1.000.

Chart 5 “Percent Changes in the 1992-based and proposed 1997-based Excluded Hospital with Capital Market Baskets, FY 1999-2004” compares the 1992-based excluded hospital with capital market basket to the proposed 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket. As is shown, the rebased and revised market basket grows slightly faster over the 1999-2001 period than the 1992-based market basket. The major reason for this was the switching of the wage and benefit proxy to the ECI for hospital workers from the previous occupational blend. We believe that the ECI is the most appropriate price proxy for measuring changes in wage data facing IRFs. This wage series reflects actual wage data reported by civilian hospitals to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The ECIs are fixed-weight indexes and strictly measure the change in wage rates and employee benefits per hour. They are appropriately not affected by shifts in skill mix. This differs from the proxy used in the FY 1992-based index in which a blended occupational wage index was used. The blended occupational wage proxy used in the FY 1992-based index and the ECI for wages and salaries for hospitals both reflect a fixed distribution of occupations within Start Printed Page 26804a hospital. The major difference between the two proxies is in the treatment of professional and technical wages (legal, accounting, management, and consulting services from outside the facility). In the blended occupational wage proxy, the professional and technical category was blended evenly between the ECI for wages and salaries for hospitals and the ECI for wages and salaries for professional and technical occupations in the overall economy. The ECI for hospitals reflects hospital-specific occupations. This revision had a similar impact on the hospital PPS and excluded market baskets, as described in the IPPS final rule published in the August 1, 2001 Federal Register. The proposed FY 2004 increase in the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket is 3.3 percent.

Chart 5.—Percent Changes in the 1992-Based and Proposed 1997-Based Excluded Hospital With Capital Market Baskets, FY 1999-2004

Fiscal YearPercent Change, FY 1992-based Market BasketPercent Change, Proposed FY 1997-based Market Basket
Actual Historical % Increase (FY 1999-2001)
19992.32.7
20003.43.1
20013.94.0
Average historical3.23.3
Forecasts (FY 2002-2004)
20022.73.6
20033.03.5
20043.03.3
Average forecast2.93.5

Section 1886(j)(3)(c) requires that the increase in the IRF PPS payment rate be based on an “appropriate percentage increase in a market basket of goods and services comprising services for which payment is made under this subsection, which may be the market basket percentage increase described in subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii).” To date, we have used a market basket based on the cost structure of all excluded hospitals to satisfy this requirement, and have discussed in prior rules why we feel this market basket provides a reasonable measure of the price changes facing exempt hospitals.

In its March 2002 Report, the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) recommended the development of a market basket specific to IRF services. As we mentioned in last year's final rule, we have been researching the feasibility of developing such a market basket. This research included analyzing data sources for cost category weights, specifically the Medicare cost reports, and investigating other data sources on cost, expenditure, and price information specific to IRFs. As described in greater detail below, based on this research, we are not proposing at this time to develop a market basket specific to IRF services.

Our analysis of the Medicare cost reports indicates that the distribution of costs among major cost report categories (wages, pharmaceuticals, capital) for IRFs is not substantially different from the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket we propose to use. In addition, the only data available to us was for these cost categories (wages, pharmaceuticals, and capital) presenting a potential problem since no other major cost category would be based on IRF data.

We conducted a sensitivity analysis of annual percent changes in the market basket when the IRF weights for wages, pharmaceuticals, and capital were substituted into the excluded hospital with capital market basket. Other cost categories were recalibrated using ratios available from the inpatient PPS hospital market basket. On average, between the years 1995 through 2002, the excluded hospital with capital market basket increased at essentially the same average annual rate (2.9 percent) as the market basket with IRF weights for wages, pharmaceuticals, and capital (2.8 percent). In addition, in almost any individual year the difference was 0.1 percentage point or less, which is less than the 0.25 percentage point criterion that is used under the IPPS update framework to determine whether a forecast error adjustment is warranted.

The 0.25 percentage point criterion that determines whether a forecast error adjustment is warranted has been used in the IPPS update framework since the implementation of the IPPS. It serves as a guideline for the level of forecast accuracy, since any forecast is likely to contain enough imprecision that differences of one tenth or two-tenths of a percentage point are not thought to be significant. Thus, in this case if the forecast error is not at least greater than two-tenths of a percentage point, it is thought to be similar enough to the actual data as not to warrant an adjustment.

Based on the above, we continue to believe that the excluded hospital with capital market basket is doing an adequate job of reflecting the price changes facing IRFs. We will continue to solicit comments about issues particular to IRFs that should be considered in our development of the proposed 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket, as well as encourage suggestions for additional data sources that may be available. Our hope is that the additional cost data being collected under the IRF PPS will eventually allow for the development of a market basket derived specifically from IRF data.

As shown in Chart 4, for the payment rates set forth in this proposed rule, the proposed FY 2004 IRF market basket increase factor using 1997 data is 3.3 percent. Thus, we propose to apply the 3.3 percent increase, in addition to the proposed budget neutral wage adjustment factor described below, to the FY 2003 standard payment Start Printed Page 26805conversion factor ($12,193.00) to determine the proposed 2004 standard payment conversion factor.

2. Proposed Area Wage Adjustment

Section 1886(j)(6) of the Act requires the Secretary to adjust the proportion (as estimated by the Secretary from time to time) of rehabilitation facilities' costs that are attributable to wages and wage-related costs for area differences in wage levels by a factor (established by the Secretary) reflecting the relative hospital wage level in a geographic area of a rehabilitation facility compared to the national average wage level for such facilities. The statute requires the Secretary to update this wage index adjustment at least every 36 months. The Secretary is required to update this adjustment on the basis of information available to the Secretary (and updated as appropriate) of the wages and wage-related costs incurred in furnishing rehabilitation services. Any adjustments or updates made under section 1886(j)(6) of the Act shall be made in a budget neutral manner.

3. Updated Wage Data

For the FY 2004 IRF PPS rates proposed in this proposed rule, we are updating the IRF wage index. In implementing the FY 2002 and FY 2003 IRF PPS, we used FY 1997 acute care hospital wage data to develop the IRF wage indices. We believe that the FY 1999 acute care hospital data are the best available because they are currently the most recent complete final data. Accordingly, we are proposing to update from the FY 1997 acute care hospital wage data to the FY 1999 acute care hospital wage data to develop the proposed wage indices contained in this proposed rule. Tables 3A and 3B contain the proposed FY 2004 wage indices for urban and rural areas respectively.

4. Proposed Updated Labor-Related Share

In implementing the FY 2002 and FY 2003 IRF PPS, we used the 1992 market basket data to determine the labor-related share (72.395 percent). As stated above, we are proposing to update the 1992 market basket data to 1997. Doing so allows us to propose to use the 1997-based excluded hospital market basket with capital costs to determine the FY 2004 labor-related share.

We propose to calculate the FY 2004 labor-related share as the sum of the weights for those cost categories contained in the proposed 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket that are influenced by local labor markets. These cost categories include wages and salaries, employee benefits, professional fees, labor-intensive services and a 46 percent share of capital-related expenses. The proposed labor-related share for FY 2004 is the sum of the FY 2004 relative importance of each labor-related cost category, and reflects the different rates of price change for these cost categories between the base year (FY 1997) and FY 2004. The proposed sum of the relative importance for FY 2004 for operating costs (wages and salaries, employee benefits, professional fees, and labor-intensive services) is 69.163 percent, as shown in Chart 6 “FY 2004 Labor-Related Share Relative Importance.” The portion of capital that is influenced by local labor markets is estimated to be 46 percent. Because the relative importance of capital is 7.653 percent of the 1997-based excluded hospital with capital market basket in FY 2004, we take 46 percent of 7.653 percent to determine the labor-related share of capital for FY 2004. The result is 3.520 percent, which we then add to the 69.163 percent calculated for operating costs to determine the total labor-related relative importance for FY 2004. The resulting labor-related share that we propose to use for IRFs in FY 2004 is 72.683 percent.

Chart 6.—Proposed FY 2004 Labor-Related Share Relative Importance

Cost categoryRelative importance 1992-based market basket FY 2004Relative importance proposed 1997-based market basket FY 2004
Wages and salaries50.62549.032
Employee benefits11.90311.050
Professional fees2.0554.523
Postage0.252
All other labor intensive services5.2424.558
Subtotal70.07769.163
Labor-related share of capital costs3.3943.520
Total73.47172.683

Chart 6 above shows that rebasing the excluded hospital with capital market basket lowers the increase in labor share that we are proposing to use in FY 2004 relative to what it would have been had we not rebased the excluded hospital with capital market basket. The proposed labor-related share for FY 2004 of 72.683 percent reflects an increase of 0.29 percent from the FY 2003 labor-related share of 72.395 percent. If we did not rebase the excluded hospital with capital market basket, the labor-related share would have increased from 72.395 percent for FY 2003 to 73.471 percent for FY 2004 by approximately 1.1 percent, rather than the proposed increase of 0.29 percent. As we previously stated, we are proposing a labor-related share of 72.683 percent for the FY 2004 IRF PPS payment rates set forth in the proposed rule.

5. Proposed Budget Neutral Wage Adjustment Update Methodology

As stated above, for FY 2004, we are proposing to update the FY 2003 IRF wage indices by using FY 1999 acute care hospital wage data and update the labor-related share by using the 1997 market basket data. Since any adjustment or updates to the IRF wage index made under section 1886(j)(6) of the Act shall be made in a budget neutral manner as required by statute, we are proposing to amend the regulation at § 412.624(e)(1) to reflect this requirement. We are also proposing to determine a budget neutral wage adjustment factor based on an adjustment or update to the wage data to apply to the standard payment conversion factor.Start Printed Page 26806

We propose to use the following steps to ensure that the FY 2004 IRF standard payment conversion factor reflects the update to the wage indices and to the labor-related share in a budget neutral manner:

Step 1. We determine the total amount of the FY 2003 IRF PPS rates using the FY 2003 standardized payment amount and the labor-related share and the wage indices from FY 2003 (as published in the August 1, 2002 notice).

Step 2. We then calculate the total amount of IRF PPS payments using the FY 2003 standardized payment amount and the proposed updated FY 2004 labor-related share and wage indices described above.

Step 3. We divide the amount calculated in step 1 by the amount calculated in step 2, which equals the proposed FY 2004 budget neutral wage adjustment factor of 0.9954.

Step 4. We then apply the FY 2004 budget neutral wage adjustment factor from step 3 to the FY 2003 IRF PPS standard payment conversion factor after the application of the market basket update, described above, to determine the proposed FY 2004 standardized payment amount.

D. Proposed Update of Payment Rates Under the IRF PPS for FY 2004

Once we calculate the proposed IRF market basket increase factor and determine the proposed budget neutral wage adjustment factor, we can determine the proposed updated Federal prospective payments for FY 2004. In accordance with proposed revised § 412.624(c)(3)(i), we apply the proposed IRF market basket increase factor of 3.3 percent to the proposed standard payment conversion factor for FY 2003 ($12,193) which equals $12,595. Then, we apply the proposed budget neutral wage adjustment of .9954 to $12,595, which results in an updated proposed standard payment conversion factor for FY 2004 of $12,537. The proposed FY 2004 standard payment conversion factor is applied to each proposed CMG weight shown in Table 1 to compute the proposed unadjusted IRF prospective payment rates for FY 2004 shown in Table 2.

Table 2, Proposed FY 2004 Federal Prospective Payments for Case-Mix Groups (CMGs) for FY 2004, displays the proposed CMGs, the proposed comorbidity tiers, and the corresponding proposed unadjusted IRF prospective payment rates for FY 2004.

E. Examples of Computing the Total Proposed Adjusted IRF Prospective Payments

In general, under § 412.624(e), we will adjust the Federal prospective payment amount associated with a CMG, shown in Table 2, to account an IRF's geographic wage variation, low-income patients and, if applicable, location in a rural area.

The adjustment for an IRF's geographic wage variation includes the proposed FY 2004 labor-related share adjustment of 72.683 percent and the proposed FY 2004 IRF urban or rural wage indices in Tables 3A and 3B, respectively.

The adjustment for low-income patients is based on the formula to account for the cost of furnishing care to low-income patients as discussed in the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule (67 FR 41360). The formula to calculate the low-income patient or LIP adjustment is as follows:

(1 + DSH) raised to the power of (.4838)

Where:

The adjustment for IRFs located in rural areas is an increase to the Federal prospective payment amount of 19.14 percent. This percentage increase is the same as the one described in the August 7, 2002 IRF PPS final rule (67 FR 41359).

To illustrate the proposed methodology that we will use for adjusting the Federal prospective payments, we provide the following example in Chart 7 below. One beneficiary is in Facility A, an IRF located in rural Maryland, and another beneficiary is in Facility B, an IRF located in the New York City metropolitan statistical area (MSA).

Facility A's disproportionate share hospital (DSH) adjustment is 5 percent, with a low-income patient (LIP) adjustment of (1.0239) and a wage index of (0.8946), and the rural area adjustment (19.14 percent) applies. Facility B's DSH is 15 percent, with a LIP adjustment of (1.0700) and a wage index of (1.4414).

Both Medicare beneficiaries are classified to CMG 0112 (without comorbidities). To calculate each IRF's total proposed adjusted Federal prospective payment, we compute the wage-adjusted Federal prospective payment and multiply the result by the appropriate LIP adjustment and the rural adjustment (if applicable). The following chart illustrates the components of the proposed adjusted payment calculation.

Chart 7.—Examples of Computing an IRF's Proposed Federal Prospective Payment

Facility AFacility B
Federal Prospective Payment$25,092.93$25,092.93
Labor Share× 0.72683× 0.72683
Labor Portion of Federal Payment× 18,238.29× 18,238.29
Wage Index—(shown in Tables 3A or 3B)× 0.8946× 1.4414
Wage-Adjusted Amount= 16,315.98= 26,288.67
Non-Labor Amount+ 6,854.15+ 6,854.15
Wage-Adjusted Federal Payment23,170.1333,142.82
Rural Adjustment× 1.1914× 1.0000
Subtotal27,604.8933,142.82
LIP Adjustment× 1.0239× 1.0700
Total FY'04 Adjusted Federal Prospective Payment28,264.6535,462.82
Start Printed Page 26807

Thus, the proposed adjusted payment for facility A will be $28,264.65, and the proposed adjusted payment for facility B will be $35,462.82.

F. Computing Total Payments Under the IRF PPS for the Transition Period

Under section 1886(j)(1) of the Act and § 412.626, payment for all IRFs with cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2002 will consist of 100 percent of the proposed FY 2004 adjusted Federal prospective payment (plus any applicable outlier payments under § 412.624(e)(4)) and there will not be any blended payments. Accordingly, the proposed FY 2004 IRF PPS rates set forth in this proposed rule would apply to all discharges on or after October 1, 2003 and before October 1, 2004.

G. IRF-Specific Wage Data

On page 41358 of the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule, we responded to comments regarding the development of a separate wage index for IRFs. Specifically, we responded to these comments as follows:

“At this time, we are unable to develop a separate wage index for rehabilitation facilities. There is a lack of specific IRF wage and staffing data necessary to develop a separate IRF wage index accurately. Further, in order to accumulate the data needed for such an effort, we would need to make modifications to the cost report. In the future, we will continue to research a wage index specific to IRF facilities. Because we do not have an IRF specific wage index that we can compare to the hospital wage index, we are unable to determine at this time the degree to which the acute care hospital data fully represent IRF wages. However, we believe that a wage index based on acute care hospital wage data is the best and most appropriate wage index to use in adjusting payments to IRFs, since both acute care hospitals and IRFs compete in the same labor markets.”

We still do not have any IRF-specific wage data to determine the feasibility of developing an IRF-specific wage index or of developing an adjustment to refine the acute care hospital wage data to reflect inpatient rehabilitation services. We continue to look into alternative ways to collect, analyze, develop, and audit IRF-specific wage data that would reflect the wages and wage-related costs attributable to rehabilitation facilities. We believe that the best source to collect IRF-specific wage data is the Medicare cost report—the same source for the acute care hospital wage data. These data must be accurate and reliable, thus collecting these data would increase the recordkeeping and reporting burden on IRFs. Initially, this burden would be imposed to collect data just to determine the feasibility of developing an IRF-specific wage index or development of an adjustment to the current IRF wage index.

