Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), Treasury.
Treasury decision, final rule.
The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) amends its regulations to permit industry members to use electronic technology to reduce the need for and storage of paper documents. In order to accomplish our goals, we are adding a new part 73 that will allow you to use electronic, rather than handwritten, signatures to sign certain forms, and to submit certain forms to TTB electronically through a TTB-approved electronic document receiving system.
October 10, 2003.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Lisa M. Gesser, Regulations and Procedures Division, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, P.O. Box 128, Morganza, MD 20660; telephone 301-290-1460.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
What Will This Final Rule Do?
This final rule amends the regulations to allow you to:
- Use electronic signatures to sign certain forms you submit to us instead of using traditional handwritten signatures; and
- Submit certain forms to TTB electronically through an electronic document receiving system that we approve.
Why Does TTB Want To Allow You To Submit Certain Forms Electronically?
We believe that by giving you the option to submit certain forms electronically, instead of requiring paper documents, we can:
- Reduce the costs associated with submitting and maintaining large volumes of paper documents;
- Improve the quality and accessibility of data;
- Allow for the faster review and approval of a variety of documents; and
- Allow for a variety of our documents to be available around the clock.
What Is TTB's Authority To Implement These Regulations?
Our authority to implement these regulations comes from:
(1) Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA). GPEA was signed into law on October 21, 1998. GPEA directs Federal agencies to provide for the optional use and acceptance of electronic documents and signatures, and electronic recordkeeping, where practical, by October 2003. (See Secs. 1702-1710 of Pub. L. 105-277.)
(2) Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C.) The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to, by regulation, encourage electronic filing, address what constitutes a timely filed electronic document, and develop procedures for the acceptance of signatures in digital or other electronic form. (See 26 U.S.C. 6011, 6061, and 7502.)
(3) Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act of 2000 (E-SIGN). E-SIGN provides that no contract, signature, or record relating to a transaction shall be denied legal effect solely because it is in electronic form, nor may a document be denied legal effect solely because an electronic signature or record was used in its formation. E-SIGN applies to documents that are created in a commercial, consumer, or business transaction. It does not cover transactions that are uniquely governmental such as a compliance report. (See Public Law 106-229.)
(4) Office of Management and Budget Circular A-130. OMB's Circular A-130 requires agencies to employ electronic information collection techniques where such means will reduce the burden on the public, increase efficiency, reduce costs, and help provide better service. (See Circular A-130, Para. 8.a.1(k).)
How Does TTB Plan on Implementing Electronic Filing?
We are creating a new part 73 in title 27 CFR, chapter I, entitled “Electronic Signatures; Electronic Submission of Forms.” Part 73 explains our overall policy regarding electronic signatures and the electronic submission of certain forms to TTB.
Upon the effective date of this final rule, we recognize electronic signatures executed to certain electronic forms as the full equivalent of, and having the same legal effect as, traditional handwritten signatures executed on paper. We will notify you, by publishing a general notice in the Federal Register and on our Web site (http://Start Printed Page 58601www.ttb.gov), when you may use electronic signatures to execute certain electronic forms. The general notice will provide you with specific instructions about how to submit and what technology will be acceptable to TTB.
Electronic Submission of Forms to TTB
We are in the process of developing the means to allow you to submit forms electronically. This is a lengthy process; we will need to develop the hardware and software components to accept each different type of form. Once we are able to accept a certain form, we will announce in the Federal Register and on our Web site that you may register to submit that form electronically. The announcement will provide you with instructions on how to register.
Will I Still Have To Maintain Paper Copies?
If the regulations require you to maintain certain documents in paper format, you must continue to maintain those documents in paper format even if you submit them to us electronically. Nothing in part 73 alters any other regulatory or statutory requirement that records be maintained in paper format. This part does provide that TTB may publish a general notice in the Federal Register authorizing you to maintain certain documents electronically instead of in paper form.
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
On April 11, 2003, we published a notice of proposed rulemaking, Notice No. 5, in the Federal Register (68 FR 17760) to solicit comments regarding our proposal to add the new part 73 to chapter I of title 27. The notice requested comments from interested persons by May 12, 2003.
