Federal Communications Commission.
In this document the Commission affirms the technical rules and procedures dealing with sharing of Start Printed Page 43943spectrum between Multichannel Video Distribution and Data Service (MVDDS) and Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) and Non-geostationary (NGSO) fixed satellite service (FSS) in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band that the Commission adopted in the Memorandum Opinion and Order and Second Report and Order (Second R&O). The Commission also affirms the dismissal of the pending license applications to provide terrestrial service in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band. The Commission takes these actions in the course of addressing the petitions for reconsideration that were filed in response to the Second R&O in this proceeding. The Commission amends or clarifies certain rule sections, but otherwise denies the petitions for reconsideration. The adoption of the amended rules and the disposition of the petitions for reconsideration will facilitate initiation of MVDDS in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band.
Effective August 25, 2003, except § 25.146 which contains information collection requirements that have not been approved by OMB. The Federal Communications Commission will publish a document in the Federal Register announcing the effective date. Written comments on the new and/or modified information collection(s) must be submitted by the public, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and other interested parties on or before September 23, 2003.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Gary Thayer, Office of Engineering and Technology, (202) 418-2290, TTY (202) 418-2989, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Jennifer Burton, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, (202) 418-7581, TTY (202) 418-7581, e-mail email@example.com. For additional information concerning the information collections contained in this document, contact Les Smith at (202) 418-0217, or via the Internet at Leslie.Smith@fcc.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This is a summary of the Commission's Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, ET Docket No. 98-206, FCC 03-97, adopted April 22, 2003, and released April 29, 2003. The full text of this Commission decision is available on the Commission's Internet site at http://www.fcc.gov. It is available for inspection and copying during normal business hours in the FCC Reference Information Center, Room CY-A257, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this document also may be purchased from the Commission's copy contractor, Qualex International, 445 12th Street, SW., Room, CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554. Alternative formats are available to persons with disabilities by contacting Brian Millin at (202) 418-7426 or TTY (202) 418-7365. File comments with the Office of the Secretary, a copy of any comments on the information collection contained herein should be submitted to Les Smith, Federal Communications Commission, Room 1-A804, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554 or via the Internet to Leslie.Smith@fcc.gov, and to Kim A. Johnson, OMB Desk Officer, Room 10236 NEOB, 725 17th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20503 or via the Internet to Kim A.Johnson@omb.eop.gov.
Summary of the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order
1. DBS Issues. In this Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order (Fourth MO&O), the Commission affirms that the four regional EPFD limits and the 14 dBm EIRP limit adopted for MVDDS operation constitute objective standards that will prevent harmful interference to DBS as defined by § 2.1 of the Commission's rules and will provide certainty that, along with other reasonable procedures that were adopted, can be discerned and relied upon by DBS operators. The Commission declines to adopt higher EIRP and EPFD limits for rural areas because the adopted standards are sufficiently conservative to protect DBS in general application while preserving the flexibility for each MVDDS provider to make its own business decisions about what type of transmission system best suits its needs.
2. The Commission affirms that the rules and procedures adopted in the Second R&O, (ET Docket No. 98-206), 67 FR 43031, June 26, 2002 comply with the legislative history and provisions of the Rural Local Broadcast Signal Act (RLBSA) and the Satellite Home Viewer Protection Act (SHVIA)  that prohibit harmful interference to DBS. The Commission finds that, under the powers granted by the Communications Act, it was proper to define interference standards in terms of EPFD and EIRP limits on MVDDS that it concluded would prevent harmful interference to DBS. The Commission further finds that the adoption of these standards complies with the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) because they were developed through the usual notice and comment rule making process.
3. The Commission affirms that the rules and procedures adopted in the Second R&O do not violate other Commission rules or international radio regulations, and are consistent with the regulatory history of DBS and FS allocations in the 12 GHz band because MVDDS, unlike previous FS operations, is designed to coexist with DBS and because the adopted rules and procedures will prevent harmful interference to DBS.