In addition, as stated earlier in this section of this proposed rule, any adjustment or update to the wage index must be made in a budget neutral manner in accordance with § 1886(j)(6) of the Act. Thus, the PPS rates for any one IRF could be affected in a positive or negative direction, due to the application of the proposed updates to the labor-related share and wage indices in a budget neutral manner. Accordingly, given the current trend of reducing the Medicare cost reporting burden of collecting data and given that any change to the wage index be budget neutral, we are soliciting comments on possible ways to adjust or refine the current IRF wage index, given those restraints.

Since IRFs and hospitals compete in the same labor markets, we propose to continue to use the acute care hospital wage data to develop the IRF wage index as described earlier in this section of this proposed rule.

H. Proposed Adjustment for High-Cost Outliers Under the IRF Prospective Payment System

In this proposed rule, we are proposing changes to the methodology for determining IRF payments for high-cost outliers. The intent of these proposed changes is to ensure outlier payments are paid only for truly high-cost cases. Further, these proposed changes will allow us to create policies that are consistent among the various Medicare prospective payment systems when appropriate.

We have become aware that under the existing acute care hospital inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS), that some hospitals have taken advantage of two system features in the IPPS outlier policy to maximize their outlier payments. The first is the time lag between the current charges on a submitted bill and the cost-to-charge ratio taken from the most recent settled cost report. Second, statewide average cost-to-charge ratios are used in those instances in which an acute care hospital's operating or capital cost-to-charge ratios fall outside reasonable parameters. We set forth these parameters and the statewide cost-to-charge ratios in the annual notices of prospective payment rates that are published by August 1 of each year in accordance with § 412.8(b). Currently, these parameters represent 3.0 standard deviations (plus or minus) from the geometric mean of cost-to-charge ratios for all hospitals. In some cases, hospitals may increase their charges so far above costs that their cost-to-charge ratios fall below 3 standard deviations from the geometric mean of the cost-to-charge ratio and a higher statewide average cost-to-charge ratio is applied to determine if the acute care hospital should receive an outlier payment. This disparity results in their cost-to-charge ratios being set too high, which in turn results in an overestimation of their current costs per case.

We believe the Congress intended that outlier payments under both the IPPS and the IRF PPS would be made only in situations where the cost of care is extraordinarily high in relation to the average cost of treating comparable conditions or illnesses. Under the existing IPPS outlier methodology, if hospitals' charges are not sufficiently comparable in magnitude to their costs, the legislative purpose underlying the outlier regulations is thwarted. Thus, on March 4, 2003, we published a proposed rule (68 FR 10420-10429) “Proposed Changes in Methodology for Determining Payment for Extraordinarily High-Cost Cases (Cost Outliers) Under the Acute Care Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment System,” with an extensive discussion proposing new regulations to ensure outlier payments are paid for truly high-cost cases under the IPPS.

We believe the use of parameters is appropriate for determining cost-to-charge ratios to ensure these values are reasonable and outlier payments can be made in the most equitable manner possible. Further, we believe the methodology of computing IRF outlier payments is susceptible to the same payment enhancement practices identified under the IPPS and, therefore, merit similar proposed revisions. Accordingly, as discussed below, we are proposing in this proposed rule to make revisions to the IRF outlier payment methodology.

1. Current Outlier Payment Provision Under the IRF PPS

Section 1886(j)(4) of the Act provides the Secretary with the authority to make payments in addition to the basic IRF prospective payments for cases incurring extraordinarily high costs. In the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule, we codified at § 412.624(e)(4) of the regulations the provision to make an adjustment for additional payments for outlier cases that have extraordinarily high costs relative to the costs of most discharges. Providing additional payments for outliers strongly improves the accuracy of the IRF PPS in Start Printed Page 26808determining resource costs at the patient and facility level. These additional payments reduce the financial losses that would otherwise be caused by treating patients who require more costly care and, therefore, reduce the incentives to underserve these patients.

Under § 412.624(e)(4), we make outlier payments for any discharges if the estimated cost of a case exceeds the adjusted IRF PPS payment for the CMG plus the adjusted threshold amount ($11,211 which is then adjusted for each IRF by the facilities wage adjustment, its LIP adjustment, and its rural adjustment, if applicable). We calculate the estimated cost of a case by multiplying the IRF's overall cost-to-charge ratio by the Medicare allowable covered charge. In accordance with § 412.624(e)(4), we pay outlier cases 80 percent of the difference between the estimated cost of the case and the outlier threshold (the sum of the adjusted IRF PPS payment for the CMG and the adjusted threshold amount).

On November 1, 2001, we published a Program Memorandum (Transmittal A-01-131) with detailed intermediary instructions for calculating the cost-to-charge ratios for the purposes of determining outlier payments under the IRF PPS. We stated the following:

“Intermediaries will use the latest available settled cost report and associated data in determining a facility's overall Medicare cost-to-charge ratio specific to freestanding IRFs and for IRFs that are distinct part units of acute care hospitals. Intermediaries will calculate updated ratios each time a subsequent cost report settlement is made. Further, retrospective adjustments to the data used in determining outlier payments will not be made. If the overall Medicare cost-to-charge ratio appears to be substantially out-of-line with similar facilities, the intermediary should ensure that the underlying costs and charges are properly reported. We are evaluating the use of upper and lower cost-to-charge ratio thresholds (similar with the outlier policy for acute care hospitals) in the future to ensure that the distribution of outlier payments remains equitable.”

For this proposed rule, we are proposing to continue to use the $11,211 threshold amount. This threshold amount was used in the FY 2003 IRF PPS payment rates and we believe it remains appropriate because the data should not contain any of the inappropriate payment enhancement practices that would result with the implementation of an outlier policy. The data used to construct the existing IRF-PPS outlier threshold consists of cost and charge data that was not influenced by the incentives the current IRF PPS outlier policy may create. Specifically, we used the IRF cost and charge data from the previous cost-based reimbursement system to establish the outlier threshold. These data were not inappropriately influenced by incentives to inflate charges that are created with the existence of an outlier policy; there is not a need for an outlier policy cost-based reimbursement because IRFs, with some limits, would be paid their costs. This is unlike the outlier situation in IPPS, which used post-PPS data to update its annual threshold amount. The IPPS data reflected the practices that we believe erroneously created inappropriate outlier payments.

We propose to continue to make outlier payments for any discharges if the estimated cost of a case exceeds the adjusted IRF PPS payment for the CMG plus the adjusted threshold amount ($11,211 which is then adjusted for each IRF by the facility's wage adjustment, its LIP adjustment, and its rural adjustment, if applicable). We propose to continue to calculate the estimated cost of a case by multiplying an IRF's overall cost-to-charge ratio by the Medicare allowable covered charge. However, we are proposing to apply a ceiling to an IRF's cost-to-charge ratios which is discussed below. In accordance with § 412.624(e)(4), we will continue to pay outlier cases 80 percent of the difference between the estimated cost of the case and the outlier threshold (the sum of the adjusted IRF PPS payment for the CMG and the adjusted threshold amount). In addition, under the existing methodology described in the preamble to the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule (66 FR 41363), we will continue to assign the applicable national average for new IRFs.

2. Proposed Changes to the IRF Outlier Payment Methodology

Statistical Accuracy of Cost-to-Charge ratios

We believe that there is a need to ensure that the cost-to-charge ratio used to compute an IRF's estimated costs should be subject to a statistical measure of accuracy. Removing aberrant data from the calculation of outlier payments will allow us to enhance the extent to which outlier payments are equitably distributed and continue to reduce incentives for IRFs to underserve patients who require more costly care. Further, using a statistical measure of accuracy to address aberrant cost-to-charge ratios will also allow us to be consistent with the proposed outlier policy changes for the acute care hospital IPPS discussed in the March 4, 2003 Cost Outlier proposed rule, (68 FR 10420). Therefore in this proposed rule, we are proposing the following:

(1) To apply a ceiling to IRF's cost-to-charge ratio if a facility's cost-to-charge ratio is above a ceiling. We will calculate two national ceilings, one for IRFs located in rural areas and one for facilities located in urban areas. We propose to compute this ceiling by first calculating the national average and the standard deviation of the cost-to-charge ratio for both urban and rural IRFs. (Because of the small number of IRF's compared to the number of acute care hospitals, we believe that statewide averages for IRFs, as proposed under the IPPS, would not be statistically valid. Thus, we propose to use national average cost-to-charge ratios in place of statewide averages.) To determine the rural and urban ceiling, we propose to multiply each of the standard deviations by 3 and add the result to the appropriate national cost-to-charge ratio average (rural and urban). We believe this method results in statistically valid ceilings. If an IRF's cost-to-charge ratio is above the applicable ceiling it is considered to be statistically inaccurate and we propose to assign the national (either rural or urban) average cost-to-charge ratio to the IRF. Cost-to-charge ratios above this ceiling are probably due to faulty data reporting or entry, and, therefore, should not be used to identify and make payments for outlier cases because such data are most likely erroneous and therefore should not be relied upon. We propose to update the ceiling and averages using this methodology every year and we will publish these amounts in future program memoranda;

(2) Not assign the applicable national average cost-to-charge ratio when an IRF's cost-to-charge ratio falls below a floor. We are proposing this policy because, as is the case for acute care hospitals, we believe IRFs could arbitrarily increase their charges in order to maximize outlier payments. Even though this arbitrary increase in charges should result in a lower cost-to-charge ratio in the future (due to the lag time in cost report settlement), if we propose the use of a floor, the IRF's cost-to-charge ratio would be raised to the applicable national average. This application of the national average could result in inappropriately higher outlier payments. Accordingly, we are proposing to apply the IRF's actual cost-to-charge ratio to determine the cost of the case rather than creating and applying a floor. Applying an IRF's actual cost-to-charge ratio to charges in the future to determine the cost of a case Start Printed Page 26809will result in more appropriate outlier payments because it does not overstate the actual cost-to-charge ratio. Therefore, consistent with the proposed policy change for acute care hospitals under the IPPS, we are proposing that to use an IRF's actual cost-to-charge ratio no matter how low their ratio fall.

3. Proposed Adjustment of IRF Outlier Payments

Under the existing methodology for computing IRF outlier payments as described in the preamble of the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule (66 FR 41363) and in the November 1, 2001 Program Memorandum discussed above, we specify that the cost-to-charge ratio used to compute estimated costs are obtained from the most recent settled Medicare cost report. Further, we provided for no retroactive adjustment to the outlier payments to account for differences between the cost-to-charge ratio from the latest settled cost report and the actual cost-to-charge ratio for the cost reporting period in which the outlier payment is made. This policy is consistent with the existing outlier payment policy for acute care hospitals under the IPPS. However, as discussed in the IPPS March 4, 2003 Cost Outlier proposed rule (68 FR 10423), we proposed to revise the methodology for determining cost-to-charge ratios for acute care hospitals under the IPPS because we became aware that payment vulnerabilities exist in the current IPPS outlier policy. Because we believe the IRF outlier payment methodology is likewise susceptible to the same payment vulnerabilities, we are proposing the following:

(1) As proposed for acute care hospitals under the IPPS at proposed § 412.84(i) in the March 4, 2003 proposed rule (68 FR 10420), we are proposing under § 412.624(e)(4), by cross-referencing proposed § 412.84(i), that fiscal intermediaries would use more recent data when determining an IRF's cost-to-charge ratio. Specifically, under proposed § 412.84(i), we are proposing that fiscal intermediaries would use either the most recent settled IRF cost report or the most recent tentative settled IRF cost report, whichever is later to obtain the applicable IRF cost-to-charge ratio. In addition, as proposed under § 412.84(i), any reconciliation of outlier payments will be based on a ratio of costs to charges computed from the relevant cost report and charge data determined at the time the cost report coinciding with the discharge is settled. As is the case with the proposed changes to the outlier policy for acute care hospitals under the IPPS, we are still assessing the procedural changes that would be necessary to implement this change.

(2) As proposed for acute care hospitals under the IPPS at proposed § 412.84(m) in the March 4, 2003 proposed rule (68 FR 10420), we are proposing under § 412.624(e)(4), by cross-referencing proposed § 412.84(m), that IRF outlier payments may be adjusted to account for the time value of money which is the value of money during the time period it was inappropriately held by the IRF as an “overpayment.” We also may adjust outlier payments for the time value of money for cases that are “underpaid” to the IRF. In these cases, the adjustment will result in additional payments to the IRF. We are proposing that any adjustment will be based upon a widely available index to be established in advance by the Secretary, and will be applied from the midpoint of the cost reporting period to the date of reconciliation.

4. Proposed Change to the Methodology for Calculating the Federal Prospective Payment Rates

Section 412.624(e)(4) Adjustment for high-cost outliers

We provide for an additional payment to a facility if its estimated costs for a patient exceeds a fixed dollar amount (adjusted for area wage levels and factors to account for treating low-income patients and for rural locations) as specified by CMS. The additional payment equals 80 percent of the difference between the estimated cost of the patient and the sum of the adjusted Federal prospective payment computed under this section and the adjusted fixed dollar amount. Additional payments made under this section will be subject to the adjustments at § 412.84(i) except that national averages will be used instead of statewide averages. Additional payments made under this section will also be subject to adjustments at § 412.84(m).

VII. Provisions of the Proposed Rule

Overall, in this proposed rule, we are proposing to update the IRF Federal prospective payment rates from FY 2003 to FY 2004 using the methodology described in § 412.624 of the regulations. Our proposed FY 2004 Federal prospective payment rates would be effective for discharges on or after October 1, 2003 and before October 1, 2004.

We are proposing to update the IRF wage indices for FY 2004 by using FY 1999 acute care hospital data. However, any adjustments or updates made under section 1886(j)(6) of the Act must be made in a budget neutral manner. Therefore, we are proposing a methodology to update the wage indices for FY 2004 using 1999 acute care hospital data in a budget neutral manner.

We are also proposing to modify certain criteria for a hospital or a hospital unit to be classified as an IRF.

Section 412.20 Hospital services subject to the prospective payment systems

We are proposing to redesignate current § 412.20(b) and add a new paragraph (b)(2) that states inpatient hospital services will not be paid for under the IRF PPS if the services are paid by a health maintenance organization (HMO) or competitive medical plan (CMP) that elects not to have CMS make payments to an IRF for services, which are inpatient hospital services, furnished to the HMO's or CMP's Medicare enrollees under part 417.

Section 412.22 Excluded hospitals and hospital units: General rules

We are proposing to eliminate application of the bed-number criteria in § 412.22(h)(2)(i) for freestanding satellite IRFs by revising § 412.22(h)(2) and by adding § 412.22(h)(7).

Section 412.25 Excluded hospital units: Common requirements

We are also proposing to eliminate application of the bed-number criteria for IRF satellite units of a hospital in § 412.25(e)(2)(i) by revising § 412.25(e)(2) and by adding § 412.25(e)(5) to conform with the proposed change in § 412.22(h)(2)(i).

Section 412.29 Excluded rehabilitation units: Additional requirements

Under § 412.29(a), an IRF unit must have met either the requirements for new units or converted units under § 412.30 in order to be excluded from the inpatient acute care PPS. Section 412.29(a)(2) contains an incorrect reference to the requirements for converted units under “§ 412.30(b).” The correct reference to the requirements for converted units is § 412.30(c). Accordingly, we are proposing to make a technical correction by changing the reference in § 412.29(a)(2) to state “Converted units under § 412.30(c).”

Section 412.30 Exclusion of new rehabilitation units and expansion of units already excluded

Section 412.30(b)(3) contains an incorrect reference to the required written certification described in Start Printed Page 26810paragraph “(a)(2)” of this section. The correct reference to the written certification is described in paragraph (2) of § 412.30(b). Accordingly, we are proposing to make a technical correction by changing the current reference to paragraph (a)(2) in paragraph (b)(3) to state “The written certification described in paragraph (b)(2) * * *”.

