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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney PW4000 Series Turbofan Engines

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration, DOT.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

SUMMARY:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposes to supersede an existing airworthiness directive (AD), that is applicable to Pratt & Whitney (PW) model PW4050, PW4052, PW4056, PW4060, PW4060A, PW4060C, PW4062, PW4152, PW4156, PW4156A, PW4158, PW4160, PW4460, PW4462, and PW4650 turbofan engines. That AD currently requires interim actions to address engine takeoff power loss events until the high-pressure-compressor (HPC) case is redesigned and available for incorporation on the PW4000 engines. That amendment also requires on-wing Testing-21 to engines installed on Boeing 747 and MD-11 airplanes, and the installation of a new Ring Case Configuration (RCC) rear HPC on PW 4000 series engines installed in the Boeing fleet as terminating action to the requirements of that AD. This proposal is prompted by the development of an RCC rear HPC for PW4000 series turbofan engines installed in the Airbus fleet. The actions specified by this proposed AD are intended to prevent engine takeoff power losses due to HPC surge.

DATES:

Comments must be received by August 25, 2003.

ADDRESSES:

Submit comments in triplicate to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2000-NE-47-AD, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299. Comments may be inspected at this location, by appointment, between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Comments may also be sent via the Internet using the following address: 9-ane-adcomment@faa.gov. Comments sent via the Internet must contain the docket number in the subject line.

The service information referenced in this proposed AD may be obtained from Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108, telephone (860) 565-6600; fax (860) 565-4503. This information may be examined, by appointment, at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Diane Cook, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299; telephone (781) 238-7133; fax (781) 238-7199.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

Interested persons are invited to participate in the making of the proposed rule by submitting such written data, views, or arguments as they may desire. Communications should identify the Rules Docket number and be submitted in triplicate to the address specified above. All communications received on or before the closing date for comments, specified above, will be considered before taking action on the proposed rule. The proposals contained in this action may be changed in light of the comments received.

Comments are specifically invited on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the proposed rule. All comments submitted will be available, both before and after the closing date for comments, in the Rules Docket for examination by interested persons. A report summarizing each FAA-public contact concerned with the substance of this proposal will be filed in the Rules Docket.

Commenters wishing the FAA to acknowledge receipt of their comments submitted in response to this action must submit a self-addressed, stamped postcard on which the following statement is made: “Comments to Docket Number 2000-NE-47-AD.” The postcard will be date stamped and returned to the commenter.

Availability of NPRM's

Any person may obtain a copy of this NPRM by submitting a request to the FAA, New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2000-NE-47-AD, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299.

Discussion

On May 28, 2003, the FAA issued AD 2003-11-18, Amendment 39-13177 (68 FR 33844, June 6, 2003), which supersedes AD 2002-21-10. AD 2003-11-18 was published as an interim action to address engine takeoff power loss events until the HPC case could be redesigned and available for incorporation on the PW4000 engines. That action also added on-wing Testing-21 to engines installed on Boeing 747 and MD-11 airplanes, and required the installation of a new RCC rear HPC on engines installed in the Boeing fleet as terminating action to the requirements of that AD. That AD was prompted by the development of an RCC rear HPC for PW4000 series turbofan engines installed in the Boeing fleet. The actions Start Printed Page 43034specified by that AD are intended to prevent engine takeoff power losses due to HPC surge.

Since that AD was issued, PW developed an RCC rear HPC for PW4000 series turbofan engines installed in the Airbus fleet. This proposal mandates the same actions as AD 2003-11-18 (with some modifications based on AMOC approvals) and incorporates the RRC rear HPC as terminating action for the Airbus fleet.

Manufacturer's Service Information

For AD 2003-11-18, the FAA reviewed and approved the technical contents of the following PW service information:

  • Service Bulletin (SB) PW4ENG 72-755, dated February 28, 2003.
  • Internal Engineering Notice (IEN) 02KCW13, dated October 14, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13A, dated October 14, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13C, dated July 25, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13D, dated July 29, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13E, dated November 21, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13F, dated October 14, 2002.
  • IEN 02KCW13H, dated December 9, 2002.
  • SB PW4ENG72-714, Revision 1, dated November 8, 2001.
  • SB PW4ENG72-749, dated June 17, 2002.
  • IEN 96KC973D, dated October 12, 2001.
  • Temporary Revision (TR) TR 71-0018, dated November 14, 2001.
  • TR 71-0026, dated November 14, 2001.
  • TR 71 71-0035, dated November 14, 2001.
  • Cleaning, Inspection, and Repair (CIR) procedure CIR 51A357, Section 72-35-68, Inspection/Check-04, Indexes 8-11, dated September 15, 2001.
  • CIR 51A357, Section 72-35-68, Repair 16, dated June 15, 1996.
  • PW4000 PW engine manual (EM) 50A443, 71-00-00, TESTING-21, dated March 15, 2002.
  • PW4000 PW EM 50A822, 71-00-00, TESTING-21, dated March 15, 2002.
  • PW4000 PW EM 50A605, 71-00-00, TESTING-21, dated March 15, 2002.

Since the issuance of AD 2003-11-18, PW has issued the following service information which have also been reviewed and approved by the FAA.

