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Citigroup Global Markets Inc., f/k/a Salomon Smith Barney Inc., et al.; Notice of Application and Temporary Order

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Start Preamble October 31, 2003.


Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).


Temporary order and notice of application for a permanent order under section 9(c) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“Act”).


Applicants have received a temporary order exempting them from section 9(a) of the Act, with respect to an injunction entered against Citigroup Global Markets Inc., f/k/a Salomon Smith Barney Inc. (“SSB”) on October 31, 2003, by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Federal Injunction”), until the earlier of the date the Commission takes action on an application for a permanent order, or two years from the date of the Federal Injunction. Applicants have requested a permanent order.


SSB, CEFOF GP I Corp. (“CEFOF”), CELFOF GP Corp. (“CELFOF”), Citi Fund Management Inc. (“Citi Fund”), Citibank, N.A. (“Citibank”), Citicorp Life Insurance Company (“Citicorp Life”), Citigroup Alternative Investments LLC (“Citigroup Alternative”), Citigroup Asset Management Limited (“Citigroup Asset”), CitiStreet Equities LLC (“CitiStreet Equities”), CitiStreet Funds Management LLC (“CitiStreet”), First Citicorp Life Insurance Company (“First Citicorp Life”), PFS Distributors, Inc. (“PFS Distributors”), SSBCP GP I Corp. (“SSBCP”), SSBPIF GP Corp. (“SSBPIF”), Salomon Brothers Asset Management Inc. (“Salomon Brothers”), Salomon Brothers Asset Management, Ltd. (“Salomon Brothers Ltd.”), Smith Barney Fund Management LLC (“Smith Barney”), Smith Barney Global Capital Management Inc. (“Smith Barney Global”), Travelers Asset Management International Co., LLC (“TAMIC”), Travelers Distribution LLC (“Travelers Distribution”), The Travelers Insurance Company (“TIC”), Travelers Investment Adviser, Inc. (“TIMCO”), The Travelers Investment Management Company (“Travelers”), the Travelers Life and Annuity Company (“TLAC”), and Winter Capital International LLC (“Winter”), (together, the “Applicants”).[1]


The application was filed on April 29, 2003 and amended on June 19, 2003. Applicants have agreed to file an amendment to the application during the notice period, the substance of which is reflected in this notice. Applicants have also agreed to file amendments to the application reflecting the issuance of each State Injunction (as defined below).


An order granting the application will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Commission's Secretary and serving Applicants with a copy of the request, personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on November 25, 2003, and should be accompanied by proof of service on Applicants, in the form of an affidavit, or for lawyers, a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request, and the issues contested. Persons who wish to be notified of a hearing may request notification by writing to the Commission's Secretary.


Secretary, Commission, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0609. Applicants, SSB and Salomon Brothers, 399 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10022; CEFOF, CELFOF, Citi Fund and Travelers, 100 First Stamford Place, Stamford, Connecticut 06902-6729; Citibank, 153 East 53rd Street, 5th Floor, New York, New York 10043; Citicorp Life, Travelers Distribution, Travelers Insurance and Travelers Life, One Cityplace, Hartford, Connecticut 06103-3415; Citigroup Alternative, 399 Park Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, New York 10043; Citigroup Asset, Salomon Brothers Ltd. and Smith Barney Global, Citigroup Centre, Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London, England, E14 5LB; CitiStreet Equities and CitiStreet, Two Tower Center, East Brunswick, New Jersey 08816; First Citicorp Life, 666 Fifth Avenue, 3rd Floor, New York, Start Printed Page 62843New York 10103; PFS Distributors, 3120 Breckinridge Boulevard, Building 200, Duluth, Georgia 30099-0001; SSBCP and SSBPIF, 338 Greenwich Street, New York, New York 10013; Smith Barney and TIMCO, 399 Park Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, New York 10022; TAMIC, 242 Trumbull Street—6TS, Hartford, Connecticut, 06115-0449; and Winter, 153 East 53rd Street, 3rd Floor, New York, New York 10043.