Comments on Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
We did not receive any comments as a result of Notice No. 5.
Regulatory Analyses and Notices
Paperwork Reduction Act
The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not apply to this rule because there are no new reporting or recordkeeping requirements.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., requires an agency to conduct a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule that may have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. We certify that this final rule will not have such an impact because the electronic submission of forms to TTB and the use of electronic signatures are voluntary. This final rule only applies to those people who seek our approval to transmit certain forms electronically to us.
Executive Order 12866
This regulation is not a significant regulatory action as defined by Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, this rule is not subject to the analysis required by this Executive Order.
Executive Order 13132, entitled “Federalism” (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999), requires Federal agencies to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” This rule does not have federalism implications. This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. This rule will not require States to accept electronic reports. The effect of this rule will be to provide additional regulatory flexibility to States because States could choose to accept electronic data that would also satisfy our reporting requirements.
The principal author of this document is Lisa M. Gesser, Regulations and Procedures Division, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 27 CFR Part 73End List of Subjects
Authority and IssuanceStart Amendment Part
For the reasons set out in the preamble, we amend chapter I of title 27 of the Code of Federal Regulations by adding a new part 73 to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 73—ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES; ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION OF FORMS
Subpart A—General Provisions
- What does this part do?
- What terms must I know to understand this part?
- What does subpart B cover?
- What are the required components and controls for acceptable electronic signatures?
- What security controls must I use for identification codes and passwords?
- What does subpart C cover?
- May I submit forms electronically to TTB?
- May I electronically sign forms I submit electronically to TTB?
- Am I legally bound by a form I sign electronically?
- When is an electronically submitted form considered timely filed?
- Do I need to keep paper copies of forms I submit to TTB electronically?
(a) This part provides the conditions under which we will allow you to:
(1) Use electronic signatures or digital signatures executed to electronic forms instead of traditional handwritten signatures executed on paper forms; and
(2) Electronically submit certain forms to TTB.
(b) This part does not require you to submit forms to us electronically.
You need to know the following terms to understand this part:
27 CFR. Title 27 of the Code of Federal Regulations, chapter I.
Biometrics. A method of verifying an individual's identity based on measurement of the individual's physical feature(s) or repeatable action(s) where those features and/or actions are both unique to that individual and measurable.
Digital signature. An electronic signature based upon cryptographic methods of originator authentication, computed by using a set of rules and a set of parameters such that the identity of the signer and the integrity of the data can be verified. A signer creates a digital signature by using public-key encryption to transform a message digest of an electronic message. If a recipient of the digital signature has an electronic message, message digest function, and the signer's public key, the recipient can verify:
(1) Whether the transformation was accomplished with the private key that Start Printed Page 58602corresponds to the signer's public key; and
(2) Whether the electronic message has been altered since the transformation was made.
Electronic document receiving system. Any set of apparatus, procedures, software, records, or documentation used to receive documents communicated to it via a telecommunications network.
Electronic signature. A computer data compilation of any symbol or series of symbols executed, adopted, or authorized by an individual to be the legally binding equivalent of the individual's handwritten signature, and that:
(1) Identifies and authenticates a particular person as the source of the electronic message; and
(2) Indicates such person's approval of the information contained in the electronic message.
Form(s). The term form(s), when used in this part, includes all documents required by 27 CFR, chapter I, to be submitted to TTB.
Handwritten signature. The scripted name or legal mark of an individual handwritten by that individual and executed or adopted with the present intention to authenticate a writing in a permanent form. The act of signing with a writing or marking instrument such as a pen or stylus is preserved. The scripted name or legal mark, while conventionally applied to paper, may also be applied to other materials or devices that capture the name or mark.
Paper format. A paper document.
TTB. Refers to the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau within the Department of the Treasury.
You and I. “You” and “I” refer to the organization or person who must maintain records or submit documents to TTB to satisfy the requirements of 27 CFR, chapter I.