  • SB PW4ENG 72-756, dated July 7, 2003.
  • SB PW4ENG 72-759, dated July 7, 2003.

FAA's Determination of an Unsafe Condition and Proposed Actions

Since an unsafe condition has been identified that is likely to exist or develop on other PW4000 series turbofan engines of this same type design, the proposed AD would supersede AD 2003-11-18 to require the same actions as that AD, and additionally require the installation of a new RCC rear HPC on engines installed in the Airbus fleet as terminating action to the AD. The actions are required to be done in accordance with the service bulletins described previously.

Economic Analysis

There are approximately 2,300 engines of the affected design in the worldwide fleet. The FAA estimates that 550 engines installed on Boeing aircraft and 100 engines installed on Airbus aircraft of U.S. registry would be affected by this proposed AD. The FAA also estimates that it would take approximately 183 work hours per engine to perform the proposed actions, and that the average labor rate is $60 per work hour. Required parts would cost approximately $119,500 per engine. Based on these figures, the total average annual cost impact of the proposed AD to U.S. operators is estimated to be $13,950,500.

Regulatory Analysis

This proposed rule does not have federalism implications, as defined in Executive Order 13132, because it would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Accordingly, the FAA has not consulted with state authorities prior to publication of this proposed rule.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this proposed regulation (1) is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) if promulgated, will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. A copy of the draft regulatory evaluation prepared for this action is contained in the Rules Docket. A copy of it may be obtained by contacting the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

The Proposed Amendment

Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration proposes to amend part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows:

Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]

2. Section 39.13 is amended by removing Amendment 39-13177, (68 FR 33844), June 7, 2003), and by adding a new airworthiness directive:

Pratt & Whitney: Docket No. 2000-NE-47-AD. Supersedes AD 2003-11-18, Amendment 39-13177.

Applicability

This airworthiness directive (AD) is applicable to: Pratt & Whitney (PW) model PW4050, PW4052, PW4056, PW4060, PW4060A, PW4060C, PW4062, PW4152, PW4156, PW4156A, PW4158, PW4160, PW4460, PW4462, and PW4650 turbofan engines. These engines are installed on, but not limited to, certain models of Airbus Industrie A300, Airbus Industrie A310, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, and McDonnell Douglas MD-11 series airplanes.

Note 1:

This AD applies to each engine identified in the preceding applicability provision, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the requirements of this AD. For engines that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (w) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if the unsafe condition has not been eliminated, the request should include specific proposed actions to address it.

Compliance

Compliance with this AD is required as indicated, unless already done.

To prevent engine takeoff power losses due to high-pressure-compressor (HPC) surges, do the following:

(a) When complying with this AD, determine the configuration of each engine on each airplane using the following Table 1: Start Printed Page 43035

Table 1.—Engine Configuration Listing

ConfigurationConfiguration designatorDescription
(1) Phase 1 without high pressure turbine (HPT) 1st turbine vane cut back stator (1TVCB)AEngines that did not incorporate the Phase 3 configuration at the time they were originally manufactured, or have not been converted to Phase 3 configuration; and have not incorporated HPT 1TVCB using any Revision of service bulletin (SB) PW4ENG 72-514.
(2) Phase 1 with 1TVCBBSame as Configuration A except that HPT 1TVCB has been incorporated using any Revision of SB PW4ENG 72-514.
(3) Phase 3, 2nd RunCEngines that incorporated the Phase 3 configuration at the time they were originally manufactured, or have been converted to the Phase 3 configuration during service; and that have had at least one HPC overhaul since new.
(4) Phase 3, 1st RunDSame as Configuration C except that the engine has not had an HPC overhaul since new, except those engines that are defined as Configuration Designator G.
(5) HPC Cutback Stator Configuration EnginesEEngines that currently incorporate any Revision of SBs PW4ENG 72-706, PW4ENG 72-704, or PW4ENG 72-711.
(6) Engines that have passed Testing-21FEngines which have successfully passed Testing-21 performed in accordance with paragraph (i) or (j) of this AD. Once an engine has passed a Testing-21, it will remain a Configuration F engine until the HPC is overhauled, or is replaced with a new or overhauled HPC, or the HPC is retrofitted to Configuration I.
(7) Phase 3, 1st Run Subpopulation Engines. These engines are identified by mode and serial numbers (SNs) as follows: PW4152: SN 724942 through SN 724944 inclusive; PW4158: SN 728518 through SN 728533 inclusive; PW4052, PW4056, PW4060, PW4060A, PW4060C, PW4062: SN 727732 through SN 728000 inclusive and SN 729001 through SN 729010 inclusive; PW4460, PW4462: SN 733813 through SN 733840 inclusiveGEngines that incorporated the Phase 3 configuration and did not incorporate Haynes material HPC inner case rear hook at the time they were originally manufactured, that were built from August 29, 1997 up to the incorporation of the HPC inner rear case with Haynes material rear hook at the original engine manufacturer and have not had an HPC overhaul since new.
(8) Engines from Configuration G that have passed Testing-21HEngines that have successfully passed Testing-21 performed in accordance with paragraph (i) or (j) of this AD. Once an engine has passed a Testing-21, it will remain a Configuration H engine until the HPC is overhauled, or is replaced with a new or overhauled HPC, or the HPC is retrofitted to Configuration I.
(9) Engines installed on Boeing or Airbus airplanes with a build standard that incorporates a ring case configuration (RCC) rear HPCIEngines that have incorporated PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG 72-756, dated July 7, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG 72-759, dated July 7, 2003, or have been manufactured with an RCC read HPC.

