Environmental Protection Agency.
Direct final rule.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking direct final action on the “State Plan” submitted by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to fulfill the requirements of sections 111(d)/129 of the Clean Air Act for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration (CISWI) units. Puerto Rico's State Plan provides for the implementation and enforcement of the Emissions Guidelines, as promulgated by EPA on December 1, 2000, applicable to existing CISWI units for which construction commenced on or before November 30, 1999. Specifically, the State Plan that EPA is approving today, establishes emission limits for organics, carbon monoxide, metals, acid gases and particulate matter and compliance schedules for the existing CISWI units located in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico which will reduce the designated pollutants.
This rule is effective on December 30, 2003, without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by December 1, 2003. If EPA receives such comment, EPA will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that this rule will not take effect.
Comments may be submitted either by mail or electronically. Written comments should be mailed to Raymond Werner, Chief, Air Programs Branch, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Office, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007-1866. Electronic comments could be sent either to Werner.Raymond@epa.gov or to http://www.regulations.gov, which is an alternative method for submitting electronic comments to EPA. Go directly to http://www.regulations.gov, then select “Environmental Protection Agency” at the top of the page and use the “go” button. Please follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
Copies of the state submittal are available at the following addresses for inspection during normal business hours:
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Office, Air Programs Branch, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007-1866.
Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2, Caribbean Environmental Protection Division, Centro Europa Building, Suite 417, 1492 Ponce De Leon Avenue, Stop 22, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00907-4127.
Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board, National Plaza Building, 431 Ponce De Leon Avenue, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico.
Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, Air Docket (6102), 401 M Street, SW., Washington, DC 20460.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Kirk J. Wieber, Air Programs Branch, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Office, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York 10007-1866, (212) 637-3381 or Wieber.Kirk@epa.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Sections 111(d) and 129 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) require states to submit plans to control certain pollutants (designated pollutants) at existing solid waste combustor facilities (designated facilities) whenever standards of performance have been established under section 111(b) for new sources of the same type, and EPA has established emission guidelines (EG) for such existing sources. A designated pollutant is any pollutant for which no air quality criteria have been issued, and which is not included on a list published under section 108(a) or section 112(b)(1)(A) of the CAA, but emissions of which are subject to a standard of performance for new stationary sources. However, section 129 of the CAA, also requires EPA to promulgate EG for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration (CISWI) units that emit a mixture of air pollutants. These pollutants include organics (dioxins/furans), carbon monoxide, metals (cadmium, lead, mercury), acid gases (hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides) and particulate matter (including opacity). On December 1, 2000 (65 FR 75338), EPA promulgated CISWI unit new source performance standards and the EG, 40 CFR part 60, subparts CCCC and DDDD, respectively. The designated facility to which the EG apply is each existing CISWI unit, as defined in subpart DDDD, that commenced construction on or before November 30, 1999.
Section 111(d) of the CAA requires that “designated” pollutants, regulated Start Printed Page 62020under standards of performance for new stationary sources by section 111(b) of the CAA, must also be controlled at existing sources in the same source category to a level stipulated in an EG document. Section 129 of the CAA specifically addresses solid waste combustion and emission controls based on what is commonly referred to as “maximum achievable control technology” (MACT). Section 129 requires EPA to promulgate a MACT based emission guidelines document for CISWI units, and then requires states to develop plans that implement the EG requirements. The CISWI EG under 40 CFR part 60, subpart DDDD, establishes emission and operating requirements under the authority of the CAA sections 111(d) and 129. These requirements must be incorporated into a state plan that is “at least as protective” as the EG, and is Federally enforceable upon approval by EPA. The procedures for adoption and submittal of state plans are codified in 40 CFR part 60, subpart B.
II. Puerto Rico's Submittal
On May 20, 2003, the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board (PREQB) submitted to EPA a section 111(d)/129 plan to implement 40 CFR part 60, subpart DDDD—Emission Guidelines, for existing CISWI units located in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. PREQB's submittal included: Enforceable mechanisms; the necessary legal authority; inventory of CISWI units; emissions inventory; enforceable compliance schedules; testing, monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements; record of public hearing; and a provision for annual state progress reports.
III. Review of Puerto Rico's Submittal
A. Identification of Enforceable Mechanism for Implementing the EG
40 CFR 60.24(a) requires that a section 111(d) plan include emissions standards, defined in 40 CFR 60.21(f) as “a legally enforceable regulation setting forth an allowable rate of emissions into the atmosphere, or prescribing equipment specifications for control of air pollution emissions.”
On June 4, 2003, Puerto Rico adopted revisions to Rule 102 and Rule 405 of the Puerto Rico Regulations for the Control of Atmospheric Pollution (PRRCAP), entitled “Definitions” and “Incineration”, respectively. Revised rules 102 and 405 became effective on July 4, 2003, and are intended to control air emissions from existing CISWI units located in Puerto Rico.
B. Demonstration of the State's Legal Authority to Carry Out the Section 111(d) State Plan as Submitted
40 CFR 60.26 requires that a section 111(d) plan demonstrate that the state has the necessary legal authority to adopt and implement the plan. In order to make this demonstration, the plan must show that the state has the legal authority to adopt emission standards and compliance schedules for the designated facilities; enforce the applicable laws, regulations, emission standards and compliance schedules, including the ability to obtain injunctive relief; the authority to obtain information from the designated facilities in order to determine compliance, including the authority to require recordkeeping from the facilities, to make inspections and to conduct tests at the facilities; the authority to require designated facilities to install, maintain and use emission monitoring devices; the authority to require periodic reporting to the state on the nature and amounts of emissions from the facility; and the authority for the state to make such emissions data available to the public. Puerto Rico has demonstrated all these elements. As a result, Puerto Rico has demonstrated that it has sufficient authority to adopt rules governing existing CISWI units and that the PREQB has sufficient legal authority to enforce these rules and to develop and administer this CISWI plan.