Section 412.30(d)(2)(i) contains an incorrect reference to the definition of new bed capacity under paragraph “(c)(1)” of this section. The correct reference to the definition of new bed capacity is paragraph (d)(1). Accordingly, we are proposing a technical correction to change the current reference to paragraph (c)(1) in paragraph (d)(2)(i) to state “* * * under paragraph (d)(1) of this section.”

Revision of the Definition of Discharge in § 412.602

According to § 412.602, a discharge has occurred when the patient has been formally released from the hospital, or has died in the hospital, or when the patient stops receiving Medicare—covered Part A inpatient rehabilitation services. We are proposing to amend § 412.602 by revising the definition of “Discharge.” Accordingly, the revised definition would read as follows:

Discharge. A Medicare patient in an inpatient rehabilitation facility is considered discharged when—

(1) The patient is formally released from the inpatient rehabilitation facility; or

(2) The patient dies in the inpatient rehabilitation facility.

General Requirements for Payment Under the Prospective Payment System for Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities in § 412.604

In § 412.604, “General requirements,” in paragraph (a)(2) introductory text, we are proposing to change the word “we” to “CMS or its Medicare fiscal intermediary” to read as follows:

“If an inpatient rehabilitation facility fails to comply fully with these conditions with respect to inpatient hospital services furnished to one or more Medicare Part A fee-for-service beneficiaries, CMS or its Medicare fiscal intermediary may, as appropriate—”

Addition of Requirement To Give Patient the Privacy Act Statement in § 412.608

Section 412.608 specifies that before performing the IRF-PAI assessment, the IRF must inform the patient of the rights contained in this section. The rights specified in § 412.608 are—

(1) The right to be informed of the purpose of the collection of the patient assessment data;

(2) The right to have the patient assessment information collected be kept confidential and secure;

(3) The right to be informed that the patient assessment information will not be disclosed to others, except for legitimate purposes allowed by the Federal Privacy Act and Federal and State regulations;

(4) The right to refuse to answer patient assessment questions; and

(5) The right to see, review, and request changes on his or her patient assessment.

In addition to the rights specified in § 412.608, a patient has privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. § 552a(e)(3)), and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3). The Privacy Act and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3) require that an individual be informed under what authority, and for what purpose, individually identifiable information is being collected by a Federal agency and maintained in a system of records. In order to ensure that an IRF complies with the Privacy Act of 1974, and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3), we are proposing that before performing the IRF-PAI assessment, an IRF clinician must give each Medicare inpatient two forms. We have published these forms in Appendix B “Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Privacy Forms” of this proposed rule. In addition, we are proposing that the form entitled “Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records” is a detailed description of patient privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974. Also, we are proposing that the form entitled “Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI) Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities” is the plain language equivalent of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records. Additionally, we are proposing that by giving both of these forms to a patient before starting the IRF-PAI assessment, the IRF would fulfill the requirement that the patient be informed of the five rights specified in § 412.608. Accordingly, we are proposing to amend § 412.608 to read as follows:

Section 412.608 Patients Rights Regarding the Collection of Patient Assessment Data

(a) Before performing an assessment using the patient assessment instrument, a clinician of the inpatient rehabilitation facility must give a Medicare inpatient each of these forms—

(1) The Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records; and

(2) The Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI) Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records.

(b) The Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI) Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities is the plain language equivalent of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records.

(c) By giving the Medicare inpatient the forms specified in paragraph (a) of this section the inpatient rehabilitation facility has informed the Medicare patient of—

(1) His or her privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974 and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3); and

(2) The following rights:

(i) The right to be informed of the purpose of the collection of the patient assessment data.

(ii) The right to have the patient assessment information collected be kept confidential and secure.

(iii) The right to be informed that the patient assessment information will not be disclosed to others, except for legitimate purposes allowed by the Federal Privacy Act and Federal and State regulations.

(iv) The right to refuse to answer patient assessment questions.

(v) The right to see, review, and request changes on his or her patient assessment.

(d) The patient rights specified in this section are in addition to the patient rights specified in § 482.13 of this chapter.

By complying with the requirements specified in revised § 412.608 the IRF has not met the separate requirement in 45 CFR 164.520 entitled “Notice of privacy practices for protected health information.” Section 164.520 requires that a health plan or health care provider give patients a Notice of Privacy Practices that must describe the health plan's or health care provider's own uses and disclosures of protected health information, and the individual rights that patients have with respect to their protected health information.

When the IRF-PAI Must Be Completed (§ 412.610)

According to § 412.606(b), an IRF must use the IRF-PAI to assess Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatients. Section 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) specifies that the IRF-PAI for the admission assessment “Must be completed on the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day.” In order to clarify that Start Printed Page 26811§ 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) does not prohibit the IRF from recording any or all of the data on the IRF-PAI before the day that follows the admission assessment reference day, we are proposing to amend § 412.610(c)(1)(i)(C) to read as follows: Must be completed by the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day.

Transmission of IRF-PAI Data (§ 412.614)

As specified in § 412.606(b), “Patient assessment instrument,” an IRF must use the IRF-PAI to assess Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatients.

Section 412.614, “Transmission of patient assessment data,” specifies that an IRF must transmit to us the IRF-PAI assessment data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient. It is the electronic version of the IRF-PAI that enables an IRF to transmit the IRF-PAI data to us. We require that IRFs transmit IRF-PAI data so that we have the IRF-PAI data that are associated with the CMG payment code that the IRF submitted to its FI. We are proposing to amend § 412.614 by specifying that § 412.614(a) is a general rule that would read as follows:

(a) Data format. General rule. The IRF must encode and transmit data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient—

We are proposing to amend § 412.614 by adding a new § 412.614(a)(3), which would relieve the IRF of having to transmit the IRF-PAI data for a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient when Medicare will not be paying the IRF for any of the services the IRF furnished to that inpatient. New § 412.614(a)(3) would read as follows:

Exception to the general rule. When the inpatient rehabilitation facility does not submit claims data to Medicare in order to be paid for any of the services it furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is not required, but may, transmit to Medicare the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment data associated with the services furnished to that same Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient.

We are proposing a new § 412.614(e) to read as follows: “Exemption to being assessed a penalty for transmitting the IRF-PAI data late. CMS may waive the penalty specified in paragraph (d) of this section when, due to an extraordinary situation that is beyond the control of an inpatient rehabilitation facility, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is unable to transmit the patient assessment data in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section. Only CMS can determine if a situation encountered by an inpatient rehabilitation facility is extraordinary and qualifies as a situation for waiver of the penalty specified in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. An extraordinary situation may be, but is not limited to, fires, floods, earthquakes, or similar unusual events that inflict extensive damage to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation may be one that produces a data transmission problem that is beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility, as well as other situations determined by CMS to be beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation must be fully documented by the inpatient rehabilitation facility.”

Proposed Update of Area Wage Data

In § 412.624(e), “Calculation of the adjusted Federal prospective payment,” in paragraph (1), “Adjustment for area wage levels,” we are proposing that adjustments or updates to the wage data used to adjust a facility's Federal prospective payment rate under paragraph (e)(1) of this section will be made in a budget neutral manner. We are also proposing to determine a budget neutral wage adjustment factor, based on any adjustment or update to the wage data, to apply to the standard payment conversion factor.

Proposed Adjustment for High-Cost Outliers Under the IRF Prospective Payment System (§ 412.624)

As proposed for acute care hospitals under the IPPS at proposed § 412.84(i) in the March 4, 2003 proposed rule (68 FR 10420), we are proposing under § 412.624(e)(4), by cross-referencing proposed § 412.84(i), that fiscal intermediaries would use more recent data when determining an IRF's cost-to-charge ratio. Specifically, under proposed § 412.84(i), we are proposing that fiscal intermediaries would use either the most recent settled IRF cost report or the most recent tentative settled IRF cost report, whichever is later, to obtain the applicable IRF cost-to-charge ratio. In addition, as proposed under § 412.84(i), any reconciliation of outlier payments will be based on a ratio of costs to charges computed from the relevant cost report and charge data determined at the time the cost report coinciding with the discharge is settled. (Because of the small number of IRFs compared to the number of acute care hospitals, we believe that statewide averages for IRFs, as proposed under the IPPS, would not be statistically valid. Thus, we are proposing to use national average cost-to-charge ratios in place of statewide averages.) As is the case with the proposed changes to the outlier policy for acute care hospitals under the IPPS, we are still assessing the procedural changes that would be necessary to implement this change.

As proposed for acute care hospitals under the IPPS at proposed § 412.84(m) in the March 4, 2003 proposed rule (68 FR 10420), we are proposing under § 412.624(e)(4), by cross-referencing proposed § 412.84(m), that IRF outlier payments may be adjusted to account for the time value of money which is the value of money during the time period it was inappropriately held by the IRF as an “overpayment.” We also may adjust outlier payments for the time value of money for cases that “underpaid” to the IRF. In these cases, the adjustment will result in additional payments to the IRF. We are proposing that any adjustment will be based upon a widely available index to be established in advance by the Secretary, and will be applied from the midpoint of the cost reporting period to the date of reconciliation.

VIII. Collection of Information Requirements

Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), agencies are required to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register and solicit public comment when a collection of information requirement is submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. To fairly evaluate whether an information collection should be approved by OMB, section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA requires that we solicit comments on the following issues:

  • Whether the information collection is necessary and useful to carry out the proper functions of the agency;
  • The accuracy of the agency's estimate of the information collection burden;
  • The quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and
  • Recommendations to minimize the information collection burden on the affected public, including automated collection techniques.

We are therefore soliciting public comment on each of these issues for the proposed information collection requirements discussed below.

Section 412.608 Patients' rights regarding the collection of patient assessment data.

Under this section, before performing an assessment using the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment instrument, a clinician of the inpatient rehabilitation facility must give a Medicare inpatient the form entitled Start Printed Page 26812“Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records” and the simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records, which is a form entitled “Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities;” the inpatient rehabilitation facility must document in the Medicare inpatient's clinical record that the Medicare inpatient has been given the documents specified in the section.

The burden associated with this section is the time it will take to document that the patient has been given the requisite forms. We estimate that it will take no more than a minute per patient. There will be an estimated 390,000 admissions per year, for a total of 6,500 hours per year.

Section 412.614 Transmission of Patient Assessment Data

1. The inpatient rehabilitation facility must encode and transmit data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient.

These information collection requirements associated with the IRF PPS are currently approved by OMB through July 31, 2005 under OMB number 0938-0842.

2. Under paragraph (e), Exemption to being assessed a penalty for transmitting the IRF-PAI data late, CMS may waive the penalty specified in paragraph (d) of this section. To assist CMS in determining if a waiver is appropriate the inpatient rehabilitation facility must fully document the circumstances surrounding the occurrence.

Given that it is estimated that fewer than 10 instances will occur on an annual basis to necessitate a waiver, this requirement is not subject to the PRA as stipulated under 5 CFR 1320.3(c).

We have submitted a copy of this proposed rule to OMB for its review of the information collection requirements in § 412.604, § 412.608 and § 412.614. These requirements are not effective until they have been approved by OMB.

If you have any comments on any of these information collection and record keeping requirements, please mail the original and 3 copies to CMS within 60 days of this publication date directly to the following: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of Strategic Operations and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Regulations Development and Issuances, Reports Clearance Officer, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21244-1850.

Attn: Julie Brown, CMS-1474-P; and Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Room 10235, New Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503, Attn: Brenda Aguilar, CMS Desk Officer.

Comments submitted to OMB may also be emailed to the following address: e-mail: baguilar@omb.eop.gov; or faxed to OMB at (202) 395-6974.

IX. Response to Comments

Because of the large number of items of correspondence we normally receive on Federal Register documents published for comment, we are not able to acknowledge or respond to them individually. We will consider all comments we receive by the date and time specified in the Dates section of this preamble, and, if we proceed with a subsequent document, we will respond to the major comments in the preamble to that document.

X. Regulatory Impact Analysis

A. Introduction

The August 7, 2001 IRS PPS final rule (66 FR 41316) established the IRF PPS for the payment of inpatient hospital services furnished by a rehabilitation hospital or rehabilitation unit of a hospital with cost reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2002. We incorporated a number of elements into the IRF PPS, such as case-level adjustments, a wage adjustment, an adjustment for the percentage of low-income patients, a rural adjustment, and outlier payments. The August 1, 2002 IRF PPS notice (67 FR 49928) set forth updates of the IRF PPS rates contained in the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule. The purpose of the updates set forth in the August 1, 2002 IRF PPS notice was to provide an update to the IRF payment rates for discharges during FY 2003. This proposed rule proposes updated IRF PPS rates for discharges that occur during FY 2004.

In constructing these impacts, we do not attempt to predict behavioral responses, and we do not make adjustments for future changes in such variables as discharges or case-mix. We note that certain events may combine to limit the scope or accuracy of our impact analysis, because such an analysis is future-oriented and, thus, susceptible to forecasting errors due to other changes in the forecasted impact time period. Some examples of such possible events are newly legislated general Medicare program funding changes by the Congress, or changes specifically related to IRFs. In addition, changes to the Medicare program may continue to be made as a result of the BBA, the BBRA, the BIPA, or new statutory provisions. Although these changes may not be specific to the IRF PPS, the nature of the Medicare program is such that the changes may interact, and the complexity of the interaction of these changes could make it difficult to predict accurately the full scope of the impact upon IRFs.

We have examined the impacts of this rule as required by Executive Order 12866 (September 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review), the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (September 16, 1980, Pub. L. 96-354), section 1102(b) of the Social Security Act, the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4), and Executive Order 13132.

1. Executive Order 12866

Executive Order 12866 directs agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). A regulatory impact analysis (RIA) must be prepared for major rules with economically significant effects ($100 million or more).

In this proposed rule, we are proposing to use an updated FY 2004 IRF market basket index and an updated FY 2004 IRF labor-related share and wage indices to update the IRF PPS rates to FY 2004, as described in section VI of this proposed rule. By updating the IRF PPS rates to FY 2004, as proposed in this proposed rule, we estimate that the overall cost to the Medicare program for IRF services in FY 2004 will increase by $204.2 million over FY 2003 levels. The updates to the IRF labor-related share and wage indices are made in a budget neutral manner. Thus, updating the IRF labor-related share and the wage indices to FY 2004 have no overall effect on estimated costs to the Medicare program. Therefore, this estimated cost to the Medicare program is due to the application of the proposed updated IRF market basket of 3.3 percent. Because the cost to the Medicare program is greater than $100 million, this proposed rule is considered a major rule as defined above.

2. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) and Impact on Small Hospitals

The RFA requires agencies to analyze the economic impact of our regulations on small entities. If we determine that the regulation will impose a significant burden on a substantial number of small entities, we must examine options for reducing the burden. For purposes of the RFA, small entities include small businesses, nonprofit organizations, and governmental agencies. Most hospitals Start Printed Page 26813are considered small entities, either by nonprofit status or by having receipts of $6 million to $29 million in any 1 year. (For details, see the Small Business Administration's regulation that set forth size standards for health care industries at 65 FR 69432.) Because we lack data on individual hospital receipts, we cannot determine the number of small proprietary IRFs. Therefore, we assume that all IRFs are considered small entities for the purpose of the analysis that follows. Medicare fiscal intermediaries and carriers are not considered to be small entities. Individuals and States are not included in the definition of a small entity.

This proposed rule proposes a 3.3 percent increase to the Federal PPS rates. We do not expect an incremental increase of 3.3 percent to the Medicare Federal rates to have a significant effect on the overall revenues of IRFs. Most IRFs are units of hospitals that provide many different types of services (for example, acute care, outpatient services) and the rehabilitation component of their business is relatively minor in comparison. In addition, IRFs provide services to (and generate revenues from) patients other than Medicare beneficiaries. Accordingly, we certify that this proposed rule will not have a significant impact on small entities.

Section 1102(b) of the Act requires us to prepare a regulatory impact analysis for any proposed rule that will have a significant impact on the operations of a substantial number of small rural hospitals. This analysis must conform to the provisions of section 603 of the RFA. For purposes of section 1102(b) of the Act, we define a small rural hospital as a hospital that is located outside of a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and has fewer than 100 beds.

