Skip to Content

Rule

Terrorism Risk Insurance Program

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Departmental Offices, Treasury.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This final rule modifies the current regulatory definition of “direct earned premium” in the regulations under Title I of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (Act). The Act established a temporary Terrorism Risk Insurance Program (Program) under which the Federal Government will share the risk of insured losses from certified acts of terrorism with commercial property and casualty insurers until the Program sunsets on December 31, 2005. The Department of the Treasury (Treasury) is responsible for implementing the Act. This final rule clarifies the current regulatory definition of “direct earned premium” to parallel the definition of “direct earned premium” in section 102(4) of the Act.

DATES:

This final rule is effective August 13, 2003.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Mario Ugoletti, Deputy Director, Office of Financial Institutions Policy (202) 622-2730, Martha Ellett or Cynthia Reese, Attorney-Advisors, Office of the Assistant General Counsel (Banking & Finance), (202) 622-0480, or C. Christopher Ledoux, Senior Attorney, Terrorism Risk Insurance Program (202) 622-6770 (not toll-free numbers).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On July 11, 2003, Treasury published a final rule containing definitions and other general provisions under the Act (68 FR 41250, July 11, 2003) (the July final rule). Treasury is now making a clarifying revision to the definition of “direct earned premium” in the July final rule to ensure that the rule parallels the definition in section 102(4) of the Act.

Under section 102(6) of the Act, an “insurer” calculates its “insurer deductible” based on the insurer's “direct earned premium.” Except in the case of new insurers, an “insurer deductible” is an insurer's direct earned premiums over the preceding calendar year, multiplied by a percentage specified in the Act for that year. If a certified act of terrorism occurs, an insurer would only be entitled to federal payment under the Program if the insurer's insured losses exceed its insurer deductible and other required conditions are met.

Section 102(4) of the Act defines the term “direct earned premium” as “a direct earned premium for property and casualty insurance issued by any insurer for insurance against losses occurring at the locations described” in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act (emphasis added). These cross-referenced locations appear within the definition of “insured loss.” The locations are (1) “within the United States,” (2) “to an air carrier” (as defined), (3) “to a United States flag vessel (or a vessel based principally in the United States, on which United States income tax is paid and whose insurance coverage is subject to regulation in the United States),” and (4) “at the premises of any United States mission.” Therefore, there is a relationship between the locations contained in the definition of “insured loss” and the scope of the definition of “direct earned premium,” since both make reference to the same specified locations.

The July final rule was preceded by an interim final rule that requested public comments (68 FR 9804, February 28, 2003). No comments were received on the interim final rule concerning the relationship of the terms “insured loss” and “direct earned premium.” Upon further review, Treasury notes that the current regulatory definition of “direct earned premium” in the July final rule could be interpreted as inconsistent with the statutory definition of “direct earned premium.” This is because the Start Printed Page 48281regulatory definition “direct earned premium” includes an abbreviated reference to “insured losses” under the Program. Treasury's intent was to reflect the statutory definition, including the specified locations, as described above. An unintended consequence of the current text of the regulatory definition of direct earned premium is that it might be read to narrow the statutory definition of “direct earned premium” to refer only to direct earned premiums for losses resulting from acts of terrorism rather than direct earned premiums on all commercial property and casualty insurance covering all risks within the specified locations.

After further review of the definition in the July final rule, Treasury is by this final rule revising the regulatory definition of “direct earned premium” in section 50.5(d) to ensure that it parallels the definition in the Act. Treasury is also revising the related provisions in the definition of direct earned premium for State licensed or admitted insurers that report to the NAIC and certain eligible surplus line carrier insurers. (Although there are no changes to some of these provisions, paragraphs (d)(1) and (d)(3) of section 50.5(d) are being set out in their entirety for ease of reading and understanding.) The effect of these changes to the current regulatory text is to clarify that direct earned premium, as provided in the Act, consists of direct earned premium for all commercial property and casualty insurance (as that term is used in the Act and Treasury's regulations) issued by an insurer for insurance against losses at the specified locations. Consistent with the preamble discussion in the July final rule, premiums for retroactive insurance may continue to be excluded by an insurer if they are associated with losses that occurred prior to the date of enactment of the Act (November 26, 2002). An insurer receiving premiums for retroactive insurance associated with losses that occurred prior to November 26, 2002 may continue to follow the guidelines in section 50.5(d)(1) for the purposes of calculating the appropriate measure of direct earned premium.

Procedural Requirements

The Act established a Program to provide for loss sharing payments by the Federal Government for insured losses resulting from certified acts of terrorism. The Act became effective immediately upon the date of enactment (November 26, 2002). Treasury has issued and will be issuing additional regulations to implement the Program. This final regulation merely clarifies the current regulatory definition of “direct earned premium” to parallel the definition in the Act. Since no one can predict if, or when, an act of terrorism may occur, there is a clear need for Treasury to modify the previously issued final rule to clarify the definition and avoid any possible reading that it is narrower than the definition in the Act. Moreover, the definition in the Act is unambiguous and the regulatory change merely clarifies the current regulatory definition to parallel the definition in the Act.