Configuration E Engines Installed on Boeing 747, 767, and MD-11 Airplanes

(b) For Configuration E engines, do the following:

(1) Before further flight, limit the number of engines with Configuration E as described in Table 1 of this AD, to one on each airplane.

(2) Remove all engines with Configuration E from service before accumulating 1,300 cycles-since-new (CSN) or cycles-since-conversion (CSC) to Configuration E, whichever is later.

Configuration G and H Engines Installed on Boeing 747, 767, MD-11, and Airbus A300 and A310 Airplanes

(c) For Configuration G and H engines installed on Boeing 747 and 767, MD-11, and Airbus A300 and A310 airplanes, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this AD:

(1) Before further flight, remove from service engines that exceed the CSN or cycles-since-Testing-21 (CST) limits listed in the following Table 2, or perform on-wing Testing-21 on MD-11 or Boeing 747 airplanes in accordance with paragraph (i)(3) or (j)(3) of this AD, respectively. Thereafter, ensure that no Configuration G or H engines exceed the HPC CSN or CST limits listed in Table 2 of this AD.

Table 2.—Configuration G and H Limits

Configuration designatorB747 PW4056B767 PW4052B767 PW4056B767 PW4060 PW4060A PW4060C PW4062MD-11 PW4460 PW4462A300/310 PW4152 PW4156A PW4158
G1,700 CSN3,000 CSN2,100 CSN1,350 CSN1,150 CSN2,800 CSN
H600 CST600 CST600 CST600 CST600 CST600 CST

(2) Prior to return to service and installed on Boeing 767 or 747 or Airbus A300 or A310 airplanes, Configuration G and H engines must meet the requirements of paragraph (j) of this AD. Start Printed Page 43036

(3) Prior to return to service and installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes, Configuration G or H engines must meet the requirements of paragraph (i) of this AD.

Engines Installed on Boeing 767 and MD-11 Airplanes

(d) For engines installed on Boeing 767 and MD-11 airplanes, except as provided in paragraph (b) and (c) of this AD:

(1) Before further flight, limit the number of engines that exceed the HPC CSN, HPC cycles-since-overhaul (CSO), or HPC CST limits in Table 3 of this AD, to no more than one engine per airplane. Thereafter, ensure that no more than one engine per airplane exceeds the HPC CSN, CSO, or CST limit in Table 3 of this AD.

(2) Prior to return to service and installed on MD-11 airplanes, engines must meet the requirements of paragraph (i) of this AD.

(3) Prior to return to service and installed on Boeing 767 airplanes, engines must meet the requirements of paragraph (j) of this AD.

Engines Installed on Boeing 747 Airplanes

(e) Except as provided in paragraph (b) and (c) of this AD, before further flight, and thereafter, manage the engine configurations installed on Boeing 747 airplanes as follows:

(1) Limit the number of Configuration A, B, C, or E engines that exceed the HPC CSN or HPC CSO limits listed in Table 3 of this AD, to not more than one engine per airplane. Table 3 follows:

Table 3.—Engine Limits for Boeing Airplanes

Configuration designatorB747 PW4056B767 PW4052B767 PW4056B767 PW4060 PW4060A PW4060C PW4062MD-11 PW4460 PW4462
A1,400 CSN or CSO3,000 CSN or CSO1,600 CSN or CSO900 CSN or CSO800 CSN or CSO
B2,100 CSN or CSO4,400 CSN or CSO2,800 CSN or CSO2,000 CSN or CSO1,200 CSN or CSO
C2,100 CSO4,400 CSO2,800 CSO2,000 CSO1,300 CSO
D2,600 CSN4,400 CSN3,000 CSN2,200 CSN2,000 CSN
E750 CSN or CSO750 CSN or CSO750 CSN or CSO750 CSN or CSO750 CSN or CSO
F800 CST800 CST800 CST800 CST800 CST

(2) The single Configuration A, B, C, or E engine per airplane that exceeds the HPC CSN or CSO limits listed in Table 3 of this AD, must be limited to 2,600 HPC CSN or CSO for Configuration A, B, or C engines, or 1,300 HPC CSN or CSC to Configuration E, whichever is later, for Configuration E engines.

(3) Remove from service or perform on-wing Testing-21 in accordance with paragraph (j)(3) of this AD for Configuration D engines, before accumulating 2,600 CSN.

(4) Remove from service or perform on-wing Testing-21 in accordance with paragraph (j)(3) of this AD for Configuration F engines, before accumulating 800 CST.

(5) Prior to return to service and installed on Boeing airplanes, Configuration A, B, C, D, and F engines must meet the requirements of paragraph (j) of this AD.