4. The Commission affirms the self-mitigation responsibilities adopted in the Second R&O for new DBS receivers and finds that they are consistent with the primary status of DBS because, due to their modest, effective and infrequently required nature, they strike an appropriate public interest balance that will result in more efficient spectrum utilization and will facilitate compliance with the non-harmful interference provisions of the statutes while allowing initiation of a new service.
5. The Commission finds that adequate notice was given for the computer model used to derive the EPFD limits on MVDDS, and that the various inputs for this model—including using a 10% increase in DBS unavailability as a starting point rather than as a hard limit, the “double averaging” of EPFDs, and the decision not to include “wing satellites”—are reasonable and supported by the evidence of record particularly in light of the deficiencies or impracticalities involved in other models that were considered.
6. The Commission affirms that the “safety valve” rule, as written, is sufficiently specific and is a useful tool to ensure that MVDDS operations fully protect DBS. Consistent with past practice, the Commission notes that in many cases it has provided opportunities for licensees to petition for adjustments to rules (outside the waiver process) without specifying in exacting detail how such a filing should be made.
7. The Commission affirms its decision to require that MVDDS conduct a site survey as specified in § 101.1440(b) of the Commission's rules and finds that, in conjunction with other adopted procedures, it has provided sufficient detail and specificity—similar in nature to the broad good-faith-based guidelines that have proven to be both workable and beneficial in other proceedings—that the Commission concludes will protect DBS customers in this proceeding. Start Printed Page 43944
8. The Commission affirms the 45-day DBS response time specified in § 101.1440(d)(2) of the Commission's rules, because it provides a reasonable balance between the needs of DBS licensees to ensure protection of their customers before MVDDS begins operation while affording MVDDS licensees the ability to initiate service on a reasonably expeditious basis. Further, the Commission concludes that DBS customers are protected once MVDDS begins operation because the MVDDS provider must correct interference or cease operation if it causes harmful interference to or exceeds the permitted EPFD limits to a DBS customer of record.
9. The Commission amends § 101.1440(e) of the rules to clarify the responsibility of DBS licensees in regard to future DBS receive antenna installations. The Commission recognizes that § 101.1440(e) of the rules adopted in the Second R&O appears to require a DBS licensee to oversee all future DBS receive antenna installations, which they currently may not do. It was not intent of the Commission to alter these arrangements. Rather, the Commission only expects a DBS licensee to provide information that they deem necessary so that other entities installing DBS receive antennas may take into account the presence of MVDDS operations. Typically, this information could be conveyed with installation guidelines for DBS equipment.
10. The Commission amends § 101.1440(d)(2) of the rules to allow DBS providers to identify—instead of all DBS customers of record—only those new DBS customers of record that they believe would receive harmful interference from the proposed MVDDS transmitter during the 30-day period specified in the rule. The Commission takes this action to address petitioners' concern regarding the possible uses to which other parties could put such information.
11. The Commission declines to adopt a methodology for measuring EPFD values in the field because any measurement techniques that might be described would artificially limit the flexibility of the licensees to perform these measurements, and could seemingly prohibit the use of a technique that is satisfactory for this purpose.
12. Concerning dispute resolution procedures, the Commission clarifies that an MVDDS transmitter can be turned on after expiration of the 90-day period specified in § 101.1440 of the rules. The Commission believes that the adopted EPFD contour methodology will reduce disputes to a minimum, and this time frame will ensure that licensees participate in conflict resolution in good faith.
13. The Commission affirms its decision to dismiss the pending applications of Broadwave Network, LLC (Northpoint), PDC Broadband Corporation (Pegasus), and Satellite Receivers, Ltd. (SRL) because the original Ku-band Cut-Off Notice did not provide adequate notice for all entities interested in filing applications for licenses to provide terrestrial services in the 12 GHz band. The Commission further finds that its decision to dismiss the pending applications is consistent with the LOCAL TV Act because there is no evidence that Congress explicitly ordered the Commission to limit terrestrial applications in this band to those already on file and validated by independent testing.