For these reasons, Treasury has determined that notice and public procedure are unnecessary and contrary to the public interest, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). For the same reasons, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), Treasury has determined that there is good cause for this final rule to become effective immediately upon publication.

This final rule is not a significant regulatory action for purposes of Executive Order 12866. Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) do not apply. However, the Act and the Program are intended to provide benefits to the U.S. economy and all businesses, including small businesses, by providing a federal reinsurance backstop to commercial property and casualty insurance policyholders and spreading the risk of insured loss resulting from an act of terrorism.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 50

End List of Subjects

Authority and Issuance

Start Amendment Part

For the reasons set forth above,

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 50—TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE PROGRAM

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 50 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 31 U.S.C. 321; Title I, Pub. L. 107-297, 116 Stat. 2322 (15 U.S.C. 6701 note).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Section 50.5(d) introductory text is revised, and (d)(1) and (d)(3) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Definitions.
* * * * *

(d) Direct earned premium means a direct earned premium for all commercial property and casualty insurance issued by any insurer for insurance against all losses, including losses from an act of terrorism, occurring at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act.

(1) State licensed or admitted insurers. For a State licensed or admitted insurer that reports to the NAIC, direct earned premium is the premium information for commercial property and casualty insurance coverage reported by the insurer on column 2 of the NAIC Exhibit of Premiums and Losses of the NAIC Annual Statement (commonly known as Statutory Page 14). (See definition of property and casualty insurance.)

(i) Premium information as reported to the NAIC should be included in the calculation of direct earned premiums for purposes of the Program only to the extent of commercial property and casualty coverage issued by the insurer against losses occurring at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act.

(ii) Premiums for personal property and casualty insurance coverage (coverage primarily designed to cover personal, family or household risk exposures, with the exception of coverage written to insure 1 to 4 family rental dwellings owned for the business purpose of generating income for the property owner), or premiums for any other insurance coverage that does not meet the definition of commercial property and casualty insurance, should be excluded in the calculation of direct earned premiums for purposes of the Program.

(iii) Personal property and casualty insurance coverage that includes incidental coverage for commercial purposes is primarily personal coverage, and therefore premiums may be fully excluded by an insurer from the calculation of direct earned premium. For purposes of the Program, commercial coverage is incidental if less than 25 percent of the total direct earned premium is attributable to commercial coverage. Commercial property and casualty insurance coverage insuring against losses occurring at locations other than the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act, or other insurance coverage that does not meet the definition of commercial property and casualty insurance, but that includes incidental coverage for commercial property and casualty insurance insuring against losses occurring at such locations, is primarily non-Program coverage, and therefore premiums also may be fully excluded by an insurer from the calculation of direct earned premium. For purposes of the Program, commercial property and casualty insurance coverage insuring against losses at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act is incidental if less than 25 percent of the Start Printed Page 48282total direct earned premium is attributable to such coverage. For purposes of the Program, commercial coverage combined with coverages that otherwise do not meet the definition of commercial property and casualty insurance is incidental if less than 25 percent of the total direct earned premium is for such coverage.

(iv) If a property and casualty insurance policy covers both commercial and personal risk exposures, insurers may allocate the premiums in accordance with the proportion of risk between commercial and personal components in order to ascertain direct earned premium. If a policy includes insurance coverage that meets the definition of commercial property and casualty insurance for losses occurring at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act, but also includes other coverage, insurers may allocate the premiums in accordance with the proportion of risk attributable to the components, in order to ascertain direct earned premium.

* * * * *

(3) Certain eligible surplus line carrier insurers. An eligible surplus line carrier insurer listed on the NAIC Quarterly Listing of Alien Insurers must ascertain its direct earned premium as follows:

(i) For policies that were in-force as of November 26, 2002, or entered into prior to January 1, 2003, direct earned premiums are to be determined with reference to the definition of property and casualty insurance and the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act by allocating the appropriate portion of premium income for losses for property and casualty insurance at such locations. The same allocation methodologies contained within the NAIC's “Allocation of Surplus Lines and Independently Procured Insurance Premium Tax on Multi-State Risks Model Regulation” for allocating premium between coverage for property and casualty insurance for losses occurring at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act and all other coverage, to ascertain the appropriate percentage of premium income to be included in direct earned premium, may be used.

(ii) For policies issued after January 1, 2003, premium for insurance that meets the definition of property and casualty insurance for losses occurring at the locations described in section 102(5)(A) and (B) of the Act, must be priced separately by such eligible surplus line carriers.

* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: August 5, 2003.

Wayne A. Abernathy,

Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 03-20644 Filed 8-12-03; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4810-25-P