Engines Installed on Airbus A300 and A310 Airplanes

(f) For Airbus operators that began operation of their A300 fleet after the effective date of this AD, use paragraphs (f)(7) through (f)(9) of this AD to determine which Airbus A300 PW4158 engine category 1 or 3 limits of the following Table 4 of this AD apply to your engine fleet. For Airbus operators that have been in operation before the effective date of this AD, use your PW4158 engine category classification previously determined for your fleet and continue to apply the A300 PW 4158 Category limits in Table 4 of this AD, to your fleet.

Table 4.—Engine Limits for Airbus Airplanes

Configuration designatorA300 PW4158 Category 1, and A310 PW4156 and PW4156AA300 PW4158 Category 2, and 310 PW4152A300 PW4158 Category 3
A900 CSN or CSO1,850 CSN or CSO500 CSN or CSO
B2,200 CSN or CSO4,400 CSN or CSO1,600 CSN or CSO
C2,200 CSO4,400 CSO1,600 CSO
D4,400 CSN4,400 CSN4,400 CSN
ENot ApplicableNot ApplicableNot Applicable
F800 CST800 CST800 CST

(1) Determine the number of Group 3 takeoff surges experienced by engines in your fleet before April 13, 2001. Count surge events for engines that had an HPC overhaul and incorporated either SB PW 4ENG 72-484 or SB PW4ENG 72-575 at the time of overhaul. Do not count surge events for engines that did not have the HPC overhauled (i.e. 1st run engine) or had the HPC overhauled but did not incorporate either SB PW4ENG 72-484 or SB PW4ENG 72-575. See paragraph (v)(5) of this AD for a definition of a Group 3 takeoff surge.

(2) Determine the number of cumulative HPC CSO accrued by engines in your fleet before April 13, 2001. Count HPC CSO for engines that had an HPC overhaul and incorporated either SB PW4ENG 72-484 or SB PW4ENG 72-575 at the time of overhaul. Do not count HPC CSO accrued on your engines while operating outside your fleet.

(3) Calculate the surge rate by dividing the number of Group 3 takeoff surges determined in paragraph (f)(1) of this AD, by the number of cumulative HPC CSO determined in paragraph (f)(2) of this AD, and then multiply by 1,000.

(4) If the surge rate calculated in paragraph (f)(3) of this AD is less than 0.005, go to paragraph (f)(5) of this AD. If the surge rate calculated in paragraph (f)(3) of this AD is greater than or equal to 0.005, go to paragraph (f)(6) of this AD.

(5) If the cumulative HPC CSO determined in paragraph (f)(2) of this AD is greater than or equal to 200,000 cycles, use A300 PW4158 Category 2 limits of Table 4 of this AD. If less than 200,000 cycles, go to paragraph (f)(7) of this AD.

(6) If the surge rate calculated in paragraph (f)(3) of this AD is greater than 0.035, use A300 PW 4158 Category 3 limits of Table 4 of this AD. If less than or equal to 0.035, go to paragraph (f)(7) of this AD.

(7) Determine the percent of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff engine pressure ratio (EPR) data for engines operating in your fleet. Count takeoffs from a random sample of at least 700 airplane takeoffs that have occurred over at least a 3-month time period, for a period beginning no earlier than 23 months prior to the effective date of this AD. See paragraph (v)(6) of this AD for definition of Takeoff EPR data.

(8) If there is insufficient data to satisfy the criteria of paragraph (f)(7) of this AD, use A300 PW4158 Category 3 limits of Table 4 of this AD. Start Printed Page 43037

(9) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (f)(7) of this AD is greater than 31%, use A300 PW 4158 Category 3 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD. If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (f)(7) of this AD is less than or equal to 31%, use A300 PW 4158 Category 1 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(g) For engines installed on Airbus A300 or A310 airplanes, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this AD, before further flight, limit the number of engines that exceed the CSN, CSO, or CST limits listed in Table 4 of this AD, to no more than one engine per airplane. Thereafter, ensure that no more than one engine per airplane exceeds the HPC CSN, CSO, or CST limits listed in Table 4 of this AD. See paragraph (j) of this AD for return to service requirements.

(h) For Airbus A300 PW4158 engine operators, except those operators whose engine fleets are determined to be Category 3 classification based on surge rate in accordance with paragraph (f)(6) of this AD, re-evaluate your fleet category within 6 months from the last evaluation, and thereafter, at intervals not to exceed 6 months, using the following criteria:

(1) For operators whose engine fleets are initially classified as Category 1 or 3 in accordance with paragraph (f) of this AD, determine the percent of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data for engines operating in your fleet. Count takeoffs from a sample of at least 200 takeoffs that occurred over the most recent six month time period since the last categorization was determined, or the total number of takeoffs accumulated over 6 months if less than 200 takeoffs. See paragraph (v)(6) of this AD for definition of takeoff EPR data.

(i) If there is insufficient data to satisfy the criteria of paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, use A300 PW4158 Category 3 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(ii) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (h)(1) of this AD is greater than 31%, use A300 PW4158 Category 3 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(iii) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (h)(1) of this AD is less than or equal to 31%, use A300 PW4158 Category 1 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(2) For operators whose engine fleets are initially classified as Category 2 in accordance with paragraph (f) of this AD, determine the percent of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data for engines operating in your fleet. Count takeoffs from a sample of at least 200 takeoffs that occurred over the most recent six month time period since the last categorization was determined, or the total number of takeoffs accumulated over 6 months if less than 200 takeoffs. See paragraph (v)(6) of this AD for definition of takeoff EPR data.