C. Inventory, Including Emissions, of Existing CISWI Units in Puerto Rico Affected by the State Plan
40 CFR 60.25(a) requires that a section 111(d) plan include a complete source inventory of all existing CISWI units (i.e., those CISWI units that commenced construction on or before November 30, 1999) in Puerto Rico that are subject to the plan. 40 CFR 60.25(a) also requires an estimate of the regulated pollutants. A list of the existing CISWI units in Puerto Rico and emission estimates for organics (dioxins/furans), carbon monoxide, metals (cadmium, lead, mercury), acid gases (hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides) and particulate matter (including opacity) for each existing CISWI unit located in Puerto Rico, has been submitted as part of Puerto Rico's CISWI plan.
D. Emission Limitations for CISWI Units
40 CFR 60.24(c) specifies that a state plan must include emission standards that are no less stringent than the EG (except as specified in 40 CFR 60.24(f) which allows for less stringent emission limitations on a case-by-case basis if certain conditions are met). 40 CFR 60.2875 contains the emissions standards applicable to existing CISWI units. Subsection 405(c)(2) of the PRRCAP includes emission limitation requirements consistent with 40 CFR 60.2875.
E. Compliance Schedules
A state's section 111(d) plan must include a compliance schedule that owners and operators of affected CISWI units must meet in complying with the requirements of the plan. 40 CFR 60.2535 indicates that final compliance should be achieved as expeditiously as practicable after EPA approval of the state plan but no later than December 1, 2005 or three years after the effective date of the state plan approval, whichever is sooner. If the owner or operator of a CISWI unit plans to achieve compliance more than one year following the effective date of the state plan approval, then two increments of progress must be met, which are; submit a final control plan; and achieve final compliance.
Subsection 405(c)(8) of the PRRCAP includes the increments of progress and the dates by which those increments must be met, which are, submit final control plan six months after the effective date of EPA plan approval and achieve final compliance 18 months after the effective date of EPA plan approval, or by December 1, 2005, whichever date is earlier.
F. Testing, Monitoring, Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements
Subsection 405(c)(5) of the PRRCAP includes the performance testing requirements and testing methods. Subsection 405(6) includes the monitoring requirements including the monitoring equipment and parameters to be used. Subsection 405(c)(7) requires that all designated CISWI facilities subject to the rule keep appropriate records of the operation and maintenance of the CISWI units. Subsection 405(c)(7) also includes the reporting requirements.
G. Record of the Public Hearing on the State Plan
On January 15, 2003, Puerto Rico held a public hearing on its CISWI plan, including the revisions to Rules 102 and 405 of the PRRCAP. PREQB included in its May 20, 2003, submittal to EPA, copies of the public notices and public hearing record.
H. Submittal of Annual State Progress Reports to EPA
40 CFR 60.25(e) and (f) requires states to submit to EPA annual reports on the Start Printed Page 62021progress of plan enforcement. Puerto Rico has acknowledged this requirement and will submit to EPA annual reports on the progress in the implementation of its CISWI plan.
EPA has evaluated the CISWI plan submitted by Puerto Rico for consistency with the CAA, EPA emission guidelines and policy. EPA has determined that Puerto Rico's Plan meets all requirements and, therefore, EPA is approving Puerto Rico's Plan to implement and enforce subpart DDDD, as promulgated on December 1, 2000, applicable to existing CISWI units that have commenced construction on or before November 30, 1999. EPA is also approving revisions to Rule 102 and Rule 405 of the Puerto Rico Regulations for the Control of Atmospheric Pollution, entitled, “Definitions” and “Incineration”, respectively.
The EPA is publishing this rule without prior proposal because the Agency views this as a noncontroversial submittal and anticipates no adverse comments. However, in the proposed rules section of this Federal Register publication, EPA is publishing a separate document that will serve as the proposal to approve the State Plan revision should adverse comments be filed. This rule will be effective December 30, 2003, without further notice unless the Agency receives adverse comments by December 1, 2003.
If the EPA receives adverse comments, then EPA will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. EPA will address all public comments in a subsequent final rule based on the proposed rule. The EPA will not institute a second comment period on this action. Any parties interested in commenting must do so at this time.
V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).
This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). Puerto Rico's State plan applies to all affected sources regardless of whether it has been identified in its plan. Therefore, EPA has concluded that this rulemaking action does not have federalism implications nor does it have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves a state rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the CAA. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.
In reviewing state plan submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the state to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a state plan submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a state plan submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the CAA. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 30, 2003. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 62
- Environmental protection
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Air pollution control
- Intergovernmental relations
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Waste treatment and disposal
Dated: October 14, 2003.
Jane M. Kenny,
Regional Administrator, Region 2.
Part 62, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 62—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 62 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart BBB—Puerto RicoStart Amendment Part
2. Subpart BBB is amended by adding a new undesignated center heading and § 62.13108 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Control of Air Emissions of Designated Pollutants From Existing Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units
(a) The Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency on May 20, 2003, a “State Plan” for implementation and enforcement of 40 CFR part 60, subpart DDDD, Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units.
(b) Identification of sources: The plan applies to all applicable existing Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units for which construction commenced on or before November 30, 1999.
[FR Doc. 03-27484 Filed 10-30-03; 8:45 am]
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