Forest Service, USDA.
Interim final rule; request for comment.
The Department is issuing an interim final rule to extend the transition period for site-specific project decisions in the Forest Service land and resource management planning regulations adopted November 9, 2000. Early in 2001, the Department determined that the November 2000 planning regulations needed to be revised, and a proposed planning rule was published on December 6, 2002, (67 FR 72770). An interim final rule at 36 CFR 219.35(b), published May 20, 2002, (67 FR 35431), already has extended the transition period for land and resource management plan amendments and revisions until the date of adoption of new planning regulations. This interim final rule at 36 CFR 219.35(d) provides the same extension of the transition period for site-specific projects. Comments are requested.
Effective Date: This interim final rule is effective September 10, 2003.
Comment Date: Comments must be received in writing by November 10, 2003.
Send written comments to: USDA FS Content Analysis Team, Attn: USDA FS Compliance Deadline, P.O. Box 7669, Missoula, MT 59807; by electronic mail to firstname.lastname@example.org; or by facsimile to Extension of Compliance Deadline at (406) 329-3021. The agency cannot confirm receipt of comments. If you intend to submit comments in batched e-mails from the same server, please be aware that electronic security safeguards on Forest Service and the Department of Agriculture computer systems intended to prevent commercial spamming may limit batched e-mail access. The Forest Service is interested in receiving all comments on this interim final rule, however, so please call (801) 517-1020 to facilitate transfer of comments in batched e-mail messages. Please note that all comments, including names and addresses when provided, will be placed in the record and will be available for public inspection and copying at the office of the Content Analysis Team, 200 East Broadway, Room 301, Missoula, MT. Individuals wishing to inspect the comments should call Shari Kappel at (406) 329-3022 to facilitate an appointment.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Dave Barone, Planning Specialist, Ecosystem Management Coordination Staff, Forest Service at (202) 205-1019.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:Start Printed Page 53295
On November 9, 2000, the Secretary of Agriculture adopted a final rule substantially revising the National Forest System land and resource management planning regulations at 36 CFR part 219 (65 FR 67514), which had been previously adopted in 1982 (47 FR 43026, September 30, 1982). These regulations, which implement the National Forest Management Act, apply to the development, revision, and amendment of land and resource management plans. The November 2000 planning rule also applies to site-specific project decisions. Section 219.35(d) of the 2000 planning rule requires all site-specific project decisions made by the responsible official as of November 9, 2003, to conform with the provisions of the 2000 planning rule at 36 CFR part 219.
Section 219.35 of the 2000 planning rule also provided for a transition from the 1982 planning rule to the 2000 planning rule.
Subsequent to the adoption of the 2000 planning rule, the Department determined in early 2001 that there were serious concerns regarding the agency's ability to implement the 2000 planning rule, such as the number of very detailed analytical requirements; the lack of clarity regarding many of the requirements; the lack of flexibility; and the lack of recognition of the limits of agency budgets and personnel. Therefore, on May 20, 2002, the Department issued an interim final rule at § 219.35(b) to delay mandatory compliance with the 2000 planning rule for land and resource management plan amendments and revisions until a new final planning rule is adopted (67 FR 35431); this delay would allow the agency time to propose and adopt revisions to the 2000 planning rule.
In the May 20, 2002, Federal Register notice, the Department also noted that concerns had been raised by field personnel that the reasons necessitating an extended transition to the November 2000 rule for forest plan amendments and revisions may apply equally, if not more, to the November 9, 2003, deadline for site-specific decisions to conform with part 219. At that time, the Department identified that it expected to address these concerns by removing the requirement or extending the original transition date for site-specific projects.
A proposed revision of the 2000 planning rule was published on December 6, 2002, (67 FR 72770). One change is that this rule, unlike the 2000 rule, would not apply to site-specific project decisions.
This interim final rule at § 219.35(d) provides the same extension of compliance deadline for site-specific projects as did the 2002 interim final rule at § 219.35(b) for plan amendments and revisions; until the Department promulgates the final planning regulations.