This proposed rule will not have a significant impact on the operations of small rural hospitals. As indicated above, this proposed rule proposes a 3.3 percent increase to the Federal PPS rates. In addition, we do not expect an incremental increase of 3.3 percent to the Federal rates to have a significant effect on overall revenues or operations since most rural hospitals provide many different types of services (for example, acute care, outpatient services) and the rehabilitation component of their business is relatively minor in comparison. Accordingly, we certify that this proposed rule will not have a significant impact on the operations of small rural hospitals.

3. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 also requires that agencies assess anticipated costs and benefits before issuing any rule that may result in an expenditure in any 1 year by State, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of at least $110 million. This proposed rule will not have a substantial effect on the governments mentioned nor will it affect private sector costs.

4. Executive Order 13132

We examined this proposed rule in accordance with Executive Order 13132 and determined that it will not have a substantial impact on the rights, roles, or responsibilities of State, local, or tribal governments.

5. Overall Impact

For the reasons stated above, we have not prepared an analysis under the RFA and section 1102(b) of the Act because we have determined that this proposed rule will not have a significant impact on small entities or the operations of small rural hospitals.

B. Anticipated Effects of the Proposed Rule

We discuss below the impacts of this proposed rule on the Federal budget and on IRFs.

1. Budgetary Impact

Section 1886(j)(3)(C) of the Act requires annual updates to the IRF PPS payment rates. Section 1886 (j)(6) of the Act requires the Secretary to adjust or update the labor-related share and the wage indices or the labor-related share and the wage indices the applicable to IRFs not later than October 1, 2001 and at least every 36 months thereafter. We project that updating the IRF PPS for discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2003 and before October 1, 2004 will cost the Medicare program $204.2 million. The proposed update to the IRF labor-related share and wage indices if finalized will be made in a budget neutral manner. Thus, updating the IRF labor-related share and the wage indices to FY 2004 would have no overall effect on estimated costs to the Medicare program. Therefore, this estimated cost to the Medicare program is due to the application of the proposed updated IRF market basket of 3.3 percent.

2. Impact on Providers

For the impact analyses shown in the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule, we simulated payments for 1,024 facilities. To construct the impact analyses set forth in this proposed rule, we use the latest available data. These data include the same facilities that were used in constructing the impact analyses displayed in the August 7, 2001 IRF PPS final rule (66 FR 41364-41365, and 41372). We do not have enough post-IRF PPS data to develop the overall budgetary impact and the impact on providers. Further, we will need a sufficient amount of these data to be able to rely on them as the basis for the impact analysis. Because IRFs began to be paid under the IRF PPS based on their cost report start date that occurred on or after January 1, 2002, sufficient Medicare claims data will not be available for those facilities whose cost report start date occurs later in the calendar year. We do not have enough post-IRF PPS data to develop the overall budgetary impact and the impact on providers. Further, we will need a sufficient amount of these data to be able to rely on them as the basis for the impact analysis. Because IRFs began to be paid under the IRF PPS based on their cost report start date that occurred on or after January 1, 2002, sufficient Medicare claims data will not be available for those facilities whose cost report start date occurs later in the calendar year. The estimated monetary changes among the various classifications of IRFs for discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2003 and before October 1, 2004 is reflected in Chart 8 “Projected Impact of Proposed FY 2004 Update” of this proposed rule.

3. Calculation of the Estimated FY 2003 IRF Prospective Payments

To estimate payments under the IRF PPS for FY 2003, we multiplied each facility's case-mix index by the facility's number of Medicare discharges, the FY 2003 standardized payment amount, the applicable FY 2003 labor-related share and wage indices, a low-income patient adjustment, and a rural adjustment (if applicable). The adjustments include the following:

The wage adjustment, calculated as follows: (.27605 + (.72395 × FY 2003 Wage Index)).

The disproportionate share adjustment, calculated as follows:

(1 + Disproportionate Share Percentage) raised to the power of .4838).

The rural adjustment, if applicable, calculated by multiplying payments by 1.1914.

4. Calculation of the Proposed Estimated FY 2004 IRF Prospective Payments

To calculate proposed FY 2004 payments, we use the payment rates described in this proposed rule that reflect the proposed 3.3 percent market basket increase factor using the proposed FY 2004 labor-related share Start Printed Page 26814and wage indices, a low-income patient adjustment, and a rural adjustment (if applicable). The proposed adjustments include the following:

The proposed wage adjustment, calculated as follows: (.27605 + (.72683 × FY 2004 Wage Index)).

The proposed disproportionate share adjustment, calculated as follows: (1 + Disproportionate Share Percentage) raised to the power of .4838).

The proposed rural adjustment, if applicable, calculated by multiplying payments by 1.1914.

Chart 8 “Projected Impact of Proposed FY 2004 Update” illustrates the aggregate impact of the proposed estimated FY 2004 updated payments among the various classifications of facilities compared to the estimated IRF PPS payment rates applicable for FY 2003.

The first column, Facility Classification, identifies the type of facility. The second column identifies the number of facilities for each classification type, and the third column lists the number of cases. The fourth column indicates the impact of the proposed budget neutral wage adjustment. The last column reflects the combined changes including the proposed update to the FY 2003 payment rates by proposed 3.3 percent and the proposed budget neutral wage adjustment (including the proposed FY 2004 labor-related share and the proposed FY 2004 wage indices).

Chart 8.—Projected Impact of Proposed FY 2004 Update

Facility classificationNumber of facilitiesNumber of casesProposed budget neutral wage adjustmentProposed total change
Total
1,024347,8090.0%3.3%
Urban unit725206,926−0.52.8
Rural unit13126,5070.23.5
Urban hospital156109,6910.94.3
Rural hospital124,685−1.31.9
Total urban881316,6170.03.3
Total rural14331,1920.03.2
Urban by Region
New England3215,0390.13.5
Middle Atlantic13364,042−1.51.8
South Atlantic11252,9800.53.8
East North Central17155,071−0.52.7
East South Central4123,4340.94.2
West North Central7018,0870.63.9
West South Central15452,3461.54.8
Mountain5614,6551.14.4
Pacific11220,963−0.72.6
Rural by Region
New England4829−0.23.1
Middle Atlantic102,424−1.31.9
South Atlantic206,192−0.82.5
East North Central295,152−0.52.8
East South Central103,5900.23.5
West North Central223,8201.74.9
West South Central327,3170.63.9
Mountain91,042−0.33.0
Pacific7826−1.22.1

As Chart 8 illustrates, all IRFs are expected to benefit from the proposed 3.3 percent market basket increase that would be applied to FY 2003 IRF PPS payment rates to develop the proposed FY 2004 rates. However, there may be distributional impacts among various IRFs due to the application of the proposed updates to the labor-related share and proposed wage indices in a budget neutral manner.

To summarize, we have proposed that all facilities would receive a 3.3 percent increase in their unadjusted IRF PPS payments. The estimated positive impact among all IRFs reflected in Chart 8 are due to the effect of the proposed update to the IRF market basket index. We also note that, while no changes in the regulations are being proposed, we discuss the potential effects of improved compliance with the 75 percent rule in section II of this proposed rule.

In accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12866, this proposed rule was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 42 CFR Part 412

End List of Subjects

For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services proposes to amend 42 CFR chapter IV, part 412, as set forth below:

Start Part

PART 412—PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEMS FOR INPATIENT HOSPITAL SERVICES

1. The authority citation for part 412 continues to read as follows:

Start Authority

Authority: Secs. 1102 and 1871 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1302 and 1395hh).

End Authority

Subpart B—Hospital Services Subject to and Excluded From the Prospective Payment Systems for Inpatient Operating Costs and Inpatient Capital-Related Costs

2. In § 412.20, the following changes are made:

A. Redesignate paragraph (b) as paragraph (b)(1).

B. Add paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows:

Start Printed Page 26815
Hospital services subject to the prospective payment systems.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(2) CMS will not pay for services under Subpart P of this part if the services are paid for by a health maintenance organization (HMO) or competitive medical plan (CMP) that elects not to have CMS make payments to an inpatient rehabilitation facility for services, which are inpatient hospital services, furnished to the HMO's or CMP's Medicare enrollees, as provided under part 417 of this chapter.

* * * * *

3. In § 412.22, the following changes are made:

A. Revise paragraph (h)(2) introductory text.

B. Add and reserve paragraph (h)(6).

C. Add paragraph (h)(7).

The revisions and addition read as follows:

Excluded hospitals and hospital units: General rules.
* * * * *

(h) * * *

(2) Except as provided in paragraphs (h)(3) and (h)(7) of this section, effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 1999, a hospital that has a satellite facility must meet the following criteria in order to be excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient prospective payment systems for any period:

* * * * *

(6) [Reserved]

(7) The provisions of paragraph (h)(2)(i) of this section do not apply to any inpatient rehabilitation facility that is subject to the inpatient rehabilitation facility prospective payment system under subpart P of this part, effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2003.

4. In § 412.25, the following changes are made:

A. Revise paragraph (e)(2) introductory text.

B. Add paragraph (e)(5).

The revision and addition read as follows:

Excluded hospital units: Common requirements.
* * * * *

(e) * * *

(2) Except as provided in paragraphs (e)(3) and (e)(5) of this section, effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 1999, a hospital that has a satellite facility must meet the following criteria in order to be excluded from the acute care hospital inpatient prospective payment systems for any period:

* * * * *

(5) The provisions of paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section do not apply to any inpatient rehabilitation facility that is subject to the inpatient rehabilitation facility prospective payment system under subpart P of this part, effective for cost reporting periods beginning on or after October 1, 2003.

* * * * *

5. In § 412.29, revise paragraph (a)(2) to read as follows:

Excluded rehabilitation units: Additional requirements.

(a) * * *

(2) Converted units under § 412.30(c).

* * * * *

6. In § 412.30, the following changes are made:

A. Revise paragraph (b)(3).

B. Revise paragraph (d)(2)(i).

Exclusion of new rehabilitation units and expansion of units already excluded.

(b) * * *

(3) The written certification described in paragraph (b)(2) of this section is effective for the first full cost reporting period during which the unit is used to provide hospital inpatient care.

* * * * *

(d) * * *

(2) Conversion of existing bed capacity. (i) Bed capacity is considered to be existing bed capacity if it does not meet the definition of new bed capacity under paragraph (d)(1) of this section.

* * * * *

Subpart P—Prospective Payment for Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospitals and Rehabilitation Units

7. In § 412.602, republish the introductory text and revise the definition of “Discharge” to read as follows:

Definitions.

As used in this subpart—

* * * * *

Discharge. A Medicare patient in an inpatient rehabilitation facility is considered discharged when—

(1) The patient is formally released from the inpatient rehabilitation facility; or

(2) The patient dies in the inpatient rehabilitation facility.

* * * * *

8. In § 412.604, revise paragraph (a)(2) introductory text to read as follows:

Conditions for payment under the prospective payment system for inpatient rehabilitation facilities.

(a) * * *

(2) If an inpatient rehabilitation facility fails to comply fully with these conditions with respect to inpatient hospital services furnished to one or more Medicare Part A fee-for-service beneficiaries, CMS or its Medicare fiscal intermediary may, as appropriate—

* * * * *

9. Section 412.608 is revised to read as follows:

Patients' rights regarding the collection of patient assessment data

(a) Before performing an assessment using the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment instrument, a clinician of the inpatient rehabilitation facility must give a Medicare inpatient each of these forms—

(1) The form entitled “Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records;” and

(2) The simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records which is a form entitled “Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities.”

(b) The inpatient rehabilitation facility must document in the Medicare inpatient's clinical record that the Medicare inpatient has been given the documents specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) The Data Collection Information Summary for Patients in Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities is the simplified plain language description of the Privacy Act Statement—Health Care Records.

(d) By giving the Medicare inpatient the forms specified in paragraph (a) of this section the inpatient rehabilitation facility will inform the Medicare patient of—

(1) Their privacy rights under the Privacy Act of 1974 and 45 CFR 5b.4(a)(3); and

(2) The following rights:

(i) The right to be informed of the purpose of the collection of the patient assessment data;

(ii) The right to have the patient assessment information collected be kept confidential and secure;

(iii) The right to be informed that the patient assessment information will not be disclosed to others, except for legitimate purposes allowed by the Federal Privacy Act and Federal and State regulations;

(iv) The right to refuse to answer patient assessment questions; and

(v) The right to see, review, and request changes on his or her patient assessment.

(e) The patient rights specified in this section are in addition to the patient rights specified in § 482.13 of this chapter.

10. In § 412.610, revise paragraph (c)(1)(i)(C) to read as follows:

Start Printed Page 26816
Assessment schedule.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(1) * * *

(i) * * *

(C) Must be completed by the calendar day that follows the admission assessment reference day.

* * * * *

11. In § 412.614, the following changes are made:

A. Redesignate paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) as (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(ii), respectively.

B. Redesignate the introductory text to paragraph (a) as (a)(1) and add a heading to newly designated paragraph (a)(1).

C. Add a new paragraph (a)(2).

D. Add a new paragraph (e).

The revision and additions read as follows:

Transmission of patient assessment data.

(a) Data format. (1) General rule. The inpatient rehabilitation facility must encode and transmit data for each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient—

* * * * *

(2) Exception to the general rule. When the inpatient rehabilitation facility does not submit claim data to Medicare in order to be paid for any of the services it furnished to a Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is not required to, but may, transmit to Medicare the inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment data associated with the services furnished to that same Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient.

* * * * *

(e) Exemption to being assessed a penalty for transmitting the IRF-PAI data late. CMS may waive the penalty specified in paragraph (d) of this section when, due to an extraordinary situation that is beyond the control of an inpatient rehabilitation facility, the inpatient rehabilitation facility is unable to transmit the patient assessment data in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section. Only CMS can determine if a situation encountered by an inpatient rehabilitation facility is extraordinary and qualifies as a situation for waiver of the penalty specified in paragraph (d)(2) of this section. An extraordinary situation may be due to, but is not limited to, fires, floods, earthquakes, or similar unusual events that inflict extensive damage to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation may be one that produces a data transmission problem that is beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility, as well as other situations determined by CMS to be beyond the control of the inpatient rehabilitation facility. An extraordinary situation must be fully documented by the inpatient rehabilitation facility.

12. In § 412.624, the following changes are made:

A. Revise paragraph (c).

B. Revise paragraph (d).

C. Revise paragraph (e)(1).

D. Revise paragraph (e)(4).

The revisions read as follows:

Methodology for calculating the Federal prospective payment rates.
* * * * *

(c) Determining the Federal prospective payment rates. (1) General. The Federal prospective payment rates will be established using a standard payment amount referred to as the standard payment conversion factor. The standard payment conversion factor is a standardized payment amount based on average costs from a base year that reflects the combined aggregate effects of the weighting factors, various facility and case level adjustments, and other adjustments.

(2) Update the cost per discharge. CMS applies the increase factor described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section to the facility's cost per discharge determined under paragraph (b) of this section to compute the cost per discharge for fiscal year 2002. Based on the updated cost per discharge, CMS estimates the payments that would have been made to the facility for fiscal year 2002 under part 413 of this chapter without regard to the prospective payment system implemented under this subpart.

(3) Computation of the standard payment conversion factor. The standard payment conversion factor is computed as follows:

(i) For fiscal year 2002. Based on the updated costs per discharge and estimated payments for fiscal year 2002 determined in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, CMS computes a standard payment conversion factor for fiscal year 2002, as specified by CMS, that reflects, as appropriate, the adjustments described in paragraph (d) of this section.

(ii) For fiscal years after 2002. The standard payment conversion factor for fiscal years after 2002 will be the standardized payments for the previous fiscal year updated by the increase factor described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section, including adjustments described in paragraph (d) of this section as appropriate.

(4) Determining the Federal prospective payment rate for each case-mix group. The Federal prospective payment rates for each case-mix group is the product of the weighting factors described in § 412.620(b) and the standard payment conversion factor described in paragraph (c)(3) of this section.

(d) Adjustments to the standard payment conversion factor. The standard payment conversion factor described in paragraph (c)(3) of this section will be adjusted for the following:

(1) Outlier payments. CMS determines a reduction factor equal to the estimated proportion of additional outlier payments described in paragraph (e)(4) of this section.