14. The Commission finds that the rules and procedures adopted in the Second R&O do not violate the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) because the decisions were fully explained and rationally based upon all the information in the record and, therefore, are not arbitrary, capricious or contrary to law.
15. The Commission finds that the adoption of the Second R&O did not violate the provisions of the Government in the Sunshine Act (Sunshine Act) because the item was not adopted at an open meeting as defined by the Act and that, therefore, the Sunshine Act is not applicable.
16. The Commission dismisses, as repetitious, the petitions for reconsideration to the extent that they challenge the underlying decision in the First Report and Order, 66 FR 10601, February 16, 2001, and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 66 FR 7607, January 24, 2001, in this proceeding to authorize MVDDS in the 12 GHz band, and to the extent they challenge the determination made in the memorandum opinion and order portion of the Second R&O that MVDDS is authorized on a primary, rather than secondary, non-harmful interference basis as to DBS.
17. The Commission denies as not ripe, because it relies upon purely speculative conjecture, a petition for reconsideration that asserts that DBS providers might at some time in the future suffer a “regulatory taking” as the result of being required to increase satellite power to overcome MVDDS interference.
18. NGSO FSS Issues. The Commission affirms the −135 dBW/m2/4kHz PFD limit at 3 km, and the 10 km separation rules for MVDDS because they provide reasonable interference protection to NGSO FSS and strike a reasonable balance between affording the first in service provider with easier and better use of the band while not unduly precluding deployment by the later-in provider. The Commission affirms its finding that an alternate NGSO FSS protection scheme proposed by one petitioner is unduly complex and provides no benefit over the adopted limits.
19. The Commission amends § 25.139(a) to reflect that the information NGSO FSS licensees are required to provide MVDDS should be construed narrowly and that only information necessary to achieve the required 10 km separation under § 25.139(b) needs to be provided.
20. The Commission clarifies the NGSO FSS low-angle PFD limit of § 25.208(o) for MVDDS protection. The limit will be treated in a manner consistent with the rules for NGSO FSS and BSS sharing where validation (i.e., “hard limit”) and operational (i.e., can be exceeded so long as they are not exceeded into an operational receiver) EPFD limits were adopted. The low-angle PFD limit adopted by the Commission in the Second R&O for MVDDS protection is therefore intended to be an operational limit which means that it does not need to be met in all cases so long as it is not exceeded into an operational MVDDS receiver. To clarify this intent, the Commission modifies § 25.146 to add paragraph (g) to specify that the required technical showing shall demonstrate the NGSO FSS system is capable of meeting the limits specified in § 25.208(o). The Commission also amends § 25.208(o) to require that the specified power flux density shall not be exceeded into an operational MVDDS receiver.
21. The Commission clarifies the MVDDS emission mask by amending the footnote immediately after the definition of “B” in § 101.111(a)(2)(i) to add the proviso that the emission mask only applies at the 12.2-12.7 GHz band edges and does not restrict MVDDS channelization bandwidths within the band.
22. Paperwork Reduction Act Analysis: This Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order contains a new or modified information collections. This Commission, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork burdens, invites the general public and the Office of Management and Budget to comment on the information collections contained in the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Start Printed Page 43945Public Law 104-13. Public and agency comments are due September 23, 2003.
Final Regulatory Flexibility Certification
23. The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended (RFA), requires that a regulatory flexibility analysis be prepared for notice-and-comment rule making proceedings, unless the agency certifies that “the rule will not, if promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.”  The RFA generally defines the term “small entity” as having the same meaning as the terms “small business,” “small organization,” and “small governmental jurisdiction.”  In addition, the term “small business” has the same meaning as the term “small business concern” under the Small Business Act. A “small business concern” is one which: (1) Is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and (3) satisfies any additional criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA).