Need for Immediate Action
The provisions of the 2000 planning rule are unclear regarding the relationship of site-specific project decisions to the development of landscape goals and information development requirements for addressing ecological, social, and ecomonic sustainability. Reviews of the 2000 planning rule have pointed out the issues and problems related to mixing programmatic and project-level planning direction. There is a lack of clarity about how projects are to be compliant with the rule. This uncertainty and lack of clarity may pose an unreasonable analysis burden on field units when planning for site-specific project decisions.
The Department has proposed improvements and revisions to the 2000 planning rule that would remove the applicability of part 219 to site-specific project level decisions (67 FR 72770, December 6, 2002). Instead, the requirements of the 2002 proposed planning rule would apply at the programmatic level only to the development, amendment, and revision of land and resource management plans and (unlike the requirements of the 2000 planning rule) would not apply to site-specific projects. Under the 2002 proposed rule, a plan would guide site-specific project implementation and project decisions would be required to be consistent with the plan, but a plan would not determine the selection or implementation of site-specific actions.
Therefore, the Department has determined that it is necessary to extend the transition period at 36 CFR 219.35(d) by which the 2000 planning rule requires compliance for site-specific project decisions, currently set at November 9, 2003, until the promulgation of a final planning rule. While it has been anticipated that a final revised planning rule would be promulgated by the end of 2003, such a final rule may not be adopted by November 9, 2003.
Accordingly, extension of the transition period at 36 CFR 219.35(d) until a final planning rule is adopted is necessary for the following reasons: (1) To clarify planning requirements for site-specific project decisions; (2) to grant relief to the units of the National Forest System from a regulatory provision of the 2000 planning rule soon to be made obsolete; and (3) in case the 2002 proposed planning rule is not finalized by November 9, 2003.
Exemption From Advance Notice and Comment
The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) generally requires agencies to provide advance notice and an opportunity to comment on agency rulemakings. However, the APA also allows agencies to promulgate rules without notice and comment when an agency, for good cause, finds that notice and public comment are “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest” (5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B)). Furthermore, the APA exempts certain rulemakings from its notice and comment requirements, including rulemakings involving “public property” and “rules of agency organization, procedure, or practice” (5 U.S.C. 553 (a)(2) and (b)(3)(A)).
In 1971, Secretary of Agriculture Hardin announced a voluntary partial waiver from the APA notice and comment rulemaking exemptions (July 24, 1971; 36 FR 13804). Thus, USDA agencies proposing rules generally provide notice and an opportunity to comment on proposed rules. However, the Hardin policy permits agencies to publish final rules without prior notice and comment when an agency finds for good cause that notice and comment procedures would be impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest. The courts have recognized this good cause exemption of the Hardin policy and have indicated that, since the publication requirement was adopted voluntarily, the Secretary should be afforded “more latitude” in making a good cause determination (see Alcaraz v. Block, 746 F.2d 593, 612 (9th Cir. 1984)).
To the extent that 5 U.S.C. section 553 applies to this interim final rule, good cause exists to exempt this rulemaking from advance notice and comment (5 U.S.C. 553 (b)(B) and 553 (d)(3)). The Department has determined that delaying an extension of the compliance date in § 219.35(d) to obtain public comment is impracticable, unnecessary, and contrary to the public interest. Earlier in this preamble, the Department has made clear that an extension of the compliance date is necessary. Given the length of time (usually up to 6 months) it takes field units to plan for site-specific project decisions, it is impracticable to provide for prior public comment on this extension. The agency's publication of a proposed rule in 2002 to revise the November 2000 planning rule, and the fact that this Start Printed Page 53296proposed rule would not apply to site-specific project decisions, is an important consideration in adopting this interim final rule. The prior identification of this subject in the May 2002 Federal Register notice, and the Department's expressed intent to address it, is also an important factor.
The public interest is best served by extending the compliance date and avoiding the unnecessary expenditure of agency time and effort to comply with a regulatory provision soon to be made obsolete. The interim final rule is effective immediately upon publication, although the Department will accept comment on the modification of § 219.35(d).