(2) Budget neutrality. CMS adjusts the Federal prospective payment rates for fiscal year 2002 so that aggregate payments under the prospective payment system, excluding any additional payments associated with elections not to be paid under the transition period methodology under § 412.626(b), are estimated to equal the amount that would have been made to inpatient rehabilitation facilities under part 413 of this chapter without regard to the prospective payment system implemented under this subpart.

(3) Coding and classification changes. CMS adjusts the standard payment conversion factor for a given year if CMS determines that revisions in case-mix classifications or weighting factors for a previous fiscal year (or estimates that those revisions for a future fiscal year) did result in (or would otherwise result in) a change in aggregate payments that are a result of changes in the coding or classification of patients that do not reflect real changes in case-mix.

(e) * * *

(1) Adjustment for area wage levels. The labor portion of a facility's Federal prospective payment is adjusted to account for geographical differences in the area wage levels using an appropriate wage index. The application of the wage index is made on the basis of the location of the facility in an urban or rural area as defined in § 412.602. Adjustments or updates to the wage data used to adjust a facility's Federal prospective payment rate under this paragraph will be made in a budget neutral manner. CMS determines a budget neutral wage adjustment factor, based on any adjustment or update to the wage data, to apply to the standard payment conversion factor.

* * * * *

(4) Adjustment for high-cost outliers. CMS provides for an additional payment to an inpatient rehabilitation Start Printed Page 26817facility if its estimated costs for a patient exceeds a fixed dollar amount (adjusted for area wage levels and factors to account for treating low-income patients and for rural locations) as specified by CMS. The additional payment equals 80 percent of the difference between the estimated cost of the patient and the sum of the adjusted Federal prospective payment computed under this section and the adjusted fixed dollar amount. Additional payments made under this section will be subject to the adjustments at § 412.84(i) and at § 412.84(m), except that national averages will be used instead of statewide averages. Additional payments made under this section will also be subject to adjustments at § 412.84(m).

* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: March 18, 2003.

Thomas A Scully,

Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Approved: May 6, 2003.

Tommy G. Thompson,

Secretary.

End Signature

Note:

The following appendices will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations:

Appendix A—Methodology to Determine Compliance with the 75 Percent Rule

Section 412.23(b)(2) specifies that during the most recent cost reporting period 75 percent of an IRF's inpatient population must have had a medical condition that can be matched to one of ten medical conditions specified in this section. This requirement is commonly termed the “75 percent rule.”

CMS used the IRF-PAI database to estimate the percentage of IRFs that submitted IRF-PAI data during the first eight months of calendar year 2002 that met the 75 percent rule. Under the existing IRF PPS regulations, an IRF must send CMS an IRF-PAI data record that contains data about each Medicare Part A fee-for-service inpatient admitted to the IRF. The IRF-PAI is submitted by the IRF after the inpatient has been discharged.

Section II of the preamble contains Chart 1 “Estimates of Compliance with the 75 Percent Rule.” Chart 1 illustrates the estimated percentage of IRFs whose Medicare inpatient populations had medical conditions considered to be consistent with one or more of the medical conditions in § 412.23(b)(2). In addition, Chart 1 also shows the estimated percentage of IRFs that met lower thresholds.

For example, in the “65% rule” column of Chart 1 shows the percentage of IRFs that submitted IRF-PAI data during the first eight months of calendar year 2002 that had 65 percent of their Medicare inpatient population included in at least one of the ten medical conditions specified in § 412.23(b)(2).

An IRF-PAI data record was counted as meeting one of the ten medical conditions specified in § 412.23(b)(2) if its impairment group code given in IRF-PAI item 21 is listed in one of the codes listed in Table 4 “Acceptable Impairment Group Codes” below, or if any of its diagnoses (IRF-PAI items 22 and 24a through 24j) are listed in Table 5 “Acceptable ICD-9-CM Codes” below. (This list may not be all inclusive, but represents a conservative list of diagnoses more likely to be consistent with the ten diagnoses.)

Table 4 illustrates that the pairing of some impairment group codes with specific etiologic diagnosis ICD-9-CM codes within the same IRF-PAI data record resulted in that data record not being counted as meeting one of the ten medical conditions specified in § 412.23(b)(2). For example, if an IRF-PAI data record specified both the impairment group code 02.1 (non-traumatic brain injury) and the etiologic diagnosis ICD-9-CM code 215.0 (other benign neoplasms of connective and other soft tissue of head and neck) then that admission was not counted as meeting one of the medical conditions specified in § 412.23(b)(2). However, regardless of the impairment group code specified in an IRF-PAI data record the data record for the admission was counted as meeting one of the ten medical conditions specified in § 412.23(b)(2) if IRF-PAI items 22 and 24a through 24j contained an ICD-9-CM code as specified in Table 5 “Acceptable ICD-9-CM Codes” below. The data analyzed represents 8 months of IRF-PAI data records.

Appendix B—Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Privacy Forms

End Part Start Printed Page 26818

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Start Printed Page 26820

Start Printed Page 26821

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Start Printed Page 26824

Start Printed Page 26825

Table 2.—Proposed Fiscal Year 2004 Federal Prospective Payments for Case-Mix Groups (CMGs)

CMGPayment rate tier 1Payment rate tier 2Payment rate tier 3Payment rate no comorbidities
0101$5,990.21$5,364.61$5,112.61$4,838.05
01028,156.617,305.346,961.836,588.23
010310,400.749,315.048,876.248,399.83
010411,292.1310,113.659,637.249,120.71
010514,215.7712,731.3812,132.1111,481.44
010617,490.4515,663.8014,925.3714,125.51
010720,258.6418,143.6317,288.6116,360.86
010821,911.0219,624.2618,699.0217,696.06
010923,696.3021,222.7420,222.2819,137.82
011025,418.8922,766.0521,692.8720,529.44
011126,188.6623,455.5922,349.8221,151.27
011231,069.3427,826.0026,514.6325,092.93
011328,051.6725,124.2723,939.5222,655.72
011434,228.6830,655.6229,211.3527,644.22
02019,639.759,121.968,429.927,735.37
020214,017.6913,265.4612,258.7411,249.50
020316,394.7115,514.6114,337.3813,157.64
020420,728.7819,615.4818,127.3416,635.42
020531,468.0229,778.0227,517.5925,253.40
030112,104.5310,329.289,898.019,020.41
030217,148.1914,633.2614,021.4512,780.28
030323,509.4920,061.8019,224.3317,521.80
030434,992.1929,859.5228,614.5926,078.34
040111,636.9010,927.3010,307.978,660.60
040217,816.4216,729.4515,781.6513,259.19
040329,443.2927,646.7226,079.5921,912.27
040444,164.3041,470.0939,119.3932,867.16
05019,515.638,744.607,810.596,723.63
050211,857.5510,895.969,732.528,378.52
050314,559.2913,379.5511,951.5810,287.91
050421,010.8619,307.0717,247.2314,846.39
050531,736.3129,162.4626,049.5022,425.04
060111,025.098,462.528,285.747,458.30
060215,018.1411,527.8311,287.1210,161.29
060319,266.9514,788.7214,480.3013,034.78
060425,130.5419,289.5218,887.0817,001.51
07018,794.758,783.468,412.377,472.09
070211,614.3311,598.0311,109.099,866.67
070313,761.9313,743.1313,163.9111,692.06
070415,656.2815,634.9714,975.5213,300.57
070518,504.7018,479.6317,701.0815,721.47
08016,154.445,887.405,664.244,876.92
08027,104.756,796.346,539.335,629.14
08038,720.788,342.168,026.236,909.17
080411,639.4111,134.1610,712.929,222.26
080512,570.9112,026.8011,570.459,960.69
080617,151.9516,408.5015,786.6713,590.17
09018,760.908,011.187,553.586,535.57
090211,905.1910,887.1810,264.098,881.25
090315,028.1713,741.8712,955.8011,210.64
090420,400.3018,655.1517,588.2415,217.48
10019,805.239,805.238,967.768,177.92
100212,534.5512,534.5511,463.8910,454.65
100315,331.5715,331.5714,022.7012,787.80
100417,882.8617,882.8616,355.8514,915.34
100522,050.1822,050.1820,167.1118,391.87
110115,823.029,632.228,962.748,313.32
Start Printed Page 26826
110224,489.8914,909.0713,871.0012,866.78
110333,277.1220,258.6418,848.2217,482.93
12019,050.506,806.376,397.665,762.03
120211,639.418,754.638,228.077,410.66
120313,503.6710,156.279,545.728,597.92
120417,489.2013,153.8812,362.7911,135.42
120522,408.7416,853.5715,839.3214,267.17
13019,677.368,176.678,066.346,978.13
130212,389.1210,467.1910,326.788,933.91
130316,463.6713,909.8713,721.8111,871.34
130423,396.6619,768.4419,501.4016,871.12
14019,014.158,065.097,173.716,464.11
140212,414.2011,105.339,879.208,902.57
140316,266.8414,553.0212,944.5111,665.73
140422,583.0120,203.4717,971.8816,195.37
150110,069.779,569.548,683.178,293.27
150212,873.0512,233.6611,101.5710,602.59
150316,601.5715,776.6414,316.0713,672.92
150425,823.8424,541.2922,269.5821,269.12
160110,916.0210,439.619,886.738,278.22
160216,699.3615,970.9615,127.2212,666.19
170112,532.0511,310.9410,202.669,032.95
170218,498.4316,695.6015,058.2613,331.91
170326,791.7024,181.4821,809.4719,309.58
18019,333.849,333.848,602.937,875.78
180213,382.0613,382.0612,333.9611,292.13
180320,498.0920,498.0918,892.1017,297.38
180436,532.9936,532.9933,672.0430,827.38
190114,524.1812,539.5712,262.5011,127.89
190227,007.3323,316.4222,802.4020,692.42
190339,289.8933,920.2733,171.8130,102.73
200110,494.779,020.418,406.107,558.59
200213,860.9711,912.7111,101.579,982.01
200318,353.0015,772.8814,699.7013,217.82
200421,904.7518,826.9017,544.3615,775.38
200526,075.8322,411.2520,885.4918,779.26
210112,984.6311,816.1810,514.8310,514.83
210228,218.4125,678.4122,850.0522,850.05
50012,069.87
51015,364.61
510215,533.42
51036,815.15
510421,438.37