(i) If there is insufficient data to satisfy the criteria of paragraph (h)(2) of this AD, use A300 PW4158 Category 3 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(ii) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD is greater than 37%, use A300 PW4158 Category 3 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(iii) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD is greater than or equal to 21% and less than or equal to 37%, use A300 PW4158 Category 1 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

(iv) If the percentage of takeoffs with greater than a 1.45 Takeoff EPR data determined in paragraph (h)(2) of this AD is less than 21%, use A300 PW4158 Category 2 limits listed in Table 4 of this AD.

Return to Service Requirements for Engines To Be Installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Airplanes

(i) Engines removed from service in accordance with paragraph (c) or (d), of this AD may be returned to service and installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes under the following conditions:

(1) After passing a cool-engine fuel spike stability test (Testing-21) that has been done in accordance with PW4000 EM 50A822, 71-00-00, TESTING-21, dated March 15, 2002, except for engines with Configuration E, or engines that have experienced a Group 3 takeoff surge; or

(2) Engines tested before the effective date of this AD, in accordance with PW4000 EM 50A822, 71-00-00, TESTING-21, dated November 14, 2001; or PW4000 EM 50A822, Temporary Revision No. 71-0018, dated November 14, 2001; or PW Internal Engineering Notice (IEN) 96KC973D, dated October 12, 2001, meet the requirements of TESTING-21; or

(3) After passing an on-wing Testing-21 on PW4460 and PW4462 engines installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes that have been done in accordance with Major IEN 02KCW13H, dated December 9, 2002, or done prior to the approval of Major IEN 02KCW13H, dated December 9, 2002, in accordance with Minor IEN 02KCW13F, dated October 14, 2002, except for engines with Configuration E, or engines that have experienced a Group 3 takeoff surge; or

(4) The engine HPC was replaced with an HPC that is new from production with no time in service; or

(5) The engine HPC has been overhauled, or the engine HPC replaced with an overhauled HPC with zero cycles since overhaul; or

(6) An engine that is either below or exceeds the limits of Table 3 or Table 4 of this AD may be removed and installed on another airplane without Testing-21, as long as the requirements of paragraph (c) or (d) of this AD are met at the time of engine installation.

Return to Service Requirements for Engines To Be Installed on Boeing or Airbus Airplanes

(j) Engines removed from service in accordance with paragraph (c), (d), (e), or (g) of this AD may be returned to service and installed on Boeing 747, 767, or Airbus A300 orA310 airplanes under the following conditions:

(1) After passing a cool-engine fuel spike stability test (Testing-21) that has been done in accordance with PW4000 Engine Manual (EM) 50A605, 71-00-00, Testing-21, dated June 15, 2003, or PW4000 EM 50A443, 71-00-00, Testing-21, dated March 15, 2002, except for engines configured with Configuration E, or engines that have experienced a Group 3 takeoff surge; or

(2) Engines tested before the effective date of this AD, in accordance with PW4000 EM 50A605, 71-00-00, Testing-21, dated March 15, 2002; PW4000 EM 50A443, 71-00-00, Testing-21, dated November 14, 2001; or PW4000 EM 50A443, Temporary Revision No. 71-0026, dated November 14, 2001; or PW IEN 96KC973D, dated October 12, 2001; or PW4000 EM 50A605, Temporary Revision No. 71-0035, dated November 14, 2001 meet the requirements of Testing-21; or

(3) For PW4056 engines installed on Boeing 747 airplanes, after successfully completing on-wing Testing-21 in accordance with Major IEN 02KCW13E, dated November 21, 2002; or if done prior to the approval of Major IEN 02KCW13E, dated November 21, 2002; in accordance with Minor IENs 02KCW13, dated October 14, 2002; 02KCW13A, dated October 14, 2002; 02KCW13C, dated July 25, 2002; or 02KCW13D, July 29, 2002; except for engines configured with Configuration E, or engines that have experienced a Group 3 takeoff surge; or

(4) An engine that is either below or exceeds the limits of Table 3 or Table 4 of this AD may be removed and installed on another airplane without Testing-21, as long as the requirements of paragraph (c), (d), (e), or (g) of this AD are met at the time of engine installation.

(5) An engine that has incorporated the RCC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003, for engines installed in Boeing airplanes; or PW4ENG 72-756, dated July 7, 2003; or PW4ENG 72-759, dated July 7, 2003 for engines installed in Airbus airplanes. Completing these SBs changes the engine configuration to Configuration I.

Phase 0 or Phase 1, FB2T or FB2B Fan Blade Configurations

(k) For Configuration A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H engines with Phase 0 or Phase 1, FB2T or FB2B fan blade configurations complying with the requirements of AD 2001-09-05, (66 FR 22908, May 5, 2001); AD 2001-09-10, (66 FR 21853, May 2, 2001); or AD 2001-01-10, (66 FR 6449, January 22, 2001); do the following:

(1) Operators complying with the ADs listed in paragraph (k) of this AD using the weight restriction compliance method, must perform Testing-21 in accordance with paragraph (i) or (j) of this AD whenever any quantity of fan blades are replaced with new fan blades, overhauled fan blades, or with fan blades having the leading edges recontoured after the effective date of this AD, if during the shop visit the HPC is not overhauled and separation of a major engine flange, located between “A” flange and “T” flange, does not occur.

