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Department of State.
This rule amends the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) by removing Angola from the list of proscribed countries. Also, this rule partially lifts the denial policy regarding Iraq and removes Iraq as a country supporting acts of international terrorism.
November 21, 2003. Comments will be accepted at any time.
Interested parties are invited to submit written comments to the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Office of Defense Trade Controls Management, ATTN: Regulatory Change, Angola and Iraq, 12th Floor, SA-1, Washington, DC 20522-0112.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mary Sweeney, Office of Defense Trade Controls Management, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Department of State (202) 663-2700.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The President issued Executive Order 12865 (September 26, 1993) giving domestic effect to United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 864 (September 15, 1993). As a result of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola's (UNITA) military actions, the situation in Angola constituted a threat to international peace and security. All license applications and other requests for approvals authorizing the export or transfer of defense articles or services to Angola already had been subjected to a presumption of denial for lethal articles by Federal Register notice of July 2, 1993. In accordance with UNSCR 864, all license applications and other requests for approval authorizing the export or transfer of defense articles or services to UNITA were then subjected to a denial policy by Federal Register notice of April 4, 1994. Effective April 4, 1994, section 126.1 of the ITAR was amended to add the embargo against UNITA.
UNSCR 1448 of December 9, 2002, decided that the arms embargo imposed Start Printed Page 65634by Resolution 864 (1993) shall cease to have effect. The President issued Executive Order 13298 of May 6, 2003, giving domestic effect to UNSCR 1448 and revoked Executive Order 12865. As a result, all license applications and other requests for approval authorizing the export or transfer of defense articles or services to Angola will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis, as is true of all other license applications.
Executive Order 12722 of August 2, 1990, and Executive Order 12724 of August 9, 1990, imposed an export embargo on Iraq. Also, Iraq was added to the proscribed destination list at section 126.1 of the ITAR on October 29, 1991, because it provided support for acts of international terrorism (56 FR 55630). Section 1503 of the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act 2003 (Pub. L. 108-11) (the Act) authorizes the President to suspend the Iraq Sanctions Act and to make inapplicable with respect to Iraq section 620A of the FAA and any other provision of law that applies to countries that have supported terrorism. Section 1504 of the Act authorized the export to Iraq of any nonlethal military equipment if the President determines and notifies within 5 days to applicable Congressional committees that the export of such nonlethal military equipment is in the national interest of the United States. However, this limitation regarding nonlethal military equipment does not apply for use by a reconstituted (or interim) Iraqi military or police force. Paragraph (d) of section 126.1 removes Iraq as a country identified as supporting acts of international terrorism in accordance with the “Determination and Certification Under Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act” (68 FR 28041, May 15, 2003). Further, paragraph (f) of section 126.1 is amended to address the partial lifting of the denial policy with regard to Iraq.
Also, this rule will remove from § 126.1(a) of the ITAR the use of an exemption § 125.4(b)(13) for technical data approved for public release by the cognizant U.S. Government department or agency or Directorate for Freedom of Information and Security Review to be exported to a proscribed country without a license.
This amendment involves a foreign affairs function of the United States and therefore, is not subject to the procedures required by 5 U.S.C. 553 and 554. It is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866 but has been reviewed internally by the Department to ensure consistency with the purposes thereof. This rule does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act or the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
It has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant application of Executive Orders 12372 and 13123.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 126
- Arms and munitions
Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, Part 126, is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 126 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 126.1 is amended by revising paragraphs (a), (d) and (f) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) General. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses, other approvals, exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in certain countries. This policy applies to Belarus, Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, and Vietnam. This policy also applies to countries with respect to which the United States maintains an arms embargo (e.g., Burma, China, Haiti, Liberia, Somalia, Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire)) or whenever an export would not otherwise be in furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy of the United States. Information regarding certain other embargoes appears elsewhere in this section. Comprehensive arms embargoes are normally the subject of a State Department notice published in the Federal Register. The exemptions provided in the regulations in this subchapter, except § 123.17 of this subchapter, do not apply with respect to articles originating in or for export to any proscribed countries, areas, or persons in this § 126.1.
(d) Terrorism. Exports to countries which the Secretary of State has determined to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism are contrary to the foreign policy of the United States and are thus subject to the policy specified in paragraph (a) of this section and the requirements of section 40 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780) and the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4801, note). The countries in this category are: Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Sudan and Syria.
(f) Iraq. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses, other approvals, exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in Iraq except for any nonlethal military equipment or lethal military equipment for use in support of a reconstituted (or interim) Iraqi military or police force required by the Coalition Provisional Authority in accordance with section 1504 of Public Law 108-11, Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003.
Dated: October 11, 2003.
John R. Bolton,
Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, Department of State.
[FR Doc. 03-29158 Filed 11-20-03; 8:45 am]
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