Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of two guidances prepared under the auspices of the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH). The first is a guidance entitled “Q1F Stability Data Package for Registration Applications in Climatic Zones III and IV” (the Q1F guidance). The second is a revised guidance entitled “Q1A(R2) Stability Testing of New Drug Substances and Products” (the Q1A guidance). The Q1F guidance, which is an annex to the Q1A guidance, defines an approach for broader use of the Q1A guidance for territories in climatic zones III and IV. The revised Q1A guidance incorporates relevant Q1F recommendations.
The guidance is effective November 21, 2003. Submit written comments at any time.
Submit written comments on the guidances to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments to http://www.fda.gov/dockets/ecomments. Submit written requests for single copies of the guidances to the Division of Drug Information (HFD-240), Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857; or the Office of Communication, Training and Manufacturers Assistance (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852-1448, 301-827-3844, FAX: 888-CBERFAX. Send two self-addressed adhesive labels to assist the office in processing your requests. Requests and comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance documents.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Regarding the guidances: Chi-wan Chen, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (HFD-830), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-2001; or Andrew Shrake, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-345), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20052-1148, 301-402-4635.
Regarding the ICH: Michelle Limoli, Office of International Programs (HFG-1), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-0864.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
In recent years, many important initiatives have been undertaken by regulatory authorities and industry associations to promote international harmonisation of regulatory requirements. FDA has participated in many meetings designed to enhance harmonisation and is committed to seeking scientifically based harmonized technical procedures for pharmaceutical development. One of the goals of harmonization is to identify and then reduce differences in technical requirements for drug development among regulatory agencies.Start Printed Page 65718
ICH was organized to provide an opportunity for tripartite harmonisation initiatives to be developed with input from both regulatory and industry representatives. FDA also seeks input from consumer representatives and others. ICH is concerned with harmonisation of technical requirements for the registration of pharmaceutical products among three regions: The European Union, Japan, and the United States. The six ICH sponsors are the European Commission; the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Associations; the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare; the Japanese Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association; the Centers for Drug Evaluation and Research and Biologics Evaluation and Research, FDA; and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. The ICH Secretariat, which coordinates the preparation of documentation, is provided by the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations (IFPMA).
The ICH Steering Committee includes representatives from each of the ICH sponsors and the IFPMA, as well as observers from the World Health Organization (WHO), Health Canada's Health Products and Food Branch, and the European Free Trade Area.
In the Federal Register of June 14, 2002 (67 FR 40951), FDA published a notice announcing the availability of a draft tripartite guidance entitled “Q1F Stability Data Package for Registration in Climatic Zones III and IV.” In the same notice, the agency announced that when the Q1F guidance was finalized, the Q1A guidance, originally published in the Federal Register of September 22, 1994 (59 FR 48754), and revised (as Q1A(R)) in 2001 (66 FR 56332, November 7, 2001), would be revised to incorporate the relevant information from the Q1F guidance. The notice gave interested persons an opportunity to submit comments by August 20, 2002.
After consideration of the comments received and revisions to the guidance, a final draft of the Q1F guidance was submitted to the ICH Steering Committee and endorsed by the three participating regulatory agencies on February 6, 2003. On the same date, the ICH Steering Committee endorsed the revised Q1A guidance incorporating the Q1F recommendations.
II. The Guidances
There are four climatic zones in the world that are distinguished by their characteristic prevalent annual climatic conditions, based on the concept described by P. Schumacher (Pharmazeutische Zeitung, 119:321-324, 1974). The Q1A guidance defines the stability data package for the ICH tripartite regions (the EU, Japan, and the United States), which are in climatic zones I or II. The WHO has published a guideline on “Stability testing of pharmaceutical products containing well established drug substances in conventional dosage forms” (WHO technical report series, no. 863, annex 5), updated in the “Report of the thirty-seventh meeting of the WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations,” Geneva, October 22-26, 2001. The WHO guideline defines stability testing recommendations, including storage conditions, for all four climatic zones.
A. The Q1F Guidance
The Q1F guidance establishes harmonized global stability testing recommendations based on the Q1A guidance and the WHO guideline and defines an approach for broader use of Q1A recommendations for territories in climatic zones III and IV. For territories in climatic zones III and IV, the data package as described in the Q1A guidance can be considered applicable except for certain storage conditions. The Q1F guidance recommends the “room termperature” long-term storage conditions and other considerations as part of the data package considered sufficient for a registration application for drug substances and products intended to be marketed in climatic zones III and IV.
B. The Revised Q1A Guidance
In concert with the Q1F recommendations, the intermediate storage condition for the “general case” in the Q1A guidance has been changed from 30 °C ± 2 °C/60 percent relative humidity (RH) ± 5 percent RH. The new intermediate storage condition for the general case is now 30 °C ± 2 °C/65 percent RH ± 5 percent RH. This change, from 60 percent RH to 65 percent RH, is intended to harmonize the intermediate storage condition for zones I and II with the long-term condition for zones III and IV. Furthermore, this modified intermediate condition can be used as an alternative long-term condition to 25 °C ± 2 °C/60 percent RH ± 5 percent RH for zones I and II.
These guidance documents represent the agency's current thinking on this topic. They do not create or confer any rights for or on any person and do not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.
Interested persons may, at any time, submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) written comments on the guidances. Two copies of any comments are to be submitted, except that individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. The guidances and received comments may be seen in the office above between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
IV. Electronic Access
Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the documents at http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/default.htm, http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/index.htm, or http://www.fda.gov/cber/publications.htm.Start Signature
Dated: November 14, 2003.
Assistant Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 03-29103 Filed 11-20-03; 8:45 am]
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