(2) If an operator changes from the weight restriction compliance method to the fan blade leading edge recontouring method after the effective date of this AD, Testing-21 in Start Printed Page 43038accordance with paragraph (i) or (j) of this AD is required each time fan blade leading edge recontouring is done, if the fan blades accumulate more than 450 cycles since new or since fan blade overhaul, or since the last time the fan blade leading edges were recontoured.

Minimum Build Standard for Engines Installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Airplanes

(l) Use the following minimum build standards for engines to be returned to service and installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes:

(1) After the effective date of this AD, do not install an engine with HPC and HPT modules where the CSO of the HPC is 1,500 cycles or greater than the CSN or CSO of the HPT.

(2) For any engine that undergoes an HPC overhaul after the effective date of this AD:

(i) Inspect the HPC mid hook and rear hook of the HPC inner case for wear in accordance with PW Clean, Inspect and Repair (CIR) Manual PN 51A357, Section 72-35-68 Inspection/Check-04, Indexes 8-11, dated December 15, 2002; or March 15, 2002; or September 15, 2001. If the HPC rear hook is worn beyond serviceable limits, replace the HPC inner case rear hook with an improved durability hook in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-714, Revision 1, dated November 8, 2001; or Revision 2, dated February 28, 2003; or Chromalloy Florida Repair Procedure 00 CFL-039-0, dated December 27, 2000. If the HPC inner case mid hook is worn beyond serviceable limits, repair the HPC inner case mid hook in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-749, dated June 17, 2002; or Revision 1, dated January 8, 2003; or Chromalloy Florida Repair Procedure 02 CFL-024-0, dated September 15, 2002.

(ii) After the effective date of this AD, any engine that undergoes an HPC overhaul may not be returned to service unless it meets the build standard of PW SB PW4ENG 72-484, PW4ENG 72-486, PW4ENG 72-514, and PW4ENG 72-575. Engines that incorporate the Phase 3 configuration already meet the build standard defined by PW SB PW4ENG 72-514.

(3) After the effective date of this AD, any engine that undergoes separation of the HPC and HPT modules must not be installed on an airplane unless it meets the build standard of PW SB PW4ENG 72-514. Engines that incorporate the Phase 3 configuration already meet the build standard defined by PW SB PW4ENG 72-514.

Minimum Build Standard for Engines Installed on Boeing and Airbus Airplanes

(m) For engines inducted into the shop after July 7, 2003 for Boeing 747 and 767 airplanes; and after the effective date of this AD for Airbus airplanes:

(1) Any Segmented Case Configuration (SCC) HPC module that is disassembled to a level that fully separates the HPC rear case assembly at H flange from the HPC module may not be returned to service unless the RCC rear HPC is incorporated in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003, for engines installed on Boeing airplanes; or PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003, for engines installed on Airbus airplanes.

(2) Any engine with a SCC HPC module that is not disassembled in accordance with paragraph (m)(1) of this AD, must meet the following minimum build standard:

(i) Do not install an engine with SCC HPC and HPT modules where the CSO of the HPC is 1,500 cycles or more than the CSN or CSO of the HPT.

(ii) Any engine that undergoes separation of the SCC HPC and HPT modules must not be installed on an airplane unless it meets the build standard defined by PW SB PW4ENG 72-514. Engines that incorporate the Phase 3 configuration meet the build standard defined by PW SB PW4ENG 72-514.

Stability Testing Requirements for Engines To Be Installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Airplanes

(n) For engines to be installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes, after the effective date of this AD, Testing-21 must be performed in accordance with paragraph (i) of this AD, before an engine can be returned to service after having undergone maintenance in the shop, except under any of the following conditions:

(1) The engine HPC was overhauled, or replaced with an overhauled HPC with zero cycles since overhaul; or the engine HPC was replaced with an HPC that is new from production with no time in service, or

(2) Engine maintenance intended to maintain the airworthiness of the engine between planned shop visits, that requires separation of a major engine flange located between “A” flange and “T” flange, that results in the engine being reassembled with all gas path-related components remaining in the as-removed condition, or

(3) Engines with an HPC having zero CSN or CSO, or engines that successfully passed Testing-21 with zero CST; and are split at Flange E for transportation reasons as specified in the applicable Storage/Transport section of the applicable Engine Manual.

Stability Testing Requirements for Engines To Be Installed on Boeing or Airbus Airplanes

(o) For engines to be installed on Boeing 767, 747, or Airbus A300, or A310 airplanes, after the effective date of this AD, Testing-21 must be performed in accordance with paragraph (j) of this AD, before an engine can be returned to service after having undergone maintenance in the shop, except under any of the following conditions:

(1) Engine HPC has incorporated the RCC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003, for engines installed on Boeing airplanes; or PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003; or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003; for engines installed on Airbus airplanes. Incorporation of any of these SBs changes the engine configuration to Configuration I; or

(2) Engine maintenance intended to maintain the airworthiness of the engine between planned shop visits, that requires separation of a major engine flange located between “A” flange and “T” flange, that results in the engine being reassembled with all gas path-related components remaining in the as-removed condition; or

(3) Engines that successfully passed Testing-21 with zero CST, and are split at Flange E for transportation reasons as specified in the applicable Storage/Transport section of the applicable EM.