Start Further Info


Marc R. Ponchione, Senior Counsel, or Todd F. Kuehl, Branch Chief, at (202) 942-0564 (Division of Investment Management, Office of Investment Company Regulation).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The following is a temporary order and a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained for a fee at the Commission's Public Reference Branch, 450 Fifth Street, NW., Washington, DC 20549-0102 (telephone 202-942-8090).

Applicants' Representations

1. SSB, a New York corporation, is a full service investment banking firm engaged in securities underwriting, sales and trading, investment banking, financial advisory services, and investment research services. Certain Applicants serve as investment adviser or sub-adviser for one or more registered investment companies (“Funds”). Certain Applicants act as the depositor or principal underwriter for Funds.[2]

2. On October 31, 2003, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York entered the Federal Injunction against SSB in a matter brought by the Commission.[3] The Commission alleged in the complaint (“Complaint”) that SSB violated certain Conduct Rules of the National Association of Securities Dealers (“NASD”) and Rules of the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) (the NASD Conduct Rules and NYSE Rules together, the “Exchange Rules”). The Complaint alleged that SSB's research department (“Research Department”) and investment banking department (“Investment Banking Department”) issued research reports that were fraudulent, violated SRO rules regulating their members' communications with the public, and allocated hot IPO shares to executives of current or potential investment banking clients and provided special treatment for these executives. The Federal Injunction enjoined SSB directly or through its officers, directors, agents and employees, from violating the specific rules cited in the Complaint. Without admitting or denying the allegations in the Complaint, SSB consented to the entry of the Federal Injunction as well as the payment of disgorgement and penalties and other equitable relief. Applicants state that SSB has entered, and expects to enter into settlement agreements relating to the activities referred to in the Complaint with certain state and territorial agencies which may result in an injunction by a court of competent jurisdiction that is based on the same conduct and the same facts as the Complaint (each, a “State Injunction,” and, together with the Federal Injunction, the “Injunctions”). Applicants request that this application cover any disqualifications of the Applicants under section 9(a) resulting from the Injunctions.

Applicants' Legal Analysis

1. Section 9(a)(2) of the Act, in relevant part, prohibits a person who has been enjoined from engaging in or continuing any conduct or practice in connection with the purchase or sale of a security from acting, among other things, as an investment adviser or depositor of any registered investment company or a principal underwriter for any registered open-end investment company, registered UIT or registered face-amount certificate company. Section 9(a)(3) of the Act makes the prohibition in section 9(a)(2) applicable to a company, any affiliated person of which has been disqualified under the provisions of section 9(a)(2). Section 2(a)(3) of the Act defines “affiliated person” to include any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, the other person. Applicants state that SSB is an affiliated person of each of the other Applicants within the meaning of section 2(a)(3) of the Act. Applicants state that the entry of the Injunctions would result in Applicants being subject to the disqualification provisions of section 9(a) of the Act.

2. Section 9(c) of the Act provides that the Commission shall grant an application for exemption from the disqualification provisions of section 9(a) if it is established that these provisions, as applied to Applicants, are unduly or disproportionately severe or that the Applicants' conduct has been such as not to make it against the public interest or the protection of investors to grant the application. Applicants have filed an application pursuant to section 9(c) seeking a temporary and permanent order exempting the Applicants and the other Covered Persons from the disqualification provisions of section 9(a) of the Act.

3. Applicants believe they meet the standard for exemption specified in section 9(c). Applicants state that the prohibitions of section 9(a) as applied to them would be unduly and disproportionately severe and that the conduct of Applicants has been such as not to make it against the public interest or the protection of investors to grant the exemption from section 9(a).

4. Applicants state that the conduct giving rise to the Injunctions did not involve any of the Applicants acting in the capacity of investment adviser, sub-adviser, depositor, or principal underwriter for a Fund. Applicants state that the Complaint did not expressly reference the conduct of any current or former officer or employee of any of the Applicants who is or was involved in providing advisory, sub-advisory or underwriting services to the Funds advised or underwritten by Applicants.[4] While the Applicants' portfolio managers had access to research reports issued by the Research Department, there is no indication that the portfolio managers relied on these research reports more than any other data that would have been considered by the investment adviser or sub-adviser in making investment decisions for the Funds, except as noted in the application.[5] Although some of the Funds held securities in their portfolios at the time that SSB issued research reports concerning the issuers of such securities, none of the Applicants are aware that any of their investment personnel, including employees, officers, or portfolio managers, had any knowledge of any non-public information relating to, or had any involvement in, the conduct underlying the Injunctions. In addition, each of the Applicants that is an investment adviser or sub-adviser to Funds has adopted policies regarding information barriers (the “Policies”) designed to protect the Start Printed Page 62844investment adviser's or sub-adviser's clients, including Fund shareholders, from any conflict of interest that may arise between the investment adviser's or sub-adviser's portfolio managers and SSB's investment banking business as referenced in the Complaint. The Policies, which were in effect at the time of the conduct described in the Complaint, restrict communications between portfolio managers of the investment adviser or sub-adviser and other employees of SSB.

