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Department of State.
This rule amends the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) by modifying the denial policy regarding the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
February 17, 2004.
Interested parties are invited to submit written comments to the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Office of Defense Trade Controls Management, ATTN: Regulatory Change, DRC, 12th Floor, SA-1, Washington, DC 20522-0112. Comments will be accepted at any time.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Mary Sweeney, Office of Defense Trade Controls Management, Department of State, Telephone (202) 663-2700 or FAX (202) 261-8199.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
On April 29, 1993, the Department imposed a suspension and denial policy for all licenses and other approvals to export or otherwise transfer defense articles or defense services to Zaire (currently the DRC) (58 FR 26024, April 29, 1993). That action was taken in response to the violence and death fueled by the regime of President Mobutu. Zaire was added to the proscribed destination list at section 126.1 of the ITAR on July 22, 1993 (58 FR 39312, July 22, 1993).
UN Security Council Resolution 1493 (July 28, 2003) imposed an arms embargo on all foreign and Congolese armed groups and militias operating in the territory of North and South Kivu and of Ituri, and to groups not party to the Global and All-Inclusive Agreement, in the DRC. The resolution qualified that those measures shall not apply to:
—Supplies to United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Start Printed Page 7350Republic of the Congo (MONUC), the Interim Emergency Multinational Force deployed in Bunia and the integrated Congolese national army and police forces;
—Supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, and related technical assistance and training as notified in advance to the Secretary-General through its Special Representative.
This amendment adds a new paragraph (i) at section 126.1 of the ITAR that modifies the policy to deny licenses, other approvals, exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in the DRC. Consistent with UN Security Council Resolution 1493, a denial policy will remain for exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo except, on a case-by-case basis, for (1) non-lethal equipment and training (lethal and non-lethal) to the MONUC, and the transitional National Unity Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the integrated Congolese national army and police forces; and (2) humanitarian or protective use, and related assistance and training as notified in advance to the UN.
Mirroring UN Security Council Resolution 1493, the amendment also imposes an arms embargo on certain groups operating in the territory of North and South Kivu and Ituri in the DRC and with respect to DRC groups not party to the Global and All-Inclusive Agreement.
Regulatory Analysis and Notices
This amendment involves a foreign affairs function of the United States and therefore, is not subject to the procedures required by 5 U.S.C. 533 and 554. It is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866 but has been reviewed internally by the Department to ensure consistency with the purposes thereof. This rule does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act or the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.
It has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1966. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant application of the consultation provisions of Executive Order Nos. 12372 and 13132.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 126
- Arms and munitions
Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, Part 126 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 126—GENERAL POLICIES AND PROVISIONSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 126 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 126.1 is amended by revising paragraph (a) and adding paragraph (i) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) General. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses and other approvals for exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in certain countries. This policy applies to Belarus, Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria and Vietnam. This policy also applies to countries with respect to which the United States maintains an arms embargo (e.g., Burma, China, Haiti, Liberia, Somalia, and Sudan) or whenever an export would not otherwise be in furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy of the United States. Information regarding certain other embargoes appears elsewhere in this section. Comprehensive arms embargoes are normally the subject of a State Department notice published in the Federal Register. The exemptions provided in the regulations in this subchapter, except § 123.17 of this subchapter, do not apply with respect to articles originating in or for export to any proscribed countries, areas, or persons in this § 126.1.
(i) Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses, other approvals, exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo except for non-lethal equipment and training (lethal and non-lethal) to the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC), and the transitional National Unity Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the integrated Congolese national army and police forces, and humanitarian or protective use, and related assistance and training as notified in advance to the UN. An arms embargo exists with respect to all foreign and Congolese armed groups and militias operating in the territory of North and South Kivu and of Ituri, and to groups not party to the Global and All-inclusive Agreement, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Dated: January 15, 2004.
John R. Bolton,
Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, Department of State.
[FR Doc. 04-3383 Filed 2-13-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4710-25-P