Table 3A.—Proposed Urban Wage Index

MSAUrban area (constituent counties or county equivalents)Wage index
0040Abilene, TX0.7792
Taylor, TX
0060Aguadilla, PR0.4587
Aguada, PR
Aguadilla, PR
Moca, PR
0080Akron, OH0.9600
Portage, OH
Summit, OH
0120Albany, GA1.0594
Dougherty, GA
Lee, GA
0160Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY0.8384
Albany, NY
Montgomery, NY
Rensselaer, NY
Saratoga, NY
Schenectady, NY
Schoharie, NY
0200Albuquerque, NM0.9315
Bernalillo, NM
Sandoval, NM
Valencia, NM
0220Alexandria, LA0.7859
Rapides, LA
0240Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA0.9735
Carbon, PA
Lehigh, PA
Northampton, PA
0280Altoona, PA0.9225
Blair, PA
0320Amarillo, TX0.9034
Potter, TX
Randall, TX
0380Anchorage, AK1.2358
Anchorage, AK
0440Ann Arbor, MI1.1103
Lenawee, MI
Livingston, MI
Washtenaw, MI
0450Anniston,AL0.8044
Calhoun, AL
0460Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI0.8997
Calumet, WI
Outagamie, WI
Winnebago, WI
0470Arecibo, PR0.4337
Start Printed Page 26827
Arecibo, PR
Camuy, PR
Hatillo, PR
0480Asheville, NC0.9876
Buncombe, NC
Madison, NC
0500Athens, GA1.0211
Clarke, GA
Madison, GA
Oconee, GA
0520Atlanta, GA0.9991
Barrow, GA
Bartow, GA
Carroll, GA
Cherokee, GA
Clayton, GA
Cobb, GA
Coweta, GA
De Kalb, GA
Douglas, GA
Fayette, GA
Forsyth, GA
Fulton, GA
Gwinnett, GA
Henry, GA
Newton, GA
Paulding, GA
Pickens, GA
Rockdale, GA
Spalding, GA
Walton, GA
0560Atlantic City-Cape May, NJ1.1017
Atlantic City, NJ
Cape May, NJ
0580Auburn-Opelika, AL0.8325
Lee, AL
0600Augusta-Aiken, GA-SC1.0264
Columbia, GA
McDuffie, GA
Richmond, GA
Aiken, SC
Edgefield, SC
0640Austin-San Marcos, TX0.9637
Bastrop, TX
Caldwell, TX
Hays, TX
Travis, TX
Williamson, TX
0680Bakersfield, CA0.9899
Kern, CA
0720Baltimore, MD0.9929
Anne Arundel, MD
Baltimore, MD
Baltimore City, MD
Carroll, MD
Harford, MD
Howard, MD
Queen Annes, MD
0733Bangor, ME0.9664
Penobscot, ME
0743Barnstable-Yarmouth, MA1.3202
Barnstable, MA
0760Baton Rouge, LA0.8294
Ascension, LA
East Baton Rouge
Livingston, LA
West Baton Rouge, LA
0840Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX0.8324
Hardin, TX
Jefferson, TX
Orange, TX
0860Bellingham, WA1.2282
Whatcom, WA
0870Benton Harbor, MI0.9042
Berrien, MI
0875Bergen-Passaic, NJ1.2150
Bergen, NJ
Passaic, NJ
0880Billings, MT0.9022
Yellowstone, MT
0920Biloxi-Gulfport-Pascagoula, MS0.8757
Hancock, MS
Harrison, MS
Jackson, MS
0960Binghamton, NY0.8341
Broome, NY
Tioga, NY
1000Birmingham, AL0.9222
Blount, AL
Jefferson, AL
St. Clair, AL
Shelby, AL
1010Bismarck, ND0.7972
Burleigh, ND
Morton, ND
1020Bloomington, IN0.8907
Monroe, IN
1040Bloomington-Normal, IL0.9109
McLean, IL
1080Boise City, ID0.9310
Ada, ID
Canyon, ID
1123Boston-Worcester-Lawrence-Lowell-Brockton, MA-NH1.1235
Bristol, MA
Essex, MA
Middlesex, MA
Norfolk, MA
Plymouth, MA
Suffolk, MA
Worcester, MA
Hillsborough, NH
Merrimack, NH
Rockingham, NH
Strafford, NH
1125Boulder-Longmont, CO0.9689
Boulder, CO
1145Brazoria, TX0.8535
Brazoria, TX
1150Bremerton, WA1.0944
Kitsap, WA
1240Brownsville-Harlingen-San Benito, TX0.8880
Cameron, TX
1260Bryan-College Station, TX0.8821
Brazos, TX
1280Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY0.9365
Erie, NY
Niagara, NY
1303Burlington, VT1.0052
Chittenden, VT
Franklin, VT
Grand Isle, VT
1310Caguas, PR0.4371
Caguas, PR
Cayey, PR
Cidra, PR
Gurabo, PR
San Lorenzo, PR
1320Canton-Massillon, OH0.8932
Carroll, OH
Stark, OH
1350Casper, WY0.9690
Natrona, WY
1360Cedar Rapids, IA0.9056
Linn, IA
1400Champaign-Urbana, IL.1.0635
Champaign, IL
1440Charleston-North Charleston, SC0.9235
Berkeley, SC
Charleston, SC
Dorchester, SC
1480Charleston, WV0.8898
Kanawha, WV
Putnam, WV
1520Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC0.9850
Cabarrus, NC
Gaston, NC
Lincoln, NC
Mecklenburg, NC
Rowan, NC
Stanly, NC
Union, NC
York, SC
1540Charlottesville, VA1.0438
Albemarle, VA
Charlottesville City, VA
Fluvanna, VA
Greene, VA
1560Chattanooga, TN-GA0.8976
Catoosa, GA
Dade, GA
Walker, GA
Hamilton, TN
Marion, TN
1580Cheyenne, WY0.8628
Laramie, WY
1600Chicago, IL1.1044
Cook, IL
Start Printed Page 26828
De Kalb, IL
Du Page, IL
Grundy, IL
Kane, IL
Kendall, IL
Lake, IL
McHenry, IL
Will, IL
1620Chico-Paradise, CA0.9745
Butte, CA
1640Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN0.9381
Dearborn, IN
Ohio, IN
Boone, KY
Campbell, KY
Gallatin, KY
Grant, KY
Kenton, KY
Pendleton, KY
Brown, OH
Clermont, OH
Hamilton, OH
Warren, OH
1660Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY0.8406
Christian, KY
Montgomery, TN
1680Cleveland-Lorain-Elyria, OH0.9670
Ashtabula, OH
Geauga, OH
Cuyahoga, OH
Lake, OH
Lorain, OH
Medina, OH
1720Colorado Springs, CO0.9916
El Paso, CO
1740Columbia, MO0.8496
Boone, MO
1760Columbia, SC0.9307
Lexington, SC
Richland, SC
1800Columbus, GA-AL0.8374
Russell, AL
Chattanoochee, GA
Harris, GA
Muscogee, GA
1840Columbus, OH0.9751
Delaware, OH
Fairfield, OH
Franklin, OH
Licking, OH
Madison, OH
Pickaway, OH
1880Corpus Christi, TX0.8729
Nueces, TX
San Patricio, TX
1890Corvallis, OR1.1453
Benton, OR
1900Cumberland, MD-WV0.7847
Allegany, MD
Mineral, WV
1920Dallas, TX0.9998
Collin, TX
Dallas, TX
Denton, TX
Ellis, TX
Henderson, TX
Hunt, TX
Kaufman, TX
Rockwall, TX
1950Danville, VA0.8859
Danville City, VA
Pittsylvania, VA
1960Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL0.8835
Scott, IA
Henry, IL
Rock Island, IL
2000Dayton-Springfield, OH0.9282
Clark, OH
Greene, OH
Miami, OH
Montgomery, OH
2020Daytona Beach, FL0.9062
Flagler, FL
Volusia, FL
2030Decatur, AL0.8973
Lawrence, AL
Morgan, AL
2040Decatur, IL0.8055
Macon, IL
2080Denver, CO1.0601
Adams, CO
Arapahoe, CO
Broomfield, CO
Denver, CO
Douglas, CO
Jefferson, CO
2120Des Moines, IA0.8791
Dallas, IA
Polk, IA
Warren, IA
2160Detroit, MI1.0448
Lapeer, MI
Macomb, MI
Monroe, MI
Oakland, MI
St. Clair, MI
Wayne, MI
2180Dothan, AL0.8137
Dale, AL
Houston, AL
2190Dover, DE0.9356
Kent, DE
2200Dubuque, IA0.8795
Dubuque, IA
2240Duluth-Superior, MN-WI1.0368
St. Louis, MN
Douglas, WI
2281Dutchess County, NY1.0684
Dutchess, NY
2290Eau Claire, WI0.8952
Chippewa, WI
Eau Claire, WI
2320El Paso, TX0.9265
El Paso, TX
2330Elkhart-Goshen, IN0.9722
Elkhart, IN
2335Elmira, NY0.8416
Chemung, NY
2340Enid, OK0.8376
Garfield, OK
2360Erie, PA0.8925
Erie, PA
2400Eugene-Springfield, OR1.0944
Lane, OR
2440Evansville-Henderson, IN-KY0.8177
Posey, IN
Vanderburgh, IN
Warrick, IN
Henderson, KY
2520Fargo-Moorhead, ND-MN0.9684
Clay, MN
Cass, ND
2560Fayetteville, NC0.8889
Cumberland, NC
2580Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR0.8100
Benton, AR
Washington, AR
2620Flagstaff, AZ-UT1.0682
Coconino, AZ
Kane, UT
2640Flint, MI1.1135
Genesee, MI
2650Florence, AL0.7792
Colbert, AL
Lauderdale, AL
2655Florence, SC0.8780
Florence, SC
2670Fort Collins-Loveland, CO1.0066
Larimer, CO
2680Ft. Lauderdale, FL1.0297
Broward, FL
2700Fort Myers-Cape Coral, FL0.9680
Lee, FL
2710Fort Pierce-Port St. Lucie, FL0.9823
Martin, FL
St. Lucie, FL
2720Fort Smith, AR-OK0.7895
Crawford, AR
Sebastian, AR
Sequoyah, OK
2750Fort Walton Beach, FL0.9693
Okaloosa, FL
2760Fort Wayne, IN0.9457
Adams, IN
Allen, IN
De Kalb, IN
Huntington, IN
Wells, IN
Whitley, IN
2800Forth Worth-Arlington, TX0.9446
Start Printed Page 26829
Hood, TX
Johnson, TX
Parker, TX
Tarrant, TX
2840Fresno, CA1.0216
Fresno, CA
Madera, CA
2880Gadsden, AL0.8505
Etowah, AL
2900Gainesville, FL0.9871
Alachua, FL
2920Galveston-Texas City, TX0.9465
Galveston, TX
2960Gary, IN0.9584
Lake, IN
Porter, IN
2975Glens Falls, NY0.8281
Warren, NY
Washington, NY
2980Goldsboro, NC0.8892
Wayne, NC
2985Grand Forks, ND-MN0.8897
Polk, MN
Grand Forks, ND
2995Grand Junction, CO0.9456
Mesa, CO
3000Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI0.9525
Allegan, MI
Kent, MI
Muskegon, MI
Ottawa, MI
3040Great Falls, MT0.8950
Cascade, MT
3060Greeley, CO0.9237
Weld, CO
3080Green Bay, WI0.9502
Brown, WI
3120Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC0.9282
Alamance, NC
Davidson, NC
Davie, NC
Forsyth, NC
Guilford, NC
Randolph, NC
Stokes, NC
Yadkin, NC
3150Greenville, NC0.9100
Pitt, NC
3160Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC0.9122
Anderson, SC
Cherokee, SC
Greenville, SC
Pickens, SC
Spartanburg, SC
3180Hagerstown, MD0.9268
Washington, MD
3200Hamilton-Middletown, OH0.9418
Butler, OH
3240Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA0.9223
Cumberland, PA
Dauphin, PA
Lebanon, PA
Perry, PA
3283Hartford, CT1.1549
Hartford, CT
Litchfield, CT
Middlesex, CT
Tolland, CT
3285Hattiesburg, MS0.7659
Forrest, MS
Lamar, MS
3290Hickory-Morganton-Lenoir, NC0.9028
Alexander, NC
Burke, NC
Caldwell, NC
Catawba, NC
3320Honolulu, HI1.1457
Honolulu, HI
3350Houma, LA0.8385
Lafourche, LA
Terrebonne, LA
3360Houston, TX0.9892
Chambers, TX
Fort Bend, TX
Harris, TX
Liberty, TX
Montgomery, TX
Waller, TX
3400Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH0.9636
Boyd, KY
Carter, KY
Greenup, KY
Lawrence, OH
Cabell, WV
Wayne, WV
3440Huntsville, AL0.8903
Limestone, AL
Madison, AL
3480Indianapolis, IN0.9717
Boone, IN
Hamilton, IN
Hancock, IN
Hendricks, IN
Johnson, IN
Madison, IN
Marion, IN
Morgan, IN
Shelby, IN
3500Iowa City, IA0.9587
Johnson, IA
3520Jackson, MI0.9532
Jackson, MI
3560Jackson, MS0.8607
Hinds, MS
Madison, MS
Rankin, MS
3580Jackson, TN0.9275
Chester, TN
Madison, TN
3600Jacksonville, FL0.9381
Clay, FL
Duval, FL
Nassau, FL
St. Johns, FL
3605Jacksonville, NC0.8239
Onslow, NC
3610Jamestown, NY0.7976
Chautaqua, NY
3620Janesville-Beloit, WI0.9849
Rock, WI
3640Jersey City, NJ1.1190
Hudson, NJ
3660Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA0.8268
Carter, TN
Hawkins, TN
Sullivan, TN
Unicoi, TN
Washington, TN
Bristol City, VA
Scott, VA
Washington, VA
3680Johnstown, PA0.8329
Cambria, PA
Somerset, PA
3700Jonesboro, AR0.7749
Craighead, AR
3710Joplin, MO0.8613
Jasper, MO
Newton, MO
3720Kalamazoo-Battlecreek, MI1.0595
Calhoun, MI
Kalamazoo, MI
Van Buren, MI
3740Kankakee, IL1.0790
Kankakee, IL
3760Kansas City, KS-MO0.9736
Johnson, KS
Leavenworth, KS
Miami, KS
Wyandotte, KS
Cass, MO
Clay, MO
Clinton, MO
Jackson, MO
Lafayette, MO
Platte, MO
Ray, MO
3800Kenosha, WI0.9686
Kenosha, WI
3810Killeen-Temple, TX1.0399
Bell, TX
Coryell, TX
3840Knoxville, TN0.8970
Anderson, TN
Blount, TN
Knox, TN
Loudon, TN
Sevier, TN
Union, TN
3850Kokomo, IN0.8971
Howard, IN
Tipton, IN
3870La Crosse, WI-MN0.9400
Start Printed Page 26830
Houston, MN
La Crosse, WI
3880Lafayette, LA0.8475
Acadia, LA
Lafayette, LA
St. Landry, LA
St. Martin, LA
3920Lafayette, IN0.9278
Clinton, IN
Tippecanoe, IN
3960Lake Charles, LA0.7965
Calcasieu, LA
3980Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL0.9357
Polk, FL
4000Lancaster, PA0.9078
Lancaster, PA
4040Lansing-East Lansing, MI0.9726
Clinton, MI
Eaton, MI
Ingham, MI
4080Laredo, TX0.8472
Webb, TX
4100Las Cruces, NM0.8745
Dona Ana, NM
4120Las Vegas, NV-AZ1.1521
Mohave, AZ
Clark, NV
Nye, NV
4150Lawrence, KS0.7923
Douglas, KS
4200Lawton, OK0.8315
Comanche, OK
4243Lewiston-Auburn, ME0.9179
Androscoggin, ME
4280Lexington, KY0.8581
Bourbon, KY
Clark, KY
Fayette, KY
Jessamine, KY
Madison, KY
Scott, KY
Woodford, KY
4320Lima, OH0.9483
Allen, OH
Auglaize, OH
4360Lincoln, NE0.9892
Lancaster, NE
4400Little Rock-North Little, AR0.9097
Faulkner, AR
Lonoke, AR
Pulaski, AR
Saline, AR
4420Longview-Marshall, TX0.8629
Gregg, TX
Harrison, TX
Upshur, TX
4480Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA1.2001
Los Angeles, CA
4520Louisville, KY-IN0.9276
Clark, IN
Floyd, IN
Harrison, IN
Scott, IN
Bullitt, KY
Jefferson, KY
Oldham, KY
4600Lubbock, TX0.9646
Lubbock, TX
4640Lynchburg, VA0.9219
Amherst, VA
Bedford City, VA
Bedford, VA
Campbell, VA
Lynchburg City, VA
4680Macon, GA0.9204
Bibb, GA
Houston, GA
Jones, GA
Peach, GA
Twiggs, GA
4720Madison, WI1.0467
Dane, WI
4800Mansfield, OH0.8900
Crawford, OH
Richland, OH
4840Mayaguez, PR0.4914
Anasco, PR
Cabo Rojo, PR
Hormigueros, PR
Mayaguez, PR
Sabana Grande, PR
San German, PR
4880McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX0.8428
Hidalgo, TX
4890Medford-Ashland, OR1.0498
Jackson, OR
4900Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL1.0253
Brevard, FL
4920Memphis, TN-AR-MS0.8920
Crittenden, AR
De Soto, MS
Fayette, TN
Shelby, TN
Tipton, TN
4940Merced, CA0.9837
Merced, CA
5000Miami, FL0.9802
Dade, FL
5015Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ1.1213
Hunterdon, NJ
Middlesex, NJ
Somerset, NJ
5080Milwaukee-Waukesha, WI0.9893
Milwaukee, WI
Ozaukee, WI
Washington, WI
Waukesha, WI
5120Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI1.0903
Anoka, MN
Carver, MN
Chisago, MN
Dakota, MN
Hennepin, MN
Isanti, MN
Ramsey, MN
Scott, MN
Sherburne, MN
Washington, MN
Wright, MN
Pierce, WI
St. Croix, WI
5140Missoula, MT0.9157
Missoula, MT
5160Mobile, AL0.8108
Baldwin, AL
Mobile, AL
5170Modesto, CA1.0498
Stanislaus, CA
5190Monmouth-Ocean, NJ1.0674
Monmouth, NJ
Ocean, NJ
5200Monroe, LA0.8137
Ouachita, LA
5240Montgomery, AL0.7734
Autauga, AL
Elmore, AL
Montgomery, AL
5280Muncie, IN0.9284
Delaware, IN
5330Myrtle Beach, SC0.8976
Horry, SC
5345Naples, FL0.9754
Collier, FL
5360Nashville, TN0.9578
Cheatham, TN
Davidson, TN
Dickson, TN
Robertson, TN
Rutherford, TN
Sumner, TN
Williamson, TN
Wilson, TN
5380Nassau-Suffolk, NY1.3357
Nassau, NY
Suffolk, NY
5483New Haven-Bridgeport-Stamford-Waterbury-Danbury, CT1.2408
Fairfield, CT
New Haven, CT
5523New London-Norwich, CT1.1767
New London, CT
5560New Orleans, LA0.9046
Jefferson, LA
Orleans, LA
Plaquemines, LA
St. Bernard, LA
St. Charles, LA
St. James, LA
St. John The Baptist, LA
Start Printed Page 26831
St. Tammany, LA
5600New York, NY1.4414
Bronx, NY
Kings, NY
New York, NY
Putnam, NY
Queens, NY
Richmond, NY
Rockland, NY
Westchester, NY
5640Newark, NJ1.1381
Essex, NJ
Morris, NJ
Sussex, NJ
Union, NJ
Warren, NJ
5660Newburgh, NY-PA1.1387
Orange, NY
Pike, PA
5720Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA-NC0.8574
Currituck, NC
Chesapeake City, VA
Gloucester, VA
Hampton City, VA
Isle of Wight, VA
James City, VA
Mathews, VA
Newport News City, VA
Norfolk City, VA
Poquoson City,VA
Portsmouth City, VA
Suffolk City, VA
Virginia Beach City, VA
Williamsburg City, VA
York, VA
5775Oakland, CA1.5072
Alameda, CA
Contra Costa, CA
5790Ocala, FL0.9402
Marion, FL
5800Odessa-Midland, TX0.9397
Ector, TX
Midland, TX
5880Oklahoma City, OK0.8900
Canadian, OK
Cleveland, OK
Logan, OK
McClain, OK
Oklahoma, OK
Pottawatomie, OK
5910Olympia, WA1.0960
Thurston, WA
5920Omaha, NE-IA0.9978
Pottawattamie, IA
Cass, NE
Douglas, NE
Sarpy, NE
Washington, NE
5945Orange County, CA1.1474
Orange, CA
5960Orlando, FL0.9640
Lake, FL
Orange, FL
Osceola, FL
Seminole, FL
5990Owensboro, KY0.8344
Daviess, KY
6015Panama City, FL0.8865
Bay, FL
6020Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH0.8127
Washington, OH
Wood, WV
6080Pensacola, FL0.8645
Escambia, FL
Santa Rosa, FL
6120Peoria-Pekin, IL0.8739
Peoria, IL
Tazewell, IL
Woodford, IL
6160Philadelphia, PA-NJ1.0713
Burlington, NJ
Camden, NJ
Gloucester, NJ
Salem, NJ
Bucks, PA
Chester, PA
Delaware, PA
Montgomery, PA
Philadelphia, PA
6200Phoenix-Mesa, AZ0.9820
Maricopa, AZ
Pinal, AZ
6240Pine Bluff, AR0.7962
Jefferson, AR
6280Pittsburgh, PA0.9365
Allegheny, PA
Beaver, PA
Butler, PA
Fayette, PA
Washington, PA
Westmoreland, PA
6323Pittsfield, MA1.0235
Berkshire, MA
6340Pocatello, ID0.9372
Bannock, ID
6360Ponce, PR0.5169
Guayanilla, PR
Juana Diaz, PR
Penuelas, PR
Ponce, PR
Villalba, PR
Yauco, PR
6403Portland, ME0.9794
Cumberland, ME
Sagadahoc, ME
York, ME
6440Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA1.0667
Clackamas, OR
Columbia, OR
Multnomah, OR
Washington, OR
Yamhill, OR
Clark, WA
6483Providence-Warwick-Pawtucket, RI1.0854
Bristol, RI
Kent, RI
Newport, RI
Providence, RI
Washington, RI
6520Provo-Orem, UT0.9984
Utah, UT
6560Pueblo, CO0.8820
Pueblo, CO
6580Punta Gorda, FL0.9218
Charlotte, FL
6600Racine, WI0.9334
Racine, WI
6640Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC0.9990
Chatham, NC
Durham, NC
Franklin, NC
Johnston, NC
Orange, NC
Wake, NC
6660Rapid City, SD0.8846
Pennington, SD
6680Reading, PA0.9295
Berks, PA
6690Redding, CA1.1135
Shasta, CA
6720Reno, NV1.0648
Washoe, NV
6740Richland-Kennewick-Pasco, WA1.1491
Benton, WA
Franklin, WA
6760Richmond-Petersburg, VA0.9477
Charles City County, VA
Chesterfield, VA
Colonial Heights City, VA
Dinwiddie, VA
Goochland, VA
Hanover, VA
Henrico, VA
Hopewell City, VA
New Kent, VA
Petersburg City, VA
Powhatan, VA
Prince George, VA
Richmond City, VA
6780Riverside-San Bernardino, CA1.1365
Riverside, CA
San Bernardino, CA
6800Roanoke, VA0.8614
Botetourt, VA
Roanoke, VA
Roanoke City, VA
Salem City, VA
6820Rochester, MN1.2139
Olmsted, MN
Start Printed Page 26832
6840Rochester, NY0.9194
Genesee, NY
Livingston, NY
Monroe, NY
Ontario, NY
Orleans, NY
Wayne, NY
6880Rockford, IL0.9625
Boone, IL
Ogle, IL
Winnebago, IL
6895Rocky Mount, NC0.9228
Edgecombe, NC
Nash, NC
6920Sacramento, CA1.1500
El Dorado, CA
Placer, CA
Sacramento, CA
6960Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI0.9650
Bay, MI
Midland, MI
Saginaw, MI
6980St. Cloud, MN0.9700
Benton, MN
Stearns, MN
7000St. Joseph, MO0.8021
Andrews, MO
Buchanan, MO
7040St. Louis, MO-IL0.8855
Clinton, IL
Jersey, IL
Madison, IL
Monroe, IL
St. Clair, IL
Franklin, MO
Jefferson, MO
Lincoln, MO
St. Charles, MO
St. Louis, MO
St. Louis City, MO
Warren, MO
Sullivan City, MO
7080Salem, OR1.0367
Marion, OR
Polk, OR
7120Salinas, CA1.4623
Monterey, CA
7160Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT0.9945
Davis, UT
Salt Lake, UT
Weber, UT
7200San Angelo, TX0.8374
Tom Green, TX
7240San Antonio, TX0.8753
Bexar, TX
Comal, TX
Guadalupe, TX
Wilson, TX
7320San Diego, CA1.1131
San Diego, CA
7360San Francisco, CA1.4142
Marin, CA
San Francisco, CA
San Mateo, CA
7400San Jose, CA1.4145
Santa Clara, CA
7440San Juan-Bayamon, PR0.4741
Aguas Buenas, PR
Barceloneta, PR
Bayamon, PR
Canovanas, PR
Carolina, PR
Catano, PR
Ceiba, PR
Comerio, PR
Corozal, PR
Dorado, PR
Fajardo, PR
Florida, PR
Guaynabo, PR
Humacao, PR
Juncos, PR
Los Piedras, PR
Loiza, PR
Luguillo, PR
Manati, PR
Morovis, PR
Naguabo, PR
Naranjito, PR
Rio Grande, PR
San Juan, PR
Toa Alta, PR
Toa Baja, PR
Trujillo Alto, PR
Vega Alta, PR
Vega Baja, PR
Yabucoa, PR
7460San Luis Obispo-Atascadero-Paso Robles, CA1.1271
San Luis Obispo, CA
7480Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA1.0481
Santa Barbara, CA
7485Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA1.3646
Santa Cruz, CA
7490Santa Fe, NM1.0712
Los Alamos, NM
Santa Fe, NM
7500Santa Rosa, CA1.3046
Sonoma, CA
7510Sarasota-Bradenton, FL0.9425
Manatee, FL
Sarasota, FL
7520Savannah, GA0.9376
Bryan, GA
Chatham, GA
Effingham, GA
7560Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA0.8599
Columbia, PA
Lackawanna, PA
Luzerne, PA
Wyoming, PA
7600Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA1.1474
Island, WA
King, WA
Snohomish, WA
7610Sharon, PA0.7869
Mercer, PA
7620Sheboygan, WI0.8697
Sheboygan, WI
7640Sherman-Denison, TX0.9255
Grayson, TX
7680Shreveport-Bossier City, LA0.8987
Bossier, LA
Caddo, LA
Webster, LA
7720Sioux City, IA-NE0.9046
Woodbury, IA
Dakota, NE
7760Sioux Falls, SD0.9257
Lincoln, SD
Minnehaha, SD
7800South Bend, IN0.9802
St. Joseph, IN
7840Spokane, WA1.0852
Spokane, WA
7880Springfield, IL0.8659
Menard, IL
Sangamon, IL
7920Springfield, MO0.8424
Christian, MO
Greene, MO
Webster, MO
8003Springfield, MA1.0927
Hampden, MA
Hampshire, MA
8050State College, PA0.8941
Centre, PA
8080Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV0.8804
Jefferson, OH
Brooke, WV
Hancock, WV
8120Stockton-Lodi, CA1.0506
San Joaquin, CA
8140Sumter, SC0.8273
Sumter, SC
8160Syracuse, NY0.9714
Cayuga, NY
Madison, NY
Onondaga, NY
Oswego, NY
8200Tacoma, WA1.0940
Pierce, WA
8240Tallahassee, FL0.8504
Gadsden, FL
Leon, FL
8280Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL0.9065
Hernando, FL
Hillsborough, FL
Pasco, FL
Pinellas, FL
8320Terre Haute, IN0.8599
Clay, IN
Vermillion, IN
Vigo, IN
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8360Texarkana, AR-Texarkana, TX0.8088
Miller, AR
Bowie, TX
8400Toledo, OH0.9810
Fulton, OH
Lucas, OH
Wood, OH
8440Topeka, KS0.9199
Shawnee, KS
8480Trenton, NJ1.0432
Mercer, NJ
8520Tucson, AZ0.8911
Pima, AZ
8560Tulsa, OK0.8332
Creek, OK
Osage, OK
Rogers, OK
Tulsa, OK
Wagoner, OK
8600Tuscaloosa, AL0.8130
Tuscaloosa, AL
8640Tyler, TX0.9521
Smith, TX
8680Utica-Rome, NY0.8465
Herkimer, NY
Oneida, NY
8720Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA1.3354
Napa, CA
Solano, CA
8735Ventura, CA1.1096
Ventura, CA
8750Victoria, TX0.8756
Victoria, TX
8760Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ1.0031
Cumberland, NJ
8780Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA0.9429
Tulare, CA
8800Waco, TX0.8073
McLennan, TX
8840Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV1.0851
District of Columbia, DC
Calvert, MD
Charles, MD
Frederick, MD
Montgomery, MD
Prince Georges, MD
Alexandria City, VA
Arlington, VA
Clarke, VA
Culpepper, VA
Fairfax, VA
Fairfax City, VA
Falls Church City, VA
Fauquier, VA
Fredericksburg City, VA
King George, VA
Loudoun, VA
Manassas City, VA
Manassas Park City, VA
Prince William, VA
Spotsylvania, VA
Stafford, VA
Warren, VA
Berkeley, WV
Jefferson, WV
8920Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA0.8069
Black Hawk, IA
8940Wausau, WI0.9782
Marathon, WI
8960West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, FL0.9939
Palm Beach, FL
9000Wheeling, OH-WV0.7670
Belmont, OH
Marshall, WV
Ohio, WV
9040Wichita, KS0.9520
Butler, KS
Harvey, KS
Sedgwick, KS
9080Wichita Falls, TX0.8498
Archer, TX
Wichita, TX
9140Williamsport, PA0.8544
Lycoming, PA
9160Wilmington-Newark, DE-MD1.1173
New Castle, DE
Cecil, MD
9200Wilmington, NC0.9640
New Hanover, NC
Brunswick, NC
9260Yakima, WA1.0569
Yakima, WA
9270Yolo, CA0.9434
Yolo, CA
9280York, PA0.9026
York, PA
9320Youngstown-Warren, OH0.9358
Columbiana, OH
Mahoning, OH
Trumbull, OH
9340Yuba City, CA1.0276
Sutter, CA
Yuba, CA
9360Yuma, AZ0.8589
Yuma, AZ