For the reasons identified in this preamble, the Department finds good cause to adopt, without prior notice and comment, this interim final rule that amends § 219.35(d) to extend the transition date by which site-specific project decisions must comply with the November 2000 Forest Service land and resource management planning regulations, from the current deadline of November 9, 2003, until the Department promulgates a revised final planning rule. This interim final rule does not change any other provisions of the 2000 planning rule.
This interim final rule has been reviewed under USDA procedures and Executive Order 12866 on regulatory planning and review. It has been determined that this is not a significant rule. This interim final rule will not have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy, nor will it adversely affect productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State or local governments. This interim final rule will not interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency, nor will it raise new legal or policy issues. Finally, this action will not alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, user fees, or loan programs, or the rights and obligations of beneficiaries of such programs. Accordingly, this interim final rule is not subject to Office of Management and Budget review under Executive Order 12866.
Moreover, this interim final rule has been considered in light of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). It has been determined that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities as defined by the act because the interim final rule will not impose record-keeping requirements on them; it will not affect their competitive position in relation to large entities; and it will not affect their cash flow, liquidity, or ability to remain in the market. Therefore, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required for this interim final rule.
This interim final rule at § 219.35(d) has no direct or indirect effect on the environment, but merely extends the date by which site-specific project decisions must conform to the 2000 planning rule. The planning regulation (36 CFR part 219) deals with the development and adoption of Forest Service land and resource management plan decisions. An environmental assessment was completed on the 2000 planning rule, with a finding that the rule would have no significant impact on the environment. Moreover, section 31.1b of Forest Service Handbook 1909.15, Environmental Policy and Procedures Handbook (57 FR 43180, September 18, 1992) excludes from documentation in an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement rules, regulations, or policies to establish Service-wide administrative procedures, program processes, or instructions. Based on the nature and scope of this rulemaking and the procedural nature of 36 CFR part 219, the Department has determined that this interim final rule falls within this category of actions and that no extraordinary circumstances exist as currently defined that would require preparation of an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement.
This interim final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use. It has been determined that this interim final rule does not constitute a significant energy action as defined in the Executive order. Procedural in nature, this interim final rule merely extends a compliance date.
Controlling Paperwork Burdens on the Public
This interim final rule does not contain any recordkeeping or reporting requirements or other information collection requirements as defined in 5 CFR part 1320. Accordingly, the review provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) and implementing regulations at 5 CFR part 1320 do not apply.
Federalism and Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments
The Department has considered this interim final rule under the requirements of Executive Order 13132 on federalism, and has made an assessment that the rule conforms with the federalism principles set out in this Executive order; will not impose any compliance costs on the States; and will not have substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the Federal government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, the Department has determined that no further assessment of federalism implications is necessary at this time.
Moreover, this interim final rule does not have tribal implications as defined by Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments, and therefore advance consultation with tribes was not required.
No Takings Implications
This interim final rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 12630, and it has been determined that the rule will not pose the risk of a taking of private property.
Civil Justice Reform
This interim final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988 on civil justice reform. This interim final rule (1) does not preempt State and local laws and regulations that conflict with or impede its full implementation; (2) has no retroactive effect; and (3) will not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging its provisions.
Pursuant to Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538), which the President signed into law on March 22, 1995, the Department has assessed the effects of this interim final rule on State, local and tribal governments and the private sector. This interim final rule will not compel the expenditure of $100 million or more by any State, local, or tribal government or anyone in the private sector. Therefore, a statement under section 202 of the act is not required.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 36 CFR Part 219End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
Therefore, for the reasons set forth in the preamble, Part 219 of Title 36 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
Subpart A—National Forest System Land and Resource Management PlanningEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for subpart A continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Revise paragraph (d) of § 219.35 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(d) The date by which site-specific decisions made by the responsible official must be in conformance with the provisions of this subpart is extended from November 9, 2003, until the Department promulgates the final planning regulations published as proposed on December 6, 2002 (67 FR 72770).
Dated: September 3, 2003.
David P. Tenny,
Deputy Under Secretary, Natural Resources and Environment.
[FR Doc. 03-22977 Filed 9-9-03; 8:45 am]
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