24. Under the amended rules adopted in the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, DBS licensees are required to provide the MVDDS licensee with a list of only those new DBS customer locations that have been installed in the 30-day period following the MVDDS notification and that the DBS licensee believes may receive harmful interference or where the prescribed equivalent power flux density (EPFD) limits may be exceeded. This requirement is less burdensome than the rule adopted in the Second R&O  that required disclosure of all DBS customer locations under similar circumstances. Furthermore, under the amended rules, DBS licensees are required to provide merely the information deemed necessary by DBS licensees to enable others to take into account the presence of MVDDS transmitters. This requirement is less burdensome than the rule adopted in the Second R&O that imposed direct responsibility on DBS licensees for proper siting of future DBS receivers to take into account the presence of MVDDS.
25. Licensees of NGSO FSS systems are required to submit, ninety days prior to the initiation of service to the public, a technical showing that demonstrates that they are capable of meeting low-angle radiation limits specified in § 25.208(o) of the Commission's rules for the 12.2-12.7 GHz band. Finally, licensees of NGSO FSS systems are required under the amended rules to ensure that the PFD limit is not exceeded into an operational MVDDS receiver. Taken together, these requirements are less burdensome than those adopted in the Second R&O because they merely require a showing that the NGSO FSS system is capable of meeting (instead of demonstrating the system has factually met) the specified technical limits, and because the PFD limit need only be met into operational, rather than all, MVDDS receivers.
26. These changes are deregulatory because they lessen compliance requirements. Therefore, we certify that the requirements of the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
27. The Commission will send a copy of the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order, including a copy of this Final Regulatory Flexibility Certification, in a report to Congress pursuant to the Congressional Review Act. In addition, the Fourth Memorandum Opinion and Order and this final certification will be sent to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the SBA.
28. Pursuant to sections 4(i), 302, 303(e) 303(f), 303(g), 303(r) and 405 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 154(i), 302, 303(e), 303(f), 303(g) and 405, the petitions for reconsideration filed by Pegasus Broadband Corporation, MDS America, Inc., EchoStar Satellite Corporation and DIRECTV, Inc., SkyBridge L.L.C., SES Americom, Inc., and Satellite Broadcasting and Communications Association Are denied.
29. Parts 25 and 101 of the Commission's rules are amended as specified in the rule changes, effective August 25, 2003, except § 25.146 which contains information collection requirements which have not been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (“OMB”). The Commission will publish a document in the Federal Register announcing the effective date. This action is taken pursuant to sections 4(i), 303(c), 303(f), 303(g) 303(r) and 309(j) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 154(i), 303(c), 303(f), 303(g), 303(r) and 309(j).
30. It is further ordered that the proceeding in ET Docket No. 98-206 is terminated.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects
- Communications common carriers
- Communications equipment
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- and Telecommunications
End List of Subjects Start Signature
Federal Communications Commission.
William F. Caton,
Final RulesStart Amendment Part
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amendsEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 25—SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 25 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 25.139 is amended by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) NGSO FSS licensees shall maintain a subscriber database in a format that can be readily shared with MVDDS licensees for the purpose of determining compliance with the MVDDS transmitting antenna spacing requirement relating to qualifying existing NGSO FSS subscriber receivers set forth in § 101.129 of this chapter. This information shall not be used for purposes other than set forth in § 101.129 of this chapter. Only sufficient information to determine compliance with § 101.129 of this chapter is required.
3. Section 25.146 is amended by redesignating paragraphs (g) through (m) as paragraphs (h) through (n) and by adding a new paragraph (g) to read as follows.End Amendment Part
(g) Operational power flux density, space-to-Earth direction, limits. Ninety days prior to the initiation of service to the public, the NGSO FSS system licensee shall submit a technical showing for the NGSO FSS system in the band 12.2-12.7 GHz. The technical information shall demonstrate that the NGSO FSS system is capable of meeting the limits as specified in § 25.208(o). Licensees may not provide service to the public if they fail to demonstrate compliance with the PFD limits.