Subpart B—Electronic Signatures
This subpart provides the conditions under which TTB will allow you to use electronic signatures executed to electronic forms instead of traditional handwritten signatures executed on paper forms. Where electronic signatures and their associated electronic forms meet the requirements of this part, TTB will consider the electronic signatures to be the equivalent of full handwritten signatures, initials, and other general signings this chapter requires.
(a) Electronic signatures not based on biometrics. If you use electronic signatures that are not based upon biometrics you must:
(1) Employ at least two distinct identification components such as an identification code and a password;
(2) Use both identification components when executing an electronic signature to an electronic document; and
(3) Ensure that the electronic signature can only be used by the authorized user.
(b) Electronic signatures based on biometrics. If you use electronic signatures based upon biometrics, they must be designed to ensure that they cannot be used by anyone other than their genuine owners.
If you use electronic signatures based upon use of identification codes in combination with passwords, you must employ controls to ensure their security and integrity. These controls must include:
(a) Maintaining the uniqueness of each combined identification code and password, such that no two individuals have the same combination of identification code and password;
(b) Ensuring that identification code and password issuances are periodically checked, recalled, or revised (e.g., to cover such events as password aging);
(c) Following loss management procedures to electronically deauthorize lost, stolen, missing, or otherwise potentially compromised tokens, cards, or other devices that bear or generate identification code or password information, and to issue temporary or permanent replacements using suitable, rigorous controls;
(d) Using transaction safeguards to prevent unauthorized use of passwords and/or identification codes, and to detect and report in an immediate and urgent manner any attempts at their unauthorized use to the system security unit and, as appropriate, to organizational management; and
(e) Initial and periodic testing of devices, such as tokens or cards, that bear or generate identification code or password information to ensure that they function properly and have not been altered in any unauthorized manner.
Subpart C—Electronic Filing of Documents with TTB
This subpart provides the conditions under which we will allow you to satisfy certain reporting requirements of this chapter by submitting forms to us electronically.
Yes; you may submit an electronic form, instead of a paper form, to satisfy any reporting requirement in this chapter, only if:
(a) We have published a notice in the Federal Register and on our Web site (http://www.ttb.gov) announcing that we are prepared to receive a particular form electronically;
(b) You have registered to do so pursuant to the instructions in a notice published in the Federal Register and on our Web site as stated above;
(c) You submit the electronic form to an electronic document receiving system that we have designated for the receipt of that specific form; and
(d) The electronic form bears valid electronic signatures, as provided in subpart B of this part, to the same extent that the paper submission for which it substitutes would bear handwritten signatures.
You may electronically sign the electronic form you submit to us if:
(a) You have registered with TTB to do so and have certified, prior to the time of such use, that the electronic signatures or digital signatures in your system are intended to be the legally binding equivalent of traditional handwritten signatures;
(b) The electronic or digital signature meets the standards of this part and is authorized by TTB in accordance with this part; and
(c) The electronic or digital signature is sufficiently trustworthy and reliable that the signing party may not repudiate the signature.
Yes; by electronically signing a form you submit to us, you are agreeing to be legally bound to the same extent as if you applied a traditional handwritten signature on a paper document submitted to satisfy the same reporting requirement. Persons using electronic signatures shall, upon TTB's request, provide additional certification or testimony that a specific electronic signature is the legally binding Start Printed Page 58603equivalent of the signer's handwritten signature.
If you submit a form to our electronic document receiving system, your report will be considered filed on the date of the electronic postmark given by that system.
Nothing in this part alters any other regulatory or statutory requirement that records be maintained in paper format. If the regulations in this chapter require you to keep paper copies of certain forms, you must continue to do so unless TTB otherwise authorizes you to maintain electronic copies of these documents through a general notice in the Federal Register or through a variance.
Dated: May 29, 2003.
Arthur J. Libertucci,
Approved: September 5, 2003.
Timothy E. Skud,
Deputy Assistant Secretary (Tax, Trade, and Tariff Policy).
[FR Doc. 03-25524 Filed 10-9-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4810-31-P