Table 3B.—Proposed Rural Wage Index

Nonurban areaWage index
Alabama0.7660
Alaska1.2293
Arizona0.8493
Arkansas0.7666
California0.9840
Colorado0.9015
Connecticut1.2394
Delaware0.9128
Florida0.8814
Georgia0.8230
Guam0.9611
Hawaii1.0255
Idaho0.8747
Illinois0.8204
Indiana0.8755
Iowa0.8315
Kansas0.7923
Kentucky0.8079
Louisiana0.7567
Maine0.8874
Maryland0.8946
Massachusetts1.1288
Michigan0.9000
Minnesota0.9151
Mississippi0.7680
Missouri0.8021
Montana0.8481
Nebraska0.8204
Nevada0.9577
New Hampshire0.9796
New Jersey 1
New Mexico0.8872
New York0.8542
North Carolina0.8666
North Dakota0.7788
Ohio0.8613
Oklahoma0.7590
Oregon1.0303
Pennsylvania0.8462
Puerto Rico0.4356
Rhode Island 1
South Carolina0.8607
South Dakota0.7815
Tennessee0.7877
Texas0.7821
Utah0.9312
Vermont0.9345
Virginia0.8504
Virgin Islands0.7845
Washington1.0179
West Virginia0.7975
Wisconsin0.9162
Wyoming0.9007
1 All counties within the State are classified urban.

Table 4.—Acceptable Impairment Group Codes

Impairment group codesExcluded etiological diagnosesAssociated rehabilitation impairment category
01.1 Left body involvement (right brain)None01 Stroke.
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01.2 Right body involvement (left brain)None
01.3 Bilateral InvolvementNone
01.4 No ParesisNone
01.9 Other StrokeNone
02.21 Open InjuryNone02 Traumatic brain injury.
02.22 Closed InjuryNone
02.1 Non-traumatic331.0 331.2 215.003 Nontraumatic brain injury.
02.9 Other BrainNone
04.210 Paraplegia, UnspecifiedNone04 Traumatic spinal cord injury.
04.211 Paraplegia, IncompleteNone
04.212 Paraplegia, CompleteNone
04.220 Quadriplegia, UnspecifiedNone
04.2211 Quadriplegia, Incomplete C1-4None
04.2212 Quadriplegia, Incomplete C5-8None
04.2221 Quadriplegia, Complete C1-4None
04.2222 Quadriplegia, Complete C5-8None
04.230 Other traumatic spinal cord dysfunctionNone
04.110 Paraplegia, unspecifiedNone05 Nontraumatic spinal cord injury.
04.111 Paraplegia, incompleteNone
04.112 Paraplegia, completeNone
04.120 Quadriplegia, unspecifiedNone
04.1211 Quadriplegia, Incomplete C1-4None
04.1212 Quadriplegia, Incomplete C5-8None
04.1221 Quadriplegia, Complete C1-4None
04.1222 Quadriplegia, Complete C5-8None
04.130 Other non-traumatic spinal cord dysfunctionNone
03.1 Multiple SclerosisNone06 Neurological.
03.2 ParkinsonismNone
03.3 PolyneuropathyNone
03.5 Cerebral PalsyNone
03.8 Neuromuscular DisordersNone
03.9 Other NeurologicNone
08.11 Status post unilateral hip fractureNone07 Fracture of lower extremity.
08.12 Status post bilateral hip fracturesNone
08.3 Status post pelvic fractureNone
05.3 Unilateral lower extremity above the knee (AK)None10 Amputation, lower extremity.
05.4 Unilateral lower extremity below the knee (BK)None
05.5 Bilateral lower extremity above the knee (AK/AK)None
05.6 Bilateral lower extremity above/below the knee (AK/BK)None
05.7 Bilateral lower extremity below the knee (BK/BK)None
05.1 Unilateral upper extremity above the elbow (AE)None11 Amputation, other.
05.2 Unilateral upper extremity below the elbow (BE)None
05.9 Other amputationNone
06.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis701.1 710.113 Rheumatoid, other arthritis.
06.9 Other arthritis701.1 710.1
08.4 Status post major multiple fracturesNone17 Major multiple trauma, no brain injury or spinal cord injury.
14.9 Other multiple traumaNone
14.1 Brain and spinal cord injuryNone18 Major multiple trauma, with brain or spinal cord injury.
14.2 Brain and multiple fractures/amputationNone
14.3 Spinal cord and multiple fractures/amputationNone
3.4 Guillian BarreNone19 Guillian Barre.
12.1 Spina BifidaNone20 Miscellaneous.
12.9 Other congenitalNone
11 BurnsNone21 Burns.