5. The Applicants will distribute written materials, including an offer to meet in person to discuss the materials, to the board of directors or trustees of each Fund (each, a “Board”), including the directors who are not “interested persons,” as defined in section 2(a)(19) of the Act, of the Fund, and their independent legal counsel, if any, regarding the Federal Injunction,[6] any impact on the Funds, and this application.[7] The Applicants will provide the Boards with all information concerning the Injunctions and this application that is necessary for the Funds to fulfill their disclosure and other obligations under the federal securities laws.

6. Applicants state that the inability to continue providing advisory services to the Funds and the inability to continue serving as principal underwriter to the Funds would result in potentially severe hardships for the Funds and their shareholders. Applicants also assert that, if they were barred from providing services to the Funds, the effect on their businesses and employees would be severe. The Applicants state that they have committed substantial resources to establish an expertise in advising and distributing Funds. Certain affiliated persons of SSB previously have received exemptions under section 9(c) as the result of conduct that triggered section 9(a) as described in greater detail in the application.

Applicants' Condition

Applicants agree that any order granting the requested relief will be subject to the following condition:

Any temporary exemption granted pursuant to the application shall be without prejudice to, and shall not limit the Commission's rights in any manner with respect to, any Commission investigation of, or administrative proceedings involving or against, Applicants, including without limitation, the consideration by the Commission of a permanent exemption from section 9(a) of the Act requested pursuant to the application or the revocation or removal of any temporary exemptions granted under the Act in connection with the application.

Temporary Order

The Commission has considered the matter and finds that Applicants have made the necessary showing to justify granting a temporary exemption.


It Is Hereby Ordered, pursuant to section 9(c) of the Act, that the Applicants and the other Covered Persons are granted a temporary exemption from the provisions of section 9(a), effective forthwith, solely with respect to the Injunctions, subject to the condition in the application, until the date the Commission takes final action on their application for a permanent order or, if earlier, October 31, 2005.

Start Signature

By the Commission.

Margaret H. McFarland,

Deputy Secretary.

End Signature End Supplemental Information


1.  Applicants request that any relief granted pursuant to the application also apply to any other company of which SSB is or hereafter becomes an affiliated person (together with the Applicants, the “Covered Persons”).

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2.  Any registered unit investment trust (“UIT”) or registered face amount certificate company for which Applicants may serve as principal underwriter or depositor are also included in the defined term Funds.

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3.  Securities and Exchange Commission v. Citigroup Global Markets Inc., f/k/a Salomon Smith Barney Inc., 03 Civ. 2945 (WHP) (S.D. N.Y., filed April 28, 2003) (the “Action”).

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4.  The Complaint also refers to general practices regarding the relationship between SSB's Investment Banking and Research Departments. It is possible that one or more current or former officers or employees of the Applicants who is or was involved in providing advisory, sub-advisory or underwriting services to the Funds was at some time an officer or employee of the Investment Banking or Research Departments of SSB.

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5.  Applicants state that they act as principal underwriter or depositor to certain UITs whose portfolio selection process placed special emphasis on equity research issued by the Research Department.

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6.  Applicants state that they will advise the Boards of any State Injunctions that are issued.

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7.  With respect to the Funds discussed in footnote 4 that are UITs, Applicants state that they will provide written notification to the trustee for each of these UITs concerning the Injunctions, any impact on the UITs, and this application and will provide any other related information as may be requested by a trustee.

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[FR Doc. 03-27987 Filed 11-5-03; 8:45 am]