Thrust Rating Changes, Installation Changes, and Engine Transfers for Non-Configuration I Engines

(p) When a thrust rating change has been made by using the Electronic Engine Control (EEC) programming plug, or an installation change has been made during an HPC overhaul, use the lowest cyclic limit of Table 3 or Table 4 of this AD, associated with any engine thrust rating change or with any installation change made during this period. See paragraph (v)(2) for definition of HPC overhaul period.

(q) When a PW4158 engine is transferred to another PW4158 engine operator whose engine fleet has a different category, use the lowest cyclic limit in Table 4 of this AD that was used or will be used during the affected HPC overhaul period.

(r) When a PW4158 engine operator whose engine fleet changes category in accordance with paragraph (h) of this AD, use the lowest cyclic limits in Table 4 of this AD that were used or will be used during the affected HPC overhaul period.

(s) Engines with an HPC having zero CSN or CSO at the time of thrust rating change, or installation change, or engine transfer between PW4158 engine operators, or subsequent change in operator engine fleet category in accordance with paragraph (h) of this AD in the direction of lower to higher Table 4 limits of this AD, are exempt from the lowest cyclic limit requirement in paragraphs (p), (q), and (r) of this AD.

Engines That Surge

(t) For engines that experience a surge, and after troubleshooting procedures are completed for airplane-level surge during forward or reverse thrust, do the following:

(1) For engines that experience a Group 3 takeoff surge, remove the engine from service before further flight and

(i) For engines that will be installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes, perform an HPC overhaul; or

(ii) For engines that will be installed on Boeing 747 or 767 airplanes, incorporate the RRC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003; or

(iii) For engines that will be installed on Airbus A300 or A310 airplanes, incorporate the RRC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003.

(2) For any engine that experiences a forward or reverse thrust surge at EPR's greater than 1.25 that is not a Group 3 takeoff surge, do the following:

(i) For Configuration A, B, C, D, F, G, and H engines, remove engine from service within 25 CIS or before further flight if airplane-level troubleshooting procedures Start Printed Page 43039require immediate engine removal, and perform Testing-21 in accordance with paragraph (i) or (j) of this AD, as applicable.

(ii) For Configuration E engines, remove engine from service within 25 CIS or before further flight if airplane-level troubleshooting procedures require immediate engine removal.

(3) Paragraphs (t)(1) and (t)(2) of this AD are not applicable to engines that incorporate the RCC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003; or PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003; or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003.

Terminating Action for Boeing and Airbus Airplanes

(u) For Boeing and Airbus operators with PW4000 engines installed on Boeing 747, 767, or Airbus A300 or A310 airplanes, modify the engine HPC assembly by incorporating the RCC rear HPC in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003, for engines installed on Boeing airplanes; or PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003, for engines installed on Airbus airplanes, as follows:

(1) For engines installed on Boeing 767 airplanes, manage the engine configuration installed on the airplanes in your fleet as follows:

(i) By May 31, 2006 and thereafter, ensure that at least one Configuration I engine is installed on the airplane.

(ii) After May 31, 2006, the non-Configuration I engine (SCC HPC module) installed on the airplane must have incorporated the Haynes material in the HPC inner case rear hook during the original engine build or during an HPC overhaul in accordance with PW4ENG 72-714, dated June 27, 2000; or Revision 1, dated November 8, 2001; or Revision 2, dated February 28, 2003; or SB PW4ENG 72-749, dated June 17, 2002; or Revision 1, dated January 8, 2003; or Chromalloy Florida Repair procedure 00CFL-039-0, dated December 27, 2000.

(2) For engines installed on Boeing 747 airplanes, manage the engine configuration installed on the airplanes in your fleet as follows:

(i) By January 31, 2007 and thereafter, ensure that no more than one non-Configuration I engine is installed on the airplane.

(ii) After January 31, 2007, the non-Configuration I engine (SCC HPC module) installed on the airplane must have incorporated the Haynes-material in the HPC inner case rear hook during the original build or during an HPC overhaul in accordance with SB PW4ENG 72-714, dated June 27, 2000; or Revision 1, dated November 8, 2001; or Revision 2, dated February 28, 2003; or SB PW4ENG 72-749, dated June 17, 2002; or Revision 1, dated January 8, 2003; or Chromalloy Florida Repair procedure 00CFL-039-0, dated December 27, 2000.

(3) For engines installed on Airbus A300 or A310 airplanes, manage the engine configuration installed on the airplanes in your fleet as follows:

(i) By August 31, 2006 and thereafter, ensure that at least one Configuration I engine is installed on the airplane.

(ii) After August 31, 2007, the non-Configuration I engine installed on the airplane must have incorporated the Haynes-material in the HPC inner case rear hook during the original build or during an HPC overhaul in accordance with SB PW4ENG 72-714, dated June 27, 2000; or Revision 1, dated November 8, 2001; or Revision 2, dated February 28, 2003; or SB PW4ENG 72-749, dated June 17, 2002; or Revision 1, dated January 8, 2003; or Chromalloy Florida Repair procedure 00CFL-039-0, dated December 27, 2000.