4. In § 25.208, paragraph (n), which was added atEnd Amendment Part
(o) In the band 12.2-12.7 GHz, for NGSO FSS space stations, the specified low-angle power flux-density at the Earth's surface produced by emissions from a space station shall not be exceeded into an operational MVDDS receiver:
(1) 158 dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival between 0 and 2 degrees above the horizontal plane; and
(2) 158 + 3.33(δ − 2) dB(W/m2) in any 4 kHz band for angles of arrival (δ) (in degrees) between 2 and 5 degrees above the horizontal plane.
Note to paragraph (o):
These limits relate to the power flux density, which would be obtained under assumed free-space propagation conditions.
PART 101—FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
5. The authority citation for part 101 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
6. Section 101.111 is amended by revising paragraph (a)(2)(i) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) * * *
(2) * * *
(i) For operating frequencies below 15 GHz, in any 4 KHz band, the center frequency of which is removed from the assigned frequency by more than 50 percent up to and including 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: As specified by the following equation but in no event less than 50 decibels:
A = 35 + 0.8(P − 50) + 10 Log10 B. (Attenuation greater than 80 decibels is not required.)
A = Attenuation (in decibels) below the mean output power level.
P = Percent removed from the carrier frequency.
B = Authorized bandwidth in MHz. MVDDS operations in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band shall use 24 megahertz for the value of B in the emission mask equation set forth in this section. MVDDS operations in the 12.2-12.7 GHz bands shall use 24 megahertz for the value of B in the emission mask equation set forth in this section. The emission mask limitation shall only apply at the 12.2-12.7 GHz band edges and does not restrict MVDDS channelization bandwidth within the band.
8. Section 101.1440 is amended by revising paragraph (d)(2) and (e) to read as follows.End Amendment Part
(d) * * *
(2) No later than forty-five days after receipt of the MVDDS system information in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the DBS licensee(s) shall provide the MVDDS licensee with a list of only those new DBS customer locations that have been installed in the 30-day period following the MVDDS notification and that the DBS licensee believes may receive harmful interference or where the prescribed EPFD limits may be exceeded. In addition, the DBS licensee(s) could indicate agreement with the MVDDS licensee's technical assessment, or identify DBS customer locations that the MVDDS licensee failed to consider or DBS customer locations where they believe the MVDDS licensee erred in its analysis and could exceed the prescribed EPFD limit.
(e) Beginning thirty days after the DBS licensees are notified of a potential MVDDS site in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the DBS licensees are responsible for providing information they deem necessary for those entities who install all future DBS receive antennas on its system to take into account the presence of MVDDS operations so that these DBS receive antennas can be located in such a way as to avoid the MVDDS signal. These later installed DBS receive antennas shall have no further rights of complaint against the notified MVDDS transmitting antenna(s).
1. Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act Of 1999 (SHVIA)/Rural Local Broadcast Signal Act (RLBSA). See Public Law 106-113, 113 STAT. 1501, 1501A-544 TO 101A-545, Act of Nov. 29, 1999 (enacting S.1948, including the SHVIA and RLBSA. Titles I and II of the Intellectual Property and Communications Omnibus Reform Act of 1999).Back to Citation
5. 5 U.S.C. 601(3) (incorporating by reference the definition of “small-business concern” in the Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 632). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 601(3), the statutory definition of a small business applies “unless an agency, after consultation with the Office of Advocacy of the Small Business Administration and after opportunity for public comment, establishes one or more definitions of such term which are appropriate to the activities of the agency and publishes such definition(s) in the Federal Register.”Back to Citation
7. Second R&O, 17 FCC Rcd 9614 (2002).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 03-19090 Filed 7-24-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6712-01-P