Table 5.—Acceptable ICD-9-CM Codes

CodeLabel
036.0MENINGOCOCCALMENINGITIS
047.8VIRAL MENINGITIS NEC
047.9VIRAL MENINGITIS NOS
049.0LYMPHOCYTICCHORIOMENING
049.9VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS NOS
052.0POSTVARICELLAENCEPHALIT
053.0HERPES ZOSTER MENINGITIS
054.3HERPETICENCEPHALITIS
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054.5HERPETICSEPTICEMIA
054.72H SIMPLEX MENINGITIS
055.0POSTMEASLESENCEPHALITIS
072.1MUMPSMENINGITIS
072.2MUMPSENCEPHALITIS
094.2SYPHILITICMENINGITIS
112.83CANDIDALMENINGITIS
114.2COCCIDIOIDALMENINGITIS
115.01HISTOPLASM CAPSUL MENING
115.11HISTOPLASM DUBOIS MENING
115.91HISTOPLASMOSISMENINGIT
130.0TOXOPLASMMENINGOENCEPH
139.0LATE EFF VIRAL ENCEPHAL
320.0HEMOPHILUSMENINGITIS
320.1PNEUMOCOCCALMENINGITIS
320.2STREPTOCOCCALMENINGITIS
320.3STAPHYLOCOCCMENINGITIS
320.7MENING IN OTH BACT DIS
320.81ANAEROBICMENINGITIS
320.82MNINGTS GRAM-NEG BCT NEC
320.89MENINGITIS OTH SPCF BACT
320.9BACTERIAL MENINGITIS NOS
321.0CRYPTOCOCCALMENINGITIS
321.1MENING IN OTH FUNGAL DIS
321.2MENING IN OTH VIRAL DIS
321.3TRYPANOSOMIASISMENINGIT
321.4MENINGIT D/T SARCOIDOSIS
321.8MENING IN OTH NONBAC DIS
322.0NONPYOGENICMENINGITIS
322.2CHRONICMENINGITIS
322.9MENINGITISNOS
323.0ENCEPHALIT IN VIRAL DIS
323.6POSTINFECTENCEPHALITIS
323.8ENCEPHALITISNEC
323.9ENCEPHALITISNOS
324.0INTRACRANIALABSCESS
324.1INTRASPINALABSCESS
324.9CNS ABSCESS NOS
334.0FRIEDREICHSATAXIA
334.1HERED SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA
334.2PRIMARY CEREBELLAR DEGEN
334.3CEREBELLAR ATAXIA NEC
334.4CEREBEL ATAX IN OTH DIS
334.8SPINOCEREBELLAR DIS NEC
334.9SPINOCEREBELLAR DIS NOS
335.0WERDNIG-HOFFMANNDISEASE
335.10SPINAL MUSCL ATROPHY NOS
335.11KUGELBERG-WELANDERDIS
335.19SPINAL MUSCL ATROPHY NEC
335.20AMYOTROPHICSCLEROSIS
335.21PROG MUSCULAR ATROPHY
335.22PROGRESSIVE BULBAR PALSY
335.23PSEUDOBULBARPALSY
335.24PRIM LATERAL SCLEROSIS
335.29MOTOR NEURON DISEASE NEC
335.8ANT HORN CELL DIS NEC
335.9ANT HORN CELL DIS NOS
336.0SYRINGOMYELIA
336.1VASCULARMYELOPATHIES
336.2COMB DEG CORD IN OTH DIS
336.3MYELOPATHY IN OTH DIS
336.8MYELOPATHYNEC
336.9SPINAL CORD DISEASE NOS
342.01FLCCD HMIPLGA DOMNT SIDE
342.02FLCCD HMIPLG NONDMNT SDE
342.10SPSTC HMIPLGA UNSPF SIDE
342.11SPSTC HMIPLGA DOMNT SIDE
342.12SPSTC HMIPLG NONDMNT SDE
342.80OT SP HMIPLGA UNSPF SIDE
342.81OT SP HMIPLGA DOMNT SIDE
342.82OT SP HMIPLG NONDMNT SDE
342.90UNSP HEMIPLGA UNSPF SIDE
342.91UNSP HEMIPLGA DOMNT SIDE
342.92UNSP HMIPLGA NONDMNT SDE
343.0CONGENITALDIPLEGIA
343.1CONGENITALHEMIPLEGIA
343.2CONGENITALQUADRIPLEGIA
343.3CONGENITALMONOPLEGIA
343.4INFANTILEHEMIPLEGIA
343.8CEREBRAL PALSY NEC
343.9CEREBRAL PALSY NOS
344.00QUADRIPLEGIA, UNSPECIFD
344.01QUADRPLG C1-C4, COMPLETE
344.02QUADRPLG C1-C4, INCOMPLT
344.03QUADRPLG C5-C7, COMPLETE
344.04QUADRPLG C5-C7, INCOMPLT
344.09OTHERQUADRIPLEGIA
344.1PARAPLEGIANOS
344.2DIPLEGIA OF UPPER LIMBS
344.30MONPLGA LWR LMB UNSP SDE
344.31MONPLGA LWR LMB DMNT SDE
344.32MNPLG LWR LMB NONDMNT SD
344.40MONPLGA UPR LMB UNSP SDE
344.41MONPLGA UPR LMB DMNT SDE
344.42MNPLG UPR LMB NONDMNT SD
344.5MONOPLEGIANOS
344.60CAUDA EQUINA SYND NOS
344.61NEUROGENICBLADDER
344.81LOCKED-INSTATE
344.89OTH SPCF PARALYTIC SYND
344.9PARALYSISNOS
348.1ANOXIC BRAIN DAMAGE
348.4COMPRESSION OF BRAIN
356.1PERONEAL MUSCLE ATROPHY
356.2HERED SENSORY NEUROPATHY
356.4IDIO PROG POLYNEUROPATHY
359.0CONG HERED MUSC DYSTRPHY
359.1HERED PROG MUSC DYSTRPHY
359.5MYOPATHY IN ENDOCRIN DIS
359.6INFL MYOPATHY IN OTH DIS
359.8*MYOPATHY NEC
359.9MYOPATHYNOS
430SUBARACHNOIDHEMORRHAGE
431INTRACEREBRALHEMORRHAGE
432.0NONTRAUM EXTRADURAL HEM
432.1SUBDURALHEMORRHAGE
432.9INTRACRANIAL HEMORR NOS
433.01OCL BSLR ART W INFRCT
433.11OCL CRTD ART W INFRCT
433.21OCL VRTB ART W INFRCT
433.31OCL MLT BI ART W INFRCT
433.81OCL SPCF ART W INFRCT
433.91OCL ART NOS W INFRCT
434.01CRBL THRMBS W INFRCT
434.11CRBL EMBLSM W INFRCT
434.91CRBL ART OCL NOS W INFRC
438.11LATE EFF CV DIS-APHASIA
438.20LATE EF-HEMPLGA SIDE NOS
438.21LATE EF-HEMPLGA DOM SIDE
438.22LATE EF-HEMIPLGA NON-DOM
438.30LATE EF-MPLGA UP LMB NOS
438.31LATE EF-MPLGA UP LMB DOM
438.32LT EF-MPLGA UPLMB NONDOM
438.40LTE EF-MPLGA LOW LMB NOS
438.41LTE EF-MPLGA LOW LMB DOM
438.42LT EF-MPLGA LOWLMB NONDM
438.50LT EF OTH PARAL SIDE NOS
438.51LT EF OTH PARAL DOM SIDE
438.52LT EF OTH PARALS NON-DOM
438.53LT EF OTH PARALS-BILAT
710.0SYST LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
710.4POLYMYOSITIS
714.0RHEUMATOIDARTHRITIS
714.1FELTYSSYNDROME
714.2SYST RHEUM ARTHRITIS NEC
714.30JUV RHEUM ARTHRITIS NOS
714.31POLYART JUV RHEUM ARTHR
714.4CHR POSTRHEUM ARTHRITIS
716.29ALLERGARTHRITIS-MULT
720.0ANKYLOSINGSPONDYLITIS
806.00C1-C4 FX-CL/CORD INJ NOS
806.01C1-C4 FX-CL/COM CORD LES
806.02C1-C4 FX-CL/ANT CORD SYN
806.03C1-C4 FX-CL/CEN CORD SYN
806.04C1-C4 FX-CL/CORD INJ NEC
806.05C5-C7 FX-CL/CORD INJ NOS
806.06C5-C7 FX-CL/COM CORD LES
806.07C5-C7 FX-CL/ANT CORD SYN
806.08C5-C7 FX-CL/CEN CORD SYN
806.09C5-C7 FX-CL/CORD INJ NEC
806.10C1-C4 FX-OP/CORD INJ NOS
806.11C1-C4 FX-OP/COM CORD LES
806.12C1-C4 FX-OP/ANT CORD SYN
806.13C1-C4 FX-OP/CEN CORD SYN
806.14C1-C4 FX-OP/CORD INJ NEC
806.15C5-C7 FX-OP/CORD INJ NOS
806.16C5-C7 FX-OP/COM CORD LES
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806.17C5-C7 FX-OP/ANT CORD SYN
806.18C5-C7 FX-OP/CEN CORD SYN
806.19C5-C7 FX-OP/CORD INJ NEC
806.20T1-T6 FX-CL/CORD INJ NOS
806.21T1-T6 FX-CL/COM CORD LES
806.22T1-T6 FX-CL/ANT CORD SYN
806.23T1-T6 FX-CL/CEN CORD SYN
806.24T1-T6 FX-CL/CORD INJ NEC
806.25T7-T12 FX-CL/CRD INJ NOS
806.26T7-T12 FX-CL/COM CRD LES
806.27T7-T12 FX-CL/ANT CRD SYN
806.28T7-T12 FX-CL/CEN CRD SYN
806.29T7-T12 FX-CL/CRD INJ NEC
806.30T1-T6 FX-OP/CORD INJ NOS
806.31T1-T6 FX-OP/COM CORD LES
806.32T1-T6 FX-OP/ANT CORD SYN
806.33T1-T6 FX-OP/CEN CORD SYN
806.34T1-T6 FX-OP/CORD INJ NEC
806.35T7-T12 FX-OP/CRD INJ NOS
806.36T7-T12 FX-OP/COM CRD LES
806.37T7-T12 FX-OP/ANT CRD SYN
806.38T7-T12 FX-OP/CEN CRD SYN
806.39T7-T12 FX-OP/CRD INJ NEC
806.4CL LUMBAR FX W CORD INJ
806.5OPN LUMBAR FX W CORD INJ
806.60FX SACRUM-CL/CRD INJ NOS
806.61FX SACR-CL/CAUDA EQU LES
806.62FX SACR-CL/CAUDA INJ NEC
806.69FX SACRUM-CL/CRD INJ NEC
806.70FX SACRUM-OP/CRD INJ NOS
806.71FX SACR-OP/CAUDA EQU LES
806.72FX SACR-OP/CAUDA INJ NEC
806.79FX SACRUM-OP/CRD INJ NEC
806.8VERT FX NOS-CL W CRD INJ
806.9VERT FX NOS-OP W CRD INJ
850.2CONCUSSION-MODERATECOMA
850.3CONCUSSION-PROLONGCOMA
850.4CONCUSSION-DEEPCOMA
851.02CORTEX CONTUS-BRIEF COMA
851.03CORTEX CONTUS-MOD COMA
851.04CORTX CONTUS-PROLNG COMA
851.05CORTEX CONTUS-DEEP COMA
851.12OPN CORT CONTUS-BRF COMA
851.13OPN CORT CONTUS-MOD COMA
851.14OPN CORT CONTU-PROL COMA
851.15OPN CORT CONTU-DEEP COMA
851.22CORTEX LACERA-BRIEF COMA
851.23CORTEX LACERAT-MOD COMA
851.24CORTEX LACERAT-PROL COMA
851.25CORTEX LACERAT-DEEP COMA
851.32OPN CORTX LAC-BRIEF COMA
851.33OPN CORTX LACER-MOD COMA
851.34OPN CORTX LAC-PROLN COMA
851.35OPN CORTEX LAC-DEEP COMA
851.42CEREBELL CONTUS-BRF COMA
851.43CEREBELL CONTUS-MOD COMA
851.44CEREBEL CONTUS-PROL COMA
851.45CEREBEL CONTUS-DEEP COMA
851.52OPN CEREBE CONT-BRF COMA
851.53OPN CEREBE CONT-MOD COMA
851.54OPN CEREBE CONT-PROL COM
851.55OPN CEREBE CONT-DEEP COM
851.62CEREBEL LACER-BRIEF COMA
851.63CEREBEL LACERAT-MOD COMA
851.64CEREBEL LACER-PROLN COMA
851.65CEREBELL LACER-DEEP COMA
851.72OPN CEREBEL LAC-BRF COMA
851.73OPN CEREBEL LAC-MOD COMA
851.74OPN CEREBE LAC-PROL COMA
851.75OPN CEREBE LAC-DEEP COMA
851.82BRAIN LAC NEC-BRIEF COMA
851.83BRAIN LACER NEC-MOD COMA
851.84BRAIN LAC NEC-PROLN COMA
851.85BRAIN LAC NEC-DEEP COMA
851.92OPN BRAIN LAC-BRIEF COMA
851.93OPN BRAIN LACER-MOD COMA
851.94OPN BRAIN LAC-PROLN COMA
851.95OPEN BRAIN LAC-DEEP COMA
852.03SUBARACH HEM-MOD COMA
852.04SUBARACH HEM-PROLNG COMA
852.05SUBARACH HEM-DEEP COMA
852.06SUBARACH HEM-COMA NOS
852.13OP SUBARACH HEM-MOD COMA
852.14OP SUBARACH HEM-PROL COM
852.15OP SUBARACH HEM-DEEP COM
852.23SUBDURAL HEMORR-MOD COMA
852.24SUBDURAL HEM-PROLNG COMA
852.25SUBDURAL HEM-DEEP COMA
852.26SUBDURAL HEMORR-COMA NOS
852.33OPN SUBDUR HEM-MOD COMA
852.34OPN SUBDUR HEM-PROL COMA
852.35OPN SUBDUR HEM-DEEP COMA
852.43EXTRADURAL HEM-MOD COMA
852.44EXTRADUR HEM-PROLN COMA
852.45EXTRADURAL HEM-DEEP COMA
852.53EXTRADURAL HEM-MOD COMA
852.54EXTRADUR HEM-PROLN COMA
852.55EXTRADUR HEM-DEEP COMA
853.03BRAIN HEM NEC-MOD COMA
853.04BRAIN HEM NEC-PROLN COMA
853.05BRAIN HEM NEC-DEEP COMA
853.06BRAIN HEM NEC-COMA NOS
853.13BRAIN HEM OPEN-MOD COMA
853.14BRAIN HEM OPN-PROLN COMA
853.15BRAIN HEM OPEN-DEEP COMA
854.03BRAIN INJ NEC-MOD COMA
854.04BRAIN INJ NEC-PROLN COMA
854.05BRAIN INJ NEC-DEEP COMA
854.06BRAIN INJ NEC-COMA NOS
854.13OPN BRAIN INJ-MOD COMA
854.14OPN BRAIN INJ-PROLN COMA
854.15OPN BRAIN INJ-DEEP COMA
887.0AMPUT BELOW ELB, UNILAT
887.1AMP BELOW ELB, UNIL-COMP
887.3AMPUT ABV ELB, UNIL-COMP
887.4AMPUTAT ARM, UNILAT NOS
887.5AMPUT ARM, UNIL NOS-COMP
887.6AMPUTATION ARM, BILAT
887.7AMPUTAT ARM, BILAT-COMPL
897.0AMPUT BELOW KNEE, UNILAT
897.1AMPUTAT BK, UNILAT-COMPL
897.2AMPUT ABOVE KNEE, UNILAT
897.3AMPUT ABV KN, UNIL-COMPL
897.4AMPUTAT LEG, UNILAT NOS
897.5AMPUT LEG, UNIL NOS-COMP
897.6AMPUTATION LEG, BILAT
897.7AMPUTAT LEG, BILAT-COMPL
905.9LATE EFF TRAUMAT AMPUTAT
907.0LT EFF INTRACRANIAL INJ
907.2LATE EFF SPINAL CORD INJ
952.00C1-C4 SPIN CORD INJ NOS
952.01COMPLETE LES CORD/C1-C4
952.02ANTERIOR CORD SYND/C1-C4
952.03CENTRAL CORD SYND/C1-C4
952.04C1-C4 SPIN CORD INJ NEC
952.05C5-C7 SPIN CORD INJ NOS
952.06COMPLETE LES CORD/C5-C7
952.07ANTERIOR CORD SYND/C5-C7
952.08CENTRAL CORD SYND/C5-C7
952.09C5-C7 SPIN CORD INJ NEC
952.10T1-T6 SPIN CORD INJ NOS
952.11COMPLETE LES CORD/T1-T6
952.12ANTERIOR CORD SYND/T1-T6
952.13CENTRAL CORD SYND/T1-T6
952.14T1-T6 SPIN CORD INJ NEC
952.15T7-T12 SPIN CORD INJ NOS
952.16COMPLETE LES CORD/T7-T12
952.17ANTERIOR CORD SYN/T7-T12
952.18CENTRAL CORD SYN/T7-T12
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952.19T7-T12 SPIN CORD INJ NEC
952.2LUMBAR SPINAL CORD INJUR
952.3SACRAL SPINAL CORD INJUR
952.4CAUDA EQUINA INJURY
952.8SPIN CORD INJ-MULT SITE
952.9SPINAL CORD INJURY NOS
997.60AMPUTAT STUMP COMPL NOS
997.61NEUROMA AMPUTATION STUMP
997.62INFECTION AMPUTAT STUMP
997.69AMPUTAT STUMP COMPL NEC
V49.63STATUS AMPUT HAND
V49.64STATUS AMPUT WRIST
V49.65STATUS AMPUT BELOW ELBOW
V49.66STATUS AMPUT ABOVE ELBOW
V49.67STATUS AMPUT SHOULDER
V49.75STATUS AMPUT BELOW KNEE
V49.76STATUS AMPUT ABOVE KNEE
V49.77STATUS AMPUT HIP
* Note code 359.8 has been replaced by 359.81 and 359.89
End Supplemental Information

BILLING CODE 4120-01-P

BILLING CODE 4120-01-C

BILLING CODE 4120-01-P

[FR Doc. 03-11829 Filed 5-8-03; 3:15 pm]

BILLING CODE 4120-01-P