(4) Prior to June 30, 2009, or whenever the HPC module is disassembled to a level that fully separates the HPC rear case assembly at H flange from the HPC module, whichever occurs first, incorporate the RCC rear HPC as follows:

(i) For engines that will be installed on Boeing airplanes, inaccordance with PW SB PW4ENG 72-755, Revision 2, dated May 23, 2003; or

(ii) For engines that will be installed on Airbus airplanes, in accordance with PW SB PW4ENG72-756, dated July 7, 2003, or PW SB PW4ENG72-759, dated July 7, 2003.

(iii) Engines incorporating the RCC rear HPC are Configuration I engines. See paragraph (v)(7) of this AD for definition of HPC rear case assembly.

(5) Incorporation of the RCC rear HPC constitutes terminating action to the Testing-21 requirements as specified in paragraph (o) of this AD, and engine stagger limit requirements as specified in paragraphs (c), (d), (e) and (g) of this AD for engines installed on Boeing or Airbus airplanes.

Note 2:

Terminating action to this AD for engines installed on McDonnell Douglas MD-11 airplanes is pending RCC rear HPC certification to 14 CFR part 25. Once approved, this AD will be superseded to add terminating action requirements for the McDonnell Douglas fleet.

Definitions

(v) For the purposes of this AD, the following definitions apply:

(1) An HPC overhaul is defined as restoration of the HPC stages 5 through 15 blade tip clearances to the limits specified in the applicable fits and clearances section of the engine manual.

(2) An HPC overhaul period is defined as the time period between HPC overhauls.

(3) An HPT overhaul is defined as restoration of the HPT stage 1 and 2 blade tip clearances to the limits specified in the applicable fits and clearances section of the engine manual.

(4) A Phase 3 engine is identified by a (−3) suffix after the engine model number on the data plate if incorporated at original manufacture, or a “CN” suffix after the engine serial number if the engine was converted using PW SBs PW4ENG 72-490, PW4ENG 72-504, or PW4ENG 72-572 after original manufacture.

(5) A Group 3 takeoff surge is defined as the occurrence of any of the following engine symptoms that usually occur in combination during an attempted airplane takeoff operation (either at reduced, derated or full rated takeoff power setting) after takeoff power set, which can be attributed to no specific and correctable fault condition after completing airplane-level surge during forward thrust troubleshooting procedures:

(i) Engine noises, including rumblings and loud “bang(s).”

(ii) Unstable engine parameters (EPR, N1, N2, and fuel flow) at a fixed thrust setting.

(iii) Exhaust gas temperature (EGT) increase.

(iv) Flames from the inlet, the exhaust, or both.

(6) Takeoff EPR data is defined as Maximum Takeoff EPR if takeoff with Takeoff-Go-Around (TOGA) is selected, or Flex Takeoff EPR if takeoff with Flex Takeoff (FLXTO) is selected. Maximum Takeoff EPR or Flex Takeoff EPR may be recorded using any of the following methods:

(i) Manually recorded by the flight crew read from the Takeoff EPR power management table during flight preparation (see Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) chapter 5.02.00 and 6.02.01, or Flight Crew Operation Manual (FCOM) chapter 2.09.20) and then adjusted by adding 0.010 to the EPR value recorded; or

(ii) Automatically recorded during Takeoff at 0.18 Mach Number (Mn) (between 0.15 and 0.20 Mn is acceptable) using an aircraft automatic data recording system and then adjusted by subtracting 0.010 from the EPR value recorded; or

(iii) Automatically recorded during takeoff at maximum EGT, which typically occurs at 0.25-0.30 Mn, using an aircraft automatic data recording system.

(7) HPC rear case assembly is defined as the HPC rear case with heat shields and other minor detail parts installed within the HPC rear case, but not including the HPC rear segmented stators.

Alternative Methods of Compliance

(w) An alternative method of compliance or adjustment of the compliance time that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used if approved by the Manager, Engine Certification Office (ECO). Operators must submit their request through an appropriate FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Manager, ECO.

Note 3:

Information concerning the existence of approved alternative methods of compliance with this AD, if any, may be obtained from the ECO.

Special Flight Permits

(x) Special flight permits may be issued in accordance with §§ 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate the airplane to a location where the requirements of this AD can be done.

Testing-21 Reports

(y) Within 60 days of test date, report the results of the cool-engine fuel spike stability assessment tests (Testing-21) and on-wing Testing-21 to the ANE-142 Branch Manager, Engine Certification Office, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299, or by electronic mail to 9-ane-surge-ad-Start Printed Page 43040reporting@faa.gov. Reporting requirements have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget and assigned OMB control number 2120-0056. Be sure to include the following information:

(1) Engine serial number.

(2) Engine configuration designation per Table 1 of this AD.

(3) Date of the cool-engine fuel spike stability test or on-wing Testing-21, as applicable.

(4) HPC Serial Number, and HPC time and cycles-since-new and since-compressor-overhaul at the time of the test.

(5) Results of the test (Pass or Fail).

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 14, 2003.

Jay J. Pardee,

Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Part End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 03-18244 Filed 7-18-03; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P